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ENERGIA VERDE ASSOCIATES

(making India a better place)


WHY SOLAR ?

Clean, Free & Independent Source of Energy

Sustainable
Does not cause greenhouse gas emission/ air pollution

Provide electricity to remote places


SOLAR ENERGY TO POWER
Photovoltaic Solar

Solar Thermal
Thin wafer consisting of Concentrated solar power (CSP)
phosphorous doped (N type) silicon systems generate solar power by
on top of a thicker layer of boron using mirrors or lenses to
doped (P- type) silicon. concentrate suns light energy and
An electric field is created near the convert it into heat
top surface of the cell where these The converted heat is used to
two materials are in contact (the P- create steam to drive turbine that
N junction). generates electrical power
When sun light strikes the surface
of PV cell, this electrical field results
in a flow of current when the cell is
connected to an electrical load.
SOLAR PV SYSTEM COMPONENTS
TYPES OF SOLAR MODULES
MONO CRYSTALLINE
Most expensive
Maximum efficiency (18%~20%)

POLY/ MULTI-CRYSTALLINE
Less Expensive
Good efficiency (~16%)

THIN FILM
Least Expensive
Lest Efficient (~10%)
NET METERING
BENEFITS OF ROOF TOP SOLAR PV
No additional land required

Better rate of return

No direct heating of the roof- reduced air conditioning cost

Reduced installation cost

Good upkeep of the roof

Reduced dust problems- better power generation


SOLAR PV SOLUTIONS AVAILABLE

CAPEX MODEL
Self Financing
Loan from Banks @ 11% per annum for a
period of 5 years

OPEX MODEL
PPA with investor for a period of 25 years at a
fixe tariff or tariff with annual inflation rate
CAPEX MODEL- SALIENT FEATURES
The plant is installed by EPC/ PMC

The net metering for the plant is done by PMC/ EPC. (Cost of net metering by company)

Operation and Maintenance cost to be taken care by Company. (AMC services can be
arranged)

The cost of the plant is recovered in approx. 5 ~ 6 years whereas the plant life is 25 years

60% depreciation can be claimed in 1st year

The Plant IRR for 10 years > 15% , for 25 years> 20%

The plant can be sold/ shifted for alternate usage of space/ fall in demand of energy/
change in technology
OPEX MODEL- SALIENT FEATURES

Investor installs the plant at its own cost

Operation and Maintenance cost to be taken care by


Investor

Investor sign PPA with the Company for a period of


25 years
At a fixed tariff valid for 25 years
Tariff increasing at a fixed rate every year
CAPEX MODEL
The plant is self owned
The cost of the plant is recovered in 5~6 years.
Free benefits for next 15~20 years.
Plant IRR for 10 years > 16%, for 25 years > 20
Govt subsidy available for Residential/ educational projects
The plant can be shifted/ sold if space is to be utilized for some other purpose/ the
energy demand in the future falls
60% depreciation of the plant can be claimed in 1st year

OPEX MODEL
Plant ownership and O&M by others.
The energy tariff < Govt. tariff as on date but pre-defined for next 25 years.
The DISCOM tariff unpredictable for such a long period
Issues may arise in future due to tariff rates/ change in govt policy
60% depreciation in first year cannot be claimed
The space in the premises is occupied and cannot be used for other purpose
SOLUTIONS FOR CAPEX MODEL
SELF FINANCING
PMC Services
EPC Services
BANK LOANS
Loan Management from Banks
PMC Services
EPCM Services
SOLUTIONS FOR OPEX MODEL

Arranging for the Investor

Comparative analysis for various investors

Negotiation with the investor for terms


and conditions of PPA

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