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HowtoupdateyourPCBIOSin3easysteps

WimBervoets

Thisversionwaspublishedon2015-05-01

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©2015WimBervoets

TableofContents

Copyright2014

Disclaimer

Preface

Chapter1:WhatisaBIOS?

Chapter2:WhyupdateyourBIOS?

Chapter3:HowtoupdateyourBIOS

RiskfreeBIOSupdateviaBIOSAgentPlus

Chapter4:UpdateyourBIOS-manualprocedure

Identifythemotherboardmanufacturer

Award(Phoenix)BIOSsyntax

UpdatingtheBIOS

Chapter5:Conclusion

Copyright2014

Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthisbookmaybereproduced,storedina

retrievalsystem,ortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,

mechanical,photocopying,recording,scanning,orotherwise,without

thepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisher.

Disclaimer

Allthematerialcontainedinthisbookisprovidedforeducationaland

informationalpurposesonly.Noresponsibilitycanbetakenforany

resultsoroutcomesresultingfromtheuseofthismaterial.

Whileeveryattempthasbeenmadetoprovideinformationthatisboth

accurateandeffective,theauthordoesnotassumeanyresponsibility

fortheaccuracyoruse/misuseofthisinformation.

Preface

ThanksfordownloadingourfreeguideonhowtoupdatetheBIOSof

yourPC!

InthisguidewewillshowyouwhyyouwouldwanttoupdateyourBIOS

andhowyoucandoitinasecureandsafemanner!Attheendofthe

guideyou’llbeonyourwaytobecomeaBIOSMaster!

Chapter1:WhatisaBIOS?

BIOSisanabbreviationforthebasicinput/outputsystem.Itisapiece

ofsoftwarebuiltintothePCmotherboard,whichgetsexecutedat

bootup.TheBIOSinitializesthehardwareandthenstartstheoperating

system.(eg.Windows,Linux,…).

system.(eg.Windows,Linux,…). TheBIOSadditionallyprovidesanabstractionlayerforthehardware,

TheBIOSadditionallyprovidesanabstractionlayerforthehardware,

i.e.aconsistentwayforapplicationprogramsandoperatingsystemsto

interactwiththekeyboard,display,andotherinput/outputdevices.

VariationsinthesystemhardwarearehiddenbytheBIOSfrom

programsthatuseBIOSservicesinsteadofdirectlyaccessingthe

hardware.Modernoperatingsystemsignoretheabstractionlayer

providedbytheBIOSandaccessthehardwarecomponentsdirectly.

BIOSsoftwareisstoredonanon-volatileROMchiponthe

motherboard.Itisspecificallydesignedtoworkwitheachparticular

modelofcomputer,interfacingwithvariousdevicesthatmakeupthe

complementarychipsetofthesystem.

Inmoderncomputersystems,theBIOScontentsarestoredonaflash

memorychipsothatthecontentscanberewrittenwithoutremovingthe

chipfromthemotherboard.ThisallowsBIOSsoftwaretobeeasily

upgradedtoaddnewfeaturesorfixbugs.

UnifiedExtensibleFirmwareInterface(UEFI),thesuccessorofBIOS,is

aspecificationthatdefinesasoftwareinterfacebetweenanoperating

systemandplatformfirmware.ItresolvesmanyPCBIOSlimitationsand

israpidlybecomingmorewidelyused.

Chapter2:WhyupdateyourBIOS?

Oftenpeoplewillsaythatyoushouldn’tupdateyourBIOSunlessyou

reallyneedthenewversion.Ifitain’tbroke,don’ttrytofixittheysay.

Itistrue,youdon’talwaysneedaBIOSupdateifyourcurrentsystemis

runningfine.TheadviceisalsorootedinthepossibilitythatifaBIOS

updatefails,youcouldendupwithanonbootingsystem.Thiscan

happen,butthisreallyonlyhappenswhenyou’retryingtoinstallan

incorrectBIOSwhichwasnotwrittenforyourmotherboardorPCthese

days.

Andaswewillexplaintherearesomeniftyscantoolswhichidentifythe

correctBIOSupdateautomatically.

SowhataregoodreasonstoupdateyourBIOS?Belowwelistthe

mostcommonreasonsforaBIOSupdate:

BetterstabilityofyourPC Improvedrecognizationofperipherals.(likeharddisks,videocards, memorysticks) SupportfornewerCPUswhichwerenotyetavailableatthetime youboughtyourmotherboard/PC Improvetheperformanceof harddisk

youboughtyourmotherboard/PC Improvetheperformanceof harddisk memory SSD CPU
memory

memory

SSD

SSD

CPU BetterOverclockingsupport(eg.morestable,morefeatures)

CPU BetterOverclockingsupport(eg.morestable,morefeatures)

Improvedsupportfornewoperatingsystems(Windows7,Windows

8,Linux,…)

Improvedsupportforbatterysavings(eg.onlaptops)

Chapter3:HowtoupdateyourBIOS

InthissectionwewillshowyouhowtoupdateyourBIOSusingthepaid

serviceBIOSAgentPlus.Inthesectionthatfollows,wewillexplainhow

toupdateyourBIOSthemanualway.

RiskfreeBIOSupdateviaBIOSAgentPlus

HereisinanutshelltheprocessofupdatingyourBIOSwiththe

BIOSAgentPlusservice:

BIOSAgentPlusservice: DownloadandrunBIOSAgentPlus-itsafelychecksyourPCto

DownloadandrunBIOSAgentPlus-itsafelychecksyourPCto

seeifanewerBIOSisavailableforyourcomputer.

Afterithasscannedyoursystemyouaregiveninstantaccesstoa

detailedBIOSanddriverreport.(thisisafreereport)

IfthereisaBIOSupdateavailableyoucanchoosetosignupwith

theservicetobeabletodownloadtheBIOSupdate

Belowwe’llexplaininmoredetailtheexactstepstofollow.

1. GotoBIOSAgentPluswebsite.Ifneededyoucanchangethesite languageinthedropdownattherighttopofthewebsite

2. NowclickonthegreenFREEBIOSSCANbutton.Onthenext pagetheBIOSAgentDownloadwillstart.(dependingonthe

2. NowclickonthegreenFREEBIOSSCANbutton.Onthenext

pagetheBIOSAgentDownloadwillstart.(dependingonthe

browseryouareusing,you’llbeshowntheexactnextstepsto

take)

3. ExecutethedownloadedBIOSAgentScanexecutable.The

BIOSAgentwillnowscanyoursystemandshowyoutheresults

afterafewseconds.

3. ExecutethedownloadedBIOSAgentScanexecutable.The BIOSAgent willnowscanyoursystemandshowyoutheresults afterafewseconds.

Forourtestsystem,BIOSAgentPlusautomaticallyidentifiedthe

motherboardusedinourPC:aMicrostarMS-7583.Italsodetectedthe

BIOSisnotthelatestversion.

Thisautomaticidentificationofyourmotherboardisreallyhandyanda timesaver.IttakestherisksoutofaBIOSupdatebecauseincorrectly

Thisautomaticidentificationofyourmotherboardisreallyhandyanda

timesaver.IttakestherisksoutofaBIOSupdatebecauseincorrectly

identifyingyourmotherboardisthemostcommoncauseforafailed

BIOSUpdate.

OrderingtheBIOS

AftergettingthefreereportyoucanordertheBIOS,byclickingthe

SeeFullReportbuttonandsecondlytheFixItbutton.

ToordertheBIOSyouneedtoenteryournameandemailaddressto

beginyourregistration.

AtthismomentFileCleanerisincludedforfreewhenbuying BIOSAgentPlus .Clickon“AddtoShoppingCart”toorderyourBIOS.

AtthismomentFileCleanerisincludedforfreewhenbuying

BIOSAgentPlus.Clickon“AddtoShoppingCart”toorderyourBIOS.

Onthelastpageyouenteryouraddress&paymentoptions.Finally clickthegreenBuynowbutton.

Onthelastpageyouenteryouraddress&paymentoptions.Finally

clickthegreenBuynowbutton.

Afterclicking“Buy”,youwillreceiveanorderconfirmationscreen.On

Afterclicking“Buy”,youwillreceiveanorderconfirmationscreen.On

thisscreenwillbeamongothers,thesummaryofyourorder,areceipt,

theusername/passwordfortheBIOSAgentPluswebsiteandlinksto

TechnicalSupportifhelpisneeded.

ReceivingtheBIOS

ToreceivetheBIOS,youcanloginviatheusername/passwordonthe

BIOSAgentPluswebsiteandgototheBIOSFirmwareRequestform.

BIOSAgentPlus websiteandgototheBIOSFirmwareRequestform. TheformsubmitsallthetechnicaldetailstoBIOSAgentPlus.From

TheformsubmitsallthetechnicaldetailstoBIOSAgentPlus.From

there,thesupportpeopleofBIOSAgentPluswillmatchuptheproper

BIOSbasedonthetechnicaldetailsandrevisionofthemotherboard.

BIOSAgentPlus supportwillthenemailthecustomerwiththelinkto downloadtheBIOS,aswellasdocumentationonhowtoFlashtheir PC.

BIOSAgentPlussupportwillthenemailthecustomerwiththelinkto

downloadtheBIOS,aswellasdocumentationonhowtoFlashtheir

PC.

Chapter4:UpdateyourBIOS-manual

procedure

ThefirststeptoupdateyourBIOSistoidentifyyourmotherboard

manufacturerandmodel.

Manyusersdon’tknowthenameoftheirclonemotherboard.Thisis

becausethecompanynameisnotmentionedanywhereinthemanual,

oronthemotherboard.

IfyouwanttoupgradeyourBIOSyoureallyhavetoknowthe

motherboardmanufacturer,becauseifyouflashthewrongBIOS

upgradeyoursystemcouldstopbooting.

Identifythemotherboardmanufacturer

Onewayofidentifyingyourmotherboard,isusingtheBIOSIDwhichis

displayedonmostcomputersatbootup.

TheBIOSIDsyntaxdiffersbetweenthedifferentBIOSvendors:AMI,

Award,Phoenix,…WiththescreenshotsbelowforthedifferentBIOS

vendorsyoushouldbeabletofindtheBIOSID.

AMI(AmericanMegatrends)BIOSsyntax

InthescreenshotbelowyoucanseewheretofindtheAMIBIOSID

duringbootup:

Twodifferentsyntaxesareused: AMIBIOSfrom1986-1990:ExampleBIOSID:DINT-1123- 04990-K8 AMIBIOSfrom1991:ExampleBIOSID:

Twodifferentsyntaxesareused:

AMIBIOSfrom1986-1990:ExampleBIOSID:DINT-1123-

04990-K8

AMIBIOSfrom1991:ExampleBIOSID:

51-0722-001169-00111111-071595-SIS5571-

007_66_SIS5571

66-3047-009999-00101111-100709-TYLSBURG-10006000-

Y2KC

Let’sanalyzetheAMIBIOSID:51-0722-001169-00111111-071595-

SIS5571-007_66_SIS5571

Tofindyourmotherboardmanufacturer,pleaselookatthethird(3)set

ofnumbersinyourBIOSstring.Inthiscaseit’s1169andbymatching

thiswiththeAMIBIOSIDlistonWim’sBIOS;itindicatesthe

manufacturerisMicrostar.

Nowthatweknowthemanufactureritistimetosearchforthemodel.

Youcantrylookingformarkingsonthemotherboardoryoucanseeif

Wim’sBIOShaslistedthefullBIOSIDstring51-0722-001169-

00111111-071595-SIS5571-007_66_SIS5571

GotoourBIOSUpdatespageandchooseMicrostar.Nextclickonthe

AMIBIOSIDtab:

pageandchoose Microstar .Nextclickonthe AMIBIOSIDtab: OurAMIBIOSidislisted:

OurAMIBIOSidislisted:

.Nextclickonthe AMIBIOSIDtab: OurAMIBIOSidislisted: SothemotherboardisaMicrostarMS-5144orMS-5146model.To

SothemotherboardisaMicrostarMS-5144orMS-5146model.To

knowwhichmotherboardyouhave,youcould*lookformodelmarkings

onthemotherboard*lookforthemodelinthemotherboardmanual

TodownloadtheBIOSyou’llneedtogotheofficialsiteofyour

motherboardmanufacturer.(ifitexists).Foryourconveniencewehave

addedlinkstomotherboardmanufacturersitesonWim’sBIOS:

motherboardmanufacturer.(ifitexists).Foryourconveniencewehave addedlinkstomotherboardmanufacturersitesonWim’sBIOS:

Award(Phoenix)BIOSsyntax

LocatingtheAwardBIOSIDsyntaxissimilartotheAMIBIOSID

procedureabove.BelowaresomeAwardBIOSbootupscreenshots.

procedureabove.BelowaresomeAwardBIOSbootupscreenshots. Thesyntaxisasfollows: 11/08/1999-i440BX-W83977-2A69KA1UC-PL

Thesyntaxisasfollows:

11/08/1999-i440BX-W83977-2A69KA1UC-PL

09/23/2003-i865PE-W83627-6A79AA1IC-11

Let’sshowyouanexampleofanAwardBIOSid:09/23/2003-i865PE-

W83627-6A79AA1IC-11

09/23/2003isthereleasedateoftheBIOS

i865PEisthechipsetusedonthemotherboard-inthiscasean

Inteli865PEchipset

W83627istheIOControllerusedonyourmotherboard(usedfor

connectingSATAHDDs,SSDs,etc.)

Thefirst5charactersofthe6A79AA1IC,6A79A,identifya

particularchipset.AtWim’sBIOSAwardBIOSIdspage,wehave

themostcompletelistofthesechipsetsontheinternet.

themostcompletelistofthesechipsetsontheinternet.

Thesixth&seventhcharacteridentifythemanufacturer:inthis

caseit’sA1.IfyoulookattheAwardHardwareVendorsliston

Wim’sBIOSyou’llfindthatthemanufacturerisAbit

The8thcharacter(mostofthetimes,notalways!)identifiesthe

motherboardmodel.Isay‘mostofthetimes’becausethe

manufacturercanusethesame8thcharacterforallmodelsbased

onaparticularchipset!

AswenowknowthemotherboardismadebyABIT,youcanvisitour

AbitBIOSupdatespageatWim’sBIOStoseeifthereisafullmatch

withanAwardBIOSIDwehavelisted.

We’reluckyasacompletematchispresent:

We’reluckyasacompletematchispresent: NowyoucantrylocatingyourBIOSfortheAbitAI7motherboardon

NowyoucantrylocatingyourBIOSfortheAbitAI7motherboardon

theofficialAbitwebsiteswehavelistedonourAbitBIOSUpdatepage.

AbitBIOSUpdatepage . UpdatingtheBIOS Downloadthecorrectbios

UpdatingtheBIOS

Downloadthecorrectbios

Asexplainedintheprevioussectionwehavenowidentifiedthe

motherboardmakeandmodelanddownloadedthecorrectBIOSonthe

officialmotherboardmanufacturerwebsite.

Weadviseyoutofollowtheinstructionsprovidedbythemotherboard

manufactureronhowtoupdateyourBIOS.Ifnoneareprovidedwewill

showyouagenericflashprocedureviaaDOSUSBbootdiskbelow.

ToflashyourBIOSyou’llneedtwoitems:

1. aflasherprogram(DOS,Windows,Linuxbased)

2. adata-file-theBIOScodeitself

NormallywhenyoudownloadtheBIOSdatafile,themanufactureralso

includesthecorrectflashertouseinthearchive.Ifitisnotincluded,

youcanalwaysdownloadthecorrectflasherforAMI,Awardand

PhoenixBIOSonourwebsitefordifferentoperatingsystems.

Theflasherprogramsthedata-fileintotheBIOSchip.Aftertheflasher

hasdoneitswork,arebootisallthatisneededtobootwiththenew

BIOSversion

MostofthetimetheflasherthatyouhavedownloadedwillbeDOS

based.Thismeansyoucan’tflashthenewBIOSfromwithinWindows.

Insteadabootablediskhastobeprepared.

Allrecentmotherboardssupportbootingfromavarietyofdevices:

Floppydisk,USBMemorystick,CD-ROM.WerecommendUSBorCD-

ROMflashingifpossibleduetothefactthatafloppydiskismoreprone

tobadsectorswhichcouldmakeyourmotherboardinoperable.Recent

BIOSsarealsotoobigtofitonafloppy-disk.

CreateabootableUSBmemorystick

HereishowtocreateabootableUSBmemorystick:

DownloadtheWin98SE_bootdisk.isoatAllBootdisks

Unziptheisofile(eg.with7Zip)

StarttheUSBformattool.Choosethefollowingoptions:

7Zip ) StarttheUSBformattool.Choosethefollowingoptions: Device:USBStickyouwanttouse(keepinmindthatit’llbe

Device:USBStickyouwanttouse(keepinmindthatit’llbe formattedandyou’llloseanydataonit)

Filesystem:FATorFAT32

Check“CreateaDOSBootableDisk”usingDOSsystemfiles

locatedatthedirectorywhereyouhaveunzippedtheISO

ClickonStart

Yourbootdiskhasnowbeencreated.Nowyoujustneedtocopythe flasherandtheBIOSdatafileonit.RebootyourPCandchangethe

Yourbootdiskhasnowbeencreated.Nowyoujustneedtocopythe

flasherandtheBIOSdatafileonit.RebootyourPCandchangethe

BootSequenceintheBIOStobootfromtheUSBMemorystick.

FlashingthenewBIOS

AfterbootingtheUSBstickyou’llexecutetheflasherandsupplythe

nameofthebiosdatafileontheDOScommandlineinterface:

awdflashxxx.bin(forAwardBIOSs)

amiflashxxx.rom(forAMIBIOSs)

Notes:

Thenamesoftheflashercanbedifferent(eg.afudos).Thename

ofthedata-fileextensioncanalsobedifferent.

MostflasherswillaskyoutosavethecurrentBIOS.ChooseYes,

sothatyoucanalwaysflashbacktotheoriginalversionifyou’re

havingproblemswiththenewone.

Chapter5:Conclusion

WehavecometotheendofourquickBIOSupdateguideexplaining

twowaystoupdateyourBIOS:viatheBIOSAgentPlusservice

(automaticidentification+support)ortheselfservicewayinthesecond

section.

Wehopeyoulikedit,pleaseletusknowyourcommentsonourforum

athttp://www.wimsbios.com/forum/!Thereisalsoalotmorecontent

onlineathttp://www.wimsbios.comwhichwecouldn’tcoverinthisguide,

sopleasecheckitout!

Seeyounexttime!

WimBervoets

FounderofWim’sBIOS

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areaffiliatelinks.Thismeansifyouclickonthelinkandpurchasethe

item,Iwillreceiveanaffiliatecommission.Regardless,Ionly

recommendproductsorservicesIusepersonallyandbelievewilladd

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