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WATER PURIFICATION

Calcium Hypochlorite
For granular calcium hypochlorite, 1oz = 50ml = 10.1 teaspoons
To treat clear raw water with 65-70% calcium hypochlorite there are a couple of ways to do it. If you want to directly
treat the water with calcium hypochlorite use the following:
1 Gallon: add one grain, about the size of the period at the end of this sentence.
55 Gallons: add 1/8 teaspoon for a 5ppm solution.
400 Gallons: add 1 level teaspoon for a 5ppm solution.
To make a 5% chlorine solution to be able to use the drop method for disinfecting water, add and dissolve add
teaspoon of 65-70% calcium hypochlorite to cup of water. This will decay at the same rate of purchased 5.25%
bleach so dont make more than you will use in a fairly short time.
Calcium Hypochlorite 2
Add and dissolve one heaping teaspoon of high-test granular calcium hypochlorite (HTH) (approximately 1/4
ounce) for each two gallons of water. The mixture will produce a chlorine solution of approximately 500 mg/L, since
the calcium hypochlorite has an available chlorine equal to 70 percent of its weight.
To disinfect water, add the chlorine solution in the ratio of one part of chlorine solution to each 100 parts of water to
be treated. This is roughly equal to adding 1 pint (16 oz.) of stock chlorine to each 12.5 gallons of water to be
disinfected. To remove any objectionable chlorine odor, aerate the water as described above.

Bleach: Ordinary household bleach (such as Clorox) in the US contains Available Chlorine Drops per Quart
5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCL) and can be used to purify water if it
contains no other active ingredients, scents, or colorings. Bleach is far from 1% 10
an ideal source due to its bulkiness (only 5% active ingredient), and the
4-6% 2
instability over time of the chlorine content in bleach. Chlorine loss is farther
increased by agitation or exposure to air. One source claims chlorine loss 7-10% 1
from a 5% solution at 10% over 6 months if stored at 70deg F. Nevertheless,
this may be the only chemical means available to purify water, and it is far
better than nothing. Normal dosage is 8 drops (0.4 ml) per gallon. Allow the treated water to sit for 30 min., and if
there isn't a slight chlorine smell, retreat. Note: USP standard medicine droppers are designed to dispense 0.045 -
0.055 ml per drop. Use of other solvents or some chemicals can change this. The dropper can be calibrated
against a graduated cylinder for greater accuracy.

Iodine Preparations Pool Shock as a Water Purifier


Preparation Iodine Amount/Liter Shock is 60-70% chlorine, while household bleach
Iodine Topical Solution 2% 8 drops is 5-6%.

Iodine Tincture 2% 8 drops The Australian Health Department recommends 7


grams of dry shock or 40ml of liquid per 1000
Lugol's Solution 5% 4 drops liters. So .007 grams of powder or .04ml of liquid
Povidone-Iodine (Betadine) 10% 4 drops per liter.
You'd need a 40 or 50 gallon tank to require an
Tetraglycine hydroperiodide(Globaline
8 mg 1 tablet easily measurable ammount.
Potable Aqua EDWGT)

SODIS
The container needs to be exposed to the sun for 6 hours if the sky is bright or up to 50% cloudy. The container needs to be
exposed to the sun for 2 consecutive days if the sky is 100% cloudy. If a water temperature of at least 50C is reached, an
exposure time of 1 hour is sufficient. The most favourable region for SODIS lies between latitudes 15N/ S and 35N/ S
Rehydration
4 packets of salt (3 grams); 4 packets of sugar (14.16 grams) in a liter of water is surprisingly close to the ideal
ratio.

Reduced Osmolarity ORS grams/litre


Sodium chloride 2.6
Glucose, anhydrous 13.5
Potassium chloride 1.5
Trisodium citrate, dihydrate 2.9

1 quart water 1 cup orange juice 1 teaspoon table salt 1 teaspoon baking soda 4 tablespoons sugar

1/2 tsp. baking soda 1 liter (about 1 quart) water (clean/ purified)
1/2 tsp. table salt 1/4 tsp salt sodium chloride (Nacl)
1/4 tsp lite salt Morton Lite salt (this adds potassium K+ for cell/
1/2 tsp. potassium salt
muscle function)
3 tsp. sugar (or flavored kool-aid, not 1/4 tsp baking soda this adds sodium bicarbonate (the buffer that
sugar free) manages blood/body PH)
Mix it all with 1 liter water. 2 1/2 tablespoons sugar (adds energy for cell activity)
2 scoops Countrytime Lemonade (adds flavor/taste)

Simple Oral Rehydration Solution


Six (6) level teaspoons of Sugar
Half (1/2) level teaspoon of Salt
One Litre of clean drinking or boiled water and then cooled
Effective homemade remedy for watery diarrhea
1/2 to 1 cup precooked baby rice cereal or 1 tablespoons of granulated sugar
2 cups of water
1/2 tsp. salt
Instructions:
Mix well the rice cereal (or sugar), water, and salt together until the mixture thickens but is not too thick to drink.
Give the mixture often by spoon and offer the child as much as he or she will accept (every minute if the child will
take it).
Continue giving the mixture with the goal of replacing the fluid lost: one cup lost, give a cup. Even if the child is
vomiting, the mixture can be offered in small amounts (2-1 tsp.) every few minutes or so
Banana or other non-sweetened mashed fruit can help provide potassium.
Continue feeding children when they are sick and to continue breastfeeding if the child is being breastfed.
SOAP MAKING
Primitive
Ashes Of A Wooden Fire
Fat
A Pan
Heat (don't burn - be carefull) the fat in a pan. Stir in ashes. Pour the broth into some moulds/molds and let sit.
That's about it. The quantities of the ingredients depend on the quality of the fat or the ashes. Just try - won't be
that difficult.
Basic
A small plastic dishpan, about 10" x 12"
A glass or enamel 2-quart saucepan
1 can of lye (sodium hydroxide), 12 ounces
3 pounds of lard
Plastic gloves [really; use eye-protection too]
water
1. Pour 3 cups of very cold water (refrigerate water overnight first) into the 2-quart saucepan.
2. Slowly and carefully add the lye, a little bit at a time, stirring it with the a wooden or plastic utensil. (Use plastic
gloves for this; test them for holes first.) Do not breathe the vapor or lean over the container or have children
nearby. Above all _use no metal_. The mixture will get very hot. In olden days, a sassafras branch was used to stir,
imparting a fragrance and insect deterrent for mosquitoes, lice, fleas and ticks.
3. Let cool at least one hour in a safe place. Meanwhile, the unwrapped lard should be warming up to room
temperature in the plastic dishpan.
4. Slowly and carefully, pour the lye solution into the dishpan with the lard. The lard will melt. Mix thoroughly, at
least 15 minutes, until it looks like thick pudding.
5. Let it set until the next morning, then cut it into bars. It will get harder after a few days. Then package.
If you wish to make soap based on olive oil, use about 48 ounces. It may need to harden for a week.
HOW TO MAKE DAKIN'S SOLUTION

Supplies: Strength Clorox Water

Sodium hypochlorite solution 5.25% Full 3 oz. (or 95 ml) 32 oz.


Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) 1/2 3 Tbsp+ tsp (or 48 ml) 32 oz.
Clean tap water
Clean pan with lid 1/4 1 Tbsp+2 tsp. (or 24 ml) 32 oz.
Sterile measuring cup and spoons 1/8 2 tsp. (or 14-12 ml) 32 oz.
Making the Solution:
1. Wash your hands well with soap and water.
2. Gather your supplies.
3. Measure out 32 ounces (4 cups) of tap water. Pour into the clean pan.
4. Boil water for 15 minutes with the lid on the pan. Remove from heat.
5. Using a sterile measuring spoon, add teaspoonful of baking soda to the boiled water.
6. Your doctor may prescribe one of several strengths. Measure bleach according to the chart and add to the
water also:
Ankle Pull Shoulder Pull Blanket Pull

Four-Handed Seat Two-Handed Seat

One-Person Lift Firefighter Carry Pack-Strap Carry

Chair Carry Hammock Carry Two-Person Drag


1 2

3 4

5 6








Ankle Taping
1. Put heel and lace pads into place (this is optional to help
prevent friction on the skin where the skin creases at the
front and back during ankle movement).
2. Anchor strips are applied - below the muscle bulk of the
calf & across the midfoot.
3. 3 Stirrup strips are applied - starting on the inside of leg
anchor, passing under the heel, finishing on outside of leg
anchor.
4. 3 Horseshoe strips are applied - starting on the inside of
the foot anchor, passing around heel, finishing on the
outside of the foot anchor.
5. 3 Heel lock strips (or if advanced Figure 8's) are applied.
6. Anchor strips are applied to finish application and fill any
gaps.
Emergency Frequencies
CB Channel 9 - Aircraft: 121.5 & 243.0 MHz - Ships: 2182 KHz. 156.18 (VHF Ch.16), 14300 KHz. (Maritime Net)

1600KHZ-1750KHZ AM -
.
3450-3500 LSB-USB 3,5'
6.5 .
3600-3800 3765-3795kHZ
3,5.... .
4MHZ-5800MHZ !!!!
5200-5800 USB ....
6665-6745 6,5
.
7 7200KHZ ...
7085 .
8300 8800 USB ....
8734USB .
11500-12000 USB .
14-100-14300 USB , ....
14285 .


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Rotate the compass until the desired azimuth falls under the fixed
black index line
Turn the bezel ring until the luminous line is aligned with the north-
seeking arrow.
To follow an azimuth, turn until the north-seeking arrow is aligned
with the luminous line.
Proceed forward in the direction of the front cover's sighting wire,
which is aligned with the fixed black index line that contains the
desired azimuth.
New SERE Plant Edibility Test - The Rule Of Eight

SERE PLANT EDIBILITY TEST (testing PLANT EDIBILITY TEST


criteria)
RULES OF EIGHT
1. WHEN TO TEST AN UNKNOWN PLANT:
YOUR SENSES CAN IDENTIFY AN UNKNOWN
a. Long-term SERE situations. PLANTS EDIBILITY:
b. For the purpose of maintaining life. SIGHT
2. SELECTING A PLANT: 1. FIRST LOOK FOR plant parts that contain high
energy.
a. Test starchy parts of plants like grains, seeds,
root stalks, and bulbs. a. Fruit.
b. Test fruit for sweetness. b. Seeds, grains, nuts.
c. Test berries that are black, blue, or red. c. Roots, bulbs, tubers.
NEVER TEST white, green, or yellowish berries.
2. NEVER TEST:
d. Test leaves and stems from plants growing in
a. Fungi (i.e. mushrooms, mold).
shade or in moist soil.
b. Seeds in pods (i.e. beans, peas).
e. Test only plants available in sufficient supply.
c. Plants with umbrella shaped flowers (i.e. dill,
3. KEEP YOUR DIGESTIVE SYSTEM CLEAN
hemlock).
WHEN TESTING:
d. Plants with milky sap (i.e. poinsettia, poison oak).
a. Start with an 8-hour empty stomach.
e. Shiny/glossy leaf plants (i.e. many tropical house
b. Test only one plant part at a time.
plants, poison oak).
c. Drink only purified water during test.
SMELL
4. CAUTIONS:
1. If any unpleasant odor is present, STOP TEST!
a. Never assume a raw plant is edible, because
a. Moldy or musty.
the cooked plant you tested was edible. Cooking
often destroys certain toxins. b. Unusual smell.
b. Never assume the entire plant is edible, 2. Almond scent STOP TEST!
because one part of plant is edible.
SKIN
c. Never assume a plant is edible for humans,
because you observe an animal eating the plant. 1. Place the juice of plant on outer lip for 8 minutes.
2. If reaction occurs, STOP TEST!
d. Nicotine users should be cautious using taste
to identify toxins, because tobacco use reduces 3. If no reaction occurs, move on to taste test
their sensitivity to a number of specific plant
toxins. TASTE

e. Testing an unknown plant always come with 1. Taste a small amount of the plant juice
some risk of a negative reaction. 2. Chew a pinch of the plant and leave in mouth for 8
5. REACTIONS TO A POISONOUS PLANT minutes.
MAY INCLUDE: 3. If unpleasant taste or reaction occurs STOP TEST!
a. Tingling. b. Cramping. 4. If no reaction occurs swallow.
c. Burning. d. Vomiting. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
e. Numbing. f. Diarrhea. 1. After swallowing wait 8 hours.
g. Redness. h. Nervousness. 2. If no reaction occurs, then
i. Itching. j. Dizziness. 3. Chew a handful of the plant, swallow, and wait 8
k. Swelling. l. Drowsiness. hours.

m. Pain. n. Eye sensitivity to light. 5. If no reaction occurs

o. Nausea. p. Lethargy CONSIDER THE TESTED PLANT PART EDIBLE


CARRY ON -- NM
1 +5V Red Power 4 ID None Permits distinction between Micro A and
2 Data- White Negative Signal Micro B connectors - A connected to ground, B not connected
3 Data+ Green Positive Signal 5 Ground Black Signal Ground

=======================================================================================
:
How to Make Dakin's Solution
https://knowledgeweighsnothing.com/how-to-make-an-antiseptic-solution-from-bleach/
Recipe for Making Basic Soap
http://www.preppers.info/uploads/General_-_Making_Soap.pdf.
Ankle Taping
http://samiralgazzar.com/forum/thread23354.html
http://www.performtherapy.co.uk/sports-injury-information-centre/sports-injury-solutions-prevention/sports-tape-
applications/ankle-taping/ankle-tape---basket-weave
- SV2IPW
http://www.hlektronika.gr/forum/showthread.php?t=75307&p=648761&viewfull=1#post648761
40 Knots - Boy Scouts Of America
https://meritbadge.org/wiki/index.php/Forty_knots

http://hikingexperience.gr/---/

http://www.e-nautilia.gr/praktiki-prognosi-tou-kairou/
Time Zones Map
https://www.infoplease.com/calendar-holidays/calendars/world-time-zones-and-time-zone-map
New SERE Plant Edibility Test - The Rule Of Eight
http://survivology101.blogspot.gr/2011/08/rule-of-eight.html
USB Pinouts
http://www.edis-audio-visual.com/Wiki/USB_connections
https://electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/183218/can-the-data-wires-of-a-usb-cable-power-a-led
Audio Pinouts
http://lookup.computerlanguage.com/host_app/search?cid=C999999&def=74697020616e642072696e67.htm
SODIS
http://www.infonet-biovision.org/EnvironmentalHealth/Water-domestic-use
Lift & Carries
https://adminopsnet.usc.edu/sites/default/files/all_departments/FireSafetyEmergPlanning/CERTLiftsandCarries.pdf.