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Evo Design s.r.l.

Calculation No.
SAMPLE
CALCULATION SHEET Project No.

onlinestructuraldesign.com SAMPLE
Project Title: DEMOPROJECT Calc. By Date Rev.

MN today 0

Subject/Feature: Bolt Preloading Force - Classes 8.8 and 10.9 (Eurocode 3) Checked By Date
MN today

Bolt preloading force - Classes 8.8 and 10.9 (Eurocode 3) perEN199318andEN10902

Input Output
Bolttype,classanddiameter Boltdesignpreload(tensioninbolt)
Partialfactorsforsteelbolts Bolttorquereferencevaluefortightening(slipressistantconnection)
Bolttorquevaluefortightening(nonslipressistantconnection)

BoltsType 20 boltdiameterd
As= 245 mm2 bolteffectiveareainthreadedregion

Boltclass 10.9 perEN199318


Section3Table3.1
Boldyieldstrength Boltultimatetensilestrength boltclassesrecommendedbytheEurocode;
fyb= 900 N/mm2 fub= 1000 N/mm
2
TheNationalAnnexmayexcludecertainboltclasses.

Partialfactorforsteelbolts perEN199318
M2= 1.25 Section2Table2.1
M7= 1.1 partialsafetyfactorsrecommendedbytheEurocode;

Numericalvaluesforsafetyfactorsmaybedefined
Boltdesignstrength intheNationalAnnex
fyd=fy/M2
2
fyd= 720.0 N/mm
Boltdesigntensionresistance
Ft,Rd=fyd*As
Ft,Rd= 176.40 kN
Boltdesignpreload perEN199318
Fp.Cd= 0.7*fub*As/M7 Section3.6.1Formula(3.1)
forpreloadedboltsinaccordancewith3.1.2(1)
Fp.Cd= 155.91 kN (i.e.onlyboltassembliesofclasses8.8and10.9)

Torquereferencevaluesforbolttightening perEN10902
Mr= km*d*Fp,Cd Section8.5.2Paragrapha)1)and2)

km= 0.2 kclass(K1orK2)andkmvaluedeclared (normallyk=0.2fortypicalsteel,k=0.2forzincplated,

bythefastenermanufacturer k=0.18forlubricated,k=0.16forcadmiumplated)

Mr= 623.6 N*m torquevaluewhentheconnection


isslipressistant

50 %*Fp.Cd= 77.95 kN perEN199318


Section3.4.2,Note:
Ifpreloadisnotexplicitlyusedinthedesign
calculationsforslipresistancesbutisrequiredfor
executionpurposesorasaqualitymeasure(e.g.for
durability)thenthelevelofpreloadcanbe
specifiedintheNationalAnnex.
Torquevaluewhenthereisnoslipresistancespecifiedinthedesign
Mr(nonslip)= 311.8 N*m valuefor50%oftheboltpreloadcapacity

References:
EN10902:2008ExecutionofsteelstructuresandaluminiumstructuresPart2:Technicalrequirementsforsteelstructures
EN199318:2005Eurocode3:DesignofsteelstructuresPart18:Designofjoints