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E-No Name Category Side Effects

E100 Curcumin Colour - Yellow and Orange Safe


E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Colour - Yellow and Orange Safe
May increase hyperactivity in
affected children. Asthmatics
E102 Tartrazine Colour - Yellow and Orange
sometimes react badly. Take care if
you are sensitive to Aspirin.
May increase hyperactivity in
E104 Quinoline Yellow Colour - Yellow and Orange
affected children.
May increase hyperactivity in
Sunset Yellow FCF / Orange
E110 Colour - Yellow and Orange affected children. Take care if you
Yellow S
are sensitive to Aspirin.
E120 Cochineal / Carminic Acid Colour - Red Same as E104
May increase hyperactivity in
affected children. Asthmatics
E122 Carmoisine / Azorubine Colour - Red
sometimes react badly. Take care if
you are sensitive to Aspirin.
Very Dangerous

E123 Amaranth Colour - Red May increase hyperactivity in


affected children. Take care if you
are sensitive to Aspirin.
May increase hyperactivity in
Ponceau 4R / Cochineal Red affected children. Asthmatics
E124 Colour - Red
A sometimes react badly. Take care if
you are sensitive to Aspirin.
E127 Erythrosine BS Colour - Red Same as E104
May increase hyperactivity in
affected children. Asthmatics
sometimes react badly. Take care if
E131 Patent Blue V Colour - Blue
you are sensitive to Aspirin. Be
cautious if you suffer from allergies
or intolerances.
E132 Indigo Carmine / Idigotine Colour - Blue Same as E131
E140 Chlorophyll Colour - Green Safe
Copper Complex of
E141 Colour - Green Suspicious
Chlorophyll
Green S / Acid Brilliant Green
E142 Colour - Green Cancer
BS
E150 Caramel Colour - Brown and Black Suspicious
E151 Black PN / Brilliant Black BN Colour - Brown and Black Same as E104
May increase hyperactivity in
Carbon Black / Vegetable affected children. Be cautious if
E153 Colour - Brown and Black
Carbon (Charcoal) you suffer from allergies or
intolerances.
E160a Alpha, Beta, Gamma Carotene Colour - Carotene derivative Safe
E160b Annatto, Bixin, Norbixin Colour - Carotene derivative
E160c Capsanthin / Capsorbin Colour - Carotene derivative
E160d Lycopene Colour - Carotene derivative
E160e Beta-apo-8-carotenal Colour - Carotene derivative
Ethyl ester of Beta-apo-8-
E160f Colour - Carotene derivative
cartonoic acid
E161a Flavoxanthin Colour - Plant Safe ??
E161b Lutein Colour - Plant
E161c Cryptoxanthin Colour - Plant
E161d Rubixanthin Colour - Plant
E161e Violaxanthin Colour - Plant
E161f Rhodoxanthin Colour - Plant
E161g Canthaxanthin Colour - Plant
E162 Beetroot Red / Betanin Colour - Plant
E163 Anthocyanins Colour - Plant
E170 Calcium Carbonate (Chalk) Colour - Inorganic Safe
E171 Titanium Dioxide Colour - Inorganic
E172 Iron Oxides and Hydroxides Colour - Inorganic
E173 Aluminium Colour - Inorganic
E174 Silver Colour - Inorganic
E175 Gold Colour - Inorganic Safe ??
Pigment Rubine / Lithol
E180 Colour - Inorganic
Rubine BK
Headaches
E200 Sorbic Acid Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Intestine Upset
Headaches
E201 Soduim Sorbate Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Intestine Upset
Headaches
E202 Potassium Sorbate Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Intestine Upset
Headaches
E203 Calcium Sorbate Preservative - Sorbic Acid and its salts
Intestine Upset
Headaches
Intestine Upset

May increase hyperactivity in


E210 Benzoic Acid Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts
affected children. Asthmatics
sometimes react badly. Be cautious
if you suffer from allergies or
intolerances.
E211 Sodium Benzoate Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
E212 Potassium Benzoate Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
E213 Calcium Benzoate Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
E214 Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate,
E215 Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
Sodium Salt
E216 Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate,
E217 Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
Sodium Salt
E218 Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate,
E219 Preservative - Benzoic Acid and its salts Same as E210
Sodium Salt
Headaches
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its Intestine Upset
E220 Sulphur Dioxide
salts Skin Disorders
Destroys Vitamin B12
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its
E221 Sodium Sulphite Same as E221
salts
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its
E222 Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite Same as E221
salts
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its
E223 Sodium Metabisulphite Same as E221
salts
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its
E224 Potassium Metabisulphite Same as E221
salts
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its
E226 Calcium Sulphite Same as E221
salts
Preservative - Sulphur Dioxide and its
E227 Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite Same as E221
salts
Headaches
Preservative - Biphenyl and its
E230 Biphenyl / Diphenyl Intestine Upset
derivatives
Skin Disorders
Preservative - Biphenyl and its
E231 2-Hydroxybiphenyl Same as E230
derivatives
Preservative - Biphenyl and its
E232 Sodium Biphenyl-2-yl Oxide Same as E230
derivatives
2-(Thiazol-4-yl)
E233 Preservative - other Same as E230
Benzimidazole
E239 Hexamine Preservative - other Same as E230
E249 Potassium Nitrate Preservative - Pickling Salts Same as E230
E250 Sodium Nitrite Preservative - Pickling Salts Same as E230
E251 Sodium Nitrate Preservative - Pickling Salts Same as E230
E252 Potassium Nitrate(Saltpetre) Preservative - Pickling Salts Same as E230
Headaches
E260 Acetic Acid Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
Headaches
E261 Potassium Acetate Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
Headaches
Potassium Hydrogen
E262 Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts Intestine Upset
Diacetate
Skin Disorders
E263 Calcium Acetate Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
E270 Lactic Acid Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts
E280 Propionic Acid Preservative - Acids and their Salts
E281 Sodium Propionate Preservative- Acids and their Salts
E282 Calcium Propionate Preservative- Acids and their Salts
E283 Potassuim Propionate Preservative- Acids and their Salts
E290 Carbon Dioxide Miscellaneous - Acids and their Salts Intestine Upset
E300 L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives Safe
E301 Sodium-L-Ascorbate Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives Safe
E302 Calcium-L-Ascorbate Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives Safe
E304 Ascorbyl Palmitate Antioxidants- Vitamin C and derivatives Safe
Natural Extracts rich in
E306 Antioxidants- Vitamin E Safe
Tocopherols
E307 Synthetic Alpha-Tocopherol Antioxidants- Vitamin E Safe
E308 Synthetic Gamma-Tocopherol Antioxidants- Vitamin E Safe
E309 Synthetic Delta-Tocopherol Antioxidants- Vitamin E Safe
E310 Propyl Gallate Antioxidants- other
E311 Octyl Gallate Antioxidants- other
E312 Dodecyl Gallate Antioxidants- other
May increase hyperactivity in
affected children. Asthmatics
Butylated Hydroxyanisole sometimes react badly. Be cautious
E320 Antioxidants- other
(BHA) if you suffer from allergies or
intolerances. May not be suitable
for babies
Butylated Hydroxytoluene
E321 Antioxidants- other Same as E320
(BHT)
E322 Lecithins Emulsifiers and Stabilisers
E325 Sodium Lactate Miscellaneous - Salts of Lactic Acid
E326 Potassium Lactate Miscellaneous - Salts of Lactic Acid
E327 Calcium Lactate Miscellaneous - Salts of Lactic Acid
E330 Citric Acid Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts Intestine Upset
E331 Sodium Citrates Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
E332 Potassium Citrates Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
E333 Calcium Citrates Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its
E334 Tartaric Acid Intestine Upset
Salts
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its
E335 Sodium Tartrate
Salts
Potassium Tartrate (Cream of Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its
E336
Tartar) Salts
Miscellaneous - Tartaric Acid and its
E337 Potassium Sodium Tartrate
Salts
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its
E338 Orthophosphoric Acid
Salts
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its
E339 Sodium Phosphates
Salts
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its
E340 Potassium Phosphates
Salts
Miscellaneous - Phosphoric Acid and its
E341 Calcium Phosphates
Salts
E400 Alginic Acid Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
E401 Sodium Alginate Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates Safe
E402 Potassium Alginate Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates Safe
E403 Ammonium Alginate Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates Safe
E404 Calcium Alginate Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
E405 Propane-1,2-Diol Alginate Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Alginates
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant
E406 Agar Safe
gums
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant
E407 Carrageenan Safe
gums
Locust Bean Gum (Carob Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant
E410
Gum) gums
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant
E412 Guar Gum Safe
gums
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant Be cautious if you suffer from
E413 Tragacanth
gums allergies or intolerances.
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant
E414 Gum Acacia (Gum Arabic) Safe ?
gums
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - other plant
E415 Xanthan Gum Safe ?
gums
E420 Sorbitol Sugar Alcohols
E421 Mannitol Sugar Alcohols
E422 Glycerol Sugar Alcohols
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Pectin and
E440a Pectin
derivatives
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Pectin and
E440b Amidated Pectin
derivatives
Sodium and Potassium
E450a,b,c Phosphates and Miscellaneous
Polyphosphates
Microcrystalline / Powdered Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose
E460
Cellulose and derivatives
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose
E461 Methylcellulose
and derivatives
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose
E463 Hydroxypropylcellulose
and derivatives
Hydroxypropyl- Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose
E464
Methylcellulose and derivatives
E465 Ethylmethylcellulose Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose
and derivatives
Carboxymethylcellulose, Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - Cellulose
E466
Sodium Salt and derivatives
Sodium, Potassium and Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E470
Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids
Mono-and Diglycerides of Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E471
Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids
Various Esters of Mono-and Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E472
Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E473 Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E474 Sucroglycerides
Esters of Fatty Acids
Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E475
Acids Esters of Fatty Acids
Propane-1,2-Diol Esters of Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E477
Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E481 Sodium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E482 Calcium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and Stabilisers - salts or
E483 Stearyl Tartrate
Esters of Fatty Acids

FOOD ADDITIVES - NUMBERS WITH NO E-PREFIX

Number Name Category Affects


Colours - Yellow and
107 Yellow 2G
Orange
May increase hyperactivity
128 Red 2G Colours - Red
in affected children.
May increase hyperactivity
133 Brilliant Blue FCF Colours - Blue
in affected children.
Colours - Brown and
154 Brown FK
Black
May increase hyperactivity
in affected children.
Asthmatics sometimes
Colours - Brown and react badly. Take care if
155 Brown HT
Black you are sensitive to
Aspirin. Be cautious if you
suffer from allergies or
intolerances.
234 Nisin Preservative - other
262 Sodium Acetate Miscellaneous - Acids
and their Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
296 Malic Acid
and their Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
297 Fumaric Acid
and their Salts
Miscellaneous - Salts of
350 Sodium Malate
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
351 Potassium Malate
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
352 Calcium Malate
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
353 Metataric Acid
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
355 Adipic Acid
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
363 Succinic Acid
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
370 1,4-Heptonolactane
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
375 Nicotinic Acid
Malic Acid
Miscellaneous - Salts of
380 Triammonium Citrate
Malic Acid
Ammonium Ferric Miscellaneous - Salts of
381
Citrate Malic Acid
Calcium Disodium Miscellaneous - Salts of
385
EDTA Malic Acid
Emulsifiers and
416 Karaya Gum
Stabilisers
Emulsifiers and
Polyoxyethane (8)
430 Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
Stearate
derivatives
Emulsifiers and
Polyoxyethane (40)
431 Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
Stearate
derivatives
Polyoxyethane (20) Emulsifiers and
432 Sorbitan / Polysorbate Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
20 derivatives
Polyoxyethane (20) Emulsifiers and
433 Sorbitan Mono- Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
oleate / Polysorbate 80 derivatives
Polyoxyethane (20)
Emulsifiers and
Sorbitan
434 Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
Monopalmitate /
derivatives
Polysorbate 40
435 Polyoxyethane (20) Emulsifiers and
Sorbitan Monostearate Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
/ Polysorbate 60 derivatives
Polyoxyethane (20) Emulsifiers and
436 Sorbitan Tristearate / Stabilisers - Fatty Acid
Polysorbate 65 derivatives
Polyglycerol Esters of Emulsifiers and
476 Polycondensed Esters Stabilisers - salts or
of Caster Oil Esters of Fatty Acids
Lactylated Fatty Acid Emulsifiers and
478 Esters of Glycerol and Stabilisers - salts or
Propane-1,2-Diol Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and
491 Sorbitan Monostearate Stabilisers - salts or
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and
492 Sorbitan Tristearate Stabilisers - salts or
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and
493 Sorbitan Monolaurate Stabilisers - salts or
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and
494 Sorbitan Mono-oleate Stabilisers - salts or
Esters of Fatty Acids
Emulsifiers and
Sorbitan
495 Stabilisers - salts or
Monopalmitate
Esters of Fatty Acids
Sodium Carbonate / Miscellaneous - Acids
500
Sodium Bicarbonate and Salts: Carbonates
Potassium Carbonate /
Miscellaneous - Acids
501 Potassium
and Salts: Carbonates
Bicarbonate
Ammonium Miscellaneous - Acids
503
Carbonate and Salts: Carbonates
Miscellaneous - Acids
504 Magnesium Carbonate
and Salts: Carbonates
Miscellaneous - Acids
507 Hydrochloric Acid and Salts: Hydrochloric
Acid and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
508 Potassium Chloride and Salts: Hydrochloric
Acid and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
509 Calcium Chloride and Salts: Hydrochloric
Acid and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
510 Ammonium Chloride and Salts: Hydrochloric
Acid and its Salts
513 Sulphuric Acid Miscellaneous - Acids
and Salts: Sulphuric Acid
and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
514 Sodium Sulphate and Salts: Sulphuric Acid
and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
515 Potassium Sulphate and Salts: Sulphuric Acid
and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
516 Calcium Sulphate and Salts: Sulphuric Acid
and its Salts
Miscellaneous - Acids
518 Magnesium Sulphate and Salts: Sulphuric Acid
and its Salts
524 Sodium Hydroxide Miscellaneous - Alkalis
525 Potassium Hydroxide Miscellaneous - Alkalis
526 Calcium Hydroxide Miscellaneous - Alkalis
Ammonium
527 Miscellaneous - Alkalis
Hydroxide
Magnesium
528 Miscellaneous - Alkalis
Hydroxide
529 Calcium Oxide Miscellaneous - Alkalis
530 Magnesium Oxide Miscellaneous - Alkalis
Miscellaneous - other
535 Sodium Ferrocyanide
Salts
Potassium Miscellaneous - other
536
Ferrocyanide Salts
Dicalcium Miscellaneous - other
540
Ferrocyanide Salts
Sodium Aluminium Miscellaneous - other
541
Phosphate Salts
Edible Bone
Miscellaneous - Anti-
542 Phosphate (Bone-
Caking Agents
Meal)
Calcium Miscellaneous - Anti-
544
Polyphosphates Caking Agents
Ammonium Miscellaneous - Anti-
545
Polyphosphates Caking Agents
Silicon Dioxide Miscellaneous - Silicon
551
(Silica Salt) Salts
Miscellaneous - Silicon
552 Calcium Silicate
Salts
Magnesium Silicate /
Miscellaneous - Silicon
553 Magnesium Trisilicate
Salts
(Talc)
Aluminium Sodium Miscellaneous - Silicon
554
Silicate Salts
Aluminium Calcium Miscellaneous - Silicon
556
Silicate Salts
Miscellaneous - other
558 Bentonite
compounds
Kaolin (Aluminium Miscellaneous - other
559
Silicate) compounds
Miscellaneous - other
570 Stearic Acid
compounds
Miscellaneous - other
572 Magnesium Stearate
compounds
Glucono Delta- Miscellaneous - other
575
Lactone compounds
Miscellaneous - other
576 Sodium Gluconate
compounds
Miscellaneous - other
577 Potassium Gluconate
compounds
Miscellaneous - other
578 Calcium Gluconate
compounds
Miscellaneous - Flavour
620 L-Glutamic Acid
Enhancers
TOXIC
Monosodium Miscellaneous -
621 Glutamate Flavour Headaches
(MSG) Enhancers Intestine Upset
Skin Disorders
Monopotassium Miscellaneous - Flavour
622
Glutamate Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Flavour
623 Calcium Glutamate
Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Flavour
627 Sodium Guanylate
Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Flavour
631 Sodium Inosinate
Enhancers
Sodium5- Miscellaneous - Flavour
635
Ribonucleotide Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Flavour
636 Maltol
Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Flavour
637 Ethyl Maltol
Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Flavour
900 Dimethylpolysiloxane
Enhancers
Miscellaneous - Glazing
901 Beeswax
Agents
Miscellaneous - Glazing
903 Carnauba Wax
Agents
Miscellaneous - Glazing
904 Shellac
Agents
Miscellaneous - Glazing
905 Mineral Hydrocarbons
Agents
Refined Miscellaneous - Glazing
907
Microcrystalline Wax Agents
Miscellaneous -
L-Cysteine
920 Compounds used to treat
Hydrochloride
Flour
Miscellaneous -
924 Potassium Bromate Compounds used to treat
Flour
Miscellaneous -
925 Chlorine Compounds used to treat
Flour
Miscellaneous -
926 Chlorine Dioxide Compounds used to treat
Flour
Miscellaneous -
927 Azodicarbonamide Compounds used to treat
Flour

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E Numbers, food additives and your health


No. Description
E100 Safe ??
E101 Safe ??
E102 Dangerous
E103 Forbidden
E104 Suspicious
E105 Forbidden
E110 Dangerous
E111 Forbidden
E120 Dangerous
E121 Forbidden
E122 Suspicious
E123 Very Dangerous
E124 Dangerous
E125 Forbidden
E126 Forbidden
E127 Dangerous
E130 Forbidden
E131 Cancer
E132 Safe ??
E140 Safe ??
E141 Suspicious
E142 Cancer
E150 Suspicious
E151 Suspicious
E152 Forbidden
E153 Suspicious
E160 Safe ??
E161 Safe ??
E163 Safe ??
E170 Safe ??
E171 Suspicious
E173 Suspicious
E174 Safe ??
E175 Safe ??
E180 Suspicious
E181 Forbidden
E210 Cancer
E211 Cancer
E212 Cancer
E213 Cancer
E214 Cancer
E215 Cancer
E217 Cancer
E220 Destroys Vitamin B12
E221 Intestine Upset
E222 Intestine Upset
E223 Intestine Upset
E224 Intestine Upset
E226 Intestine Upset
E230 Skin Disorder
E232 Skin Disorder
E233 Skin Disorder
E236 Safe ??
E237 Safe ??
E238 Safe ??
E239 Cancer
E240 Suspicious
E241 Suspicious
E250 Blood Pressure Upset
E251 Blood Pressure Upset
E252 Blood Pressure Upset
E260 Safe ??
E262 Safe ??
E263 Safe ??
E270 Safe ??
E280 Safe ??
E281 Safe ??
E282 Safe ??
E300 Safe ??
E301 Safe ??
E302 Safe ??
E303 Safe ??
E304 Safe ??
E305 Safe ??
E306 Safe ??
E307 Safe ??
E308 Safe ??
E309 Safe ??
E311 Eczema
E312 Eczema
E320 Cholesterol
E321 Cholesterol
E322 Safe ??
E325 Safe ??
E326 Safe ??
E327 Safe ??
E330 Cancer
E331 Safe ??
E332 Safe ??
E333 Safe ??
E334 Safe ??
E335 Safe ??
E336 Safe ??
E337 Safe ??
E338 Peptic Disorder
E339 Peptic Disorder
E340 Peptic Disorder
E341 Peptic Disorder
E400 Safe ??
E401 Safe ??
E402 Safe ??
E403 Safe ??
E404 Safe ??
E406 Safe ??
E407 Peptic Disorder
E408 Safe ??
E410 Safe ??
E411 Safe ??
E413 Safe ??
E414 Safe ??
E420 Safe ??
E421 Safe ??
E422 Safe ??
E450 Peptic Disorder
E461 Peptic Disorder
E462 Peptic Disorder
E463 Peptic Disorder
E465 Peptic Disorder
E466 Peptic Disorder
E471 Safe ??
E472 Safe ??
E473 Safe ??
E474 Safe ??
E475 Safe ??
E477 Suspicious
E480 Safe ??