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International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 5 Issue: 5 683 686

Identify Cryptanalytic Brute-Force Attack Using Frequent Pattern Mining

Jitendra Jain Dr. Parashu Ram Pal

Research Scholar, Faculty of Computer Science Professor, MCA
Pacific Academy of Higher Education & Research University, Lakshmi Narain College of Technology,
Udaipur, Rajasthan, India Bhopal, M.P., India
e-mail:jitendra1974@gmail.com e-mail: prpal@rediffmail.com

Abstract: A brute-force attack consists of an attacker trying many passwords or passphrases with the hope of eventually guessing correctly.
The attacker systematically checks all possible passwords and passphrases until the correct one is found. Alternatively, the attacker can attempt
to guess the key which is typically created from the password using a key derivation function. This is known as an exhaustive key search. In this
paper we proposed a new approach based on pattern mining of data mining techniques. We have taken 10 values which is most commonly used
for passed. In the proposed approach we find most common things that used for password by most of the user.
Keywords: - Password, attacker, key, encryption, brute-force attack.

I. INTRODUCTION commonly used have been proven to be secure. Therefore, an
attacker will almost always try to attack the predictability of
A brute-force attack is a cryptanalytic attack that can, in the human factor instead of trying to break the encryption. Due
theory, be used to attempt to decrypt any encrypted data. Brute to the recent increase in incidents involving public disclosure
force (also known as brute force cracking) is a trial and error of personal information (including passwords), it is now easier
method used by application programs to decode encrypted to compile extremely accurate statistical information to
data such as passwords or Data Encryption Standard (DES) identify most commonly used passwords and the patterns that
keys. Such an attack might be used when it is not possible to lead of the selection of those passwords. Different users
take advantage of other weaknesses in an encryption system (if involved in various projects related to password cracking
any exist) that would make the task easier. amongst which some related to distributed password cracking,
When password is guessing, this method is very fast. It is used rainbow table generation and CPU and GPU based password
to check all short passwords, but for longer passwords other cracking. It has been noticed that the most successful
methods such as the dictionary attack are used because a techniques used to crack passwords nowadays include rules
brute-force search takes too long. Longer passwords, that were compiled from the analysis of great volumes of
passphrases and keys have more possible values, making them actual passwords. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to
exponentially more difficult to crack than shorter ones. [1] test all commonly used password cracking techniques. This
implementation will then compare their success rate to
Brute-force attacks can be made less effective proposed technique given in this paper which involves the
by obfuscating the data to be encoded making it more difficult addition of rule sets based on known password patterns and
for an attacker to recognize when the code has been cracked or incrementally taking into consideration the analysis of the
by making the attacker do more work to test each guess. One already cracked passwords.
of the measures of the strength of an encryption system is how
long it would theoretically take an attacker to mount a II. WORKING OF BRUTE FORCE ATTACK
successful brute-force attack against it.
Hackers can try to get into users system using a few different
Brute-force attacks are an application of brute-force search,
methods. Methods are shown in Figure 1.
the general problem-solving technique of enumerating all
candidates and checking each one. 1. Manual login attempts: In this approach, they will try to
The act of password cracking has been closely related to the type in a few usernames and passwords
Information Security field because passwords were the first
means of protecting data and restricting access to it. Passwords 2. Dictionary based attacks: In this approach, automated
are still widely used nowadays and remain the most popular scripts and programs will try guessing thousands of usernames
way of adding security to confidential information. Because of and passwords from a dictionary file, sometimes a file for
this, there is a wide range of attacks against passwords. usernames and another file for passwords.
Authentication mechanisms have evolved during the past years 3. Generated logins: A cracking program will generate
but there is still no way to completely avoid user involvement. random usernames set by the user. They could generate
The human factor is the one that is usually responsible for the numbers only, a combination of numbers and letters or other
selection of an insecure or predictable password. Encryption combinations. The working of Brute force attack is shown in
algorithms are usually widely tested and the ones that are Figure 2.


IJRITCC | May 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 5 683 686

Manual Login Attempts

Force Attack

Dictionary Based Attacks Generated Logins

Figure 1 Methods of Brute Force Attack


The blocking of brute force attack are as follows:

1. Locking Account
If a user attempts a wrong password many times then the user's
account will be blocked for a given time of period. Outlook
accounts are locked after a wrong password tries. If an
attacker attempts a Brute Force Attack on many accounts then
a Denial of Services (DOS) problem emerges. If attackers
want to lock an account then they continues to hit that account
and the resultant admin is again locked from the account

2. Delay the login process

Increasing time delay for login to stop brute forcing. More
attempts a hacker uses to guess a password, more time does it
take to check every time. After checking 100 passwords he
must wait 5 sec between each try. We should try not to use
Sleep () because it uses CPU cycles, and if you have a brute
force attack from 10,000 IP addresses you will fork 10,000
sleep() child process or threads, this will cause load on your

3. Block the hacker IP

Simply block the IP address where the brute force attack Figure 2 Working of Brute Force Attack
comes. Some companies avoid using this way because
sometimes a user might forget his password and tries to login Blocking of Brute Force Attack
several times. But the result is that the erver deal with him as a
hacker and blocks his IP.
Figure 3 has shown the blocking of brute force attack. Locking Account

Delay the login process

Block the hacker IP

Figure 3 Methods to Protect Brute Force Attack


IJRITCC | May 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 5 683 686
IV. LITERATURE REVIEW be accepted, it should pass all the three conditions of length,
cardinality, and entropy. Classification tests carried out on the
In 2012 Bahaa Qasim proposed Preventing Brute Force algorithm using sample test data reveal 100% classification
Attack through the Analyzing Log. They examines attacks accuracy in accepting a strong password, and in rejecting a
depending on SSH log file to find unsuccessful logins then weak password. Analysis has shown significant improvements
blocks IP addresses of unsuccessful logins for a period of time in passwords accepted via the new algorithms when compared
that is decided by administrator and then send an e-mail to to current default router passwords. Moreover, 100% of the
administrator to consider whether the addresses blocked passwords that were accepted via this algorithm proved to be
belong to users failed to access or by an attacker, finally the strong and unbreakable using brute-force method on a GPU
administrator will block attacker's IP address forever. Some based PC [7].
attackers highly skilled and just used trusted IP address as a
user name then the In 2016 Adwan Yasin proposed Enhance Rfid Security
Software will block the IP address of attacker as well as the against Brute Force Attack Based on Password Strength and
victim IP address that is used by attacker. They proposed an Markov Model. They showed weaknesses of RFID system
adaptive mechanism to distinguish between attacker IP address and identifies the threats and countermeasures of possible
and victim IP address which may be used by an attacker, and attacks. They also designed a algorithm to ensure and
then the program will block just attacker IP address [2]. measure the strength of passwords used in the authentication
process between tag and reader to enhance security in
In 2013 Konark Truptiben Dave proposed Brute-force Attack their communication and defend against brute-force
Seeking but Distressing A brute force attack can be very attacks. Proposed algorithm is design by modern techniques
effective at compromising your web application unless proper based on entropy, password length, cardinality, Markov-
defenses are used. A Brute-force attack can be a dangerous model and Fuzzy Logic [8].
one to your system if carelessness is taken. With the above
strategies these types of attack can be avoided [3]. V. PROPOSED APPROACH
Frequent item set mining leads to the discovery of associations
In 2013 Ashwini .J proposed Authentication for Attacks in and correlations among items in large transactional or
Graphical Passwords Pass Points Style. They proposed relational data sets. With massive amounts of data
graphical passwords based approach to make passwords more continuously being collected and stored, many industries are
memorable and easier for people to use. Using graphical becoming interested in mining such patterns from their
passwords users click on images rather than type alphanumeric databases. The discovery of interesting correlation
characters. User designed a new and more secure graphical relationships among huge amounts of business transaction
password system called pass points. Based on click-order records can help in many business decision-making processes,
patterns we introduced proposed graph-based algorithms to such as catalog design, cross-marketing, and customer
create dictionaries with focus-of-attention scan paths [4]. shopping behavior analysis. A typical example of frequent
item set mining is market basket analysis. This process
In 2014 Vaishali K. Kosamkar et al Implementation and analyzes customer buying habits by finding associations
Analysis of Password Guessing Resistant Protocol (PGRP): A between the different items that customers place in their
Literature Survey. They proposed a modify PGPRP shopping baskets. The discovery of such associations can
algorithm which increases security level at good extend which help retailers develop marketing strategies by gaining insight
can be used to apply at any application which is going to into which items are frequently purchased together by
require high level of authentication. They compare Modified customers.
PGPRP, Stander PGPRP, VS and PS algorithm in terms of
time taken by that algorithm to get successful access [5]. A new approach has been proposed to identify combination
used for passed by different user. Some 10 attributes have
In 2014 Satomi Honda Detection of Novel-Type Brute Force been for this purpose. The attributes or parameters description
Attacks Used Ephemeral Springboard IPs as Camouflage. is named as with their parameter type are I1 as Name, I2 as
They showed systematic brute force attack instances from DOB, I3 as Anniversary Date , I4 as Child's name , I5 as PAN
actual network monitoring logs by visualization focused on number, I6 as Mobile Number , I7 as Aadhar number , I8 as
source IPs and detection time. One of the instances shows that Vehicle number, I9 as License numbers and I10 as House
specific terminals have been attacked used innumerable IPs for Number . By using simple 10 records it can seen that some
a long time. This IPs was like ephemeral because they had people used single attribute as a password .Some of the people
appeared almost only one time. They proposed a new system, used combination of two attribute as a password and some
DEMITASSE, for detecting such terminals in the earlier phase used combination of three attribute as a password.
and mitigating the damage caused by brute force attacks used

In 2015 Mohammed Farik et al proposed Algorithm to The sample 0f 1000 persons have been taken as data using
Ensure and Enforce Brute-Force Attack-Resilient Password in different social networking site. There are 10 attribute are used
Routers They proposed a new algorithm to prevent entry of which are most commonly used as password by the person.
passwords that fail even a single condition. For a password to Proposed approach has been implemented in VB. Net 2010

IJRITCC | May 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 5 683 686
and SQL server. Table 1 shows the single attribute as a
password by different number of users. Table 2 shows the
combinations of two attributes as a password by different
number of users.

Table 1 Single Attribute as Password

Number of person
Attribute Name
used as password
Name 301
DOB 297
Anniversary date 102
Child's name 67
Mobile Number 201
Vehicle number 32 Figure 5 Combination of two attribute as password

Table 2 Combination of two attributes as password The paper is proposed how people used password as a most
common attribute in real life. Brute force attack used special
Number of person used code to which used several combination of attribute to crack
Attribute name
as password password. Common information of the people is easily
Name & DOB 308 available on internet and spicily on social site. This
information is used by brute force e attacker to crack
Name & Mobile No 310
password. In future we need to work on graphical option based
Child name & DOB 207 password.
Name & Anniversary
[1] Curtin, Matt, Brute Force Cracking the Data Encryption
Name &Vehicle
51 Standard, First Edition, Copernicus, 2005.
[2] Bahaa Qasim et al Preventing Brute Force Attack through
igure 4 shows the graph for the single attribute as a password
the Analyzing Log Iraqi Journal of Science, 2012, vol.53,
by different number of users. Figure 5 shows the graph for the
No.3, pp 663-667.
combinations of two attributes as a password by different
[3] Konark Truptiben Brute-force Attack Seeking but
number of users.
Distressing International Journal of Innovations in
Engineering and Technology Vol. 2 Issue 3 June 2013
[4] Ashwini.J Authentication For Attacks In Graphical
Passwords Pass Points Style International Journal of
Advances In Computer Science and Cloud Computing, ISSN:
2321-4058 Volume- 1, Issue- 1,May-2013.
[5] Vaishali K. Kosamkar Implementation and Analysis of
Password Guessing Resistant Protocol (PGRP): A Literature
Survey International Journal of Advance Foundation and
Research in Computer (IJAFRC) Volume 1, Issue 12,
December 2014. ISSN 2348 4853
[6] Satomi Honda, Detection of Novel-Type Brute Force
Attacks Used Ephemeral Springboard IPs as Camouflage
Journal of Advances in Computer Networks, Vol. 2, No. 4,
Figure 4 Single Attribute as Password December 2014
[7] Mohammed Farik Algorithm To Ensure And Enforce Brute-
Force Attack-Resilient Password In Routers International
Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research Volume 4,
Issue 10, October 2015 ISSN 2277-8616.
[8] Adwan Yasin Enhance Rfid Security against Brute Force
Attack Based On Password Strength And Markov Model
International Journal of Network Security & Its Applications
(IJNSA) Vol.8, No.5, September 2016.


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