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DESIGN OF REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAM

KNOWN BEAM DIMENSION


Ref. Code: NSCP 2001, 5th Edition

BEAM DIMENSIONS
b 300 mm width of beam
h 660 mm height of beam
d 600 mm effective depth of tension bars
d' 60 mm effective depth of compression bars

DESIGN PARAMETERS
fc' 30 Mpa compressive strength of concrete
fy 414 Mpa yield strength of reinforcement
Mu 650000000 N.mm ultimate moment
0.9 strength reduction factor defined in section 409.4

Computation of : (factor defined in section 410.3.7.3)


= 0.85 (for fc'30)
= 0.85-0.05/7(fc'-30) 0.65 (for fc'>30)
Design = 0.85

Computation of bal: (reinforcement ratio producing balanced strain conditions)


bal = 0.85fc'600/fy(600+fy) = 0.0309793328

Computation of max: (maximum steel ratio)


max = 0.75bal = 0.0232344996

Computation of : (reinforcement index)


assume = 90% of max = 0.0209110497
= fy/fc' = 0.2885724852

Computation of Mu1:
Mn1 = fc'bd2(1-0.59) = 775788122.237 N.mm
Mu1 = Mn1 = 698209310.013 N.mm

Determine if compression reinforcement is necessary: (if M u1 < Mu)


COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT IS NOT NEEDED PROCEED TO STEP 2 !!!!!

STEP 2 (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM) (proceed only if compression reinforcement is not needed)
Solve for :
= (1-(1-2.36(Mu/fc'bd2))1/2)/1.18 = 0.2640417359

Solve for :
= fc'/fy = 0.0191334591
Solve for As:
As = bd = 3444.0226 mm2

Bars Selection:
try diam. 28 mm
A28 = *d2/4 = 615.752160104 mm2 (area of 28mm bar)
N = As/A28 = 5.5931961994
say 6 pcs
try diam. 25 mm
A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)
N = As/A25 = 7.0161053126
say 8 pcs
Use 6-28mm bars

Check ductility:
min = 1.4/fy = 0.0033816425 (minimun steel ratio)
As = 6A28 = 3694.51296062 (actual steel area)
= As/bd = 0.020525072 (actual ratio of tension reinforcement)
min < OK!
< max OK!

STEP 3 (DOUBLY REINFORCED BEAM) (proceed only if compression reinforcement is needed)


Solve for As1:
As1 = assumed * bd = mm2

Solve for Mu2:


Mu2 = Mu - Mu1 = N.mm

Check if compression steel yields:


a = As1fy/0.85fc'b = mm
c = a/ = mm
fs' = 600*(c-d')/c =
COMPRESSION STEEL DOES NOT YIELD !!!!

if compression steel yields use As' = As2


if compression steel does not yield use As' = As 2fy/fs'
Solve for As2 and As':
As2 = Mu2/fy(d-d') = 0.0000 mm2
As' = As2 = 0.0000 mm2 (compression steel area if compression
As' = As2fy/fs' = mm2 (compression steel area if compression

Solve for As:


As = As1 + As2 = 0.0000 mm2 (tension steel area)

Bars Selection (compression):


try diam. 20 mm
A20 = 2
*d /4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)
N = As'/A28 = 0
say pcs
try diam. 25 mm
A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)
N = As'/A25 = 0
say pcs

Bars Selection (tension):


try diam. 20 mm
A20 = *d2/4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)
N = As/A28 = 0
say pcs
try diam. 25 mm
A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)
N = As/A25 = 0
say pcs
orcement is not needed)
f 28mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

nsion reinforcement)

orcement is needed)

ession steel area if compression steel yields)


ession steel area if compression steel does not yield)
n steel area)

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)
DESIGN OF REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAM
KNOWN BEAM DIMENSION
Ref. Code: NSCP 2001, 5th Edition

BEAM DIMENSIONS
b 250 mm width of beam
h 460 mm height of beam
d 400 mm effective depth of tension bars
d' 60 mm effective depth of compression bars

DESIGN PARAMETERS
fc' 20.7 Mpa compressive strength of concrete
fy 344.7 Mpa yield strength of reinforcement
Mu 272000000 N.mm ultimate moment
0.9 strength reduction factor defined in section 409.4

Computation of : (factor defined in section 410.3.7.3)


= 0.85 (for fc'30)
= 0.85-0.05/7(fc'-30) 0.65 (for fc'>30)
Design = 0.85

Computation of bal: (reinforcement ratio producing balanced strain conditions)


bal = 0.85fc'600/fy(600+fy) = 0.0275565122

Computation of max: (maximum steel ratio)


max = 0.75bal = 0.0206673842

Computation of : (reinforcement index)


assume = 90% of max = 0.0186006457
= fy/fc' = 0.3097411877

Computation of Mu1:
Mn1 = fc'bd2(1-0.59) = 209597288.372 N.mm
Mu1 = Mn1 = 188637559.535 N.mm

Determine if compression reinforcement is necessary: (if M u1 < Mu)


COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT IS NEEDED PROCEED TO STEP 3 !!!!!

STEP 2 (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM) (proceed only if compression reinforcement is not needed)
Solve for :
= (1-(1-2.36(Mu/fc'bd2))1/2)/1.18 =

Solve for :
= fc'/fy =
Solve for As:
As = bd = mm2

Bars Selection:
try diam. 28 mm
A28 = *d2/4 = 615.752160104 mm2 (area of 28mm bar)
N = As/A28 = 0
say pcs
try diam. 25 mm
A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)
N = As/A25 = 0
say pcs

Check ductility:
min = 1.4/fy = (minimun steel ratio)
As = 6A28 = (actual steel area)
= As/bd = (actual ratio of tension reinforcement)
min < REDESIGN!
< max REDESIGN!

STEP 3 (DOUBLY REINFORCED BEAM) (proceed only if compression reinforcement is needed)


Solve for As1:
As1 = assumed * bd = 1860.0646 mm2

Solve for Mu2:


Mu2 = Mu - Mu1 = 83362440.4652 N.mm

Check if compression steel yields:


a = As1fy/0.85fc'b = 145.760558908 mm
c = a/ = 171.48301048 mm
fs' = 600*(c-d')/c = 390.066666667
COMPRESSION STEEL YIELDS !!!!

if compression steel yields use As' = As2


if compression steel does not yield use As' = As 2fy/fs'
Solve for As2 and As':
As2 = Mu2/fy(d-d') = 790.3286 mm2
As' = As2 = 790.3286 mm2 (compression steel area if compression
As' = As2fy/fs' = mm2 (compression steel area if compression

Solve for As:


As = As1 + As2 = 2650.3932 mm2 (tension steel area)

Bars Selection (compression):


try diam. 20 mm
A20 = 2
*d /4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)
N = As'/A28 = 2.5156941374
say 3 pcs
try diam. 25 mm
A25 = 2
*d /4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)
N = As'/A25 = 1.6100442479
say 2 pcs
Use 3-20mm bars or 2-25mm bars for compression

Bars Selection (tension):


try diam. 20 mm
A20 = *d2/4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)
N = As/A28 = 8.4364635644
say 9 pcs
try diam. 25 mm
A25 = 2
*d /4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)
N = As/A25 = 5.3993366812
say 6 pcs
Use 6-25mm bars for tension
orcement is not needed)
f 28mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

nsion reinforcement)

orcement is needed)

ession steel area if compression steel yields)


ession steel area if compression steel does not yield)
n steel area)

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

or compression

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)