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BEAM DESIGN

BEAM DESIGN

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Ref. Code: NSCP 2001, 5th Edition

BEAM DIMENSIONS

b 300 mm width of beam

h 660 mm height of beam

d 600 mm effective depth of tension bars

d' 60 mm effective depth of compression bars

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fc' 30 Mpa compressive strength of concrete

fy 414 Mpa yield strength of reinforcement

Mu 650000000 N.mm ultimate moment

0.9 strength reduction factor defined in section 409.4

= 0.85 (for fc'30)

= 0.85-0.05/7(fc'-30) 0.65 (for fc'>30)

Design = 0.85

bal = 0.85fc'600/fy(600+fy) = 0.0309793328

max = 0.75bal = 0.0232344996

assume = 90% of max = 0.0209110497

= fy/fc' = 0.2885724852

Computation of Mu1:

Mn1 = fc'bd2(1-0.59) = 775788122.237 N.mm

Mu1 = Mn1 = 698209310.013 N.mm

COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT IS NOT NEEDED PROCEED TO STEP 2 !!!!!

STEP 2 (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM) (proceed only if compression reinforcement is not needed)

Solve for :

= (1-(1-2.36(Mu/fc'bd2))1/2)/1.18 = 0.2640417359

Solve for :

= fc'/fy = 0.0191334591

Solve for As:

As = bd = 3444.0226 mm2

Bars Selection:

try diam. 28 mm

A28 = *d2/4 = 615.752160104 mm2 (area of 28mm bar)

N = As/A28 = 5.5931961994

say 6 pcs

try diam. 25 mm

A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)

N = As/A25 = 7.0161053126

say 8 pcs

Use 6-28mm bars

Check ductility:

min = 1.4/fy = 0.0033816425 (minimun steel ratio)

As = 6A28 = 3694.51296062 (actual steel area)

= As/bd = 0.020525072 (actual ratio of tension reinforcement)

min < OK!

< max OK!

Solve for As1:

As1 = assumed * bd = mm2

Mu2 = Mu - Mu1 = N.mm

a = As1fy/0.85fc'b = mm

c = a/ = mm

fs' = 600*(c-d')/c =

COMPRESSION STEEL DOES NOT YIELD !!!!

if compression steel does not yield use As' = As 2fy/fs'

Solve for As2 and As':

As2 = Mu2/fy(d-d') = 0.0000 mm2

As' = As2 = 0.0000 mm2 (compression steel area if compression

As' = As2fy/fs' = mm2 (compression steel area if compression

As = As1 + As2 = 0.0000 mm2 (tension steel area)

try diam. 20 mm

A20 = 2

*d /4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)

N = As'/A28 = 0

say pcs

try diam. 25 mm

A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)

N = As'/A25 = 0

say pcs

try diam. 20 mm

A20 = *d2/4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)

N = As/A28 = 0

say pcs

try diam. 25 mm

A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)

N = As/A25 = 0

say pcs

orcement is not needed)

f 28mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

nsion reinforcement)

orcement is needed)

ession steel area if compression steel does not yield)

n steel area)

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

DESIGN OF REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAM

KNOWN BEAM DIMENSION

Ref. Code: NSCP 2001, 5th Edition

BEAM DIMENSIONS

b 250 mm width of beam

h 460 mm height of beam

d 400 mm effective depth of tension bars

d' 60 mm effective depth of compression bars

DESIGN PARAMETERS

fc' 20.7 Mpa compressive strength of concrete

fy 344.7 Mpa yield strength of reinforcement

Mu 272000000 N.mm ultimate moment

0.9 strength reduction factor defined in section 409.4

= 0.85 (for fc'30)

= 0.85-0.05/7(fc'-30) 0.65 (for fc'>30)

Design = 0.85

bal = 0.85fc'600/fy(600+fy) = 0.0275565122

max = 0.75bal = 0.0206673842

assume = 90% of max = 0.0186006457

= fy/fc' = 0.3097411877

Computation of Mu1:

Mn1 = fc'bd2(1-0.59) = 209597288.372 N.mm

Mu1 = Mn1 = 188637559.535 N.mm

COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT IS NEEDED PROCEED TO STEP 3 !!!!!

STEP 2 (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM) (proceed only if compression reinforcement is not needed)

Solve for :

= (1-(1-2.36(Mu/fc'bd2))1/2)/1.18 =

Solve for :

= fc'/fy =

Solve for As:

As = bd = mm2

Bars Selection:

try diam. 28 mm

A28 = *d2/4 = 615.752160104 mm2 (area of 28mm bar)

N = As/A28 = 0

say pcs

try diam. 25 mm

A25 = *d2/4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)

N = As/A25 = 0

say pcs

Check ductility:

min = 1.4/fy = (minimun steel ratio)

As = 6A28 = (actual steel area)

= As/bd = (actual ratio of tension reinforcement)

min < REDESIGN!

< max REDESIGN!

Solve for As1:

As1 = assumed * bd = 1860.0646 mm2

Mu2 = Mu - Mu1 = 83362440.4652 N.mm

a = As1fy/0.85fc'b = 145.760558908 mm

c = a/ = 171.48301048 mm

fs' = 600*(c-d')/c = 390.066666667

COMPRESSION STEEL YIELDS !!!!

if compression steel does not yield use As' = As 2fy/fs'

Solve for As2 and As':

As2 = Mu2/fy(d-d') = 790.3286 mm2

As' = As2 = 790.3286 mm2 (compression steel area if compression

As' = As2fy/fs' = mm2 (compression steel area if compression

As = As1 + As2 = 2650.3932 mm2 (tension steel area)

try diam. 20 mm

A20 = 2

*d /4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)

N = As'/A28 = 2.5156941374

say 3 pcs

try diam. 25 mm

A25 = 2

*d /4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)

N = As'/A25 = 1.6100442479

say 2 pcs

Use 3-20mm bars or 2-25mm bars for compression

try diam. 20 mm

A20 = *d2/4 = 314.159265359 mm2 (area of 20mm bar)

N = As/A28 = 8.4364635644

say 9 pcs

try diam. 25 mm

A25 = 2

*d /4 = 490.873852123 mm2 (area of 25mm bar)

N = As/A25 = 5.3993366812

say 6 pcs

Use 6-25mm bars for tension

orcement is not needed)

f 28mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

nsion reinforcement)

orcement is needed)

ession steel area if compression steel does not yield)

n steel area)

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

or compression

f 20mm bar)

f 25mm bar)

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