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# Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

## LAB 2: Problem Solving

Student Name: Student ID: Section:

## 2.1) LEARNING OBJECTIVES

By the end of this lab session, you should be able to:
To learn basic problem solving method.

## 2.2) PRE LAB ASSIGNMENT

2.3) BACKGROUND
Engineers and scientists are problem solvers!
According to Arvid Eide et al. in Engineering Fundamentals and Problem Solving, as part of the
problem solving activity, engineers and scientist will have to follow these problem analysis
steps:
1. Recognize and understand the problem,
2. Accumulate facts,
3. Select the appropriate theory or principle,
4. Make necessary assumptions,
5. Solve the problem,
6. Verify and check results.

## In designing software or programming in general:

1. Problem Requirements,
2. Analysis,

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

3. Design,
4. Implementation,
5. Verification and Testing.
Note: Failure is part of the process, so just chill!

## Step 1: Problem Requirements

In order to solve the problem, we first have to understand the problem we want to solve
(obviously). So READ the problem statements carefully!
In this case study, the requirement is to find the area of a circle and its circumference.

Step 2: Analysis
In this step, we are going to determine what are the inputs, outputs and appropriate theories
related to our problem.
Input(s): Ask yourself, if you are required to solve the problem by your boss for example, what
information do you need? Clearly in this case, we need to request the radius of the circle from
the boss.
Output(s): Based on the problem, we are required to calculate the area and the circumference
of a circle. Hence, these are the only outputs we are going to deliver. Nothing less, nothing
more
Relevent Theories: Based on our knowledge of geometry, to calculate a circles area, the
formula is Area = r2 while the formula to calculate its circumference is given as
Circumference = 2r. From these equations, we need to have the value of the constant (PI),
which is equal to 3.14159

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

Data requirements
Problem Constant:
PI 3.14159
Problem Input:
Problem Outputs:
Area /* area of a circle */
Circumference /* circumference of a circle */
Relevant Formulas:
Area of circle = r2
Circumference of circle = 2r

Step 3: Design
Next is to list the steps needed to solve the problem. The initial algorithm as follows:
Calculate area
Calculate circumference
Display the area and circumference values

Although this example is quite straight forward, it is helpful to refine some of the steps in the
initial algorithm above. Step 1 (getting data) and Step 4 (display outputs) are basic steps; hence
do not require further refinement. Steps 2 and 3 however can be refined to add some detail to
show explicitly the formula (or detail steps) to be used.

Step 2 refinement:
Step 3 refinement:
3.1 Assign the product of two times PI and radius to circumference.

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

## Hence, our completed algorithm after refinement is as follows:

2. Calculate area,
3. Calculate circumference,
3.1 Circumference is 2 PI radius (circumference= 2r).
4. Display the area and circumference values.

Step 4: Implementation
/*
* Calculates and displays the area and circumference of a circle
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#define PI 3.14159

int
main()
{
area, /* output radius of circle*/
circum; /* output radius of circle*/

/*Storing the user input into variable radius*/

## /*Calculate Area and Circumference*/

circum = 2 * PI * radius;

## /*Display Area and Circumference*/

printf("\nArea of circle is: %f",area);
printf("\nCircumference of circle is: %f",circum);

return(0);
}

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

Output:

## Activity A: The Boss Circuit Problem

You are required by your employer to write a program to find the voltage (V) of the circuit
shown in Figure 2.1 if the load (RL) and current (I) are varied.
Follow the problem solving steps discussed earlier to solve the problem.

## Step 1: Problem Requirements

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

Step 2: Analysis

Data requirements
Problem Constant:

Problem Input:

Problem Outputs:

Relevant Formulas:

Step 3: Design

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

## Activity B: Total Equivalent Resistance

Using the problem solving method, design a solution to find the equivalent resistance (Req) of
the circuit shown in Figure 2.2.

## Figure 2.2 Equivalent Resistance Circuit

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015
Collage of Engineering (COE) EEEB114: Programming For Engineers

## 2.5) STATE YOUR LEARNING CURVE

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Prepared By Aiman Bin Ismail May 2015