You are on page 1of 52

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.

indd ii 8/27/2015 4:30:27 PM


LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd i 8/27/2015 4:30:20 PM
LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd ii 8/27/2015 4:30:27 PM
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Purpose and Scope of RUPTL ........................................................................................................................ 1


Business Growth and Present Conditions of Electricity Supply ............................................................. 1
Short-term Response Efforts .......................................................................................................................... 2
Availability of Primary Energy ......................................................................................................................... 2
Power System Planning Policy and Design Criteria .................................................................................. 3
Power Demand Forecasting ........................................................................................................................... 4
Generation Expansion Planning .................................................................................................................... 5
The Development Plan for Transmission and Substation ....................................................................... 9
Investment Required ........................................................................................................................................ 10
The Java-Bali System Development Plan..................................................................................................... 11
The Sumatera System Development Plan ................................................................................................... 20
The West Kalimantan Power System Development Plan ........................................................................ 25
The South, Central, East and North Kalimantan System Development Plan ...................................... 28
The North Sulawesi System Development Plan ........................................................................................ 31
The South Sulawesi System Development Plan ........................................................................................ 33
The Planning for the Development of Lombok System ........................................................................... 37
The Development Plan for New and Renewable Energy ........................................................................ 40
The Development Plan for Isolated Power Systems ................................................................................. 41
CO2 Emission Projection .................................................................................................................................. 41
Carbon Finance Project ................................................................................................................................... 42
Risk Analysis ....................................................................................................................................................... 43
Conclusion .......................................................................................................................................................... 43

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

iii

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd iii 8/27/2015 4:30:27 PM


LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd iv 8/27/2015 4:30:27 PM
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY RUPTL 2015-2024

PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF RUPTL

The Power Supply Business Plan (RUPTL) by PT PLN (Persero) for the period of 2015-2024 has been
issued to fulfill the mandate of the Government Regulation No.14/2012 on Power Supply Operations
and to serve as a guidance for the development of power infrastructure to meet electricity demand
within PLN business areas in an efficient and well-planned manner, in order to prevent inefficiencies
from the beginning of the planning stage. RUPTL covers electricity demand load forecasts, generation
capacity expansion plans and the development plans related to transmission, substations and
distribution. Projected electricity demand has been prepared for each province and electricity
system, including the electricity systems in remote islands across the region. Development plans
for generating capacity, transmission and substation are also prepared in detail for their respective
projects.

Electricity demand forecasts are prepared to project the electricity needed to support economic
growth targeted by the government by taking into account the population growth.

The development of generation capacity has been planned to meet the growing demand for electricity,
the reserve margin and to the extent possible based on the principle of lowest cost. The utilization
of local energy sources is also prioritized, especially renewable energy such as geothermal and
hydropower. Several projects have been confirmed as undertaken as PLN projects or independent
power producer (IPP) projects, whilst some projects have been designated as either a PLN or IPP
projects. This is intended for PLN to decide a later stage, with the approval of the Government,
whether a project is implemented as a PLN or IPP project.

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


The development of transmission system is planned to obtain a balance between generation capacity
and power requirements efficiently to meet certain reliability and quality criteria. In large electricity
systems, such as Sumatera, Java and Sulawesi, an extra high voltage transmission line has been
planned for the transmission systems in order to form the backbone of the electricity systems.

BUSINESS GROWTH AND PRESENT CONDITIONS OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLY

In the last six years, from 2009 up to 2014, PLNs business has continued to grow. The electricity
sale increased from 133.1 TWh in 2009 to 196.4 TWh in 2014, the number of customers increased
from 39.8 million in 2009 to 57.1 million in 2014 and the electrification ratio increased from 63.5%
in 2009 to 84.0% in 2014.

The electricity condition by September 2014 can be described as follows: the installed capacity of
power plants for both PLN and IPPs in Indonesia was 43,457 MW which consisted of 33,499 MW in
the Java-Bali, 6,166 MW in Sumatera and 3,842 in East Indonesia. The total number of renting power
plants is 3,640 MW. The generating capacity in Sumatera and East Indonesia is barely sufficient
to meet the electricity needs of the community, hence, there can be a shortfall when there is a
disruption to the power supply or a plant needs to undergo routine maintenance. For example, the
electricity system in Northern part of Sumatera operates for almost the whole year without backup

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 1 8/27/2015 4:30:27 PM


operation and often experienced shortfalls in electricity supply, resulting in the operation of many
diesel fuel generating plants. The South Sumatera system also experiences a similar issue, suffering
from shortage of electricity for most of the year. This situation also occurs in several other areas, such
as West Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Southeast Sulawesi, Minahasa-Gorontalo,
Palu, Lombok, Ambon, Ternate and Jayapura. The shortages were also observed in the other smaller
electricity systems. Differently, in Java and Bali, there is enough generating capacity to meet the
power requirements. The issues happened in 2014 were related to the operation of steam coal
power plant FTP-1 PLN that has not been optimal and an over-loading of for many transformers,
as well as the increasing transfer of power from Central Java / East Java to West Java resulted in a
voltage drop in the system transmission during peak-load periods.

SHORT-TERM RESPONSE EFFORTS

The urgent issue in supplying the electricity is to satisfy the demand for the areas that experience an
electricity shortage, to replace the utilisation of diesel fuel oil with non-diesel fuel oil and to electrify
the areas that still have gotten the electricity at all.

Several actions that have been taken in Sumatera and East Indonesia to overcome the issue for short
time solution are conducting rental of generation capacity, purchasing the electricity from small-scale
IPPs, doing partnership/co-operation with local governments, purchasing excess power, accelerating
the development of coal-fired power plants as stipulated in PR71/2006, building transmission
lines and securing continuity of primary energy supply and installing solar power plants. For the
Java-Bali system, the short-term solution include an acceleration of the procurement of 150/20 kV
transformer and 500/150 kV interbus, an addition of generating capacity in Bali, an acceleration of
the commissioning of submarine cables in Java-Bali 150 kV circuits 3 and 4 and an installation of
shunt capacitors in the Jakarta system to improve voltage levels.
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

AVAILABILITY OF PRIMARY ENERGY

Coal resources of 120 billion tonnes and reserves of 28 billion tones in Indonesia are the basis for the
planning of the development of coal power plants, both coastal power plants using coal at market
prices, as well as mine-mouth power plants using low-rank coal at cost price plus margin.

For natural gas, even though Indonesia has large reserves amounting to 165 TSCF, in reality there is
insufficient gas available for power generation. In fact, the supply of gas to the existing power plants
has been and will be declining such that a deficit in gas supply is expected if there is no new gas supply.
In the year 2012, LNG supply from ex-Bontang via FSRU Jakarta has been commenced to operate
power plants in Teluk Jakarta during peak load periods. The price of gas in LNG form is relatively high
and is only economically viable if being used for generation at peak period. Experiencing such a gas
supply situation, the RUPTL only plans for 2 units of 800 MW Combined cycle gas-fired power plant
classes, with the expectation that one unit will received gas supply from the Cepu field, while the
gas supply for the other unit is to be determined. LNG for power generation will also be developed
in Arun, which will supply peaking power plants in Arun and Pangkalan Brandan and existing power
plants in Belawan. Similarly for East Indonesia, power plants operated with LNG will also be built to
serve peak load, some of the power plants are located in South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South
Kalimantan, North Kalimantan and Gorontalo.

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 2 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


For the utilisation of gas, the RUPTL plans a smaller number of peaking power plants that will utilize
LNG or CNG in East Indonesia. The base load requirements will be met by the planned development
of coal fired power plants and geothermal power plants as well as run of river hydro power plants,
while gas will be used for peaking power plants wherever possible, to avoid the use of oil.

A large number of plants utilizing renewable energy on large scale, such geothermal and hydro
powers, have also been planned in the RUPTL.

POWER SYSTEM PLANNING POLICY AND DESIGN CRITERIA

Interconnection System

Power system planning is optimized from an economic perspective, with the objective of achieving
a configuration of the development of plants which provide the lowest total NPV of the electricity
supply cost, while still meeting certain reliability criteria. The cheapest configuration is obtained
through an optimization process or objective function that includes capital costs, fuel costs, operation
and maintenance costs and the cost of energy not served. Simulation and optimization is done by
using a model called WASP (Wien Automatic System Planning).

The reliability criteria used in the planning process is a Loss of Load Probability (LOLP) which is less
than 0.274%. This means the probability of peak loads exceeding available generating capacity is
less than 0.274%. Calculation of generation capacity based on the LOLP produces a reserve margin,
which depends on the generation unit size, availability factor of each unit, number of units and type
of units.

In the Java-Bali system, the LOLP of < 0.274% is equivalent to a reserve margin of 25-30% of net
generation capacity. When expressed in terms of installed capacity, the reserve margin required is

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


approximately 35%.

For East Indonesia and West Indonesia, the reserve margin is set at about 40%, considering that a
smaller number of generating units, a larger unit size relative to peak load, a higher level of de-rating
and a higher growth rate compared to Java Bali.

As part of the optimization process, renewable energy generation capacity, particularly geothermal
and hydropower, is treated as a fixed system (permitted to enter the grid with no economic
optimization required) at the time the project is put into commercial operation.

Small Non-Interconnected/Isolated Systems

Power generation planning for isolated small systems do not apply probabilistic methods and the
economic optimization process, but use the deterministic method. In this method, the planning was
based on a N-2 criteria, i.e. the minimum reserve must be greater than the two largest generation
units. The reserve is defined as the difference between the total generation capacity of existing
power plants and peak load.

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 3 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


Transmission Planning Criteria

The transmission planning is carried out using both static and dynamic reliability criteria N-1. The
static N-1 criteria requires that if there is an outage in a transmission circuit due to a disruption or
maintenance, the remaining transmission circuits must be able to distribute the overall load, so that
the continuity of electrical power supply is maintained. The dynamic N-1 criteria requires that in the
event of a three-phase short-circuit, followed by the loss of a transmission circuit, then there should
not be a loss of synchronization between that group of generators and other groups of generators.

Generally, the criteria applied in the RUPTL is that a need for additional transformer capacity is when
the loading of the transformer reaches 70%-80%.

POWER DEMAND FORECASTING

In the period of 2015-2025, the electricity consumption in Indonesia is expected to increase from
219.1 TWh to 464.2 TWh, with an average growth of 8.7% per year, as shown in Figure-1. The number
of costumers is projected to increase from 60.3 million in 2015 to 78.4 million by 2022, an increase
of 2.2 million per annum. The additional customers will increase the electrification ratio from 87.7%
to 99.4%. Regionally, the electricity demand in Java-Bali is expected to increase from 165.4 TWh
to 324.4 TWh, growing at a rate of 7.8% per annum. The demand in East Indonesia is expected
to increase from 22.6 TWh to 57.1 TWh, an average growth rate of 11.1% per annum. Whilst, the
demand in Sumatera is expected to grow from 31.2 TWh to 82.8 TWh with an average growth rate
of 11.6% per annum.
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

Firuge-1. Map of Power Demand Growth in Indonesia through year 2024

Figure-2 shows that in the Java-Bali system, the industrial customers account for the largest portion
of total consumption with an average of 41.4% of total sales. In East Indonesia and Sumatera,
the proportion of consumption by industrial customers is relatively smaller, at 12% and 14.7%
respectively. By 2024, the residential customers would dominate sales, accounting for 55% of sales
in East Indonesia and 59% in Sumatera.

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 4 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


500 350

450
Indonesia Java-Bali
300
400

350 250

300
200
250 Industrial Industrial
150
200 Social Social
150 Commercial 100 Commercial
100
50
50 Residenal Residenal
0 0
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

90 60

80
Sumatera East Indonesia
50
70

60 40

50 Industrial
Industrial 30 Social
40 Social
Commercial
30
Commercial 20
Residenal
20
Residenal 10
10

0 0
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Figure-2. Power Demand Growth Composition by Customer Group in Indonesia Regions

GENERATION EXPANSION PLANNING

In order to satisfy the growing power demand, an additional generating capacity of 70.4 GW for the
whole of Indonesia is required, or an average growth rate of 7 GW per annum, as shown in Figure-3.
The RUPTL plans for PLN and IPPs to develop 21.4 GW and 35.5 GW of capacity respectively, with
the remaining 13.5 GW are currently unallocated projects, i.e. projects where either developers or
funding sources have not been established.

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


20,000
0

Unallocated
16,000
IPP
PLN
12,000 14,526

0
8,000

0 5,461
1,716
342 4,503
4,000 0 4,334
0 1,327 1,736 2,609
1,475 3,912
4,673 4,794
3,776 1,971
2,308 2,885 2,204 1,645 1,293
825 379 363 520 860
0
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Figure-3. Additional Generation Capacity Requirement

Figure-4 shows the additional generation capacity required, by plant type. New coal-fired power
plants will dominate the additional generation capacity to be developed, accounting for 42.1 GW, or
59.8% of the planned additional capacity. Planned Combined cycle gas-fired power plants amount to
9.1 GW of capacity, or 13.0%. For renewable energy, the largest planned additional capacity relates

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 5 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


to hydropower at 9.3 GW, or 13.1% of the total additional capacity, followed by geothermal at 4.8
GW, or 6.8%, scattered isolated mini hydro with total capacity of 0.1 GW and other power plant with
total additional capacity of 0.1 GW.

Of this planned additional capacity, around 17.7 GW will be in West Indonesia and around 14.2 GW
in East Indonesia. In Sumatera, there is a 510 MW hydroelectric project Batang Toru, to be developed
by private sectors, and in East Indonesia there is also a 450 MW hydropower project Karama which
will also be developed by private sectors. For the Java-Bali system, the additional power is about 38.5
GW, or an average of 3.2 GW per annum.

20,000 19,319

16,000

12,000

9,237

8,000 7,333
6,389 6,146
5,079
4,212 4,318 4,617
4,000 3,782

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
CFPP HEPP GeoPP CCPP GT/GEPP Others

Figure-4. Additional Generation Capacity by Plant Type

The energy mix for power generation in 2024 for Indonesia is projected to be 63.7% coal, 19.2%
natural gas (including LNG), 9% geothermal, 6.6% hydroelectric and 1.5% oil and other fuels as
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

shown in Figure-5.

600,000

500,000

400,000
GWh

300,000

200,000

100,000

0
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Import Biomass HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-5. Projected Electricity Production by Fuel Type


for Indonesia

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 6 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


Table-1 shows the energy mix for Indonesia from 2015 to 2024.

Table-1. Projected Primary Energy Requirement

No FUEL TYPE 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

1 HSD ( x 10^3 kl ) 6,722 5,509 3,559 2,403 1,734 1,771 1,794 1,796 1,888 1,981
2 MFO ( x 10^3 kl ) 1,339 1,644 925 191 188 170 185 204 228 282
3 Gas (bcf) 503 525 571 531 467 389 372 367 372 382
4 LNG (bcf) 85 103 143 192 290 283 284 299 313 345
5 Coal (10^3 ton) 74 86 98 106 119 133 148 157 168 171
6 Biomass (10^3 ton) 34 46 45 45 43 43 43 43 43 43

The Development of Power Plants for the Period of 2015-2019

The requirement for additional generation in the next 5 years is 35 GW, excluding projects that are
under construction which are 6.6 GW. It can be seen in Table-2.

Table-2. The Requirement for Additional Generation for the period of 2015-2019

PLNs Power Plant IPPs Power Plant


Year Total Location Total Capacity (MW) Year Total Location Total Capacity (MW)
2015 26 2,438 2015 13 1,471
2016 40 2,348 2016 13 1,357
2017 43 4,830 2017 39 1,720
2018 30 3,777 2018 33 5,461
2019 17 4,414 2019 37 14,905
TOTAL 156 17,806 TOTAL 135 24,914

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


Based on Table-2 above, 6.6 GW of power plants capacity are under construction, 17 GW of power
plants capacity are committed projects and 18,7 GW are in planning stage. Table-3 shown projects
that are in planning stage.

Table-3. The requirement for Additional Power Plants by Project Status


MW
Developer 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Total

Construction
PLN 2,308 784 339 562 200 4,193
IPP 1,471 971 286 41 55 2,824
Sub-Total 3,779 1,755 625 603 255 7,017
Committed
PLN - 454 2,090 575 2,539 5,658
IPP 3 78 563 5,048 5,737 11,429
Sub-Total 3 532 2,653 5,623 8,276 17,087
Plan
PLN - 1,610 2,251 2,640 1,675 8,175
IPP - 315 861 372 9,113 10,661
Sub-Total - 1,925 3,112 3,011 10,788 18,836
TOTAL 3,782 4,212 6,389 9,237 19,319 42,940

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 7 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


The Development of Transmission Networks and Substation for the Period of 2015-2019

The additional transmission generation required for the next 5 years is 45 thousands kms while the
need for additional substations is 109 thousands MVA. In detail, the development of transmission
networks and substation are shown in Table-4 and Table-5.

Table-4 The Development of Transmission Networks for the Period of 2015-2019


TL 500 kV & 275 kV TL 150 kV & 70 kV
Year Total Location Total Length (kms) Year Total Location Total Length (kms)

2015 16 2,324 2015 156 9,304


2016 9 901 2016 192 9,701
2017 12 964 2017 179 9,966
2018 19 2,168 2018 85 4,994
2019 27 2,679 2019 37 2,396
TOTAL 83 9,035 TOTAL 649 36,361

Table-5 The Development of Substation for the Period of 2015 - 2019


500 kV & 275 S/S 150 kV & 70 kV S/S
Year Total Location Total Capacity (MVA) Year Total Location Total Capacity (MVA)

2015 11 12,586 2015 105 14,080


2016 7 7,837 2016 100 13,516
2017 13 14,340 2017 111 12,070
2018 10 2,750 2018 68 17,760
2019 7 8,350 2019 40 5,500
TOTAL 48 45,863 TOTAL 424 62,926
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

The Development of Distribution Networks for the Period of 2015-2019

The additional distribution networks needed for the next 5 years consist of additional medium
voltage networks of 82 thousands kms, distribution substation of 21 thousands MVA and 13,794 of
new customers. In detail, the development is given in Table-6.

Tabel-6. The Development of Distribution for Period 2015-2019

Year Medium Voltage (kms) Distribution Substation (MVA) Additional Customers (x1000)

2015 15,616 3,867 3,300


2016 16,542 4,090 3,233
2017 16,540 4,161 2,599
2018 16,520 4,290 2,482
2019 16,992 4,343 2,179

Governments Supports for the establishment of the 35 GW Acceleration Program

The successfulness of the 35 GW acceleration program for the next 5 years requires supports from
the governments which include the following aspects:
1. To facilitate and accelerate approval of SLA and PKLN.
2. To approve direct loans from international development banks for PLN with warranty from the
government.

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 8 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


3. To plan additional capital for PLN to increase investment capacity.
4. To approve additional allocation of gas and LNG for PLN.
5. To give dispensation of forestry permit (To give permit to do activities in forests while completion
of the use permits are still in progress.
6. To assign Perhutani as the endorsee of forestry users for buying replacement lands and for
reforesting the lands.
7. To issue jetty permit automatically if local governments have issued location permit/location
determination permit.
8. To simplify permit process related to electricity projects (there are 52 permits/recommendations/
technical considerations).
9. To establish exclusive land procurement team for 35 GW program.

THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR TRANSMISSION AND SUBSTATION

The planned development of the transmission system for the period 2015-2024 includes the
development of the transmission system with a voltage of 500 kV and 150 kV in the Java-Bali system,
and systems with voltage of 500 kV, 275 kV, 150 kV in Sumatera as well as 275 kV, 150 kV and 70 kV in
East Indonesia. Generally, the construction of the transmission system looks to achieve compatibility
between the upstream generation capacity and the downstream portion of the power demand in an
efficient manner. In addition, it is also as an effort to overcome the bottleneck in transmission system
and to improve transmission voltage.

The development of 500 kV transmission lines in Java-Bali is generally intended to transmit power
from new and expansion plants and to maintain the N-1 reliability criteria, whether static or dynamic.
On the other hand, the development of 150 kV transmission lines is intended to maintain the N-1
reliability criterion and the associated transmission, in relation to the new 150 kV substations.

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


12,000

500 kVAC: 5,829 kms

10,000 500 kVDC: 1,543 kms


275 kVAC: 8,371 kms
150 kV : 40,413 kms
70 kV : 3,116 kms
8,000
Total 59,272 kms

6,000

4,000

2,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

70 kV 150 kV 250 kV DC 275 kV 500 kV DC 500 kV AC

Figure-6. The Requirement for the Development of


Transmission Lines by Voltage

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 9 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


30,000

500/275 kV: 5,000 MVA


500/150 kV: 34,673 MVA
25,000
500 kV DC : 3,600 MVA
275/150 kV: 20,560 MVA
150/70 kV : 690 MVA
20,000 150/20 kV : 78,426 MVA
70/20 kV : 2,450 MVA
Total 145,399 MVA
15,000

10,000

5,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
70/20 kV 150/20 kV 150/70 kV 250 kV DC
275/150 kV 500 kV DC 500/150 kV 500/275 kV

Figure-7. The Requirement for the Development of Substations


and Transformers by Voltage

The development of 500 kV transmission line in Sumatera is intended to form the backbone of the
transmission system, bringing together the interconnections in the eastern corridor of Sumatera.
Large-scale power plants and load centers in Sumatera will be connected to this 500 kV transmission
system. This transmission system also will transmit power from regions with rich and inexpensive
primary energy sources (e.g. Sumbagsel and Riau) to regions which lack an affordable primary energy
source (e.g. Sumbagut). In addition, a 500 kV transmission line will also be developed in South
Sumatera as a feeder electricity supply from the mine mouth power plants to the converter station
for the HVDC transmission line, which will connect Sumatera and Java.
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

The development plan for the transmission system in Indonesia by 2024 involves a projected 59,272
kms and 145,399 MVA of substation and transformer as shown in Figure-6 and Figure-7.

INVESTMENT REQUIRED

The development of generation, transmission and distribution infrastructure requires an investment


of US$ 69.4 billion for only PLN projects and a total of US$ 132.2 billion when combined with the
power projects expected to be implemented by the private sector / IPPs, with annual disbursements
as shown in the Figure-8.

To date, many PLN projects have been financed through loans obtained from overseas (two-step
loan). However, since 2006 the role of this kind of financing has begun to decline and financing
by issuing bonds (both local and global) has been increasing. The 10,000 MW Fast Track Project 1
was fully financed by loans to PLN, backed by a guarantee from the Government. Lately, PLN has
once again tried to obtain loans from multilateral and bilateral financial institutions to fund power
projects, such as the Upper Cisokan pumped storage and the Sumatera-Java HVDC transmission line.

10

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 10 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


Milliar USD
25.0
Power Plant PLN : 34,3 miliar US$
Power Plant IPP : 62,8 miliar US$
Transmission : 20,6 miliar US$
Distribution : 14,5 miliar US$
20.0
10.8
10.3 Total Investment PLN : 69,4 miliar US$
Total Investment IPP : 62,8 miliar US$
Total PLN+IPP : 132,2 miliar US$
15.0 9.5
6.6

5.8
10.0 3.0

4.8 3.9
4.4 3.9
9.7 10.1
8.2 8.8
5.0 5.6 5.9
6.4 5.1 4.9
4.6

0.0
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Total Investment (PLN) Total Investment (PLN+IPP) Power Plant (PLN+IPP)


Transmission Distribuon Power Plant (PLN)

Figure-8. The Investment Requirement for the Development of Electricity

THE JAVA-BALI SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PLAN

The additional generation capacity to be developed over the period of 2015-2024 for the Java-Bali
system is 38.5 GW, or an average increase in capacity of 3.8 GW per year, including small-scale mini-
hydro power plants of 333 MW and wind power plants of 50 MW. The capacity of PLN will increase
by as many as 8.6 GW, or 22% of the total planned additional capacity. Private sector participation
represents a large proportion of the total planned additional capacity, i.e. 20.0 GW, or 52%, while
unallocated projects amount to 10 GW, or 26%. Of the types of power generation, coal-fired power

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


plants will represent the majority of additional capacity to be developed, at 27.0 GW, or 70.1%, followed
by combined cycle gas-fired power plants with a total capacity of 6.8 GW, or 17.7% and gas-fired
plants with total capacity of 0.2 GW, or 0.6%. As for renewable energy, additional capacity consists
of geothermal at 1.9 GW, or 4.9%, hydroelectric at 2.6 GW, or 6.7%, and other plants of 0.05 GW, or
0.1%. The breakdown of power generation development in the Java-Bali system is shown in Table-7

Table-7. Power Generation Development Plan in the Java-Bali System

PROJECT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Energy Sales GWh 165,350 178,256 192,454 207,123 222,764 239,471 258,319 278,620 300,755 324,352
Sales Growth % 7,6 7,8 8,0 7,6 7,6 7,5 7,9 7,9 7,9 7,8
Energy Production GWh 188,005 202,841 218,866 235,619 254,211 276,847 300,172 324,826 350,229 377,367
Load Factor % 79,3 79,4 79,5 79,6 79,7 79,8 79,9 80,0 80,1 80,2
Gross Peak Load MW 27,061 29,159 31,423 33,786 36,406 39,599 42,881 46,345 49,907 53,707
Nett Peak Load MW 25,875 27,840 29,993 32,213 34,578 37,103 39,960 43,031 46,376 49,934
CAPACITY
Nett Capacity MW 28,549 28,549 28,549 28,549 28,318 27,393 27,393 27,393 27,393 27,393
Installed Capacity MW 32,315 32,695 32,695 32,695 32,463 31,538 31,538 31,538 31,538 31,538
PLN MW 26,655 26,655 26,655 26,655 26,423 25,498 25,498 25,498 25,498 25,498
Retired/Mothballed - - - - (231) (800) - - - -
IPP MW 5,660 6,040 6,040 6,040 6,040 6,040 6,040 6,040 6,040 6,040

11

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 11 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


Table-7. Power Generation Development Plan in the Java-Bali System (continue)

PROJECT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

PLN On Going &


Committed Project
Tj. Awar-awar CFPP 350
Adipala CFPP 660
Indramayu #4 (FTP2) CFPP 1,000
Upper Cisokan PS (FTP2) HEPP 1,040
Peaker Pesanggaran GEPP 200
Sub Total PLN On
860 350 - - 1,915 - - - - -
Going & Committed
IPP On Going &
Committed Project
Celukan Bawang CFPP 380
Banten CFPP 625
Sumsel-8 MT CFPP 1,200
Sumsel-9 MT (PPP) CFPP 600 600
Sumsel-10 MT (PPP) CFPP 600
Cilacap exp CFPP 614
Jawa Tengah (PPP) CFPP 1,900
Rajamandala HEPP 47
Patuha (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Kamojang-5 (FTP2) GeoPP 30
Karaha Bodas (FTP2) GeoPP 30 110
Tangkuban Perahu 1
GeoPP 55 55
(FTP2)
Ijen (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Iyang Argopuro (FTP2) GeoPP 55
Wilis/Ngebel (FTP2) GeoPP 55 110
Cibuni (FTP2) GeoPP 10
Tangkuban Perahu 2
GeoPP 60
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

(FTP2)
Cisolok - Cisukarame
GeoPP 50
(FTP2)
Ungaran (FTP2) GeoPP 55
Wayang Windu (FTP2) GeoPP 220
Dieng (FTP2) GeoPP 55 55
Tampomas (FTP2) GeoPP 45
Baturaden (FTP2) GeoPP 110 110
Guci (FTP2) GeoPP 55
Rawa Dano (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Umbul Telomoyo (FTP2) GeoPP 55
Gn. Ciremai (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Gn. Endut (FTP2) GeoPP 40
Sub Total IPP On Going
1,024 655 47 - 3,320 2,025 1,040 205 110 -
& Committed
Planned Capacity
Addition
Jawa-1 (Load Follower) CCPP 1,600
Jawa-2 (Load Follower) CCPP 800

Jawa-3 (Load Follower) CCPP 800

Muara Tawar Add-on


CCPP 650
Blok 2,3,4
Grati Add-on Blok 2 CCPP 150

12

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 12 8/27/2015 4:30:28 PM


Table-7. Power Generation Development Plan in the Java-Bali System (continue)

PROJECT 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Peaker Muara Karang CCPP 500


Peaker Grati CCPP 300 150
Peaker Jawa-Bali 1 GE/CCPP 400
Peaker Jawa-Bali 2 GE/CCPP 500
Peaker Jawa-Bali 3 GE/CCPP 500
Peaker Jawa-Bali 4 GE/CCPP 300 150
Karangkates #4-5 (Jatim) HEPP 100
Kesamben (Jatim) HEPP 37
Kalikonto-2 (Jatim) HEPP
Jatigede (FTP2) HEPP 110
Matenggeng PS HEPP 450 450
Indramayu #5 CFPP 1,000
Lontar Exp #4 CFPP 315
Jawa-1 (FTP2) CFPP 1,000
Jawa-3 (FTP2) CFPP 660 660
Jawa-4 (FTP2) CFPP 2,000
Jawa-5 (FTP2) CFPP 2,000
Jawa-6 (FTP2) CFPP 2,000
Jawa-7 CFPP 2,000
Jawa-8 CFPP 1,000
Jawa-9 CFPP 600
Jawa-10 CFPP 660
Jawa-11 CFPP 600
Jawa-12 CFPP 1,000 1,000
Jawa-13 CFPP 2,000
Bedugul GeoPP 10
Total Planned Capacity
MW - 750 2,850 5,115 7,770 137 1,260 2,120 3,450 3,000
Addition

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


Total Capacity Addition MW 1,884 1,755 2,897 5,115 13,005 2,162 2,300 2,325 3,560 3,000
TOTAL SYSTEM
MW 35,304 37,439 40,336 45,451 58,224 59,461 61,761 64,086 67,646 70,646
CAPCITY
TOTAL NETT CAPACITY MW 32,757 34,738 37,426 42,172 54,024 55,172 57,306 59,463 62,767 65,550
GROSS RESERVE
% 30 28 28 35 60 50 44 38 36 32
MARGIN
NETT RESERVE MARGIN % 27 25 25 31 56 49 43 38 35 31

The development plan for the Java-Bali power system above indicates that the net reserve margin
varies between 25-56%, with the lowest reserve margin in 2016 (25%) and 2017 (25%), due to
delays some plants such as Sumsel 8 coal-fired power plant (2x600 MW), Central Java coal-fired
power plant (2x950 MW), Madura coal-fired power plant (2x200 MW), Java-1 coal-fired power plant
(1x1,000 MW), Java-3 coal-fired power plant (2x660 MW) as well as some geothermal power plants
amounting to 400 MW. In anticipation of lower reserve margins in 2016 to 2017, some steps have
been taken to address the issue.

The Muara Karang combined cycle gas-fired power plant (450 MW), Grati combined cycle gas-fired
power plant (450 MW), Pesanggarangas engine power plant(200 MW) and Java-1 combined cycle
gas-fired power plant (800 MW) and coal-fired IPPs such as Celukan Bawang power plant, Banten
power plant and Cilacap expansion should be operational over the period 2014-2017, to ensure that
the reserve margin is maintained and does not decline.

13

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 13 8/27/2015 4:30:29 PM


Power plants that undergo changes are as follows: (i) Changes in plant type and unit size: Muara
Karang open cycle gas-fired power plant (400 MW) to Muara Karang combined cycle gas-fired power
plant(450 MW) and the Grati open cycle gas-fired power plant (300 MW) to Grati combined cycle
gas-fired power plant (450 MW), as combined cycle gas-fired power plants are more efficient and
are able to operate on a daily start-stop basis as a peaker plant, (ii) Capacity of Java-1 and Java-2
combined cycle gas-fired power plants to increase from 750 MW to 800 MW, to keep abreast of the
latest technology that is more efficient, (iii) Changes in location: Location of Java-6 coal-fired power
plant from Bojo Negara to Karawang, (iv) Addition of new planned generating capacity: Java-7 coal-
fired power plant (2x1000 MW), (v) plants removed from the RUPTL: Semarang open cycle gas-fired
power plant (150 MW) as the period of validity of the loan had expired and was not renewed, and
Kamojang 6 geothermal plant (60 MW) in view of the results of the study of the PGE reservoir show
that it is not possible to develop the Kamojang 6 geothermal power plant, but only to develop the
Kamojang 5 geothermal power plant (30 MW).

The locations of coal-fired power plants and combined cycle gas-fired power plants are subject to
changes in accordance with developments in project preparation, including the availability of gas
supply.

Keterangan :

Pembangkit
SRLYA
2~31 JAKARTA 9 MTWAR
~ 4a Rencana Pembangkit
~ ~ 6PRIOK
5DKSBIMKRNG 7 8 1032 34
~ ~
BNTEN
33
CLGON BKASI IDMYU
KMBNG CBTBR2 GITET 500 kV
BRAJA
CWANG CBATU11
12 26
TMBUN Rencana GITET 500 kV
CBTBR TJATI B
GNDUL CIBNG
DEPOK
20CIREBON SUTET 500 kV
XBOGOR 13 Rencana SUTET 500 kV
BOGOR 15 CRATA
16 ~ 21 22 25
JATENG IPP
35 GRSIK
14 ~ SGLNG MDCAN ~ 27
CSKAN PS SEMARANG
4b ~ BANDUNG BDSLN UNGAR
UJBRG NGBNG TANDES
PMLNG SBSLN
17 SBBRT 28
SURABAYA
CGRLG TASIK ~
GRATI
18 23RWALO
24 AMPEL
29
CLCAP IPP SURAKARTA PITON
19 ADPLA KDIRI
CILACAP PEDAN BANGIL

MALANG 30
~
NEW
ANTOSARI

31 ~
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

1. Jawa-7 CFPP 2x1000 MW (2019) 12. Indramayu #4,5 CCPP 2x1000 MW (2019/24) 24. Jawa-10 CFPP 1x600 MW (2019)
2. Jawa-9 CFPP 600 MW (2018) 13. Peaker Jawa-Bali 1 GE/CCPP 400 MW (2017) 25. Jawa-13 CFPP 2x1000 MW (2024)
3. Banten CFPP 625 MW (2016) 14. Upper Cisokan PS 4x260 MW (2019) 26. Jawa-4 CFPP 2x1000 MW (2019)
4. Jawa-5 CFPP 2x1000 MW (2019) 15. Rajamandala HEPP 47 MW (2017) 27. Jawa-3 CCPP 800 MW (2018)
5. Lontar Exp #4 CFPP 315 MW (2018) 16. Jagede HEPP 2x55 MW (2019) 28. Peaker Jawa-Bali 2 GE/CCPP 500 MW (2017)
6. Peaker Muara Karang CCPP 500 MW (2017) 17. Matenggeng PS 4x225 MW (2022/23) 29. Gra CCPP 450 MW (2016/17)
7. Jawa-12 CFPP 2x1000 MW (2022/23) 18. Cilacap CFPP 614 MW (2015) 30. Celukan Bawang CFPP 380 MW (2015)
8. Jawa-2 CCPP 800 MW (2018) 19. Jawa-8 CFPP 1x1000 MW (2018) 31. Pesanggaran GEPP 200 MW (2015)
9. Muara Tawar Add-on Blok 2,3,4 CCPP 650 MW (2017) 20. Jawa-1 CFPP 1x1.000 MW (2019) 32. Jawa-11 CFPP 1x600 MW (2021)
10. Jawa-1 CCPP 2x800 MW (2018) 21. Jawa-3 CFPP 2x660 MW (2021/22) 33. Jawa-Bali 3 GE/CCPP 500 MW (2017)
11. Jawa-6 CCPP 2x1000 MW (2023) 22. Jawa Tengah CFPP 2x1000 MW (2019) 34. Jawa-Bali 4 GE/CCPP 450 MW (2016/17)
23. Adipala CFPP 660 MW (2015) 35. Tanjung Awar-Awar CFPP 1x350 MW (2016)

Figure-9. Plans for the Development of the Java-Bali Transmission System

The development of the 500 kV transmission in Java is generally intended to evacuate power from
new and expansion power plants, to maintain both the static and dynamic N-1 security criterion,
while the development of the 150 kV transmission is intended to maintain the N-1 security criterion
and the transmission associated with the new 150 kV substation.

The plans for development of the 500 kV transmissions in Java-Bali are shown in Figure-9. Considering
the development of EHV transmission lines and HV transmission lines are often delayed due to
licensing, ROW and social issues, as well as the urgent need for additional power, there is a need for
PLN to take steps to increase transmission capacity soon. The development of EHV transmission line
using the new route would take a long time, while the reconductoring of several sections of the 500
kV and 150 kV transmissions would take a shorter time.

14

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 14 8/27/2015 4:30:29 PM


The construction of the 500 kV transmission is intended to evacuate power from large-scale coal-
fired power plants such as Adipala, Indramayu 4 and 5, Central Java, Java-1, Java-3, Java-4, Java-5,
Java-6, Java-7, Java-Bali Crossing to transfer from Paiton to the load center in Bali, pumped storage
hydropower Upper Cisokan and Matenggeng, as well as several other new plants.

The 500 kV EHV transmission lines that will undergo reconductoring are New Suralaya - Bojonegara-
Balaraja, Old Suralaya Balaraja Gandul, SUTET Mandirancan-Bandung Selatan, SUTET Ungaran-
Mandirancan and Ungaran-Pedan.

The new 500 kV transmission development plan for EHV transmission lines includes Tanjung Jati
B Pemalang Indramayu - Cibatu, Balaraja Kembangan - Durikosambi and Durikosambi Muara
Karang Muara Tawar that will be forming looping EHV transmission lines in North Jakarta, to
strengthen and improve the reliability and flexibility of the system operation in Jakarta. A 500 kV
HVDC transmission interconnection between Sumatera - Java will also be built, to distribute power
from the mine mouth power plants in South Sumatera to the load centers in Java.

PLTU LONTAR
3 x 315 MW
#4 315 MW
TELUK JAKARTA
TNAGA

TNAGA II JAWA-2 CCPP


KAPUK MKRNG 1 X 800 MW
SPTAN
TNAGA III
PRIOK PLNDOB JAWA-1 CCPP
PLNDOA MTWAR 2 X 800 MW
SPTAN III MKRNG ANCOL
SPTAN II MKRNG III
GNSRI II
TGBRU II GNSRI
PSKMS II SOETA KMYRN KDSPI II
ANGKE MGBSR II PLPNG HRPDH
PSKMS JGC MRNDA
TGBRU DMGOT
KTPNG MGBSR HRPDH II
TGBRU III KMYRN II KLPGD
CKRNG RWBUAYA
PSKMSIII TOMNG TTNGI KDSPI
GRGOL GBLMA KBSRHII
TGBRU IV DRKSB GMBRU PGLNG II
TOMNGII PKRNG
CBTUBR
MAXIM New KBSRH KBSRHIII
JTAKE Old PGLNG III BKASIUTRA
CKNDE CKUPA GRGOL II BDKMY GPOLA PGLNG
TGRNG DKTAS GBLMA-2 PGSAN
SMBRT II
SPINML KMBNGIII DKTASII PGDNG BKASI II
CLDK PLMAS SKTNI
KBJRK KARET CIPNG II BKASI
BLRJA LIPPO New Old MGRAI KESA KSBRU
STBDI CIPNG
ALMSTRA NSYAN III SMBRT PGDGSTEEL
BNTEN LIPPO II
BLRJA II KMBNG NSYAN AGP II
LAUTSTEEL SNYAN AGP PNCOL II FAJAR
TRSNA3 TRSNA2 PDKLP
MLNIUM NSYAN II DNYSA II
CITRA Old
TRSNA PNCOL
PWRSTEL MPANG
TGRSA DNYSA CIKRNG BKSPWR
HVDC TGRSA III
CSW CSW II JTWRG
TGRSA II CWANG

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


TMBUN II
DRTGA JBEKA
LEGOK LKONG MRT RGNAN/
TMBUN TMBUN
PTKNG CSW III DRTGAIII DRTGAII CWANGBR
PDNDH II RJPKSI
LKONG II MNTUR
GDMKR CBATU
BNTRO II KMANG
LKONG PDNDH
LKONGIII/BSD
BNTRO
BNTRO IV
BNTRO III JTNGN
SRPNG GDRIA

GNDUL
DPBRU
JTNGNII/
CBBUR
CBATU
SWNGAN/ CLGSI II/
CLGON DEPOK III CMGIS II JONGGOL
CISEENG
LEGEND : CMGIS ASPEK
CLGSI
500 KV S/S EXISTING CIBNG
500 KV S/S NEW BGORX
150 KV S/S EXISTING CIBNG II SCBNG
SGLNG
150 KV S/S NEW
150 KV S/S NEW HV CUSTOMER SNTUL ITP
70 KV S/S EXISTING TSMYA KDBDK
BGBRU

Figure-10. The Plan for Strengthening 500 kV Transmission in Jakarta

In order to strengthen the system supply in Jakarta, construction has been planned for a EHV
transmission line for the Duri Kosambi Muara Karang Priok Muara Tawar section (looping EHV
transmission line for north Jakarta route) as shown in Figure-10. The new EHV transmission line will
also improve the reliability and flexibility of operation of the power systems in Jakarta and Bekasi.

15

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 15 8/27/2015 4:30:29 PM


400,000

350,000

300,000

250,000
GWh

200,000

150,000

100,000

50,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-11. Projected composition of Electricity Production by fuel type in Java-Bali

Figure-11 shows that coal will be the main primary energy used, representing 67.6% of all production
in 2024, followed by natural gas (including LNG) 20.9%, geothermal 7.9%, hydro 2.8% and fuel oil
in very small proportions (0.8%). The proportion of fuel oil utilized in 2015 was about 3.4% but will
decrease to very low levels by 2024. This decrease can be achieved if alternative fuels are available
at levels as planned and the most possible efforts are made to reduce electricity production costs.
The contribution of natural gas will decline from 21.0% in 2015 to 12.2% in 2024 due to no certain
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

additional gas supply expected to materialize. The contribution of LNG increases from approximately
5% up to 8.7% at 2024. Power plants run with LNG will be operated as peaked power plants and
must run power plants. The contribution of geothermal energy was only 4.9% in 2015 and will rise
to 7.9% by 2024.

Table-8 shows the gas supply based on current contracts. The supply of gas for the next 10 years is
likely to decline, especially for Priok, Muara Karang, Muara Tawar, Gresik and Grati. Tambak Lorok
and Pesanggaran (Bali) have been using fuel oil to-date and they are expected to obtain gas supplies
from new sources. Demand for gas for power generation in Java-Bali is shown in Table-9. In the
coming years, there will be additional planned gas-fired generating capacities as follows:
Pesanggarangas engine power plant 200 MW (2015),
Grati combined cycle gas-fired peaking plant 450 MW (2015/16),
Muara Karang combined cycle gas-fired peaking plant 450 MW (2016),
Java-1 combined cycle gas-fired power plant (in Gresik) 800 MW (2017), which is expected to
receive gas supply from the Cepu block; as well as
Java-2 combined cycle gas-fired power plant (in Grati) 800 MW (2018), which has yet to establish
its gas supply.

16

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 16 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


Table-8. Gas Supply Situation for the Java-Bali Power Generation

No Power Plant Gas Supplier 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Muara Karang PHE ONWJ


1 100 100 100
dan Priok (GSA)
PHE ONWJ
(potensi 70 70 70 70 25 25 25 25 25
tambahan)
PGN - Priok
30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
(GSA-IP)
PGN - Priok
(potensi 20 70 70 70 20 20 20 20 20 20
tambahan)
FSRU PT NR 211 134 134 134 225 225 193 193 91 93
Total 361 404 404 304 345 300 268 268 166 168
PERTAMINA
2 Muara Tawar - P Tengah
(GSA)
PGN (GSA) 79 41 41 41
SWAP JOB
30 30 34 34 34
Jambi Merang
Tambahan dari
25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
PHE (Potensi)
Swap Premier
5
(Potensi)
Total 114 96 100 100 59 25 25 25 25 25
3 Cilegon CNOOC (GSA) 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80
PGN (GSA) 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Total 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110
4 Tambak Lorok PCML 48 116 116 116 116 89 70 70 70 70
SPP (GSA-IP) 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50
Total 98 166 166 166 166 139 120 120 120 120

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


PHE WMO eks
5 Gresik 100 100 100 100
Kodeco
Hess (GSA) 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 29 19
Kangean
Energy 80 80 80 70 60 60 50 50 40 30
Indonesia
Media Karya
10 10 5 10
Sentosa
Petronas-Bukit
12 43 51 19 9 - - - - -
Tua (Potensi)
Santos
Lapongan 18
Peluang
SCI (Isar Gas-
25 20 20 35
Ex KEI)
Husky Lap
MDA-MBH - - 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35
(Potensi*)
Husky
Lap MDK - - - 24 24 24 24 24 - -
(Potensi*)
Total 281 289 327 329 164 155 145 145 104 84

17

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 17 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


Table-8. Gas Supply Situation for the Java-Bali Power Generation (continue)

No Power Plant Gas Supplier 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Santos Oyong
6 Grati 20
(GSA-IP)
Santos Wortel
26 13 3 3
(GSA-IP)
Sampang
Mandiri
17 17 17
Perkasa (GSA-
IP)
Pasuruan
Migas (GSA- 3 3 3
IP)
Parnaraya
- Husky (GSA- - - 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40
IP)
Santos
Lapangan 25 25 25 -
peluang
Total 91 58 88 43 40 40 40 40 40 40
LNG Sengkang
7 Pesanggaran 40 40 40 30 - - - -
(Potensi)
Total - - 40 40 40 30 - - - -
Total Gas Supply in Jawa-Bali 1,056 1,123 1,235 1,092 924 799 708 708 565 547

From Table-9, it can be seen that there could be a shortage of gas supply to some power plants due
to the decline in the supply of gas for the next 10 years. In order to prevent this, there must be a
follow-up to extend existing gas contracts and to seek new sources of gas.

Table-9. Gas Balance for Power Plants in Java-Bali


Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

Power Plant Role MW 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
1 Muara Karang 1)

CCPP Block 1 Medium 507 70 50 49 47 47 47 47 46 47 47


CCPP Block 2
Medium 720 84 68 65 54 55 54 56 55 55 55
(Rep)
CFPP Base 400
CCPP Baru Peak 450 9 19 21 21 21 21 21 21
2 Tanjung Priok 2)

CCPP Block 1 Medium 590 61 58 56 47 47 47 58 56 56 56


CCPP Block 2 Medium 590 61 58 56 47 47 47 58 56 56 56
CCPP Block 3
Medium 743 85 72 68 66 63 62 65 66 65 66
(Ext)
CCPP Jawa-2 Medium 800 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
Subtotal 4,000 361 304 304 354 354 353 380 375 374 374
Gas Supply 150 170 170 170 120 75 75 75 75 75
LNG Supply 211 134 134 134 225 225 193 193 91 93
Surplus-Deficit 0 0 0 -51 -9 -53 -112 -106 -208 -207

18

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 18 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


Table-9. Gas Balance for Power Plants in Java-Bali (continue)

Power Plant Role MW 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
3 Muara Tawar
CCPP Block 1 Medium 640 48 61 63 65 27 27 28 26 25 25
GTPP Block 2 Peak 430 52 50 48 47 47 47 47 47 47
GTPP Block 3 Peak 679 28 28 28 26 26 26 25 29 29
GTPP Block 4 Peak 679 28 28 28 26 26 26 25 29 29
CCPP Block 5 Medium 234 28 17 21 21 21 21 21 20 28 28
Subtotal 2,662 76 186 189 190 145 146 147 144 157 158
Gas Supply 76 96 100 100 59 25 25 25 25 25
LNG Supply
Surplus-Deficit 0 -90 -89 -90 -86 -121 -122 -119 -132 -133
4 Gresik 4)
CCPP Block 1 Medium 526 67 61 73 64 54 54 54 54 54 54
CCPP Block 2 Medium 526 67 61 73 64 54 54 54 54 54 54
CCPP Block 3 Medium 526 67 61 73 64 54 54 54 54 54 54
CFPP Base 400 82 108 108 63
CCPP Jawa-3 Medium 800 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
Subtotal 2,779 282 290 327 329 236 236 237 236 236 236
Supply 281 289 327 329 164 155 145 145 104 84
Surplus-Deficit 0 0 0 0 -72 -81 -92 -91 -132 -152
5 Tambak Lorok
CCPP Block 1-2 Medium 1,034 98 166 166 166 166 139 120 120 120 120
CFPP 200
Subtotal 1,234 98 166 166 166 166 139 120 120 120 120
Supply 98 166 166 166 166 139 120 120 120 120
Surplus-Deficit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Grati 4)
CCPP Block 1 Medium 462 69 53 50 48 48 48 49 51 55 48
GTPP Block 2 Peak 302 22 24 31 28 29 28 29 31 29 30

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


CCPP Baru Peak 450 5 16 19 19 19 19 19 19 19
Subtotal 1,214 91 83 97 95 96 95 96 100 103 97
Supply 91 58 88 43 40 40 40 40 40 40
Surplus-Deficit 0 -25 -9 -52 -56 -55 -56 -60 -63 -57
7 CCPP Cilegon Medium 740 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110
Supply 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110
Surplus-Deficit
8 GE Pesanggaran 250 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
Supply 30 30 30 30
Surplus-Deficit -30 0 10 10 10 -20 -20 -20 -20
9 Total Java-Bali
Demand 1,017 1,174 1,267 1,487 1,350 1,323 1,334 1,328 1,344 1,339
Supply 1,018 1,023 1,125 1,082 914 799 708 708 565 547
Surplus/Deficit 0 -151 -142 -406 -437 -525 -626 -620 -779 -792

Note:
1) Includes Muara Karang combined cycle gas-fired power plant 450 MW
2) Includes Muara Tawar Add-on Blocks 2,3,4 combined cycle gas-fired power plant 650 MW
3) Includes Java-1 combined cycle gas-fired power plant 800 MW
4) Includes Java-2 combined cycle gas-fired power plant 800 MW

19

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 19 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


THE SUMATERA SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Table-10 shows the power supply and demand balance of the Sumatera power system. The power
system in Sumatera is planned to achieve a reserve margin of 61% by 2024. Potential load in
Sumatera could be higher than it is planned. However, given high reserve margin in upcoming years,
it is possible to accommodate such potential high loads. If the reserve margin is lower than 40%, it
would be necessary to control the load. The new power plant development plan on Sumatera system
can be seen in Table-10.

Table-10. Power Generation Development Plan in Sumatera


No. Supply and Demand Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
1 Demand
Energy Production GWh 33,666 37,407 41,427 46,008 51,154 56,889 63,467 70,993 79,512 89,214
Load Factor % 69 69 71 71 72 73 75 77 77 77
Peak Load MW 5,590 6,144 6,687 7,352 8,083 8,873 9,687 10,579 11,807 13,141
2 Supply
Installed Capacity MW 7,705 7,670 7,544 7,381 7,381 7,381 7,381 7,381 7,381 7,381
Nett Capacity MW 5,530 5,154 4,838 4,480 4,450 4,450 4,450 4,450 4,450 4,450
PLN MW 3,701 3,666 3,540 3,377 3,377 3,377 3,377 3,377 3,377 3,377
Rent MW 943 602 412 217 187 187 187 187 187 187
IPP MW 886 886 886 886 886 886 886 886 886 886
Retired & Mothballed MW
0 35 126 163 0 0 0 0 0 0
(PLN)
3 Capacity Addition
PLN ON-GOING &
COMMITTED
Pangkalan Susu #1,2 (FTP1) CFPP 440
Riau (Amandemen FTP1) CFPP 220
Pangkalan Susu #3,4 (FTP2) CFPP 200 200
Arun (Peaker) GE/GTPP 200
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

Batanghari CCPP 30
Keramasan CCPP
Hululais (FTP2) GeoPP 55 55
Sungai Penuh (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Peusangan 1-2 HEPP 88
Asahan III (FTP2) HEPP 174
Masang-2 (FTP2) HEPP 55
RENT
Aceh GTPP 25 -25
Lampung Sribawono GE/GTPP 100 -100
Payo Selincah GE/GTPP 20 -20
RENT ADDITION
(Die/GT/GEPP)
Sumbagut DieselPP 180 -180
Sumbagselteng MW
IPP ON-GOING &
COMMITTED
Keban Agung CFPP 225
Sumsel - 5 CFPP 150 150
Sumsel - 7 CFPP 300

20

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 20 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


Table-10. Power Generation Development Plan in Sumatera (continue)

No. Supply and Demand Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Riau Kemitraan (PLN-TNB- CFPP
1200
PTBA)
Jambi CFPP 1200
Lumut Balai (FTP2) GeoPP 55 55 110
Ulubelu #3,4 (FTP2) GeoPP 55 55
Sarulla I (FTP2) GeoPP 110 220
Muara Laboh (FTP2) GeoPP 70 150
Rantau Dadap (FTP2) GeoPP 110 110
Sorik Marapi (FTP2) GeoPP 80 160
Seulawah Agam (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Rajabasa (FTP2) GeoPP 110 110
Suoh Sekincau (FTP2) GeoPP 62 158
Sipoholon Ria-Ria (FTP2) GeoPP 20
Wai Ratai (FTP2) GeoPP 55
Sarulla II (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Simbolon Samosir (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Danau Ranau (FTP2) GeoPP 110
Bonjol (FTP2) GeoPP 60
Wampu (FTP2) HEPP 45
Semangka (FTP2) HEPP 56
Hasang (FTP2) HEPP 40
Merangin-2 HEPP 175 175
Peusangan-4 (FTP2) HEPP 83
Batang Toru (Tapsel) HEPP 500

PLANNED CAPACITY
ADDITION
Riau CCPP 90 160
Meulaboh (Nagan Raya) CFPP

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


200 200
#3,4
Sumut-1 CFPP 300
Sumut-2 CFPP 300 300
Sumsel-1 CFPP 300 300
Sumsel-6 CFPP 300 300
Sumbagsel-1 CFPP 150 150
Bengkulu CFPP 200
Banyuasin CFPP 230
CCPP/
Lampung Peaker 200
MG
CCPP/
Jambi Peaker 100
MG
CCPP/
Riau Peaker 200
MG
CCPP/
Sumbagut-1 Peaker 250
MGU
CCPP/
Sumbagut-2 Peaker (Arun) 250
MGU
CCPP/
Sumbagut-3 Peaker (Medan) 250
MGU
CCPP/
Sumbagut-4 Peaker (Medan) 250
MGU

21

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 21 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


Table-10. Power Generation Development Plan in Sumatera (continue)

No. Supply and Demand Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Sidikalang-1 HEPP 15
Redelong HEPP 18
Air Putih HEPP 21
Simonggo-2 HEPP 90
Meureubo-2 HEPP 59
Ketahun-1 HEPP 84
Kumbih-3 HEPP 48
Masang-3 HEPP 89
Sibundong-4 HEPP 120
Tampur-1 HEPP 428
Lawe Alas HEPP 151
Jambu Aye HEPP 160
Sumatera Pump Storage-1 HEPP 500
Sumatera Pump Storage-2 HEPP 500
Truck Mounted T. Jabung GE/GTPP
100
Timur
Truck Mounted Lampung GE/GTPP 100
Truck Mounted Sumut GE/GTPP 100
Barge Mounted Sumut GE/GTPP 250

4 Total Capacity Addition MW 1,535 825 1,090 1,635 4,297 1,166 755 1,234 1,130 2,627
5 Total System Capacity MW 9,692 10,482 11,446 12,918 17,215 18,381 19,136 20,370 21,500 24,127
6 Total Nett Capacity MW 7,517 7,966 8,740 10,017 14,284 15,450 16,205 17,449 18,579 21,206

The development of transmission lines in Sumatera will form the transmission backbone 500 kV
interconnection system that unites the corridors of Sumatera in the east. The centers of large-scale
generation and load centers in Sumatera will be connected to this 500 kV transmission system. This
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

transmission also will transfer electricity from power plants in the areas with adequate cheap primary
energy source (Sumbagsel and Riau) to areas which lack a primary energy source (Sumbagut).
The addition of 500 kV transmission is also developed in South Sumatera as a feeder supplier of
electricity from the mine mouth coal fired power plant to the HVDC transmission converter station
which will connect the islands of Sumatera and Java. Besides interconnection between Sumatera
and Java-Bali Systems, it is also planned to interconnect Sumatera system with Peninsular System
(Malaysia) through HVDC transmission converter station in Riau.

The development plan in RUPTL 2015-2024 for the transmission system will make significant change
to the network topology with the establishment of the 275 kV and 500 kV interconnection systems
in Sumatera. The development is also done to meet the growing demand in the form of additional
transformer capacity. The development intents to improve the reliability and debottlenecking which
is also planned in some systems, such as the plan to build a second circuit and reconductoring
several sections in the Sumbagsel and Sumbagut transmission systems.

22

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 22 8/27/2015 4:30:30 PM


The plan for a 275 kV interconnection in Sumatera is programmed to begin in 2015 and be
implemented entirely in 2017. In addition, some substations and 150 kV transmissions are being
constructed to take over the load of diesel generators to interconnected systems. By fully operating
the entire EHV Backbones 275 kV Sumatera in 2017, the Sumbagut and Sumbagselteng will be fully
interconnected. Hence, the fuel consumption in Sumbagut system will be significantly lower.

The development plan of the power system in Sumatera is shown in Figure-12.

Ulee 38. Bangka Peaker GEPP 100 MW - 2018/19


Kareeng
39. Air Anyir (FTP1) CFPP 2x15 MW 2015
Sigli 40. Sewa CFPP 2x30 MW 2019/20
1 41. Belitung Baru (FTP1) CFPP 2014/15
Arun
41. Belitung Peaker (FTP1) GEPP 20 MW 2017/18
4 5 42. Belitung-4 CFPP 2x15 MW 2015/16
3

8 44. Hululais (FTP2) GeoPP 2x55 MW - 2019/20


2 45. Bengkulu CFPP 2x100 MW 2019
Aceh 1
Nagan 7 Sumut 4
Raya 9
46. Air Putih HEPP 21 MW 2018
6 Pangkalan Susu 47. Ketahun-1 HEPP 84 MW - 2022
10
1. Seulawah Agam (FTP2) GeoPP 110 MW - 2024 18 48. Sumsel-5 CFPP 2x150 MW - 2015/16
Binjai
2. Nagan Raya (FTP1) CFPP 2x110 MW - 2014 20 48. Sumsel-7 CFPP 2x150 MW 2018
11
2. Meulaboh (Nagan Raya) #3,4 CFPP 200 MW - 2019/20 Pump SUMUT 3 49. Sumsel-1 CFPP 2x300 MW - 2020/21
storage-1
3. Peusangan 88 MW HEPP 2018 50. Banjarsari CFPP 2x115 MW 2014
SUMUT 2
4. Peusangan-4 (FTP2) HEPP 83 MW - 2022 21 14 51. Keramasan CCPP 80 MW 2014
12 Simangkok
5. Arun (Peaker) GEPP 200 MW 2015 15 52. Sumbagsel-1 CFPP 2x150 MW 2018/2019
22 SUMUT 1
5. Sumbagut-2 Peaker CCPP/GEPP 250 MW 2017 13
Rantau 53. Keban Agung CFPP 2x112.5 MW 2015
23 16
6. Lawe Alas HEPP 151 MW - 2024 Prapat 54. Lumut Balai (FTP2) GeoPP 4x55 MW - 2017/19/24
7. Sumbagut-4 Peaker CCPP/GEPP 250 MW 2019 Sarulla
17 55. Rantau Dadap (FTP2) GeoPP 2x110 MW - 2019/20
7. Tampur-1 HEPP 428 MW 2024 Batang 56. Danau Ranau (FTP2) GeoPP 110 MW 2024
8. Meurebo-2 HEPP 59 MW - 2020 Toru 29
New 57. Suoh Sekincau (FTP2) GeoPP 220 MW - 2020/2024
Padang Riau 2
9. Pangkalan Susu (FTP1) CFPP 2x220 MW 2015 Sidempuan
58. Ulubelu 3&4 (FTP2) GeoPP 2x55 MW - 2016/17
9. Pangkalan Susu (FTP2) CFPP 2x200 MW 2018/19 59. Semangka (FTP2) HEPP 56 MW - 2019
30
10. Barge Mounted PP Sumut 250 MW 2016 19 24 60. Lampung Peaker CCPP/GEPP 200 MW 2017
10. Truck Mounted PP Sumut 100 MW - 2016 Payakumbuh 61. Lampung MPP 100 MW - 2016
10. Sumut-1 CFPP 2x150 MW 2018 61. Sribawono GEPP 100 MW 2015
10. Sumbagut-1 Peaker CCPP/GEPP 250 MW 2018 25 63. Wai Ratai (FTP2) GeoPP 55 MW 2022
10. Sumbagut-4 Peaker CCPP/GEPP 250 MW 2019 Riau 1 64. Sebalang (FTP1) CFPP 2x110 MW -2014
11. Sumatera Pump Storage-1 HEPP 500 MW 2023 65. Rajabasa (FTP2) GeoPP 2x110 MW - 2023/24
31
12. Simbolon Samosir (FTP2) GeoPP 110 MW - 2023 66. Sumsel-6 CFPP 2x300 MW 2019/2020
13. Sipoholon Ria-Ria (FTP2) GeoPP 20 MW - 2022 26 Kiliranjao
32
14. Hasang (FTP2) HEPP 40 MW 2018 Pump
storage-2 33
15. Asahan III (FTP2) HEPP 174 MW - 2019 Sungai Muaro
27 Rumbai
16. Sarulla I (FTP2) GeoPP 3x110 MW - 2017/18 Bungo 34
Jambi 2
16. Sarulla II (FTP2) GeoPP 110 MW - 2024 28 Sumsel-5 39
37
17. Batang Toru HEPP 510 MW 2022 Bangko 48 Sumsel-7
38
Jambi 1
18. Wampu (FTP2) HEPP 2x15 MW 2016 35 36 Sungai
19. Sorik Marapi (FTP2) GeoPP 240 MW 2020/21 Lilin 40
20. Sumut-2 CFPP 2x300 MW 2023-2024
Ke GI 150 kV

Sumsel-1 Palembang
Tanjung Api-Api
2
ACSR 2x330 mm
2 20 kmr-COD 2013
ACSR 2x330 mm
1 kmr-COD 2014
Kenten

Talang
Kelapa G G
ACSR1x120 mm2
Ke GI 150 kV 10 kmr Borang GU
2013 Uprate to
Betung G ACCC 1x160 mm
2

21. Kumbih-3 HEPP 48 MW - 2022 49


CU 1000 mm2 Gandus
10 kmr-COD 2014
Seduduk
Talang Putih Mariana
Ratu D

Sungai
Boom Baru Juaro
ACSR 2x430 mm 2
60 kmr-COD 2014
Bukit
GU Bungaran
Siguntang

44
Sungai
Kedukan

U Jakabaring
G G
Ke GI 150 kV

Lubuk
Keramasan PLTG ACSR 2x330 mm
2 Kayu Agung
Jakabaring 1 kmr-COD 2017
Ke GI 150 kV CNG
Simpang Tiga

21. Sidikalang-1 HEPP 15 MW - 2019 47


Linggau Sumsel-6 51
46 66
22. Simonggo-2 HEPP 90 MW 2021
23. Sibundong-4 HEPP 120 MW - 2022
45 50
Lahat Sumsel 1 Gumawang
24. Bonjol (FTP2) GeoPP 60 MW - 2022 53
52Muara
25. Masang-2 (FTP2) HEPP 55 MW 2021 Lumut Balai
54 Enim
25. Masang-3 HEPP 89 MW - 2022 Rantau Dukong

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


26. Sumatera Pump Storage-2 HEPP 500 MW - 2023 Dedap
55 U
Manggar

27. Teluk Sirih (FTP1) CFPP 2x112 MW 2014 32. Jambi (Tj.Jabung) MPP 100 MW - 2016 U
G

41
28. Muara Laboh (FTP2) GeoPP 220 MW 2018/24 33. Batang Hari ST Unit 30 MW - 2017 56
33. Payo Selincah (Rent) GEPP 20 MW 2015 57 Lampung
U

58 61 42
29. Duri GEPP 100 MW 2014 34. Sei Gelam (CNG) GEPP 100 MW 2014 59 62
29. Riau Peaker CCPP/GEPP 200 MW 2017 34. Jambi Peaker CCPP/GEPP 2017
63
30. Riau CCPP 250 MW 2017 35. Sungai Penuh (FTP2) GeoPP 110 MW 2024 6460
30. Riau/Tenayan CFPP 2x110 MW 2015 36. Merangin-2 HEPP 2x175 MW - 2021/22 65
31. Riau Kemitraan CFPP 2x600 MW 2019 37. CFPP Jambi 2x600 MW - 2019

Figure-12. The Development Plan of Transmission System in Sumatera

The projected fuel mix for electricity production in Sumatera in 2024 would be 54.6% coal, 13.6%
natural gas, 14.4% hydro, 1.2% fuel oil and 15.9% geothermal as shown in Figure-13.

The dominance of coal fuel used in Sumatera Subsystem will be clearly seen particularly after 2019,
or after the coal steam power plant Riau Kemitraan (2x600 MW), and coal steam power plant Jambi
(2x600 MW) come into operation. In certain condition, coal steam power plant Sumsel 8, 9, dan
10 (3.000 MW) which are allocated to transfer power to the Java-Bali system can be used to supply
Sumatera system. With the dominance of coal power plants in Sumatera system, the production cost
of the system will be more economic. From Figure-13, it can be seen that there is a reduction in gas
consumption, particularly in 2018 to 2020. This condition occurs by the termination of gas power
plants in Sumatera and the plan to not extending the contracts.

23

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 23 8/27/2015 4:30:31 PM


120,000

100,000

80,000
GWh

60,000

40,000

20,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Impor Biomass HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-13. The Projected Composition of Electricity Production by Fuel Type in Sumatera

Plans for the supply to gas plant in Sumatera are presented in Table-11.

Table-11. Gas Supply for Power Plants in Sumatera

No Power Plant Gas Supplier 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

SUMATERA
1 Aceh Timur Medco Blok A 0 0 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

Arun, PLTG/MG
2 FSRU LNG Tangguh 5 10 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28
Sumbagut 2 (Arun)
PLTG/MG Sumbagut
3 FSRU LNG Tangguh 11 11 11 11 11 11 11
1
PLTG/MG Sumbagut
4 FSRU LNG Tangguh 20 20 20 20 20 20
3, dan 4
5 PLTGU Belawan FSRU LNG Tangguh 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 78
PLTG/MG Barge
6 FSRU LNG Tangguh 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
Mounted
PLTG/MG Truck
7 FSRU LNG Tangguh 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
Mounted
PLTG Sewa
Navigat,PLTG
8 Kambuna 13 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Belawan (TTF), PLTG
Paya Pasir (TTF)
Belawan (TTF), PEP Benggala
9 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
PLTG Paya Pasir (TTF) (Potential)
10 Teluk Lembu Kalila Bentu 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
11 Balai Pungut JOB - Pertamina
Talisman Jambi 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Merang (Duri)
JOB - Pertamina
Talisman Jambi 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22
Merang (Rengat)
JOB - Pertamina
Talisman Jambi 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Merang (Potential)

24

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 24 8/27/2015 4:30:31 PM


Table-11. Gas Supply for Power Plants in Sumatera (continue)

No Power Plant Gas Supplier 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

12 PLTGU Riau (IPP) PGN-Kontrak BUMD 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25


JOB - Pertamina
PLTG/MG Riau
13 Talisman Jambi 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12
Peaker
Merang (Potential)
PLTMG Rawa Minyak Petroselat Rawa
14 0 2 5 5 5 5 5
Bengkalis Minyak (Potential)*
PLTG Tanjung Jabung Petro China
15 0 5 5 5 5 5 5
TM (Potential)
JOB - Pertamina
PLTG/MG Jambi
16 Talisman Jambi 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
Peaker (Sei Gelam)
Merang (Potential)
17 Sungai Gelam PEP - TAC (Own
2 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0
Operation)
PEP - TAC Sungai
3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0
Gelam
18 Simpang Tuan Perusda Jambi 3 3 3 3 3 0
19 Payo Selincah, Energasindo 14 14 14 14 14 14 0 0 0 0
Batanghari Jambi Merang 20 20 18 16 14 14 14 0 0 0
20 Jakabaring (CNG) PDPDE Sumsel 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0
Medco E&P
21 Indralaya 21 10 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indonesia
22 Talang Duku PGN 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 0 0 0
Medco E&P
23 Borang 18 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indonesia
24 Keramasan Medco E&P
15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indonesia
Pertamina EP 15 15 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Medco E & P
25 Gunung Megang 15 15 15 15 15 15 0 0 0 0
Indonesia
Pertamina EP (Asri
26 Borang 31 31 31 31 31 0 0 0 0 0
Gita)
PLTMG Duri, Duri
27 Jambi Merang 25 26 30 30 30 27 27 0 0 0
Relokasi, Riau Peaker
28 PLTGU Duri Jambi Merang 0 0 16 16 16 16 16 0 0 0

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


29 Rengat Jambi Merang 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0
FSRU Lampung
30 Lampung Peaker 0 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
(Potential)
31 Lampung Sewa PGN (Potential) 0 17 17 17 17 17 0 0 0 0
PGN (Potential)/
PLTG/MG Truck
32 FSRU Lampung 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17
Mounted Lampung
(Potential)
33 Gasifikasi PLTD PGN (Potential) 13 13 13 13 13 13
TOTAL 305 360 497 474 490 449 390 312 309 309

THE WEST KALIMANTAN POWER SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PLAN

The current installed capacity in West Kalimantan is 296 MW (including rental capacity) whereby all
plants are using fuel oil, so the operating cost is very high. Additional generation capacities in West
Kalimantan are still in the planning stage, with the exception of Fast Track Phase 1 Parit Baru (2x50
MW) and Kura-kura (2x25 MW) coal-fired power plants are under construction and expected to be
operational by 2016.

PLN and Sarawak Electricity Company (SESCO) have signed a Power Exchange agreement (PEA)
which sets out plans for PLN to purchase electricity to supply West Kalimantan from Sarawak for 50

25

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 25 8/27/2015 4:30:31 PM


MW flat (as base load) and at peak load PLN can purchase up to 230 MW, starting from early 2015
until 2019. In the long term it is possible that such purchase of electricity from Sarawak will only be
during peak loads. This will enable PLN to defer the need for peaking plants which run on expensive
fuel. However, to avoid excessive dependence on electricity supply from Sarawak, the construction of
a gas turbine/engine power plant of 100 MW in 2019 has been planned.

The power supply and demand balance of the West Kalimantan system (Table-12) indicates that the
reserve margin will reach approximately 40% by 2024. This situation is still acceptable considering
that coal-fired power plant projects in West Kalimantan are at a risk of delays for various reasons and
there is no take-or-pay clause at peak periods in the Sarawak interconnection.

Table-12. Power Generation Development Plan in West Kalimantan

Supply and Demand Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Demand
Energy Production GWh 1,939 2,195 2,814 3,451 3,846 4,349 4,842 5,371 5,983 6,659
Load Factor % 66 68 66 67 67 66 66 66 66 66
Gross Peak Load MW 334 371 485 592 658 754 839 929 1,033 1,148

Supply MW 486 222 217 119 125 131 131 131 131 131
Installed Capacity
PLN MW 204 104 89 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
GTPP 30 30 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
DIESEL PP 74 74 59 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Interconnection to the
13 13 58 119 125 131 131 131 131 131
subsystem
Rental PP MW 169 105 70 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MOBILE POWER PLANT 100
Retired & Mothballed (PLN) MW 119 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

CAPACITY ADDITION

PLN ON GOING &


COMMITTED
Power Purchase from
275 KV 130
SESCo (Peaking)
Power Purchase from
275 KV 50 50 -50
SESCo (Baseload)
Pantai Kura-Kura (FTP1) CFPP 55
Parit Baru (FTP1) CFPP 100
Parit Baru - Loan China
CFPP 55 55
(FTP2)

IPP ON GOING &


COMMITTED

PLANNED CAPACITY
ADDITION
Nanga Pinoh HEPP 98
Kalbar - 1 CFPP 200

26

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 26 8/27/2015 4:30:31 PM


Table-12. Power Generation Development Plan in West Kalimantan (continue)

Supply and Demand Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
GE/
Kalbar Peaker 100
CCPP
Kalbar - 2 CFPP 200 200
Kalbar - 3 CFPP 200 200
TOTAL CAPACITY
MW 50 335 55 255 100 150 200 98 200 200
ADDITION
TOTAL SYSTEM CAPACITY MW 536 607 657 814 920 1,076 1,276 1,374 1,574 1,774
TOTAL NETT CAPACITY MW 482 546 591 732 828 969 1,149 1,237 1,417 1,597

The development plan for the transmission network in West Kalimantan up to the year 2024 amount
to 2,812 km, which include: construction of a new 150 kV transmission line associated with the
Fast Track coal-fired plants, coal-fired IPP and hydro projects. Development of the existing 150 kV
transmission line to scattered locations in West Kalimantan systems is also planned in order to meet
the reliability criteria (N-1) and to overcome bottlenecks in delivery, improve voltage and operational
flexibility. Construction of 275 kV West Kalimantan - Sarawak transmission interconnection will reap
economic benefits of the energy exchange when there is a marginal cost difference between the two
systems. The development of the interconnection is also useful as a contingency in the event that the
construction of new plants is delayed.

The projected energy mix in West Kalimantan system is shown in Figure-14. The role of each primary
energy can be explained as follows: in 2015, due to the lack of new power generation capacity
besides fuel oil, electricity production using fuel oil reached 1,586 GWh. In line with the operation
of coal-fired power plant and imports of electricity from Sarawak, the use of fuel oil as the primary
fuel in the West Kalimantan power system can be further reduced; Hydro power resources are found
in the Nanga Pinoh area, so a 98 MW Nanga Pinoh hydro power plant has been planned, to be
operational by 2022.

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


7,000

6,000

5,000
GWh

4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Import HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-14. The Projected Composition of Electricity Produced by Type of Fuel in


West Kalimantan System

27

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 27 8/27/2015 4:30:31 PM


THE SOUTH, CENTRAL, EAST AND NORTH KALIMANTAN SYSTEM DEVELOP-
MENT PLAN

Up to the third quarter of 2014, the power generation capacity of PLN and IPP power plants,
including rental diesel engine units and excess power, in the South, Central, North and East regions of
Kalimantan (Kalseltengtimra) is 1,131 MW, with peak load at 917 MW, excluding the Teluk Balikpapan
coal fired power plant and Pulang Pisau coal fired power plant which is projected to operate in 2015.
In addition, the portion of power generation plants operating on oil fuel in Kalseltengtimra is still
high, hence the power production cost remains high.

A large number of additional power plants have been planned in Kalseltengtimra system as it is
reflected in the power balance, where the annual reserve margin range between 39% up to 57%
toward net available generation capacity. It is considered that the generation expansion planning
with relatively high reserve margin (up to 57%) is intended to provide greater certainty to the people
of South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan that the electricity
supply in these regions will be adequate, or even exceed their need.

During the period 2015-2024, an additional of 3,409 MW of new generation capacity from both
PLN and IPP has been planned, including those already in the procurement process and under
construction. The additional new generation capacity comprises of coal fired power plants (2,459
MW), gas turbine/engine peaking plants (830 MW) and hydroelectric plants (120 MW). The power
generation development plan in Kalseltengtimra is shown in Table-13.

Table-13. Power Generation Development Plan in Kalseltengtimra

Projects 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Kalselteng - Kaltim Interconnection (2016)


Kalselteng-Kaltim-Kaltara Interconnection
(2018)
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

Demand
Energy Production GWh 6,591 7,730 8,737 10,188 11,109 12,181 13,316 14,425 15,630 16,946
Load Factor % 67 67 67 67 67 67 68 68 68 68
Gross Peak Load MW 1,127 1,322 1,494 1,736 1,887 2,062 2,246 2,429 2,628 2,845

CAPACITY
Installed Capacity MW 1,264 1,206 763 580 580 580 580 580 540 540
Nett Capacity 1,023 952 638 537 537 537 537 537 497 497
PLN 637 661 445 415 415 415 415 415 415 415
IPP MW 50 61 61 82 82 82 82 82 82 82
EXCESS POWER MW 122 122 93
RENTAL MW 214 109 40 40 40 40 40 40
MOBILE POWER PLANT MW 200 230
Retired & Mothballed 129 151

CAPACITY ADDITION

PLN ON GOING &


COMMITTED
Pulang Pisau (FTP1) CFPP 120
Bangkanai (FTP2) GE/CCPP 155 140

Sampit CFPP 50

28

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 28 8/27/2015 4:30:31 PM


Table-13. Power Generation Development Plan in Kalseltengtimra (continue)

Projects 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Teluk Balikpapan (FTP1) CFPP 220


IPP ON GOING &
COMMITTED
Kaltim (MT) CFPP 55
Kalsel (FTP2) CFPP 100 100
Kaltim (FTP2) CFPP 100 100
Tanah Grogot CFPP 14
PLANNED CAPACITY
ADDITION
GT/GE/
Kalsel Peaker 1 200
CCPP
GT/GE/
Kalsel Peaker 2 100
CCPP
GT/GE/
Kaltim Peaker 2 100
CCPP
GT/GE/
Kaltim Peaker 3 100
CCPP
Senipah (ST) CCPP 35
Kelai HEPP 55
Kusan HEPP 65
Kalselteng 1 CFPP 100 100
Kalselteng 2 CFPP 100 100
Kalselteng 3 CFPP 100 100
Kaltim 3 CFPP 200 200
Kaltim 4 CFPP 100 100
Kaltim 5 CFPP 200 200
TOTAL CAPACITY
MW 340 169 530 250 500 400 200 300 400 320
ADDITION
TOTAL SYSTEM CAPACITY MW 1,824 1,935 2,022 2,089 2,589 2,989 3,189 3,489 3,849 4,169
TOTAL NETT CAPACITY MW 1,583 1,681 1,897 2,046 2,546 2,946 3,146 3,446 3,806 4,126

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


The development plan of the Kalseltengtimra 150 kV and 70kV transmission system is intended
to satisfy electricity demand growth and to connect isolated systems which are up to now are
still supplied by fuel oil power plants, to the grid. The transmission system is also intended to
support regional development to ensure availability of power supply, given the establishment of
the North Kalimantan province as well as new regencies, which will result in increasing electricity
demand. Additionally, the development of 150 kV transmission line also has a purpose to create
interconnection between systems in order to obtain reliability, efficiency and flexibility when it is
operated. The interconnection between the systems involve South and Central Kalimantan East
Kalimantan interconnection system with East Kalimantan North Kalimantan interconnection system
to form a complete Kalseltengtimra Interconnection system.

The transmission development plan in Kalimantan is shown in Figure-15.

The projection of energy production for Kaseltengtimra system from year 2015 to 2024 is given by
Figure-16. The role of diesel fuel oil in 2015 is still high, which is 1,696 (26%). Starting from 2018, the
utilisation of fuel oil will be decreased by the substitution of natural gas and coal. It is planned that
Gas Fired/Gas Engine/Steam Gas peaker power plants using LNG and coal fired power plants will be
developed. The role of coal fired power plant will be 4,158 GWh (63%) in 2015 and will reach the
number of 13,322 GWh (79%) in 2024. Energy production from hydro will also increase from 106
GWh in 2015 to 470 GWh in 2024.

29

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 29 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


SABAH 1. Malinau GEPP (6 MW) 2017
26. Ketapang CFPP (FTP2) 20 MW-2016 36. Kalselteng MPP 100 MW - 2016 ( MALAYSIA )
27. Ketapang CFPP IPP 12 MW-2015 2. Malinau CFPP 6 MW- 2016
37. Kalselteng MPP 100 MW - 2016
28. Nanga Pinoh HEPP 98 MW-2022 3. Tj. Selor CFPP 14 MW-2015
38. Kaltim MPP 100 MW - 2016
29. Kalbar-3 CFPP 400 MW 2023/24 4. Tj. Selor GEPP 15 MW- 2017
39. Kalbar MPP 100 MW 2016 12 Tidang Pale
30. Kalbar-1 CFPP 200 MW-2018 5. Tj. Redep CFPP 14 MW-2015
31. Kalbar-2 CFPP 400 MW 2020/21 Malinau 6. Kelai HEPP 55 MW-2024
32. Pantai Kura-Kura CFPP 55 MW-2016 7. Kaltim CFPP FTP2 200 MW-2018/19
33. Parit Baru CFPP (FTP1) 100 MW-2016 8. Kaltim CFPP (MM) 55 MW-2017
34. Parit Baru CFPP (FTP2) 110 MW-2017/18 3 9. Kaltim Peaker-2 100 MW-2017
.
Tj Selor 4 10. Kaltim Peaker-3 100 MW-2022
35. Kalbar Peaker 100 MW- 2019 ( SERAWAK )
MALAYSIA 11. Kaltim-4 CFPP 200 MW-2019/20
12. Kaltim-3 CFPP 400 MW-2022/23
Tj Redep
. 5 13. Senipah (ST) 35 MW-2017
14. Teluk BPN CFPP 220 MW-2015
6
15. Kaltim-5 CFPP 400 MW-2023/24
Sambas Interkoneksi
ke Serawak
Talisayan
Muara
34 Wahau
Singkawang Long Bagun Maloi
Bengkayang
30 Putussibau Sepaso
32 Ngabang Sangatta
Sintang Bontang Kuala
Mempawah Sanggau
Parit Baru 33 Siantan Bontang
35 39 Sekadau Kota Bangun 11 New SMD 710
Kota Baru 29 Tayan Nanga Puruk Cahu 16 Embalut Sambera
38
28 Pinoh Bukit biru Sambutan
Sei Raya Melak Tengkawang
Haru 12 Bukuan
Samboja
31 Kuala Muara Karjo 8 9 Sanga-Sanga
Kota Baru Sepaku 13 Senipah
Kurun Teweh New Industri
Sukadana Sandai Kariangau
14 Manggarsari SULAWESI TENGAH
Petung 15 New Balikpapan
25 Industri
Rantaupulut Buntok Longikis
Kuaro
26 Komam
Ketapang 27 Tamiang
Kasongan
Layang SULAWESI
Nangabulik Pangkalan
Parenggean 17 Grogot
Palangkaraya New Tanjung SELATAN
Banteng
19 PalangkarayaParingin
Kendawangan Sampit Amuntai 16. Bangkanai GEPP 295 MW-2016/17
23 Selat Barikin 17. Kalsel CFPP (FTP2) 200 MW-2017
24 Pangkalan Kandangan 18. Kusan HEPP 65 MW-2024
Sukamara Bun
Marabahan
Rantau
Kayutangi 19. Pulang Pisau CFPP 120 MW-2015
Ulin
Seberang Sei Tabuk
18 20. Kalselteng-2 CFPP 200 MW-2019/20
Barito21
22
A Kotabaru 21. Kalsel Peaker-1 200 MW-2017
Kuala 36Trisakti Cempaka
37
Mantuil Batulicin 22. Kalsel Peaker-2 100 MW-2021
Pambuang Bandara
23. Sampit CFPP 50 MW-2018
Pelaihari Satui
24. Kalselteng-3 CFPP 200 MW-2020/21
20 Asam-Asam 25. Kalselteng-1 CFPP 200 MW-2019/20

Figure-15. The Transmission System Development Plan in Kalimantan

18,000

16,000
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

14,000

12,000

10,000
GWh

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-16. Projected Composition of Power Generation by Fuel Type in Kalseltengtimra

30

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 30 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


The requirement for diesel fuel oil (HSD) and marine fuel oil (MFO) will tend to decline. It is projected
that the utilisation of fuel oil that is 450 thousand kilolitre in 2015 will be gradually reduced until it
is stopped in 2018. While, the use of coal will increase from 3.1 million ton in 2015 to 10.0 million
ton in 2024. The volume of gas utilization in the form of CNG and LNG will also increase from 6 bcf
in 2015 to 30 bcf in 2024.

THE NORTH SULAWESI SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PLAN

The Northern part of Sulawesi system (Sulbagut system) is projected to be completed in 2017 after
150 kV transmission lines that interconnect Marisa Moutong Tolitoli Buol are in place. The
plan for additional power plants in Sulbagut system is quite high as it is reflected by annual reserve
margin that ranges between 33% up to 64%, except in 2015-2017, the reserve margins are below
20%. This issue leads to the need for particular effort which is extending generation renting period
and developing mobile power plants. The plan for obtaining a high reserve margin has an intention
to anticipate the uncertainty of the completion of some generation projects, particularly the projects
of Kotamobagu I and II Geothermal power plants. The power generation plan for North Sulawesi is
shown in Table-14.

The new power generation capacity planned during the period 2015-2024 is 1,226 MW which consists
of coal fired power plants (714 MW), geothermal power plant (120 MW), gas fired turbine/engine
peaking power plants with gas storage (350 MW) and hydro-electric plants (42 MW).

Table-14. Power Generation Development Plan in Northern Sulawesi

PROJECTS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Sulut-Gorontalo-Tolitoli Interconnection (2017)
Energy Production GWh 2,098 2,321 2,780 3,110 3,443 3,811 4,338 4,775 5,263 5,804

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


Load Factor % 68 68 69 70 70 70 72 72 72 73
Gross Peak Load MW 350 387 459 508 562 622 686 755 832 913
Nett Peak Load MW 328 365 427 472 526 586 631 700 777 857

CAPACITY
Installed Capacity MW 457 522 278 278 212 212 212 212 212 212
Nett Capacity 410 475 230 230 201 201 201 201 201 201
PLN MW 245 245 205 205 176 176 176 176 176 176
IPP MW 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
RENTAL MW 140 205 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mobile Power Plant 100 100
Retired & Mothballed 0 0 105 0 0 0 0 0

CAPACITY ADDITION

RENTAL
Rental CFPP Amurang
CFPP 50
(2x25)

PLN ON GOING &


COMMITTED
Gorontalo (FTP1) CFPP 25 25

31

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 31 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


Table-14. Power Generation Development Plan in Northern Sulawesi (continue)

PROJECTS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
IPP ON GOING &
COMMITTED
Gorontalo (Terkendala) CFPP 14

PLANNED CAPACITY
ADDITION
Sulut 1 CFPP 50
Tolitoli CFPP 25 25
Sulut 3 CFPP 50 50
Sulbagut 1 CFPP 50 50
Sulbagut 2 CFPP 0 100 100
Sulbagut 3 CFPP 50 50
Poigar 2 HEPP 30
Sawangan HEPP 12
GT/GE/
Minahasa Peaker 0 150
CCPP
GT/GE/
Gorontalo Peaker 100
CCPP
GT/GE/
Sulbagut Peaker 100
CCPP
Kotamobagu (FTP2) GeoPP 80
Lahendong 5 (FTP2) GeoPP 0 20
Lahendong 6 (FTP2) GeoPP 0 20
TOTAL CAPACITY
MW 0 25 359 170 150 187 55 100 100 180
ADDITION
TOTAL SYSTEM
MW 457 547 662 732 816 1,003 1,058 1,158 1,258 1,438
CAPACITY
TOTAL NETT CAPACITY MW 410 500 614 684 805 992 1,047 1,147 1,247 1,427

The projected composition of power generation by fuel type in North Sulawesi from 2015 to 2024
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

is shown in Figure-17. The role of oil for power generation in North Sulawesi in 2015 is remain high,
at around 911GWh (43%). From 2017, the use of oil for power generation is expected to be reduced
and replaced by natural gas with the availability of combined cycle gas-fired/gas-fired turbine/engine
peake rusing LNG/CNG gas and coal-fired power plants. Coal-fired power generation will increase
from 458 GWh (22%) in 2015 to 3,600 GWh (62%) in 2024. From 2019, power generated from
coal will be higher than geothermal plants after most of the coal-fired power plant projects become
operational. Power generated from geothermal plants will increase from 551 GWh (25%) in 2015
to 1,030 GWh (18%) in 2024, when Lahendong IV-V and Kotamobagu geothermal plants become
operational. The oil consumption in North Sulawesi will continue to decline from 239 thousand
kilolitres in 2015 and will be stopped in 2019 after non fuel oil power plants are fully operated.

The use of coal is expected to increase from 347 thousand tons in 2015 to 2.7 million tons in 2024,
or an increase of 8 times. LNG will be used from 2017 at 3 bcf and will increase to 7 bcf in 2024. LNG
will be used to operate peaking power plants. The use of geothermal energy will continue to increase
from 551 GWh in 2015 to 1,030 GWh in 2022. The increase in hydropower is relatively small since
the potential is low - from 208 GWh in 2015 to 303 GWh in 2024.

32

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 32 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


7,000

6,000

5,000

4,000
GWh

3,000

2,000

1,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-17. Projected composition of Power Generation by Fuel Type in Northern Sulawesi

THE SOUTH SULAWESI SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PLAN

The integration of the Sulbagsel system which comprises Central Sulawesi (Sulteng), West Sulawesi
(Sulbar), South East Sulawesi (Sultra) and South Sulawesi (Sulsel), is planned to be completed in
2017. To date, Sulteng and Sultra systems are still in deficit condition, on the other hand, the power
supply in South and West Sulawesi system is surplus. In order to meet long term electricity needs
over the period of 2015-2024, non-oil power plant projects with a total capacity of 4,550 MW in

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


Sulbagsel system have been planned. These projects consist of coal-fired power plants (1,240 MW),
combined cycle gas-fired/gas-fired turbine/engine plants (1,120 MW) and geothermal power plants
(60 MW). In order to make the most use of hydro which have large potential resources scattered in
Sulsel, Sulbar, Sulteng and Sultra provinces, PLN and private sectors will develop hydro power plant
with total capacity of 2,130 MW. The Power Generation Development Plan for Sulbagsel is shown in
Table-15.

Apart from power distribution from the power supply center to the demand center, the transmission
system also aims to build an interconnection among sub-systems, connect isolated electrical systems
to the grid, overcome any bottlenecks, and to meet the N-1 reliability criteria.

The transmission system development plan in Sulbagsel system is shown in Figure-18. EVH 275 kV
substation in Woku is planned to be the main knot for evacuating power from surrounded hydro
power plants to load centers including capital city of provinces. The 275 kV transmission line is the
main backbone in delivering power in Sulbagsel system.

33

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 33 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


Table-15. Power Generation Development Plan in Sulbagsel

Projects Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Sulsel system interconnection with Palu


(2014)
Sulsel system interconnection with Kendari
(2017)
Energy Production GWh 7,004 8,624 11,022 13,552 14,875 16,280 17,600 19,230 20,726 22,505
Load Factor % 68 73 70 69 69 69 69 69 69 70
Gross Peak Load MW 1,178 1,345 1,798 2,243 2,451 2,680 2,895 3,164 3,407 3,694

CAPACITY
Installed Capacity MW 1,545 1,745 1,778 1,353 1,024 1,070 1,070 1,070 1,070 1,070
Nett Capacity MW 1,465 1,665 1,685 1,348 1,068 1,018 1,018 1,058 1,058 1,058
PLN MW 394 394 430 381 251 251 251 291 291 291
IPP MW 820 820 820 767 767 767 767 767 767 767
RENTAL MW 250 250 235
Mobile Power Plant MW 200 200 200 50
Retired & Mothballed 87 178

CAPACITY ADDITION

PLN ON GOING &


COMMITTED

IPP ON GOING &


COMMITTED
Mamuju CFPP 50
Tawaeli Ekspansi CFPP 30
PLANNED CAPACITY
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

ADDITION
Makassar Peaker CCPP 300 150
Sulsel Peaker CCPP 300 150
Punagaya (FTP2) CFPP 100 100
Jeneponto 2 CFPP 125 125
Kendari 3 CFPP 100
Sulsel Barru 2 CFPP 100
Sulsel 2 CFPP 200 200
Palu 3 CFPP 100
Wajo GEPP 20
Poso 1 HEPP 60 60
Poko HEPP 117 117
Konawe HEPP 50
Watunohu HEPP 15
Lasolo HEPP 73 73
Bakaru 2 HEPP 126
Karama (Unsolicited) HEPP 190
Bonto Batu (FTP2) HEPP 110
Malea (FTP2) HEPP 90
Salu Uro HEPP 48 48
Kalaena 1 HEPP 27 27

34

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 34 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


Table-15. Power Generation Development Plan in Sulbagsel (continue)

Projects Unit 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Seko 1 HEPP 160 320


Buttu Batu HEPP 100 100
Paleleng HEPP 20 20
Tabulahan HEPP 10 10
Masupu HEPP 18 18
Bora Pulu (FTP2) GeoPP 40
Marana (FTP2) GeoPP 20
MHPP Tersebar
MHPP 11 14 12 23 10 25
Sulselbar
MHPP Tersebar Palu-
MHPP 5 4 15 11 14
Poso
MHPP Tersebar Sultra MHPP 2 4

TOTAL CAPACITY
MW 16 68 472 915 596 534 299 384 398 693
ADDITION
TOTAL SYSTEM
MW 1,560 1,829 2,334 2,824 3,091 3,671 3,970 4,353 4,751 5,444
CAPACITY
TOTAL NETT
MW 1,480 1,748 2,241 2,819 3,135 3,619 3,917 4,341 4,738 5,431
CAPACITY

1. PLTG
Minahasa Peaker
Minahasa GTPP
Peaker 150 150 MWMW - 2017
- 2017
Pandu 2. PLTG
Sulbagut Peaker
Sulbagut GTPP
Peaker 100 100 MWMW - 2024
- 2024
Paniki
P iki
Sario 3. PLTA
Sawangan
SawanganHEPP1212 MW MW - 2020
- 2020
eling
g
Teling
Tasikk Ria
a 4. PLTU
Sulut-3 CFPP100
Sulut-3 100MW MW 2019/20
2019/20
SULAWESI 525 Tomohon
mo
ohon U4
Tonseal
To
o lama
Tonsealama 5. PLTU
Sulbagut-2 CFPP200
Sulbagut-2 200MW MW 2022/23
2022/23
6 U Kawangk
Kawangkoan
Kaw
aw
w koan
Tolitoli Leok
Bolontio UTARA Lopana 7P
Ratahan
Ratah
R t h
han 6. PLTU
Amurang
SewaRental
Amurang CFPP50 MW 50 MW - 2017 - 2017
16 12 8
KALIMANTAN 13 Buroko Lolak 7. PLTP
Lahendong
Lahendong V GeoPP
V 20 MW 20 MW 2017 2017
TIMUR A
11 Belang
GORONTALO U
8. PLTP
Lahendong
Lahendong VI GeoPP
VI 20 MW 20 MW 2018 2018
Bangkir Bintauna
Marisa
Isimu Gobar
Otam
P
9 Tutuyan 9. PLTU
Sulut Sulut
I CFPP I 5050MWMW- 2018
- 2018
Botupingge
Limboto Suwawa
10 10. PLTP
Kotamobagu
Kotamobagu GeoPP - 80 80 MWMW - 2024
- 2024
U
G Tilamuta
Moutong 14 11. PLTA
Poigar-2 HEPP3030MW
Poigar-2 MW - 2021
- 2021
Tambu 15 Molibagu
12. PLTU
Sulbagut-1 CFPP100
Sulbagut-1 100 MW MW 2019/20
2019/20
13. PLTU
Gorontalo (FTP1)
Gorontalo CFPP
(FTP1) 5050 MW MW 2016/17
2016/17
14. PLTU
Sulbagut-3 CFPP100
Sulbagut-3 100 MW MW 2019/20
2019/20

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


15. Gorontalo
GorontaloPeakerPeaker100 GTPP MW 100 - 2018 MW - 2018
16. PLTU
Toli-Toli CFPP50
Toli-Toli 50 MWMW 2020/212020/21
Likupang
12 17. PLTU
Palu-3 Palu-3
CFPP100 100MW MW - 2018
- 2018
17 18. PLTU
TawaeliTawaeli Ekspansi
Ekspansi CFPP 3030 MW MW - 2016
- 2016
Sindue 18
U 19. PLTP Masaingi
Masaingi (FTP2) (FTP2)
GeoPP 20 MW 20 MW - 2022 - 2022
Donggala Parigi Pandu
Talise Ampana
Bunta Luwuk 20. PLTP Borapulu
Borapulu GeoPP 40 MW40 MW 2022 2022
Silae Paniki
Petobo 21. PLTGU
Makassar Makassar
PeakerPeaker
CCPP450 450MW2017/18
MW2017/18
Ranomut Bitung
Palu P 1920 Sario 22. PLTGU Sulsel Peaker
Sulsel Peaker CCPP 450 450MW2018/19
MW2018/19
Baru Mauro Teling 3 Kema 23. PLTA
Poso-1 Poso-1
HEPP120 120MW MW 2021/22
2021/22
Tasik Ria Sawangan
Poso
Toili 24. PLTA
Seko-1 Seko-1
HEPP480 480MW MW 2023/24
2023/24
SULAWESI U4
Sigi G
Tomohon 25. PLTA Salu HEPP
Salu Uro Uro 95 95MWMW 2020/21
2020/21
TENGAH 44 Tonsealama
Pasangkayu Kawangkoan 26. PLTU
KendariKendari (Ekspansi)
(Ekspansi) CFPP 1010 MWMW - 2015
- 2015
56 27. PLTU Kendari-3
Kendari-3 CFPP100 100MW MW - 2018
- 2018
SULAWESI Tentena U
Ratahan
BARAT 23 52 Lopana P7 28. PLTA
Karama Karama
HEPP190 190MW MW 2024
2024
8
Kolonedale 29. PLTU
Mamuju Mamuju
(FTP2) (FTP2)
CFPP 5050 MW MW - 2017
- 2017
ke 30. PLTA Kalaena-1
24
ke Kalaena-1 HEPP5353 MW MW 2021/22
2021/22
25 GI Otam GI Belang
Topoyo
A A 31. PLTA
MaleaMalea
HEPP9090MW MW - 2020
- 2020
28 32. PLTA Paleleng
30
Wotu Paleleng HEPP4040 MW MW 2021/22
2021/22
Mamuju A 33. PLTA Tabulahan
Tabulahan HEPP2020 MW MW 2020/21
2020/21
Baru Masamba
ke 34. PLTA Masupu
29
Malili
GI Barru
ke
GI/GITET Sidrap
34. Masupu HEPP3535MW MW 2020/21
2020/21
Bungku
Mamuju Rantepao Pangkep
35. PLTA
35. Poko Poko
HEPP234 234MW MW 2021/22
2021/22
33 34 31 Tonasa 36. PLTA
36. Bakaru Bakaru
II HEPPII 126
126 MW MW - 2020
- 2020
A SULAWESI 37. PLTA
Mamasa Palopo 37. BontoBonto
BatuBatu HEPP110 110 MW MW - 2024
- 2024
3537 TENGGARA 38. PLTA
3638 Makale 38. ButtuButtu
BatuBatuHEPP200 200 MW MW 2022/23
2022/23
A A 51 Andowia
21 39. PLTU
39. SulselSulsel
Barru-2 Barru-2
CFPP100 100 MW MW - 2018
- 2018
Luwu
Majene Polman 45 A 22 G 40. PLTMG Wajo 20 20 MWMW -- 2016
Bakaru Enrekang Lasusua A Maros 40. Wajo GEPP 2016
32 Bosowa 41. PLTU
41. Sulsel-2
Sulsel-2 CFPP400 400MW MW 2019/20
2019/20
Siwa
57 Mandai
Pinrang 50 Kima 42. PLTU
42. Punagaya
Punagaya CFPP200 200MW MW 2017/18
2017/18
Sidrap 54 58 Daya
Pare A 26
27
Tallo Lama
Daya Baru
43. PLTU
43. Jeneponto-2
Jeneponto-2 CFPP250 250 MW MW 2018/19
2018/19
Keera Bontoala 53 44. PLTMG Luwuk 40 MW - 2017
Kolaka Kendari Panakukang Tello 44. Luwuk GEPP 40 MW - 2017
Sengkang Unaaha
40 Tanjung
Sungguminasa
45. PLTA
45. Wotunohu
Wotunohu HEPP1515 MW MW - 2023
- 2023
Bunga
39 46. PLTU Bau-Bau
CFPPIPP IPP1414 MW - 2015
Soppeng
Barru Andolo 46. Bau-Bau MW - 2015
SULAWESI 47. PLTU
47. Bau-BauBau-Bau
CFPP5050MW MW 2019
2019
SELATAN ke ke 48. PLTMG Bau-Bau 30
48. Bau-Bau GEPP 30 MW 2016 MW 2016
Bone GI Tallasa GITET Bantaeng
gkep
Pangkep To
Tonasa 49. PLTU
49. Wangi-Wangi
Wangi-Wangi CFPP6 6 MW-201
MW-201
Mandai Mar
Maros
58 B
Bosowa
Kajuara Kasipute 56 Raha 50. PLTA
50. Konawe Konawe
HEPP5050MW MW 2023
2023
53
ello
Tello Daya
Pure
Tallolama Daya Baru
Sinjai 51. Lasolo HEPP 145 MW2023/24
51. PLTA Lasolo 145 MW 2023/24
Panakkukang 52. MPP
52. Sulbagut
Sulbagut (Amurang)
(Amurang) MPP 100 100MW- MW-20162016
Sungguminasaasa 55
Bantaeng
Malaompana
49 53. MPP
53. Sulsel
Sulsel (Tello)
(Tello) MPP5050 MW- MW- 2016
2016
Tallasa Bulukumba 54. MPP
54. Sultra
Sultra (Kendari)
(Kendari) MPP 5050 MW- MW- 2016 2016
Bau-Bau
Bantaeng 55. MPP Wangi-Wangi MPP5 5MW- 2016
Punagaya
42 JNP Smelter 46 48 Pasarwajo 55. Wangi-Wangi MW- 2016
4143 47 56. MPP
56. Bombana
Bombana MPP1010MW- MW- 20162016
57. MPP
57. Kolaka
Kolaka Utara Utara
MPP5 5 MW- MW- 20162016
58. MPP
58. Sulsel
Sulsel (Tallo(Tallo
Lama)Lama) MPP 100 100MW- MW-20162016

Figure-18. The Transmission System Development Plan for Sulawesi

35

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 35 8/27/2015 4:30:32 PM


There are 8,963 kms transmission lines projected with US$ 1,953 investment required for developing
transmission system in Sulawesi during 2015-2024.

Projected power generation in Sulbagsel from 2015 to 2024 is shown in Figure-19. Power generation
from oil in 2015 is expected to remain high, at 1,085 GWh (15%). However, beginning from 2019,
power generated from oil will be replaced by power generated from natural gas in the form of
LNG when the Makassar gas turbine/engine peaker plant and coal fired power plant become
operational. Power generated from gas fired power plants will increase nominally but decrease in
terms of percentage, i.e. from 2,009 GWh (27%) in 2015 to 4,114 GWh (18%) in 2024. This is due to
additional capacity from gas fired power plants (Sengkang combined cycle gas-fired plant) owned by
the private sector and peaker power plants running on LNG. Power generated from coal fired power
plants will increase from 2,452 GWh (33%) in 2015 to 9,320 GWh (41%) in 2024. Power generated
by hydropower will increase from 1,982 GWh (26%) in 2015 to 8,650 GWh (38%) in 2024 when
several hydropower projects become operational, namely Bonto Batu, Malea, Karama, Bakaru II,
Poko, Poso II, Konawe and Watunohu.

The oil consumption in the Sulbagsel system is expected to decrease from 280 thousands kiloliters
in 2015 and will be stopped in 2019 after after non-fuel oil plants become operational. The use of
coal will continue to increase from 1.8 million tons in 2015 to 7.0 million tons in 2024, or an increase
of 4 times. The volume of natural gas usage, including LNG, will also continue to rise from 20 bcf in
2015 to 38 bcf in 2024. LNG will only be used for operating peaking power plants. Production from
geothermal plants amounting to 421 GWh will commence in 2024.

25,000

20,000
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

15,000
GWh

10,000

5,000

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-19. Projected Composition of Power Generation by Fuel Type in Sulbagsel

36

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 36 8/27/2015 4:30:33 PM


THE PLANNING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOMBOK SYSTEM

Lombok 150 kV power system was in operation since 2013 after Jeranjang Unit 3 (1x25 MW) was
operated to supply the demand for Mataram area. To date, the system has been expanded to East
Lombok system by an interconnection with Pringgabaya substation after 150 kV transmission lines
are completed.

In order to satisfy the long term demand for 2015-2024, there is several non-fuel oil power plants
with total capacity of 685 MW has been planned to be developed in Lombok system. The projects are
mini-hydro power plants (5 MW), coal fired powerplats (450 MW), steam gas power plants (210 MW)
and geothermal power plants (20 MW). Table-16 shows generation development plan in Lombok
system.

Table-16. Power Generation Development Plan in Lombok System

Projects 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Demand
Energy Production GWh 1,204 1,341 1,445 1,642 1,789 2,023 2,200 2,395 2,580 2,779
Load Factor % 64 64 64 64 64 64 64 64 64 64
Gross Peak Load MW 214 238 257 292 318 359 391 425 458 493
Nett Peak Load MW 196 217 239 264 290 318 349 381 414 449
Supply
Installed Capacity MW 221 221 124 96 31 31 31 31 31 31
Nett Capacity 237 237 90 74 27 27 27 27 27 27
PLN 85 85 85 68 22 22 22 22 22 22
IPP 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
RENTAL 97 97 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MOBILE POWER PLANT MW 50 50
Retired & Mothballed 0 0 0 17 46 0 0 0 0 0

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


CAPACITY ADDITION
RENTAL
Reantal CFPP Lombok CFPP 50
PLN ON GOING &
COMMITTED
Santong MHPP
Lombok (FTP1) CFPP 25 25
Lombok Peaker CCPP 150
IPP ON GOING &
COMMITTED
Lombok Timur CFPP 50
MHPP Tersebar MHPP 2 4
PLANNED CAPACITY
ADDITION
Lombok (FTP2) CFPP 50 50
Lombok 2 CFPP 50 50
Lombok 3 CFPP 50 50
GT/GE/
Lombok Peaker 2 60
CCPP
Sembalun (FTP2) GeoPP 20
TOTAL CAPACITY
MW 27 25 200 104 100 50 20 60 50 50
ADDITION
TOTAL SYSTEM CAPACITY MW 249 269 372 448 483 533 553 613 663 713
TOTAL NETT CAPACITY MW 266 286 339 426 479 529 549 609 659 709

37

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 37 8/27/2015 4:30:33 PM


In period of 2015-2024, total capacity for additional power plants is approximately 685 MW with
significant reserve margin number which lies between 32% to 66%, except for the years 2015-2017,
when reserve margins are below 20%. Hence, there are particular efforts needed, and mobile power
plants option is chosen.

The expansion plan for 150 kV transmission system in Lombok is given in Figure-20. The expansion
planning for 150 kV transmission system and substations is intended to evacuate power from
generation to load centers. Moreover, it also has a purpose to prevent bottleneck as well as to
increase operational reliability and flexibility. Therefore, it is planned that 150 kV transmission lines
will be expanded surrounding Lombok island (looping system).

The development of the transmission grid throughout Lombok system for the period 2015-2024
covers 588 kms and requires investments of US$ 99 billion

Lombok 3 CFPP Sembalun (FTP2) GeoPP


100 MW (2023/24) 20 MW (2021)
U
Lombok Timur CFPP
Kokok Putih MHPP GI Bayan 2x25 MW (2017)
3,8 MW (2013)
Lombok (FTP2) CFPP
ACSR 2x240 mm2 ACSR 2x240 mm2 2x50 MW (2018/19)
35 km - 2018 A 41 km (2018) U
Santong MHPP
0,85 MW (2014)
A ACSR 2x240 mm2
P 15 km 2021
GI Tanjung U
Segara MHPP
5,8 MW (2014) A

ACSR 1x240 mm2 Lombok 2 CFPP


Lombok Peaker CCPP 150 MW (2017) 12 km - 2015 ACSR 1x240 mm2 100 MW (2019/20)
Lombok Peaker-2 60 MW (2022)
15 km 2017

GI Pringgabaya
G 0
GI Mataram
Kabel Tanah
G 0
5.6 km - 2015
Ampenan Diesel PP
GI Ampenan Lombok MPP
55 MW 50 MW (2016)
D
Taman Diesel PP
D
9,6 MW
GI Mantang
GI Selong
Lombok APBN CFPP U
GI Jeranjang
1x25 MW
U
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

ACSR 1x240 mm2


Lombok (FTP 1) CFPP
15 km - 2014
2x25 MW (2015/16)

SYSTEM PLANNING DIVISION


PT PLN (Persero)
LOMBOK SYSTEM
GI Sekotong
500 kV SS Existing / Plan U U CFPP Existing / Plan
/ /
GI Sengkol / 275 kV SS Existing / Plan G / G GTPP Existing / Plan
/ 150 kV SS Existing / Plan P / P GeoPP Existing / Plan
ACSR 1x240 mm 2 / 70 kV Existing / Plan A / A HEPP Existing / Plan
/ 500/275 kV SS Existing / Plan CCPP Existing / Plan
10,5 km - 2014 GU
/ GU

/ 500/275/150 kV SS Existing / Plan MG / MG GEPP Existing / Plan


/
275/150 kV SS Existing / Plan M / M
MHPP Existing / Plan
/
150/70 kV SS Existing / Plan D / D
Diesel PP Existing / Plan
GI Kuta
/ T/L 70 kV Existing / Plan Existing
/ T/L 150 kV Existing / Plan Plan
/ T/L 275 kV Existing / Plan
/ T/L 500 kV Existing / Plan Edit October 2014

Figure-20. The Development plan for Lombok Transmission System

Projected energy production for Lombok system from 2015 to 2024 is shown in Figure-21. The role of
fuel oil in 2015 is still significant, 852 GWh (70%). However, from 2018, the role will be fully replaced
by natural gas in from of CNG, in line with the operation of Lombok peaking steam gas power plant
and coal fired plants. In energy production number, the use of gas is higher, however, in percentage,
it is lower. The production is 329 GWh (23%) in 2015 and become 386 GWh (15%) in 2024. This
is due to the addition of Lombok Peaker 2 gas/gas engine/steam gas power plant. The role of coal
fuel is dominant. Its production is 315 GWh (26%) in 2015 and increases up to 2.213 GWh (80%)
in 2024. Similarly, the role of hydro power plants also increases. The production is 36 GWh (3%)
in 2015 and increase up to 40 GWh (1%) in 2024, in line with the operation of mini hydro projects
throughout Lombok system. Whilst, Geothermal in Lombok system will contribute approximately
139 GWh in 2021.

38

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 38 8/27/2015 4:30:33 PM


The requirement of fuel oil in Lombok system will be continuously declined. In 2015, 230 thousand
kilolitres fuel oil is needed. This requirement will be stopped in 2018 when non-fuel oil power plants
are fully operated in the system. The utilisation of coal fuel increase from 239 thousands tons in 2015
to 1,6 million tons in 2024 or increase 7 times. The volume of natura gas used in form of LNG will
also increase. It is 2 bcf in 2016 and become 3 bcf in 2024. Gas (LNG and GND) is used as a fuel for
peaking generation.

3,000

2,500

2,000
GWh

1,500

1,000

500

-
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal Geothermal Hydro

Figure-21. Projected Electricity Production by Type of Fuel in Lombok System

The supply of gas for electricity system for East Indonesia Region is shown by Tabel-17.

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


Tabel-17. The Gas Supply Plan for East Indonesia Region

No Power Plant Gas Supplier 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

EASTERN INDONESIA
LNG PLN Batam
1 Pontianak Peaker 5 5 5 5 5 5
(potential)
2 Bangkanai Salamander 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
3 Kalsel Peaker 1 JOB Simenggaris 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
JOB Simenggaris
4 Kalsel Peaker 2 5 5 5 5
(potential)
Pertamina EP TAC
5 Nunukan 3 3 3 3
Sembakung
Medco South
6 Nunukan 2 Sebuku Bengara 3 3 3 3 3 3
(potential)
7 Tanjung Batu TAC Semco 4
8 Tanjung Batu Bontang 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
9 Kaltim APBN Bontang 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
10 Sambera Bontang 10 10 10 10 10
11 Kaltim Peaker 2 JOB Simenggaris 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
12 Batakan JOB Simenggaris 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Salamander
13 Kaltim Peaker 3 Lapangan Tutung 5 5 5
(potential)

39

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 39 8/27/2015 4:30:33 PM


Tabel-17. The Gas Supply Plan for East Indonesia Region (continue)

No Power Plant Gas Supplier 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Perusda Nusa
14 Tanjung Selor 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
Serambi Persada
15 Senipah Total Senipah 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
LNG Sengkang
16 Minahasa Peaker 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
(Wasambo)
LNG Sengkang
17 Gorontalo Peaker 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
(Wasambo)
Perusda Banggai
18 Luwuk 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
(Cendanapura)
19 Energy Equity Epic
Sengkang 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35
(Sengkang)
LNG Sengkang
20 Makassar Peaker 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 20
(Wasambo)
Marine CNG dari
21 Lombok Peaker 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Gresik

22 Sumbawa PGN (potential) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

23 Bima PGN (potential) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5


24 Kupang PGN (potential) 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
25 Maumere PGN (potential) 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
MEDCO Matindok
26 Ambon 5 10 15 15 20 20 20 20 20
(potential)
27 Maluku Tersebar Salawati (potential) 5 5 5 10 10 10 10 10
28 Halmahera Salawati (potential) 5 5 5 5 10 10 10 10 10
BP Tangguh
29 Jayapura 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
(potential)
BP Tangguh
30 Manokwari 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
(potential)
Papua dan Pabar BP Tangguh
31 10 10 15 15 15 15 15 15
Tersebar (potential)
TOTAL 42 141 242 252 262 277 272 277 277 277
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY

PLN has prepared a development plan for New and Renewable Energy (EBT) as shown in Table-18.
The development plan comprises of :
Mini hydro power plants: PLN encourages the development of mini-hydro plants by the private
sector to meet the local demand and to be distributed to the PLN grid;
Wind turbine generating plants: As the potential for wind power in Indonesia is limited, the
development of wind turbine generating plants will be limited to areas with wind power
potential;
Biomass: PLN intends to build biomass power plants in the areas with abundance of biomass
supply.
Marine energy: Even though the potential of marine energy is estimated to be large, the
technology and economics of marine power plant development are still unknown, hence PLN
will conduct small scale pilot tests as research and development projects;
Biofuel: Depending on the readiness of the biofuel market, PLN prepares to utilize biofuel if it is
available;
Solar power plants: PLN will develop solar plants, especially in outer and isolated areas to
improve the electrification ratios.

40

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 40 8/27/2015 4:30:33 PM


Development of Solar Power Plants

Taking into account the wide geographical distribution of the population and difficulties in reaching
remote areas, PLN plans to build solar power plants as follows: centralized/communal solar power
plants (independent or hybrid operating mode). The components of hybrid solar power plants will
be adapted to the potential of particular prime energy available in the areas. With hybrid method, it
is expected that the electricity system can be operated optimally. The hybrid configuration is not only
planned for the locations that are not electrified yet, but also for the locations where fuel oil power
plants or any similar types of power plants are operated. The power plants will be operated in hybrid
mode with the existing power plants.

The development of these solar power plants is intended to electrify remote areas in order to increase
electrification ratio, to prevent additional used of oil proportionally due to an addition of load the
system served by diesel power plants, and to decrease production cost in certain areas where the
transportation cost for fuel oil are expensive; e.g. around the mountain peaks of Jayawijaya Papua.

Table-18. Development Plan for New and Renewable Energy


No Renewable Capacity 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 Total

1 MHPP MW 67 40 156 172 123 135 272 297 130 150 1542
2 Solar PV MWp 6 20 25 30 35 35 35 40 45 50 321
3 Wind PP MW 0 40 40 40 40 40 50 50 50 50 400
4 Biomass PP MW 15 30 40 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 435
5 Ocean PP MW 0 1 1 3 3 5 5 5 5 10 38
6 SPD CPO MW 0 30 30 40 40 45 45 50 50 55 385
7 PTMTD-LCS MW 0 0 15 20 25 35 35 40 40 40 250
8 Bio-Fuel Thousand kL 350 500 550 550 600 600 650 700 750 800 6050
TOTAL MW 88 161 307 355 316 345 492 532 370 405 3,371

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR ISOLATED POWER SYSTEMS

Besides the 6 interconnected power systems, there are more than 100 isolated systems spread
throughout the Eastern Indonesia region. The systems are spread over the provinces of Maluku,
North Maluku, Papua, West Papua, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara and Riau Islands as well
as Nias island, Belitung, Buton, Selayar, Karimun Java, Bawean and many other islands.

CO2 EMISSION PROJECTION

The system planning process in RUPTL 2015-2024 does not take into account the CO2 emissions
cost as one of variable costs. However, this does not mean that RUPTL ignoring the CO2 emissions
reduction. It can be seen from the number of geothermal and hydropower power plant candidates set
into the electrical system, even though they are not the lowest cost solution. The use of supercritical
boiler technology and ultra supercritical in Java also prove that PLN concerned with the efforts to
reduce CO2 emissions from power generation.

The amount of emissions is calculated from the amount of fuel used and converted into CO2 emissions
(in tonnes of CO2) by using a multiplier factor (emission factor) issued by the IPCC (Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change).

41

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 41 8/27/2015 4:30:34 PM


Figure-22 shows the CO2 emissions that would be generated with electricity production and fuel mix
as shown in Figure 5. From Figure-22 it can be seen that CO2 emissions in Indonesia will increase
from 201 million tons in 2015 to 383 million tonnes by 2024. Of the 383 million tons of emissions,
333 million tons (87%) comes from burning coal.

Juta tCO2
400

350

300

250

200

150

100

50

0
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Biomass HSD MFO LNG Gas Coal

Figure-22. CO2 Emission per Fuel Type (Indonesia)

The average grid emission factor for Indonesia in 2015 was 0.867 kg CO2/kWh, will increase to 0.934
kgCO2/kWh in 2017. The grid emission factorin 2018 also quite high due to the delay of geothermal
and hydro power plant projects. The grid emission factor will further decline due to the operation of
geothermal power plants and hydro projects so that the average grid emission factor in 2024 became
0.758 kgCO2/kWh.
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

CARBON FINANCE PROJECT

PLN will utilise carbon finance opportunities through the UNFCCC or outside the UNFCCC framework.
Carbon finance project implementation will be applied to all activities within the PLN, which has the
potential to obtain carbon finance.

Since the year 2002 PLN is aware of funding opportunities of carbon through the Clean Development
Mechanism (CDM) and do some assessment of potential CDM projects, and results to date PLN
has signed several ERPA (Emission Reduction Purchase Agreements). In addition PLN also develop
projects through the VCM (Voluntary Carbon Mechanism).

Since the expiration of the first commitment of the Kyoto Protocol by the end of 2012, the use of
carbon finance will be adjusted to the new carbon financing mechanisms, both within and outside
the UNFCCC framework of the UNFCCC.

42

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 42 8/27/2015 4:30:34 PM


RISK ANALYSIS

Based on the probability and impact if the risks occur, the risks have been mapped as shown in
Figure-23. The assessment of the risks and impact have been conducted with qualitative method
based on PLNs experience in carrying out similar programs in the past, and PLNs experience in
handling such risks in the past.

Determination of the risk impact is based on the impact to company cash flow and the impact on
smooth operation of the company

Very Large E

E.1 E.2 E.3 E.4 E.5

3 10 4 5
Large D
LEVEL OF PROBABILITY

D.1 D.2 D.3 D.4 D.5

7 11 1 2 9
Medium C

C.1 C.2 C.3 C.4 C.5

6 8 12
Small B

B.1 B.2 B.3 B.4 B.5

Very Small A

A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5


1 2 3 4 5

Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024


Not Significant Minor Medium Significant Disaster

SCALE OF IMPACT

Description :
EXTREME RISK: HIGH RISK:
3 Limited funding capacity risk 1 Change in electricity sector order/policy risk
4 PLN and IPP project completion delay risk 2 Unrealized electricity tariff rationalization risk
5 Unconformity power plant and transmission line risk 6 Non-oil primary energy supply constrain risk
7 Electricity consumption higher than demand projection risk
10 Increase of primary energy price risk 8 Power plant and transmission performance degradation risk
9 Transmission line system bottlenecking risk
11 Environmental risk
12 Disaster risk

Figure-23. Mapping Long-Term Risk Profile for 2015 - 2024

CONCLUSION

Assuming the economic growth during the next ten years average 6.8% and increasing from actual
electricity demand in 2014, projected electricity sales in 2024 are estimated to reach 464 TWh or a
growth rate of 8.7% over the next 10 years. The peak load in 2024 is projected to reach 74.5 GW.
In order to meet electricity demand, the development of new power plants during the period 2015-
2024 with total capacity of 70.1 GW has been planned.

43

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 43 8/27/2015 4:30:34 PM


In line with the development of aforementioned power plants, the development of 59 thousands
kms of transmission system will be required, consisting of 5,800 kms of 500 kV AC EHV transmission
lines, 1,100 kms of 500 kV HVDC transmission lines, 462kmsof 250kV HVDC transmission lines, 8,400
kms of 275 kV AC transmission lines, 40,400 kms of 150 kV HV transmission lines and 3,200 kms
of 70kV HV transmission lines. The additional transformer capacity required include 145,400 MVA
consisting of 78,400 MVA 150/20 kV transformers, 2,500 MVA 70/20 kV and 34,700 MVA 500/150
kV inter-bus transformers (IBT), 20,600 MVA 275/150kVIBT, 700 MVA 150/70 kV IBT, 5,000 MVA
500/275 kV IBT. In anticipation of electricity sales growth during the period 2015-2024, it will require
additional 164,400 kms of medium voltage grids, 138,600 kms of low voltage grid and 42,500 MVA
of distribution transformer capacities.

The overall investment required for power generation, transmission and distribution for the period
2015 2024 to meet the requirement of electrical power infrastructure development in Indonesia
is US$ 132.2 billion, consisting of power generation investment (including IPP) of US$ 97.0 billion,
transmission system investment of US$ 20.6 billion and distribution system of US$ 14.5 billion.

The funds for PLN investment will be met by PLN internal funds, loan/debt and the government equity
participation. PLNs internal funding capacity is limited and as such, all funds required for investment
will be obtained from debt. PLNs investment needs to be supported by increasing capacity for self-
funding and maintaining the ratio of debt to PLNs assets, so that it would continue to support the
development of electrical power supply. The role of the government equity participation each year
will be significant because it is politically difficult to raise electricity tariff to a level higher than the
basic generating cost (BPP) in the near term.
Executive Summary Electricity Supply Business Plan PT PLN (Persero) 2015-2024

44

LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd 44 8/27/2015 4:30:34 PM


LO Bk-3 Summary RUPTL (2015-2024) English.indd ii 8/27/2015 4:30:27 PM