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ASIA Kyoto: famous for traditional

handicrafts
Largest continent in the world Kawasaki: Marine engineering, cement
30% of total land surface of the earth and glass works
Entirely in Northern hemisphere except
for some Indonesian group of islands Yokohama: Thriving port with major
centre for precision engineering
Borders: Tokyo: heavy electrical engineering
North- Arctic ocean, industry
East-Pacific ocean, Nagasaki: Important industrial town of
West- Mediterranean Sea Kyushu island
Separated from Europe by Urals,
Caspian Sea, The Black sea, Caucasus NORTH KOREA: (capital-Pyongyang)
mountains and strait of Dardanelles in
the west SOUTH KOREA: (capital-Seoul) Ulsan-
Separated from Africa by the Red Sea Largest shipyards in the world
and Isthmus of Suez
Separated from North America by
Bering strait SOUTH EAST ASIA
IMPORTANT COUNTRIES
INDONESIA (Capital: Jakarta)-
AND THEIR CITIES
Occupies most of the Malay archipelago.
Lies between Indian and Pacific ocean
CHINA
Most populous and third largest country in Asia Island group of Indonesia: Sumatra, Java ,
Borders Russia and Mongolia north, India in Borneo, Bali, Lesser Sunda land, Sulawesi,
west and Laos, Vietnam in south Timor and western half of New Guinea island
Largest producer of tungsten( Kiangsi) and
IMPORTANT CITIES
antimony(Hunan)
Jakarta: Political headquarters.
Shanghai: Premier port
Important port handles all imports to
Nanking: textile hub
other domestic ports. Textiles, oil
Guangzhou: Lies at mouth of Sikiang
milling, rubber processing, steel work,
River. Famous for iron-steel, textiles,
food processing
chemicals, handicrafts and food
Java: Seperated from Sumatra island
processing industries
by Sunda strait
Bandung: First NAM conference was
JAPAN
held here. Volcanic plateau. Worlds
Most industrialized country in Asia with little
largest supplier of quinine
coal reserves but has highly developed hydro
electric power resources
Islands : HONSHU, HOKKAIDO, SHIKOKU,
KYUSHU

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SINGAPORE: MYANMAR:
Lies in the eastern end of Strait of Malacca. Borders India, Bangladesh,China, Laos,
Relatively central position among the islands. Thailand and Bay of Bengal.
(Major naval base and major Centerport) Buddhist temples Pagodas.
Land of Mountains and rivers.
Mandalay is on left bank of Irrawaddy
BRUNEI: river.
Leading producer of oil and worlds biggest Capital city Yangoon is leading port
LNG plants and famous for oil refining, steel, food
processing industries.
THE PHILIPPINES:
Lies west of Pacific Ocean. THAILAND:
75% population lives in its Luzon Borders Myanmar, Laos and
Cambodia.
island.
Known as rice bowl of South east Asia
Capital city Manila is headquarters of and Land of white elephants.
International Rice research institute.
Luzon in north and Mindanao in south BANGKOK: situated on Chao Phraya river is
are two large islands leading industrial city famous for ship building

VIETNAM: IMPORTANT SEAS AND


(Capital city Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city are OCEANS
major centers for engineering and food
processing industries.) PACIFIC OCEAN: Bering sea, Sea of
Okhotsk, Yellow sea, South China sea, Timor
LAOS: Only landlocked south east Asian sea, Java sea, Banda sea
nation. Borders Thailand, Myanmar, China,
Vietnam and Cambodia. Capital city Vientiane INDIAN OCEAN: Arafura sea, Arabian sea,
is located on Mekong river. Red sea

MALAYSIA: Lies between Thailand and ARCTIC OCEAN: Kara sea, Laptev sea, East
Singapore. Kuala Lumpur is on confluence of Siberian sea
Gombak and Kelang river. Ipoh: Tin mining,
IMPORTANT GULFS
karst topography.

INDIAN OCEAN: Persian Gulf, Gulf of


CAMBODIA: Located south of Laos between
Oman, Gulf of Aden
Thailand and Vietnam. Capital city Phnom
Penh is located on Mekong river that meets
PACIFIC OCEAN: Gulf of Tonkin, Gulf of
Tonle Sap river.
Thailand, Gulf of Ob

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IMPORTANT ISLANDS: IMPORTANT MOUNTAINS
Himalayan ranges: Lies North of
Gangetic plains. Example of Fold
PACIFIC OCEAN: Kurile(Kamchatka Mountains. Mt.Everest is the highest
peninsula), Ryukyu(submerged island), Spartly peak
and Parcel islands, Philippines archipelago( Karakoram Range: Lies north of
Luzon and Mindanao) Himalayas. Godwin Austin(K2) is the
highest peak located in Nepal
STRAITS Kailash range: East of Karakoram
Bering: Separates: Asia and North America range in Tibet
Connect: East Siberian sea with Bering sea Kunlun shan: Lies north of Tibet
Plateau and south of Tarim basin
Formosa(Taiwan) Separates: Taiwan and Tien shan: Lies north of Tarim basin
China Altai: Lies north of Tien shan
Connect: East and south china sea Arakan Yoma: Western Myanmar
continues through Andaman and
Malacca: Separates: Malaya peninsula and Nicobar islands, Sumatra, Java and
Sumatra other Indonesian islands
Connect: Java sea and Bay of Bengal Hindukush: Runs westwards of Pamir
knot to Elbruz
Sunda strait : Separates: Java and Sumatra Elbruz: Hindukush joins Armenian
Connect: Java sea and Indian Ocean knot at Caspian sea
Sulaiman: Extends southwards of
Strait of Hormuz: Separates: UAE and Iran Pamir along Pakistan and Afghanistan
Connect: Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf
Kirthar: Sulaiman takes the name of
Kirthar in the south
Strait of Bosphorous :Separates: Asia and
Zagros: North west of Makran upto
Europe
Armenia
Connect: Black sea and Sea of Marmara

Strait of Dardenelles: Separates: Asia and


IMPORTANT PLATEAUS
Europe Ladakh plateau: An inter-montane
Connect: Sea of Marmara and Mediterranean plateau lies between karakoram and
sea Himalayas
Tibet plateau: Between Kunlun shah
and Himalayas. Largest plateau in the
world (ht: 4250m)
Yunan: Lies south east of Tibet plateau

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Pamir: Located north west of Indian Caspian sea: Largest lake in the world.
sub-continent. Meeting point for central Separates Europe and Asia
Asian mountain ranges. Known as roof
of the world with highest
altitude(4900m)
IMPORTANT SURFACE
Mongolian: highest plateau above sea FEATURES
level lies between Altun shan and Tien
shan Manchurian plain: Formed by Amur
Indo-china: region of south east Asia river. Important cities located are
that exetends over Vietnam, Laos, Ashan, Shenyag, Fushun
Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar West Siberian plain: Extends from
Shan: Lies between Pegu Yoma and Urals to Yenisey river. One of the
Arkan Yoma in eastern Myanmar. lowest lowlands
Salaween river flows through the Rub-al-khali: Known as empty
region. Region important for tin, Quarter. A large continuous sand desert
tungsten, lead, silver and Ruby stone of southern Saudi Arabia
Arabian: It is a tilted block extending Dasht-I-Lut: Barren desert of Iran
over entrie Arabian peninsula
Dasht-I-Kavir: Largest salt desert of
Plateau of Anatolia: Euphrates and world in northern Iran
Tigris river flows through this region. It
is also known as Asia minor of Turkey
IMPORTANT RIVERS
IMPORTANT LAKES
a. EAST FLOWING(From North to
Lake Baikal: Located in Eastern Serbia. South)
Source of Lena river. Deepest body of Amur
water. Yangtze: longest River of Asia
Lake Balkash: In kazakhastan. North of in Szechuan basin. Shanghai
it is Karaganda coal basin and Wuhan are located on it.
Flows from Tibetan plateau to
Lake Van: Largest lake of Turkey.
East China sea
Highest density of salt content
Hwang Ho: Known as Chinas
Aral sea: Located between Kazakhastan
sorrow. Flows through loess
and Uzbekistan
land. Flows from Tibetan
Dead sea: located in west bank of
plateau to Gulf of Pohai
Jordan. An example of Rift valley lake.
Si Kiang: Best known for silk production. A
Deepest points of Asia & the worlds
fertile river basin flows from Eastern Yunan to
lowest lake. south China sea

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b. NORTH FLOWING ( west to east in
Russia)
Ob: Flows from Altai mountains
to Gulf of Ob
Yenisey: flows from Tannuala
mountains to Arctic ocean
Lena: Flows from Lake Baikal
to Arctic ocean

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