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### Contents

• 1. Problem Definition

..........................................................................................................................

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• 2. Analytical Solution ...........................................................................................................................

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• 3. Roe Scheme Solution .......................................................................................................................

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• 4. Results

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### Figure List

Figure 1. Comparing Density Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

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Figure 2. Comparing Pressure Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

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Figure 3. Comparing Velocity Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

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Figure 4. Comparing Total Energy Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

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Figure 5. Comparing Density Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

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Figure 6. Comparing Velocity Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 7. Comparing Total Energy Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn) . 11

Figure 8. Comparing Pressure Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

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### 2. Analytical Solution

In a shock tube problem, tube is divided by 5 areas. First area is from left side of tube to beginning of expansion fan. Second is up to end of the expansion fan. Third one is up to contact discontinuity. And the last one which divides the area is the shock. Below, these positions and formulations of state variables in these areas are presented.

Location contact discontinuity (pcd):

# )  t u

### end 4

Start of expansion fan (se)

# 1 end

End of expansion fan (eef)

#  c ]

### 4

Shock position (sp)

end

  1
 p /
4
4
2

3

4

#  t u

end 4

p

• 3

• 1

p

p

• 4 p

• 4   

• 1

  1

u

1

• 2 c

1

3
))
4

(

  1)

c

4

(

p

4

1)

p

3

c

p
1)
1
p

2

  1

(

   

(

2

 1

### 3. Roe Scheme Solution

The Roe approximate Riemann solver was one of the first method to compute the fluxes in a “simpler” way. It is based on approximating the Euler equation by a linear equation.

### 4. Results

Figure 1. Comparing Density Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 2. Comparing Pressure Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 3. Comparing Velocity Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 4. Comparing Total Energy Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.1, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 5. Comparing Density Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 6. Comparing Velocity Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 7. Comparing Total Energy Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)

Figure 8. Comparing Pressure Analytical and Roe Solution ( dx= 0.01, dt = 0.001 t_end =1.2 sn)