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A Brief History of Counselling

To understand the history of counselling, we begin with the realisation that throughout the years,
human beings have found comfort in sharing their problems or telling their story to others. The old
saying a problem shared is a problem halved tells us one universal human truth: that when things
get difficult or we have to make decisions in our life, sometimes we need someone to listen and
hear our story so we can get a better idea of our options.
Counselling history can be traced back to tribal times where people would came together in a group
and share their experiences and sometimes their dreams. As civilisation developed, religion offered
a type of counselling, usually by priests who would listen and advise parishioners on their problems
(they still do).
In the 1890s, German neurologist Sigmund Freud developed a theory later to be called
psychoanalysis, which allowed individuals to tell their problems to a psychoanalyst, an individual
trained in interpreting the subconscious , that part of our psyche that we are not aware of but
influences what we do. Freud played an important part in the history of counselling, but the actual
word counselling did not come into everyday language until the 1960s.
Counselling really took off after the Second World War, in 1950s America. Most of the therapies we
hear about today can trace their origins back to a handful of psychologists and psychiatrists (some of
whom we will look at in this guide) who developed techniques and theories, sometimes referred to
as schools of therapy.
The word school in counselling does not mean a building or campus. Rather it refers to how
psychologists believe human beings develop their view of the world they live in and how they cope
with it. The three schools are Psychoanalytical, Behaviourist, and Humanistic, which we will look at
later in this guide.
There have been many developments in counselling since the 1950s. A lot of research has taken
place and this has given us a better understanding of what makes human beings think and act in
certain ways. However most psychologists and counsellors would agree that we are a long way from
fully understanding what makes each human being unique.
When we consider the history of counselling, it is worth noting that with the introduction of new
techniques and research, the history of counselling is still being written today.

Source: http://counsellingtutor.com/introduction-to-counselling/history-of-counselling/