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Ateneo De Zamboanga University

Rhetorical Analysis
Just like it sounds, this is an essay where you prove or reprove a fact that already holds weight. Imagine
you are proving a fact to somebody who either cant comprehend it or is skeptical of its authenticity! This
type of analysis is based on facts and logic, so they tend to be in the fields of science and mathematics!

Literary Analysis
One of the most common types of analysis that college and high school students perform. After reading a
specific short or any piece of literature, provide an informative analysis of a certain situation, or critically
analyze a quote and its impact on the plot! This is different from rhetorical in the sense that a rhetorical
analysis is mostly based around logic and provable facts. A literary analysis usually goes deeper into things
such as emotion and decision making of certain characters!

Process Analysis
If we think about the definition, a process is a change from one state to another through several stages or
levels. A common way to explain this change would be through an essay format. This would require you to
explain its purpose, as well as explaining the transformation through a series of paragraphs.

Character Analysis
Usually used within the context of some sort of story/tale, character analysis is very similar to process
analysis. This type of essay requires you to explain and analyze the transformation of a character from the
initial point until the end. Things that should be analyzed are as follows: personality, character traits, mental
reformation, etc...

Poetry Analysis
This sort of analysis requires the writer to research the poems content, structure and historical significance
in an explanatory style. The goal is to make the reader understand the poems overall significance and its

Causal Analysis
If you have ever dealt with an annoying child ask WHY a million times in a row, then you have dealt with
this type of paper in real life! The causal essay requires you to answer a why question to the best of your
abilities. A lot of the times, questions cant be answered 100%. This is why the causal essay is also known
as the Speculating About Causes Essay. This requires you to describe the process that occurs, following up
with why you believe it occurred in this style.
Steps to Take Before Writing

Unless writing comes to you naturally, preparation is key in writing that well-rounded and high-
quality paper. So before you start typing up your masterpiece, 4 steps should be taken:

Brainstorm and Decide on a Topic

Create a strong Thesis,
Find Supporting Evidence
Create an Outline.

Brainstorm and Decide on a Topic:

Step 1 requires you to figure out what youre going to be writing about (obviously). Sometimes in
the advance you are given some options to pick from. You could have already been told what type of
analytical essay you have to write, or you could have just been thrown into the improvisation pool.
Regardless its important to scope in to your topic. When you get right down to it, the topic that you decide
to write about should match one that either interests you or it should be one that you fully understand. It
would be idiotic to pick a topic that you struggle to fully comprehend or one that puts you to sleep. Its fairly
important to write about something that you at least slightly enjoy!

Create a Strong Thesis:

The goal of the analytical essay is to prove a certain point that the writer is trying to make. From
the information that has been gathered, the writer needs to link things together and create a certain
decision. This decision is called a thesis, and its an argument that is created to prove an assumption
created by the writer, using facts and research. For certain topics, it's important to introduce the outside
forces that contributed to the creation of your thesis. For example, if you are talking about historical events,
it's important to introduce the external factors that led to your thesis. If we are talking about Scientific
Research, then considering the scientific method is a necessity.

The thesis shouldn't be a simple yes or no question with an answer. It should be a complex point
that has many interconnected factors. The thesis should be controversial and require tons of research to
come up with a respectable statement. Lastly, the thesis should be a high impact statement that strongly
effects the topic of choice.

Find Supporting Evidence

You won't be able to sway anybody with your thesis statement unless its backed by something.
This is why all good statements need research and analysis. It's important to gather information that
supports your argument. Depending on the type of essay, it wont necessarily be straightforward

If we are talking about a historical topic or some sort of scientific fact, then your supporting
evidence will evidently be facts taken from previous findings. However, if you are writing a literary analysis
essay, then most likely your evidence will be quotes from the story. This type of evidence requires analysis
and assumptions in regards towards how the reader should interpret the line.

Create an Outline
Organizing the structure of the essay is very important and makes the entire writing process easier. A
number of paragraphs in the paper carries little to no importance. It will vary based on the topic of
discussion and the thesis statement that is created. Regardless, the Intro-Body(s)-Conclusion style is a
staple in any Analytical Writing.

Structure of Analytical Piece


The introduction usually starts out with some sort of background information. Sometimes using a hook
statement can be effective, but it is not required. There is no specific style for the introduction, but
background information is the most common method of approach. You should provide information that is
relevant to your thesis. This information should start out broad and narrow down in relevance towards the
thesis. The structure will look something like this.

Hook Statement/ Brief Introductory Point

Background Info (Narrowed)
Transition sentence
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraphs

The main goal of the body paragraphs is to fully prove the thesis statement. Each individual paragraph
should focus on a certain aspect of the thesis. For example, if the thesis is centered around the evolution of
Will Hunting, then the body paragraphs should each hold their own point. One body paragraph focuses on
his diminishing self-guilt, and a second could talk about the ever increasing support system and its impact
on his mentality. The body paragraphs should maintain proper structure:

Topic Sentence: Introduce the main point of the body paragraph in one straightforward and effective

Analysis: Analyze your supporting evidence and explain how the evidence supports your thesis. This part
should take 1 or 2 sentences and is arguably the most important part of the entire essay. The reader will
see your understanding of the topic based on what you write within these 2 sentences. Make sure it`s
creative and impactful, but also keep it original!

Evidence: No analysis is complete without supporting evidence. This is where you show how you handled
the research. The analysis is created from the supporting evidence that you find, so they should always go
hand in hand. Make sure that these 2 parts link together in a straightforward manner.

Concluding Sentence: After providing a well thought out analysis and adding in evidence, the paragraph
should always add a concluding sentence. Restate to the reader your analysis and its significance to the
point in hand.

After reading a single body paragraph, the viewer should have clearly understood the argument or point
you were trying to prove. If he had some trouble painting himself a picture or understanding your logic, then
one or more parts of your body paragraph may have some mistakes.
It's important to mention that having numerous body paragraphs isnt that important. Depending on the
topic, each essay will vary based on the depth of the thesis. Quality over quantity goes a long way here.


The conclusion plays a vital role in the sense that it ties up the entire essay.
First things first, you should start out by restating your thesis statement. The significance of this is to clearly
exemplify to your viewer that you have fully proven the thesis and to summarize the steps you took in order
to do so. To end the entire essay, its necessary to create an overall concluding statement. This can be
either what you have learned from writing the essay or what the audience should take away from your
work. The structure should look like this:

Rephrase the Thesis statement

Summarize key points
Overall Concluding Statement
General Tips and Advice

After writing the entire essay, take a short break and then reread it from front to back. The chances are that
you will find parts of the paper which are filled with mistakes or parts that need clarity. Regardless of what
the issues are, make sure the essay has clarity before handing in completed work

Get a Second Pair of Eyes

Just because the essay made sense to you, doesnt mean that everyone else will receive it with the same
level of understanding. Peer edits help give the essay a wider range of clarity. The more people that edit
and improve the paper, the more universally understandable it becomes.

Make sure the thesis fits your argument points

Your paper will be highly judged based on how well you proved your thesis. Thats why its important to edit
your thesis based on the type of arguments you provided. If your explanations dont perfectly suit the thesis
statement you crafted, then adjust it accordingly.

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