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Course of oil and gas engineering EN0035 Instructions for Labo III DISTILLATION students : Juan CarlosMijhail Anatholi Romero Mamani Professor: Sebastien Roland Quesnel 2017-I " id="pdf-obj-0-2" src="pdf-obj-0-2.jpg">

Course of oil and gas engineering EN0035 Instructions for Labo III

DISTILLATION

students:

Juan Carlos Hinostroza Tacunan

Professor:

Sebastien Roland Quesnel

2017-I

A.

Introducción

Distillation of crude oil

Because they have different boiling points, the substances in crude oil can be separated using fractional distillation. The crude oil is evaporated and its vapors allowed to condense at different temperatures in the fractionating column. Each fraction contains hydrocarbon molecules with a similar number of carbon atoms.

Oil fractions

The diagram below summarizes the main fractions from crude oil and their uses, and the trends in properties. Note that the gases condense at the top of the column, the liquids in the middle and the solids stay at the bottom.

A. Introducción Distillation of crude oil Because they have different boiling points, the substances in crude

The fractionating column The main fractions include refinery gases, gasoline (petrol), nafta, kerosene, diesel oil, fuel oil, and a residue that contains bitumen. These fractions are mainly used as fuels, although they do have other uses too.

Hydrocarbons with small molecules make better fuels than hydrocarbons with large molecules because they are volatile, flow easily and are easily ignited.

  • B. Objectives

Labo distillation – instrumentation :

Know the main parameters and equipments of a simple distillation tower

Identify the accessories of instrumentation

Understand the basics of distillation

Labo PROMAX - simulation

Know the main parameters and equipments of a distillation tower of a crude oil

Study a simulation of a gas process

Understand complex simulation of oil and gas

  • C. Knowledges

Identify and know how work the main equipments of distillation

Know the main instruments of oil and gas

  • D. Equipments, materials, products

N

Description

Qty.

o

1

Computer - office

1

2

Software PROMAX Microsoft Word/excel

1

3

EN0035 TE7 midstream EN0035 TE8 downstream technology EN0035 TE9 distillation of crude oil

1

5

Products : water, ethanol

6

Gunt PLANT : discontinuous rectification

-

  • E. Discontinuous rectification

Ressources : appendice 1 extract of GUNT Manual Rectificaction of a mix 80% mass H2O – 20% mass ethanol

Question E-1 3 PT : identify the equipments and accessories on the picture (1-13)

Sensor of temperature
Sensor of
temperature
Vent valve Valve automatic control Drain valve Question E-2 2 PT : Identify on the previous
Vent valve
Vent valve
Valve automatic control
Valve automatic
control
Vent valve Valve automatic control Drain valve Question E-2 2 PT : Identify on the previous
Drain valve
Drain valve

Question E-2 2 PT : Identify on the previous picture a vent valve, a drain valve, an automatic control valve and the tag of the sensor of temperature of the top of the column ?

Question E-3 2 PT : Identify the cooling water circuit inlet/outlet and fix the water flow at 200L/h , indicate the tag/identification of the instrument ?

Vaccum pressure of the column (Tag :

)

Delta Pressure on the column (Tag :

)

Temperature of the bottom of the column (Tag :

)

Temperature of the head of the column (Tag :

)

Question E-4 1 PT : What kind of tray can you see in the tower ?

Question E-5 1 PT : Regarding the properties of water and ethanol, if a mix of water and ethanol is boiling in the column which component is going to vaporize first ? justify your answer

It is to be evaporated first is ethanol, because the boiling temperature of the water is approximately 100 ° C and the ethanol is 78.37 ° C, whereby the ethanol is vaporized first

Question F-6 2 PT : identifiy on the first picture the reflux line and the tag (identification of the temperature of the reflux line ?

Refluxe line F. Crude and Distillation – investigation Resources (list non exhaustive) : classes supply chainhttps://imagenes.repsol.com/pe_es/CartaPPT4_tcm18-737168.pdf " id="pdf-obj-6-2" src="pdf-obj-6-2.jpg">
Refluxe line F. Crude and Distillation – investigation Resources (list non exhaustive) : classes supply chainhttps://imagenes.repsol.com/pe_es/CartaPPT4_tcm18-737168.pdf " id="pdf-obj-6-4" src="pdf-obj-6-4.jpg">
Refluxe line
Refluxe line
  • F. Crude and Distillation – investigation

Resources (list non exhaustive) :

classes supply chain – distillation - downstream

Question F-1 = 2 PT : What are the names of the crude oils processed by the Pampilla refinery ¿ what are the main characteristics of these crude oils (°API, %S, origin,…) ?

Crudo Oriente/ 23º API, UDP Crudo Reducido Gasoleo Pesado Nafta Primaria

Question F-2 = 2PTS : What is the initial and final capacity of treatment of the refinery Pampilla before and after the project RLP21 ?

The distillation capacity of La Pampilla Refinery is above 100 thousand barrels per day in 2015, currently with the RLP 21 project is 117 thousand barrels per day, increasing production by 15%.

Question F-3 = 1.5PT : What are the main objectives of the project of modernisation of Pampilla ?

Reference:www.repsol.com.pe In the treatment the recovery of amines II and sulfur is sought: The Amines Section

Reference:www.repsol.com.pe

In the treatment the recovery of amines II and sulfur is sought:

The Amines Section will employ an amines called MDEA diluted to 40% by weight to recover the H2S produced in the Hydrotreating Unit. The Sulfur Recovery Section seeks to convert the H2S from the new amine regeneration unit to the treated gases and the existing sulfur units.

Light Gasoline Isomerization Unit:

Heavy Gasoline Reforming Unit that will operate in parallel with the existing Reforming unit in the Refinery, in which it will allow the refurbished naphtha to be completed for the blending of gasoline. Hydrogen Plant: construction and operation of a hydrogen plant inside the refinery. The capacity of the plant will be 1150 kg / h with the alternative that can operate with natural gas or hydro treated naphtha and combustible gas.

Leading to a production of low sulfur diesel fuel with less than 50 ppm

Follow what is stated in Law No. 28694 of Supreme Decree No. 061 of 2009

applied by the Ministry of Energy and Mine. Replace with new units and improve the capacity and competitiveness of the

refinery.

Question F-4 = 2.5 PT : What will be the type combustible for the new furnace of the unit of

Hydrotreatment of Mediums distillates ? the consumption of combustible ? and the operating conditions of pressure and temperature for this combustible ?

The type of fuel will be hydrogen that is occupied by an independent company. The capacity of the plant will be 1150 kg / h with option to operate with natural gas or with hydrotreated naphtha and combustible gas.