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Chapter 1
Data, information, knowledge
and processing
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By the end of this chapter, you will be able to:

m define the differences between data, information and knowledge


define static and dynamic data
compare static information sources with dynamic information sources
define direct and indirect data sources
understand the advantages and disadvantages of gathering data from direct and indirect data sources
understand how the accuracy, relevance, age, level of detail and completeness of information can affect its quality
describe the coding of data and discuss its advantages and disadvantages
evaluate the need to encode data and analyse different methods for encoding data
define encryption and describe different methods of encryption
evaluate the need for encryption and how it can be used to protect data
discuss encryption protocols
define validation and analyse a range of validation methods
define verification and analyse verification methods
explain the need for both validation and verification
define proof reading

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