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# (d) linear bilateral elements 1.

## Kirchhoff s current law states that

Ans: d (a) net current flow at the junction is positive
6. The concept on which Superposition theorem is based is (b) Hebraic sum of the currents meeting at the junction is zero
(a) reciprocity (c) no current can leave the junction without some current entering it.
(b) duality (d) total sum of currents meeting at the junction is zero
(c) non-linearity Ans: b
(d) linearity 2. According to Kirchhoffs voltage law, the algebraic sum of all IR drops and e.m.fs. in any closed loop of
a network is always
Ans: d
(a) negative
7. Thevenin resistance Rth is found
(b) positive
(a) by removing voltage sources along with their internal resistances
(c) determined by battery e.m.fs.
(6) by short-circuiting the given two terminals
(d) zero
(c) between any two open terminals
Ans: d
(d) between same open terminals as for Etk
3. Kirchhoffs current law is applicable to only
Ans: d
(a) junction in a network
8. An ideal voltage source should have
(b) closed loops in a network
(a) large value of e.m.f.
(c) electric circuits
(b) small value of e.m.f.
(d) electronic circuits
(c) zero source resistance
Ans: a
(d) infinite source resistance
4. Kirchhoffs voltage law is related to
Ans: c
(a) junction currents
9. For a voltage source
(b) battery e.m.fs.
(a) terminal voltage is always lower than source e.m.f.
(c) IR drops
(b) terminal voltage cannot be higher than source e.m.f.
(d) both (b) and (c)
(c) the source e.m.f. and terminal voltage are equal
(e) none of the above
Ans: b
Ans: d
10. To determine the polarity of the voltage drop across a resistor, it is necessary to know
5. Superposition theorem can be applied only to circuits having
(a) value of current through the resistor
(a) resistive elements
(b) direction of current through the resistor
(b) passive elements
(c) value of resistor
(c) non-linear elements
(d) e.m.fs. in the circuit
(b) active, passive, linear and nonlinear component Ans: b
(c) linear and bilateral component 11. Maximum power output is obtained from a network when the load resistance is equal to the output
resistance of the network as seen from the terminals of the load. The above statement is associated with
(d) non-linear and active component
(a) Millmans theorem
Ans: c
(b) Thevenins theorem
16. In any network containing more than one sources of e.m.f. the current in any branch is the algebraic
sum of a number of individual fictitious currents (the number being equal to the number of sources of (c) Superposition theorem
e.m.f.), each of which is due to separate action of each source of e.m.f., taken in order, when the
remaining sources of e.m.f. are replaced by conductors, the resistances of which are equal to the internal (d) Maximum power transfer theorem
resistances of the respective sources. The above statement is associated with Ans: d
(a) Thevenins theorem 12. Any number of current sources in parallel may be replaced by a single current source whose current
(b) Nortons theorem is the algebraic sum of individual source currents and source resistance is the parallel combination of
individual source resistances.The above statement is associated with
(c) Superposition theorem
(a) Thevenins theorem
(d) None of the above
(b) Millmans theorem
Ans: c
(c) Maximum power transfer theorem
17. Kirchhoff s law is applicable to
(d) None of the above
(a) passive networks only
Ans: b
(b) a.c. circuits only
13. In any linear bilateral network, if a source of e.m.f. E in any branch produces a current I in any other
(c) d.c. circuits only branch, then same e.m.f. acting in the second branch would produce the same current / in the first
branch. The above statement is associated with
(d) both a.c. as well d.c. circuits
(a) compensation theorem
Ans: d
(b) superposition theorem
18. Kirchhoff s law is not applicable to circuits with
(c) reciprocity theorem
(a) lumped parameters
(d) none of the above
(b) passive elements
Ans: c
(c) distributed parameters
14. Which of the following is non-linear circuit parameter ?
(d) non-linear resistances
(a) Inductance
Ans: c
(b) Condenser
19. Kirchhoff s voltage law applies to circuits with
(c) Wire wound resistor
(a) nonlinear elements only
(d) Transistor
(b) linear elements only
Ans: a
(c) linear, non-linear, active and passive elements
15. A capacitor is generally a
(d) linear, non-linear, active, passive, time varying as wells as
(a) bilateral and active component
time-in-variant elements
(c) greater than the load resistance Ans: d
(d) none of the above 20. The resistance LM will be
Ans: a (a) 6.66 Q
25. If the energy is supplied from a source, whose resistance is 1 ohm, to a load of 100 ohms the source (b) 12 Q
will be
(c) 18Q
(a) a voltage source
(d) 20Q
(b) a current source
Ans: a
(c) both of above
21. For high efficiency of transfer of power, internal
(d) none of the above
resistance of the source should be
Ans: a
(a) equal to the load resistance
26. The circuit whose properties are same in either
(b) less than the load resistance
direction is known as
(c) more than the load resistance
(a) unilateral circuit
(d) none of the above
(b) bilateral circuit
Ans: b
(c) irreversible circuit
22. Efficiency of power transfer when maximum
(d) reversible circuit
transfer of power c xerosis
Ans: b
(a) 100%
27. In a series parallel circuit, any two resistances in the same current path must be in
(b) 80%
(a) series with each other
(c) 75%
(b) parallel with each other
(d) 50%
(c) series with the voltage source.
Ans: d
(d) parallel with the voltage source
23. If resistance across LM in Fig. 2.30 is 15 ohms, the value of R is
Ans: a
(a) 10 Q
28. The circuit has resistors, capacitors and semiconductor diodes. The circuit will be known as
(6) 20 Q
(a) non-linear circuit
(c) 30 Q
(b) linear circuit
(d) 40 Q
(c) bilateral circuit
Ans: c
(d) none of the above
24. For maximum transfer of power, internal resistance of the source should be
Ans: a
29. A non-linear network does not satisfy
(b) less than the load resistance
(a) equivalent current source and impedance in series (a) superposition condition
(6) equivalent current source and impedance in parallel (b) homogeneity condition
(c) equivalent impedance (c) both homogeneity as well as superposition condition
(d) equivalent current source (d) homogeneity, superposition and associative condition
Ans: a Ans: c
35. Millmans theorem yields 30. An ideal voltage source has
(a) equivalent resistance (a) zero internal resistance
(6) equivalent impedance (b) open circuit voltage equal to the voltage on full load
(c) equivalent voltage source (c) terminal voltage in proportion to current
(d) equivalent voltage or current source (d) terminal voltage in proportion to load
Ans: d Ans: a
36. The superposition theorem is applicable to 31. A network which contains one or more than one source of e.m.f. is known as
(a) voltage only (a) linear network
(b) current only (b) non-linear network
(c) both current and voltage (c) passive network
(d) current voltage and power (d) active network
Ans: d Ans: c
37. Between the branch voltages of a loop the Kirchhoff s voltage law imposes 32. The superposition theorem is applicable to
(a) non-linear constraints (a) linear, non-linear and time variant responses
(b) linear constraints (b) linear and non-linear resistors only
(c) no constraints (c) linear responses only
(d) none of the above (d) none of the above
Ans: b Ans: c
38. A passive network is one which contains 33. Which of the following is not a nonlinear element ?
(a) only variable resistances (a) Gas diode
(b) only some sources of e.m.f. in it (b) Heater coil
(c) only two sources of e.m.f. in it (c) Tunnel diode
(d) no source of e.m.f. in it (d) Electric arc
Ans: d Ans:
39. A terminal where three on more branches meet is known as 34. Application of Nortons theorem to a circuit yields
(a) R/6 (a) node
(b) fi? (b) terminus
(c) 2R (c) combination
(d) 4R (d) anode
Ans: b Ans: a
45. A delta circuit has each element of value R/2. The equivalent elements of star circuit with be 40. Which of the following is the passive element ?
(a) RIG (a) Capacitance
(b) R/3 (b) Ideal current source
(c) 2R (c) Ideal voltage source
(d) 3R (d) All of the above
Ans: a Ans: a
56. In Thevenins theorem, to find Z 41. Which of the following is a bilateral element ?
(a) all independent current sources are short circuited and independent voltage sources are open circuited (a) Constant current source
(b) all independent voltage sources are open circuited and all independent current sources are short (b) Constant voltage source
circuited
(c) Capacitance
(c) all independent voltage and current sources are short circuited
(d) None of the above
(d) all independent voltage sources are short circuited and all independent current sources are open
circuited Ans: c
Ans: d 42. A closed path made by several branches of the network is known as
57. While calculating Rth in Thevenins theorem and Norton equivalent (a) branch
(c) circuit
Ans: b
Ans: a 43. A linear resistor having 0 < R < o is a
58. The number of independent equations to solve a network is equal to (a) current controlled resistor
(a) the number of chords (6) voltage controlled resistor
(b) the number of branches (c) both current controlled and voltage controlled resistor
(c) sum of the number of branches and chords (d) none of the above
(d) sum of number of branches, chords and nodes Ans: c
44. A star circuit has element of resistance R/2. The equivalent delta elements will be
Ans: a
59. The superposition theorem requires as many circuits to be solved as there are
(a) sources, nodes and meshes
(b) sources and nodes
(c) sources
(d) nodes
Ans: c
60. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) A branch formed by the parallel connection of any resistor and open circuit has the characteristic of
an open circuit.
(b) A branch formed by the parallel connection of any resistor R and a short circuit has the characteristic
of a short circuit.
(c) A branch formed by the series connection of any resistor R and an open circuit has the characteristic
of an open circuit.
(d) A branch formed by the series connection of any resistor R and a short circuit has the characteristic of
resistor R.
Ans: a