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1 -1120

1 -1120


1 .......................................................................................................................................6
1.1 ...................................................................................................6
1.2 ...............................................................................................................6
1.3 .................................................................................................9
1.4 ..............................................................................................................10
1.4.1 ............................................................................10
1.4.2 ...........................................................................................10
1.5 .....................................................................................................10
1.6 - ..............................................................................11
2 ......................................................................................................................12
2.1 ............................................................................................12
2.2 ...........................................................................................................12
2.2.1 ..........................................................................................................12
2.2.2 .......................................................................................12
2.2.3 ......................................................................................................12
2.2.4 .....................................................................................................13
2.2.5 .....................................................................13
2.2.6 .................................................................................................13
2.3 ......................................................................................................................13
2.3.1 .................................................................................................13
2.3.2 ....................................................................................13
2.4 .........................................................................................................13
2.4.1 ......................................................................13
2.4.2 ................................................................14
2.5 ......................................................................................................14
2.5.1 .......................................................14
2.5.2 ...........................................................................................15
2.5.3 ...................................................................................15
2.5.4 .............15
2.5.5 ........................................................................................16
3 .....................................................................................................................................16
3.1 ...................................................................................................................16
3.2 E1......................................................................................................................16
3.2.1 / ...................................................................................16
3.2.2 ...............................................21

2
1 -1120

3.2.3 ............................................................................22
3.2.4 ......................................................................................23
A. ..............................................................................................23
B. ..............................................................................................................25
3.2.5 ................................................................................26
3.2.6 ....................................................................................................28
3.2.7 ........................................................................29
3.3 ...........................................................................................30
3.3.1 ...............................................................................................................30
3.3.2 ..............................................................31
3.3.3 ..................................................................................................32
3.4 IP .............................................................................................................32
3.4.1 ..........................................................................................32
3.4.2 Ping (Ethernet )......................................................................................33
3.5 Mux & Demux ..................................................................................................35
3.6 Drop & Insert.....................................................................................................35
3.6.1 ...............................................................................................................35
3.6.2 ..................................................................................................38
3.7 G.703 CO .....................................39
3.7.1 G.703 CO. Mux&Demux .................................................40
3.7.2 G.703 CO. Drop & Insert .............................41
3.7.3 G.703 CO ...............................................42
3.7.4 G.703 CO. Mux & Demux ............................43
3.7.5 G.703 CO. Drop & Insert .............................43
3.8 ..........................................................................................43
3.9 ...........................................................................................................44
3.9.1 .................................................................................................44
3.9.2 & ..........................................................................................................44
3.9.3 .....................................................................................................................44
3.9.4 ............................................................................44
3.9.5 ............................................................44
3.9.6 .........................................................................................45
4 ......................................................................................................45
4.1 ..............................................................................................................................45
4.2 ...............................................................................................45
4.2.1 1 ......................................................................................45

3
1 -1120

:............................................................................................................................46
:............................................................................................................................47
: .........................................................................................................................48
4.2.2 ...................................................48
4.2.3 G.703 CO 64/c.............................50
G.703 CO Drop & Insert ............................................51
4.2.4 Mux & Demux ............................................................52
4.2.5 Drop & Insert .............................................................53
5 ......................................................................................................................54
5.1 1...........................................................................................................54
5.1.1 . ...........................................................................................54
5.1.2 .............................................................................................................54
5.1.3 ................................................................................................................55
5.2 G.703 CO ...............................................................................................56
5.2.1 ............................................................................................56
5.3 DATACOM .........................................................................................57
5.3.1 . ...........................................................................................57
5.3.2 .............................................................................................................58
5.3.3 ................................................................................................................59
5.3.4 .....................................................................................................................59
6 TestManagerPro .....................................................................................................60
6.1 .............................................................................................60
6.2 .................................................................................................60
6.2.1 ...........................................................................60
6.2.2 ........................................................60
6.2.3 .........................................................................60
6.3 TestManagerPro ...................................................................60
6.3.1 TestManagerPro ................................................................................60
6.3.2 TestManagerPro.................................................................................61
6.4 TestManagerPro ..........................................................................................61
6.4.1 ..........................................................................................61
6.4.2 TestManagerPro ...................................................................................61
7 .................................................................................................61
7.1 ..................................................................................................61
7.2 ....................................................................................................61
7.3 ...................................................................................61

4
1 -1120

7.4 ......................................................................62
7.5 .....................................................................................62
: E1............................................................................................63
I. PCM30 .......................................................................................................63
II. PCM30 CRC (ITU-T G.704) .........................................................................64
III. PCM30 CRC (ITU-T G.704) .........................................................................65
: QBF ....................................................................................................66
QBF1 ................................................................................................................................66
QBF2 ................................................................................................................................66
QBF3 ................................................................................................................................67
QBF3 ................................................................................................................................67
: 1 ...........................................................................................................69
I. ...................................................................................................................................69
II. .........................................................................................................70
: Datacom. .......................................................71
I. V.24 (DTE) ..........................................................................71
II. V.24 (DE) ..........................................................................71
III. V.35 (DTE) ..........................................................................72
IV. V.35 (DCE) ..........................................................................73
V. V.36 (DTE) ..........................................................................74
VI. V.36 (DCE) ..........................................................................75
VII. RS-449 (DTE) ......................................................................76
VIII. RS-449 (DCE) ......................................................................77
IX. X.21 (DTE)...........................................................................78
X. X.21 (DCE) ..........................................................................79
XI. RS-485 (DTE) ......................................................................80
XII. RS-485 (DCE) ......................................................................81
XIII. EIA-530 (DTE) .....................................................................82
XIV. EIA-530 (DCE) .....................................................................83
XV. EIA-530A (DTE)...................................................................84
XVI. EIA-530A (DCE)...................................................................85
: Datacom. ...............................................................................................86

5
1 -1120

1
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OSI.

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HDB3 AMI
120 () 75 ()

BER 2 /c, N64 /

6
1 -1120

:
LOS Loss of Signal
AIS Alarm Indication Signal
LOF Loss of Frame
RAI - Remote Alarm Indicator
RMA - Remote Multiframe Alarm - ,
CRC MF Loss CRC
CAS MF Loss - CAS
Pattern Loss Alarms -
:
BIT ,
Code
FAS
CRC-4
E-BIT E-.

(
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BER Code, FAS, CRC-4 and E-BIT
FAS/NFAS, MFAS/NMFAS


CAS CCS

APS


Si, Sa, A, FAS, CRC-4, MFAS, NMFAS, E-BIT



CAS CCS



999 /
1
BER Code, FAS, CRC-4 and E-BIT
FAS/NFAS, MFAS/NMFAS


CAS CCS




7
1 -1120

( %)

KIWI-1120-2


(/ )
Ethernet
PING TCP/IP
KIWI-1120-1
BER V.24, V.35, V.36, X.21, RS-449, RS-485, EIA-530(A)
BER 50 / 57 /
BER 1200 / 2048 /
DCE/DTE


64 / G.703 CO KIWI-1120-5
BER



Mux/Demux KIWI-1120-3
BER E1- N64 /
BER E1-G.703 CO 64 /c


E1
Drop & Insert KIWI-1120-4
Insert: Nx64 /c (
G.703 CO) 1
Drop: 1
G.703 CO
Drop + Insert: Drop Insert


E1 : ,

:
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G.703 CO
: ,


BER : (PRBS), ,
16- , QBF
:

8
1 -1120



ITU-T G.821, G.826 M.2100
USB Ethernet



1.3
1:
KIWI-1120 1 KIWI-E1
:
-


1

4
KIWI-1120-1 ,
1

1
KIWI-1120-2 1
KIWI-1120-3 MUX/DEMUX 1
KIWI-1120-4 Drop & Insert 1
1
KIWI-1120-5 , 1
G.703 CO Datacom 1
1-1:
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1 KIWI-1120 1 1
75 E1 2 -
1
120 E1 1 ( )
E1 1 CD TestManagerPro 1
1 75 1 1
USB 1 1
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9
1 -1120

1.4
1.4.1
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: SMB E1 ( RxA, RxB, TxA),
DB-44 ( , (120 ) E1, ,
, G.703), 8.4.
: USB - , Master-slave USB - , Ethernet , I/O .
1.4.2
. 1-1.

DB44M
( E1 120 , Datacom)

SMB SMB
E1 75 ( A B) E1 75 ()


:
Ethernet,
USB-A, USB-B,

(/)


1-1:
1.5
1 5 .
. 1-2.

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10
1 -1120


,
.
1-3.


.

-

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255

SIG LOS . , , 32

255 ( ITU-T
G.775 / G.962)
6
PAT LOS 64
.


BIT, FAS, CODE, CRC4 E-BIT
1-3
1.6 -
.
1-4.


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E1. ,
1,
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E1.

2 2 / E1 (
),


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11
1 -1120

2
2.1
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500 - 800 -.
4-6 ,
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12
1 -1120

2.2.4
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2.4
USB Ethernet
TestManagerPro.
( ).
TestManagerPro .
2.4.1
USB
Ethernet.
.

13
1 -1120

Ethernet IP .
TestManagerPro, ,
(USB Ethernet). Ethernet ,
IP . , ,
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.
2.4.2
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2.5

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: 100~240 , 50/60 ,
0.5A. : 8.4 ,
1200 A.
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14
1 -1120

2.5.2
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: 0 50 ;
: 3050 .
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70 - 100 .
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15
1 -1120

2.5.5
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3
3.1
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. : 1, , IP , Mux &
Demux, Drop & Insert G.703 CO.. :
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3-1
3.2 E1
3.2.1 /
E1, /,
(. 3-2).
, .

16
1 -1120

3-2 3-3
/ /

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.
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/ 1 BER -
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1.
3-1.
1 (PCM30, PCM30CRC, PCM31 PCM31CRC)
: 1.

2.048/ .
PCM30 1, CAS CRC4.
PCM30CRC 1, CAS CRC4.
PCM31CRC 1, CAS, CRC4.
PCM31 1 CAS CRC4.
3-1:
3-2.

75 75 , . BNC
120 , .

120 ,
- . .
HDB3 (High Density Bipolar 3),
HDB3
.

17
1 -1120

HDB3 ,
AMI.
HDB3


(Alternate Mask
Inversion). AMI
.
AMI
. AMI

.
3-2 1 .
:
AMI

.

/ 1

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3-4 3-5

FAS/NFAS.
CAS/MFAS

: :
(BIT), (CODE), (FAS),
(CRC4 E-BIT). :

18
1 -1120

,

( ),
.

3-6 G.821 3-7 G.826


G.821
: (ES, %ES), (SES, %SES),
(DM, %DM) (UAS, %UAS).
.
G.826
(EBS, %EBS), (SEBS, %SEBS),
( ,
SEBS, UAS) (BBE, %BBE) (UAS, %UAS).
M.2100 1.
M2100 1 ( -RX
-TX) : (ES, %ES),
(SES, %SES) (UAS, %UAS).
(RX)
.
(X)
.
:
M.2100 1.
, .2100
E1.

19
1 -1120

3-8 2100 3-9


, 3.3.

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(AIS). ( ).
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CRC-4.
3-3

20
1 -1120

3.2.2
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1,
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3-10 3-11

1,
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21
1 -1120

.
PCM30

PCM30
PCM31

PCM31
CRC

CRC

CODE
FAS

CRC4
MFAS CRC4

E-BIT
MFAS CRC4
3-4
3.2.3

APS. .
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3-12 3-13



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APS
1.

22
1 -1120

3-14 3-15
APS

3.2.4

1.
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1 .
(. 3-16). (. 3-17) ,
.

23
1 -1120

3-16 3-17

3-17 FAS/NFAS 3-18 CAS 16


16 3-5.

ABCD
16 ABCD
3-5 16

24
1 -1120

:
ABCD 0000,


: , ,
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/ 1.

3-20 3-21

B.

1
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1.

25
1 -1120

3-22 3-23

3.2.5

3-24
:
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E1 (75 120 ).
.

26
1 -1120

3-6.


75 / G.703 75.
120 / G.703 120

75 G.703 75
120 G.703 120
3-6
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1,
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3-7.

+Ve .
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3-7

3-25 3-26.

3-25 3-26

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27
1 -1120


. .
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, G.703
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-43dB
.

3.2.6

3-27 3-28

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0.5UI ~ 16UI.

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28
1 -1120

3-29 3-30

3-8.

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(18-100) ( ).
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ITU-T G.823
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18-100, 2048 /) 0.2UI.

3.2.7

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29
1 -1120

3-31 3-32



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(75 120 ). (75 ),
2.37 .
(120 ), 3 .
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30
1 -1120

3-33 3-34
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3-35

31
1 -1120

3.3.3
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3-36
3.4 IP
3.4.1

(. 3-37) IP
(,
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1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 5000 .
- .
: IP , , DNS, . 3-38.

32
1 -1120

3-37 3-38


traceroute .

3-39
3.4.2 Ping (Ethernet )

(. 3-40) IP
.

33
1 -1120

- .
: IP , , DNS, . 3-41.

3-40 Ping 3-41 Ping


Ethernet Ethernet

PING.

3-42 Ping Ethernet

34
1 -1120

3.5 Mux & Demux



Mux & Demux (. 3-43).
(MUX, DEMUX),
(DCE/DTE).

3-43 Mux & Demux 3-44 Mux & Demux


.
.
.
:
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, .


Mux & Demux
,
(Datacom G.703 CO.).
3.6 Drop & Insert
3.6.1
Drop & Insert.
: (DROP, INSERT, DROP+INSERT),
(DCE/DTE) 3-45.

35
1 -1120

A. Insert ()

3-45 Insert 3-46 Insert


Insert
(V.24, V.35,
V.36, X.21, RS-449, RS-485, EIA-530, EIA-530A),
3-46.
:
Drop, Insert, Drop + Insert,
DCE.
1
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Insert, ,
1.
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(Insert), ,
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36
1 -1120

Insert G.703 CO.


KIWI-1120-5 (
G.703 CO Datacom). G.703 CO
G.703.
B. Drop ()

3-47 Drop 3-48 Drop

Drop
Drop (V.24, V.35, V.36, X.21, RS-449, RS-485, EIA-530, EIA-
530A), 3-47.
1
/ 1 .
:
Drop,
1. ,
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Drop G.703 CO.
KIWI-1120-5 (
G.703 CO Datacom). G.703 CO
G.703.

37
1 -1120

C. Drop+Insert
Drop+Insert
Drop+Insert (V.24, V.35, V.36, X.21, RS-449, RS-485, EIA-530,
EIA-530A), , 3-49.

1
/ 1 .

. 3-49 . 3-50
Drop+Insert Drop+Insert

.
:
Drop+Insert .

.

Drop+Insert G.703 CO.


KIWI-1120-5 (
G.703 CO Datacom). G.703 CO
G.703.
3.6.2
A. Insert
Insert, ,
,
. 3-51.

38
1 -1120

Fig 3-51 Insert


B. Drop
Drop 1,

.
C. Drop+Insert
Drop+Insert Drop
Insert, .
3.7 G.703 CO

G.703 CO ,
3-52.
1 1
.
G.703 CO
(1000 ).

39
1 -1120

. 3-52 G.703 . . 3-53 G.703 .

3.7.1 G.703 CO. Mux&Demux


KIWI-1120-5 (
G.703 CO Datacom) Mux&Demux
G.703 CO. (. 3-54).

3-54 G.703 CO. 3-55


Mux & Demux Mux & Demux
G.703 CO. Mux & Demux
, . BER

40
1 -1120

64 /c,
G.703 CO. 1. Mux
Demux, G.703 CO
. G.703 CO 64 /c,
1.
G.703 CO. Mux
Mux E1.
BER-, , ,
.
G.703 CO. Demux
Demux 1.
BER-, , ,
.
:
Mux & Demux, 1 G.703 CO
.

,
(
).

3.7.2 G.703 CO. Drop & Insert


KIWI-1120-5 (
G.703 CO Datacom) Drop & Insert
G.703 CO. (. 3-56).

3-56 G.703 CO. Drop & Insert

41
1 -1120

G.703 CO., Drop & Insert


G.703 CO / . 3-
56. 64 /c
1, 1
G.703 CO. / ,
Mux & Demux.
.
:
Drop & Insert
1 G.703 CO. ,

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(
).


3.7.3 G.703 CO
.
. G.703 . :
, G.821, ,
. 3-57 3-58.

. 3-57 . 3-58 G.821



.

.

42
1 -1120

, G.821,
/ 1 .
,
G.703 CO. ,
.
, .
3.7.4 G.703 CO. Mux & Demux
G.703 . ,
G.703 CO, .
G.703 CO ,
/ 1,
3.7.5 G.703 CO. Drop & Insert
Insert, G.703 CO. ,
G.703 CO.
Drop, G.703 CO. ,
G.703 CO.,
1, E1, .
.
Drop & Insert, G.703 CO,
Drop.
3.8
,
3-59, , . 3-60.

. 3-59 3-60

43
1 -1120


. .
3.9
,
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(. 3-61.)

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3.9.1

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(USB, Ethernet) , , Ethernet .
3.9.2 &
& .
3.9.3
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3.9.4
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3.9.5

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44
1 -1120

3.9.6
,
.

4
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4.1
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50 / 2048 /c
10 .
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4.2
4.2.1 1
4.2.1.1 BER 1
BER , ,

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45
1 -1120

LTE - (PDH, SDH)

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4-3:

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46
1 -1120

FAS, CODE, CRC4 E-BIT.



CAS/CCS, FAS/NFAS.
4-3
4-4.
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4.2.1.3 BER 1 Nx64/c


BER 1.
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47
1 -1120

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1.
/ BER
.

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1 3 1 29 30
1. BER
2,3 29, 30.
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4-5: BER N64


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N64
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4.2.2
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. BER
V.24 (RS-232/V.28), V.35, V.36, X.21, RS-
485, RS-449, EIA-530, EIA-530A .
50 /c
2.048 /c.
,
.
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48
1 -1120

, , .
, .

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, V.11, V.28 V.35. , X.21
V.11.
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49
1 -1120

4-8 ( )
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4.2.3 G.703 CO 64/c
G.703 CO.:
.
.
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4-9
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4-10

50
1 -1120

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4-11
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.

G.703 CO Drop & Insert


Drop & Insert E1-G.703 CO
. 4.12. ,
.
Drop & Insert (Drop, Insert)
(Drop + Insert).
.
.

51
1 -1120

4-12 G.703 CO. Drop & Insert


4.2.4 Mux & Demux
Mux & Demux ,
.
E1-V.35, E1-V.24 E1-G.703 CO.
.
Nx64 1,
.

BER .
KIWI-1120 /,
G/703 CO..
, .

,
. E1
V.24, V.35, V.36, X.21, RS-449, RS-485, EIA-530, EIA-530A, G.703 CO
.
.
DCE,
.
, E1-V.35
E1-G.703 CO.
:
BER Mux & Demux,

1. ,
1
, 1.
/

52
1 -1120

.
1,
. 1 ,
.

4.2.5 Drop & Insert


Drop & Insert E1 V.24, V.25, V.36, X.21, RS449,
RS485, EIA530, EIA530A, G.703 CO. (Insert,
Drop) (Drop & Insert) .
Mux & Demux,
Drop & Insert 4-13.

4-13 Drop & Insert

53
1 -1120

5
5.1 1
5.1.1 .
: 1(2048 /)
: AIS
(CAS, CRC)
(RDI, RMF)



( . 5-1)

2 AIS

3 MF CAS MF CRC

4 MF
5-11: E1
: G.703, G.706, G.732
PCM30 G.704 CAS
PCM31 G.704
PCM30CRC - G.704 CAS CRC4
PCM31CRC - G.704 CRC4
: (PRBS): 223-1, 215-1, 211-1, 29-1
: 1111, 0000, 1010
16Bit: 16
PRBS:
: , ,
: G.821, G.826, M.2100
5.1.2
: HDB3, AMI
: 75 ( ), 120 ()
: ITU-T G.703
: ITU-T G.823

54
1 -1120

: , ,
2 / HDB3
: 2048
: 10 ppm 0 50
: 2 ppm ()
: 999 ppm
: ,
(BIT, CODE, FAS, CRC4, E-BIT)
: 110-2 110-7
5.1.3
: 2.048 / 999 ppm
: HDB3, AMI
: -43
: /: 75 120
: 75 120
(): >2
: FAS/NFAS/Sa/Si, DATA, ABCD, MFAS/CAS
.
:
: 200 3600
: 1
: -60.0 +3.14
: -60.0 -40.0 : 1.5
-40.0 +3.14 : 0.05
: 1 .
():
: 20 100
: 0 140
: 0.1 (1 40 );
0.2 (0.11 )
: -43
: ITU-T O.172
: 8100, ITU-T O.172
: 10%2XY2Z 00.2

55
1 -1120

5%2XY2Z 0.21140
: X = 0.03 , Y = 0.10 , Z = (f 30)/7010%
f =
:
,
: : HDB3, AMI
: , 75, 120
: -43
: 2.37 ( 75 ), 3 ( 120 )
: 0.01 , 0.04
5.2 G.703 CO
5.2.1
: G.703 64 /
: ITU-T G.703
: AMI
: (SIGNAL LOSS) (AIS)
(PATTERN LOSS)
(ERRORS)
(CLOCK SLIP)
(OCTET LOSS)
: , ,
: , G.821, ,
, .
: 120
: G.703
: (PRBS): 223-1, 215-1, 211-1, 29-1

: 1111, 0000, 1010
16Bit: , 16
: ,
(BIT, CODE, FAS, CRC4, E-BIT)
110-2 110-7
: .
: 64

56
1 -1120

: 30 ppm 0 50,
: 2 ppm
C : /
: 64/ 150 ppm
: ITU-T G.823 3
: ,
5.3 DATACOM
5.3.1 .
: V.24, V.35, V.36, X.21, RS-449, RS-485, EIA-530, EIA-530A
a. V.24
: RS-232/V.28
- DB25
128/
/
: : -15 -5: 1 /
+5 +15: 0 /
: 30/
. : 100
: : > +3.0: 0/
< +0.8: 1 /
b. V.35
: 34
(V.35)
(V.28/V.24)
: : 0.440.66
: 50 150
-: 150 10%
: 40
: 0.6
: : 100 10%
-: 150 10%
c. V.36
: DB37
(V.11)
(V.10)
120
2048 /
/
V.11: : 2 100
5
: 20
: 0.6
. : 150
V.11: : 0.3
: 4

57
1 -1120

V.10: : 46
450 : 3.6
. : 150
V.10: 0.3
: 3.25
: 4
d. X.21
: DB37
(V.10/V.11)
120
2048 /
/
e. RS-449
: DB15
(V.11)
120
2048 /
/

f. RS-485
: DB25
(V.11)
120
2048 /
/
g. EIA-530/530A
: DB25
(V.11)
120
2048 /
/
5.3.2

: V.24, V.35, V.36, RS-485, RS-449, EIA-530, EIA-530
DTE/DCE: .
X.21 DTE: ; X.21 DCE:

: 1.2, 2.4, 4.8, 7.2, 9.6, 19.2, 38.4 , N64 (N=1~32) /
: 30 ppm
: 50 /c 2.048 /c
: DATACOM

: 50/, 75/, 150/, 300/, 600/, 1.2K/,
2.4/, 4.8/, 7.2/, 9.6/, 19.2/,
57.6/.
: : 5,6,7,8

58
1 -1120

: , , 1, 0,
: 1 2 ( 6,7,8 )
1.5 ( 5 )
: (PRBS): 220-1,215-1,211-1,29-1,26-1

: 1111, 0000, 1010
16Bit: 16
QBF: QBF1-QBF4 ( )
: ,
(BIT, CODE, FAS, CRC4, E-BIT)
110-2 110-7
5.3.3

: 2.048 /.
: V.24, V.35, V.36, RS-485, RS-449, EIA-530, EIA-530
DCE: .
X.21 DCE:
V.24, V.35, V.36, RS-485, RS-449, EIA-530, EIA-530
DTE: .


:
:
:

5.3.4
USB: USB2.0
: 19200
: 8
: None
: 1
: Li-ion, 4
: : 100 240, 50/60
: 8.4 /1.2 A
: 23311064
: 760 .
: 0 50
: -30 +70
: 5% 95%

59
1 -1120

6 TestManagerPro
6.1
TestManagerPro , USB
Ethernet .
, .
. TestManagerPro
,
. TestManagerPro
, ,
.
TestManagerPro:








.
6.2
6.2.1
: x86 133 : 64
: 50 CD-RO ( )
, USB / Ethernet

6.2.2
:
Windows98/Me/2000/XP/NT
6.2.3
: 1024768

6.3 TestManagerPro
6.3.1 TestManagerPro

;
CD TestManagerPro;
CD-ROM;
Setup.exe c CD ;
.

60
1 -1120


TestManagerPro;
TestManagerPro.
6.3.2 TestManagerPro
Windows;
/ ;
TestManagerPro;
/
TestManagerPro;
CD TestManagerPro;
CD-ROM;
6.4 TestManagerPro
6.4.1
2.4. ,

Ethernet.
6.4.2 TestManagerPro
;
.
;
.
. (),
(), ;

;
;
.

7
7.1
, .
, . :
;
.
7.2

,

7.3
,
. .

61
1 -1120

7.4
,
800-1000 /.

.
7.5
- .

:
, ,
.
.

.

62
1 -1120

: E1
I. PCM30
F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10 F11 F12 F13 F14 F15

1 = 32 = 125

TC TC TC TC TC TC TC TC TC
0 1 2 15 16 17 29 30 31


1 15 16 30

FAS/NFAS 8

Si 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 F0 0 0 0 0 x y2 x x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

MFAS NMFAS
FAS

F1 a b c d a b c d
NFAS
1 16
Si 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa
F2 a b c d a b c d
Sa4~Sa8
2 17

F15 a b c d a b c d

15 30

63
1 -1120

II. PCM30 CRC (ITU-T G.704)



SMF TC0 TC1TC15 TC16 TC17TC31

FAS MFAS NMFAS
00
C1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 0000 XYXX 8
NFAS TC01 TC17
01
0 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
FAS TC02 TC18
02
C2 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC03 TC19
03
0 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
I
FAS TC04 TC20
04
C3 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC05 TC21
05
1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
FAS TC06 TC22
06
C4 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC07 TC23
07
0 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
FAS TC08 TC24
08
C1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC09 TC25
09
1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
FAS TC10 TC26
10
C2 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC11 TC27
11
1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
II
FAS TC12 TC28
12
C3 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC13 TC29
13
E1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8
FAS TC14 TC30
14
C4 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8 abcd abcd 8
NFAS TC15 TC31
15
E2 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8 abcd abcd 8

64
1 -1120

III. PCM30 CRC (ITU-T G.704)

TC0 TC01TC31

FAS
00
C1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
01
0 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8
FAS
02
C2 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
03
0 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8
FAS
04
C3 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
05
1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8
FAS
06
C4 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
07
0 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8
FAS
08
C1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
09
1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8
FAS
10
C2 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
11
1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8
FAS
12
C3 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
13 8
E1 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa
FAS
14
C4 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 8
NFAS
15
E2 1 A Sa Sa Sa Sa Sa 8

65
1 -1120

: QBF
QBF (Quick Brown Fox) - BERT,
. ASCI I EBCDIC.
, THE QUICK BROWN FOX JUMPS OVER
THE LAZY DOG 1234567890 () .
QBF.
- ASCII EBCDIC.

QBF1
: QBF1 : ASCII : 58 :


0A 0D 0A 0D
T H E Q U I C K B R O W N
54 48 45 20 51 55 49 43 4B 20 42 52 4F 57 4E
F O X J U M P S O V E R
20 46 4F 58 20 4A 55 4D 50 53 20 4F 56 45 52

T H E L A Z Y D O G
20 54 48 45 20 4C 41 5A 59 20 44 4F 47 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 30

QBF2
: QBF2 : ASCII : 62 : 4

ex sx
0A 0D 03 02
T H E Q U I C K B R O W N
54 48 45 20 51 55 49 43 4B 20 42 52 4F 57 4E
F O X J U M P S O V E R
20 46 4F 58 20 4A 55 4D 50 53 20 4F 56 45 52

T H E L A Z Y D O G
20 54 48 45 20 4C 41 5A 59 20 44 4F 47 20
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 30

66
1 -1120

D E
20 44 45 20

QBF3
: QBF3 : EBCDIC : 58 :


25 0D 25 0D
T H E Q U I C K B R O W N
E3 C8 C5 40 D8 E4 C9 C3 D2 40 C2 D9 D6 E6 D5
F O X J U M P S O V E R
40 C6 D6 E7 40 D1 E4 D4 D7 E2 40 D6 E5 C5 D9

T H E L A Z Y D O G
40 E3 C8 C5 40 D3 C1 D9 D8 40 C4 D6 C7 40
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F0

QBF3
: QBF4 : EBCDIC : 62 :

ex sx
0A 0D 03 02
T H E Q U I C K B R O W N
E3 C8 C5 40 D8 E4 C9 C3 D2 40 C2 D9 D6 E6 D5
F O X J U M P S O V E R
40 C6 D6 E7 40 D1 E4 D4 D7 E2 40 D6 E5 C5 D9

T H E L A Z Y D O G
40 E3 C8 C5 40 D3 C1 D9 D8 40 C4 D6 C7 40
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F0
D E
40 C4 C5 40

67
1 -1120

:
QBF,
:
QBF .
8 .
38.4 /.
,
8- .
.
QBF 8- .
.
16-
8- .
G.821 , .

68
1 -1120

: 1
I.
75 120
E1. 120 1 (1026 1029).
.


A1074 E1 75 BNC E1
A1026 E1 120 A E1
A1029 E1 120 B Siemens E1

A1074

19
31 1 37
EI A -5 30 E IA - 530 A
V.2 4 R S-48 5

DB37M
44 15 1 20

A1026 DB44M
1 20

DB37F
19 37

31 1

8
E I A- 53 0 EI A- 53 0A
V.24 R S-4 85

15

DB15M
1 9

A1029 44 15

DB44M 1 9

15
DB15F
8

69
1 -1120

II.
75 E1
SMB , , BNC
.
120 E1 B
DB44M.

DB44M .
31 E1 TX+ TTIP

32 E1 TX- TRING

41 E1 RX+ RTIP

42 E1 RX- RRING
E1 A

DB44M . Siemens
31 E1 TX+ TTIP a

32 E1 TX- TRING b

7 GND c

41 E1 RX+ RTIP a

42 E1 RX- RRING b
E1 B

70
1 -1120

: Datacom.
I. V.24 (DTE)

DB44M DB25M
.
() ()
ITU-T
2 Transmitted data TD 103 2
4 Transmit Clock (DTE) XTC 113 24
7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - 7
8 Data Terminal Ready DTR 108 20
10 Request to Send RTS 105 4
12 Received Data RD 104 3
14 Receive Clock RC 115 17
16 Clear to Send CTS 106 5
18 Data Set Ready DSR 107 6
20 Transmit Clock (DCE) TC 114 15
22 Data Carrier Detect DCD 109 8

II. V.24 (DE)



DB44M DB25F
.
() ()
ITU-T
2 Received Data RD RD 104 3
4 Transmit Clock (DCE) TC 114 15
7 Signal Ground SGND SGND 102 - 7
8 Data Set Ready DSR 107 6
10 Clear to Send CTS 106 5
12 Transmitted Data TD TD 103 2
14 Transmit Clock (DTE) XTC 113 24
16 Request to Send RTS 105 4
18 Data Terminal Ready DTR 108 20
20 Receive Clock RC RC 115 17
22 Data Carrier Detect DCD 109 8

71
1 -1120

III. V.35 (DTE)



DB44M . M34M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Send Data (A) SD(A) 103 P

3 Send Data (B) SD(B) 103 S


Serial Clock Transmit External
4 SCTE(A) 113 U
(DTE) (A)
Serial Clock Transmit External
5 SCTE(B) 113 W
(DTE) (B)
7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - B

8 Data Terminal Ready DTR 108 H

10 Request to Send RS 105 C

12 Receive Data (A) RD(A) 104 R

13 Receive Data (B) RD(B) 104 T

14 Serial Clock Receive (A) SCR(A) 115 V

15 Serial Clock Receive (B) SCR(B) 115 X

16 Clear to Send CS 106 D

18 Data Set Ready DSR 107 E

20 Serial Clock Transmit (DCE) (A) SCT(A) 114 Y

21 Serial Clock Transmit (DCE) (B) SCT(B) 114 AA

22 Receive line Signal Detector RLSD 109 F

72
1 -1120

IV. V.35 (DCE)



DB44M . M34F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Receive Data (A) RD(A) 104 R

3 Receive Data (B) RD(B) 104 T

4 Serial Clock Transmit (DCE) (A) SCT(A) 114 Y

5 Serial Clock Transmit (DCE) (B) SCT(B) 114 AA

7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - B

8 Data Set Ready DSR 107 E

10 Clear to Send CS 106 D

12 Send Data (A) SD(A) 103 P

13 Send Data (B) SD(B) 103 S


Serial Clock Transmit External
14 SCTE(A) 113 U
(DTE)
Serial Clock Transmit External
15 SCTE(B) 113 W
(DTE)
16 Request to Send RS 105 C

18 Data Terminal Ready DTR 108 H

20 Serial Clock Receive (A) SCR(A) 115 V

21 Serial Clock Receive (B) SCR(B) 115 X

22 Receive Line Signal Detector RLSD 109 F

73
1 -1120

V. V.36 (DTE)

DB44M . DB37M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Transmitted Data (A) TD(A) 103 4

3 Transmitted Data (B) TD(B) 103 22

4 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) XTC(A) 113 17

5 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) XTC(B) 113 35

7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - 19

8 Data Terminal Ready DTR 108 12

10 Request to Send RTS 105 7

12 Received Data (A) RD(A) 104 6

13 Received Data (B) RD(B) 104 24

14 Receive Clock (A) RC(A) 115 8

15 Receive Clock (B) RC(B) 115 26

16 Clear to Send CTS 106 9

18 Data Terminal Ready DSR 107 11

20 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) TC(A) 114 5

21 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) TC(B) 114 23

22 Data Carrier Detect DCD 109 13

74
1 -1120

VI. V.36 (DCE)



DB44M . DB37F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Received Data (A) RD(A) 104 6

3 Received Data (B) RD(B) 104 24

4 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) TC(A) 114 5

5 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) TC(B) 114 23

7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - 19

8 Data Set Ready DSR 107 11

10 Clear to Send CTS 106 9

12 Transmitted Data (A) TD(A) 103 4

13 Transmitted Data (B) TD(B) 103 22

14 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) XTC(A) 113 17

15 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) XTC(B) 113 35

16 Request to Send RTS 105 7

18 Data Terminal Ready DTR 108 12

20 Receive Clock (A) RC(A) 115 8

21 Receive Clock (B) RC(B) 115 26

22 Data Carrier Detect DCD 109 13

75
1 -1120

VII. RS-449 (DTE)



DB44M . DB37M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Send Data (A) SD(A) 103 4

3 Send Data (B) SD(B) 103 22

4 Terminal Timing (DTE) (A) TT(A) 113 17

5 Terminal Timing (DTE) (B) TT(B) 113 35

7 Signal Ground SG 102 - 19

8 Terminal Ready (A) TR(A) 108 12

9 Terminal Ready (B) TR(B) 108 30

10 Request to Send (A) RS(A) 105 7

11 Request to Send (B) RS(B) 105 25

12 Receive Data (A) RD(A) 104 6

13 Receive Data (B) RD(B) 104 24

14 Receive Timing (A) RT(A) 115 8

15 Receive Timing (B) RT(B) 115 26

16 Clear to Send (A) CS(A) 106 9

17 Clear to Send (B) CS(B) 106 27

18 Data Mode (A) DM(A) 107 11

19 Data Mode (B) DM(B) 107 29

20 Send Timing (DCE) (A) ST(A) 114 5

21 Send Timing (DCE) (B) ST(B) 114 23

22 Receiver Ready (A) RR(A) 109 13

23 Receiver Ready (B) RR(B) 109 31

76
1 -1120

VIII. RS-449 (DCE)



DB44M . DB37F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Receive Data (A) RD(A) 104 6

3 Receive Data (B) RD(B) 104 24

4 Send Timing (DCE) (A) ST(A) 114 5

5 Send Timing (DCE) (B) ST(B) 114 23

7 Signal Ground SG 102 - 19

8 Data Mode (A) DM(A) 107 11

9 Data Mode (B) DM(B) 107 29

10 Clear to Send (A) CS(A) 106 9

11 Clear to Send (B) CS(B) 106 27

12 Send Data (A) SD(A) 103 4

13 Send Data (B) SD(B) 103 22

14 Terminal Timing (DTE) (A) TT(A) 113 17

15 Terminal Timing (DTE) (B) TT(B) 113 35

16 Request to Send (A) RS(A) 105 7

17 Request to Send (B) RS(B) 105 25

18 Terminal Ready (A) TR(A) 108 12

19 Terminal Ready (B) TR(B) 108 30

20 Receive Timing (A) RT(A) 115 8

21 Receive Timing (B) RT(B) 115 26

22 Receiver Ready (A) RR(A) 109 13

23 Receive Ready (B) RR(B) 109 31

77
1 -1120

IX. X.21 (DTE)



DB44M . DB15M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Transmit (A) T(A) 103 2

3 Transmit (B) T(B) 103 9

7 Signal Ground SG 102 - 8

10 Control (A) C(A) 105 3

11 Control (B) C(B) 105 10

12 Receive (A) R(A) 104 4

13 Receive (B) R(B) 104 11

14 Signal Element Timing (A) S(A) 115 6

15 Signal Element Timing (B) S(B) 115 13

16 Indication (A) I(A) 106 5

17 Indication (B) I(B) 106 12

20 Byte Timing (DCE) (A) B(A) 114 7

21 Byte Timing (DCE) (B) B(B) 114 14

78
1 -1120

X. X.21 (DCE)

DB44M . DB15F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Receive (A) R(A) 104 4

3 Receive (B) R(B) 104 11

4 Byte Timing (DCE) (A) B(A) 114 7

5 Byte Timing (DCE) (B) B(B) 114 14

7 Signal Ground SG 102 - 8

10 Indication (A) I(A) 106 5

11 Indication (B) I(B) 106 12

12 Transmit (A) T(A) 103 2

13 Transmit (B) T(B) 103 9

16 Control (A) C(A) 105 3

17 Control (B) C(B) 105 10

20 Signal Element Timing (A) S(A) 115 6

21 Signal Element Timing (B) S(B) 115 13

79
1 -1120

XI. RS-485 (DTE)



DB44M . DB25M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Transmitted Data (A) TD(A) 103 2

3 Transmitted Data (B) TD(B) 103 14

4 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) XTC(A) 113 24

5 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) XTC(B) 113 11

7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - 7

8 Data Terminal Ready (A) DTR(A) 108 20

9 Data Terminal Ready (B) DTR(B) 108 23

10 Request to Send (A) RTS(A) 105 4

11 Request to Send (B) RTS(B) 105 19

12 Received Data (A) RD(A) 104 3

13 Received Data (B) RD(B) 104 16

14 Receive Clock (A) RC(A) 115 17

15 Receive Clock (B) RC(B) 115 9

16 Clear to Send (A) CTS(A) 106 5

17 Clear to Send (B) CTS(B) 106 13

18 Data Set Ready (A) DSR(A) 107 6

19 Data Set Ready (B) DSR(B) 107 22

20 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) TC(A) 114 15

21 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) TC(B) 114 12

22 Data Carrier Detect (A) DCD(A) 109 8

23 Data Carrier Detect (B) DCD(B) 109 10

80
1 -1120

XII. RS-485 (DCE)



DB44M . DB25F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Received Data (A) RD(A) 104 3

3 Received Data (B) RD(B) 104 16

4 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) TC(A) 114 15

5 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) TC(B) 114 12

7 Signal Ground SGND 102 - 7

8 Data Set Ready (A) DSR(A) 107 6

9 Data Set Ready (B) DSR(B) 107 22

10 Clear to Send (A) CTS(A) 106 5

11 Clear to Send (B) CTS(B) 106 13

12 Transmitted Data (A) TD(A) 103 2

13 Transmitted Data (B) TD(B) 103 14

14 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) XTC(A) 113 24

15 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) XTC(B) 113 11

16 Request to Send (A) RTS(A) 105 4

17 Request to Send (B) RTS(B) 105 19

18 Data Terminal Ready (A) DTR(A) 108 20

19 Data Terminal Ready (B) DTR(B) 108 23

20 Received Clock (A) RC(A) 115 17

21 Received Clock (B) RC(B) 115 9

22 Data Carrier Detect (A) DCD(A) 109 8

23 Data Carrier Detect (B) DCD(B) 109 10

81
1 -1120

XIII. EIA-530 (DTE)



DB44M . DB25M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Transmitted Data (A) BA(A) 103 2

3 Transmitted Data (B) BA(B) 103 14

4 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) DA(A) 113 24

5 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) DA(B) 113 11

7 Signal Ground AB 102 - 7

8 Data Terminal Ready (A) CD(A) 108 20

9 Data Terminal Ready (B) CD(B) 108 23

10 Request to Send (A) CA(A) 105 4

11 Request to Send (B) CA(B) 105 19

12 Received Data (A) BB(A) 104 3

13 Received Data (B) BB(B) 104 16

14 Receive Clock (A) DD(A) 115 17

15 Receive Clock (B) DD(B) 115 9

16 Clear to Send (A) CB(A) 106 5

17 Clear to Send (B) CB(B) 106 13

18 Data Set Ready (A) CC(A) 107 6

19 Data Set Ready (B) CC(B) 107 22

20 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) DB(A) 114 15

21 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) DB(B) 114 12

22 Data Carrier Detect (A) CF(A) 109 8

23 Data Carrier Detect (B) CF(B) 109 10

82
1 -1120

XIV. EIA-530 (DCE)



DB44M . DB25F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Received Data (A) BB(A) 104 3

3 Received Data (B) BB(B) 104 16

4 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) DB(A) 114 15

5 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) DB(B) 114 12

7 Signal Ground AB 102 - 7

8 Data Set Ready (A) CC(A) 107 6

9 Data Set Ready (B) CC(B) 107 22

10 Clear to Send (A) CB(A) 106 5

11 Clear to Send (B) CB(B) 106 13

12 Transmitted Data (A) BA(A) 103 2

13 Transmitted Data (B) BA(B) 103 14

14 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) DA(A) 113 24

15 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) DA(B) 113 11

16 Request to Send (A) CA(A) 105 4

17 Request to Send (B) CA(B) 105 19

18 Data Terminal Ready (A) CD(A) 108 20

19 Data Terminal Ready (B) CD(B) 108 23

20 Received Clock (A) DD(A) 115 17

21 Received Clock (B) DD(B) 115 9

22 Data Carrier Detect (A) CF(A) 109 8

23 Data Carrier Detect (B) CF(B) 109 10

83
1 -1120

XV. EIA-530A (DTE)



DB44M . DB25M
() ()
ITU-T
2 Transmitted Data (A) BA(A) 103 2

3 Transmitted Data (B) BA(B) 103 14

4 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) DA(A) 113 24

5 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) DA(B) 113 11

7 Signal Ground AB 102 - 7

8 Data Terminal Ready CD 108 20

10 Request to Send (A) CA(A) 105 4

11 Request to Send (B) CA(B) 105 19

12 Received Data (A) BB(A) 104 3

13 Received Data (B) BB(B) 104 16

14 Receive Clock (A) DD(A) 115 17

15 Receive Clock (B) DD(B) 115 9

16 Clear to Send (A) CB(A) 106 5

17 Clear to Send (B) CB(B) 106 13

18 Data Set Ready CC 107 6

20 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) DB(A) 114 15

21 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) DB(B) 114 12

22 Data Carrier Detect (A) CF(A) 109 8

23 Data Carrier Detect (B) CF(B) 109 10

2 Transmitted Data (A) BA(A) 103 2

3 Transmitted Data (B) BA(B) 103 14

84
1 -1120

XVI. EIA-530A (DCE)



DB44M . DB25F
() ()
ITU-T
2 Received Data (A) BB(A) 104 3

3 Received Data (B) BB(B) 104 16

4 Transmit Clock (DCE) (A) DB(A) 114 15

5 Transmit Clock (DCE) (B) DB(B) 114 12

7 Signal Ground AB 102 - 7

8 Data Set Ready CC 107 6

10 Clear to Send (A) CB(A) 106 5

11 Clear to Send (B) CB(B) 106 13

12 Transmitted Data (A) BA(A) 103 2

13 Transmitted Data (B) BA(B) 103 14

14 Transmit Clock (DTE) (A) DA(A) 113 24

15 Transmit Clock (DTE) (B) DA(B) 113 11

16 Request to Send (A) CA(A) 105 4

17 Request to Send (B) CA(B) 105 19

18 Data Terminal Ready CD 108 20

20 Receive Clock (A) DD(A) 115 17

21 Receive clock (B) DD(B) 115 9

22 Data Carrier Detect (A) CF(A) 109 8

23 Data Carrier Detect (B) CF(B) 109 10

2 Received Data (A) BB(A) 104 3

3 Received Data (B) BB(B) 104 16

85
1 -1120

: Datacom.

A1008 Datacom I (DTE, DCE) V.24, RS-485, EIA-530, EIA-530A DB25
A1009 Datacom II (DTE, DCE) RS-499, V.36 DB37
A1010 Datacom III (DTE, DCE) X.21 DB15
A1011 Datacom IV (DTE, DCE) V.35 M34

31 1
13 25
E I A- 53 0 EI A- 53 0A
V.24 R S-4 85

DB25M
1 14
44 15

A1008
DB44M
1 14

DB25F
13 25

19
31 1 37
EI A -5 30 E IA - 530 A
V.2 4 R S-48 5

DB37M
44 15 1 20

A1009 DB44M
1 20

DB37F
19 37

31 1

8
E I A- 53 0 EI A- 53 0A
V.24 R S-4 85

15

DB15M
1 9

A1010 44 15

DB44M 1 9

15
DB15F
8

31 1
E I A- 53 0 EI A- 53 0A
V.24 R S-4 85

M34M
44 15

A1011
DB44M

M34F

86