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SUPERCAPACITORS IN MEDICAL DEVICES

NAME OF MEMBERS:

NUR AIN BINTI SEZALI (55104316021) (L01-T1)


NUR ASIAH BINTI AHMAD MUSA (55104316002) (L01-T2)
NUR AISYAH BINTI AHMAD MUSA (55104316001) (L01-T2)

NAME OF SUBJECT:
ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY ( CLD 20102)

NAME OF LECTURER:
MUAZZIN BIN MUPIT
WHAT IS CAPACITORS AND SUPERCAPACITORS?
Capacitors are very useful components and are widely used in electronic and electrical
circuits. Capacitor is a component capable of storing charges and energy. A supercapacitor is
an electrochemical capacitor capable of storing more charges than a normal capacitor. Both of
these components have wide applications and are very useful in constructing complex
circuits. Supercapacitor is also known as Electric Double Layer Capacitor (EDLC) or
ultracapacitor. The are some differences between supercapacitor and a normal capacitor.

Supercapacitor Capacitor
Have a higher energy density Have a lower energy density
Have two layers of dielectric material and a Have only a single layer of dielectric
thin insulator material
Quite cost Much cheaper

Figure 1.1 Component of capacitor

Figure 1.2: Supercapacitors


The range of electrodes and electrolytes available yields a variety of components suitable for
wide applications. Supercapacitors have advantages in applications where a large amount of
power is needed for a relatively short time, where a very high number of charge/discharge
cycles or a longer lifetime is required. Supercapacitors do not support AC applications.
Supercapacitors can also be connected to batteries to regulate the power they supply.
APPLICATION OF SUPERCAPACITOR IN DEFIBRILLATORS.

Figure 2.1: Defibrillators


Supercapacitors are used in defibrillators where they can deliver 500 joules to shock the
heart back into sinus rhythm. It consists of a pair of conductors (metal plates) separated by an
insulator (called a dielectric). Conductors lose and gain electrons easily, and therefore allow
current to flow; whereas insulators do not lose their electrons, and hardly allow any current to
flow.
The most important component of a defibrillator is a supercapacitor that stores a large
amount of energy in the form of electrical charge, then releases it over a short period of time.

Figure 2.2 Mechanism of action of a defibrillators