16 views

Uploaded by fatinamilin

Cofferdam

Cofferdam

© All Rights Reserved

- Common Pile Driving Problems And Solutions
- 19 Brace
- Ret Walls Manual
- seismic monitoring.pdf
- Geot58-645-Experimental Pile Subjected to a Moving Slope
- Leer-chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5
- KREA_PartD
- EM 1110-2-2504 - Design of Sheet Pile Walls 1
- ACRPS Jetting-Assisted Driving
- 22477_toc
- 14 Design of Sheet-Pile Walls & Bulkheads
- PT44-12
- Retaining Wall
- RC_cantilever retaining wall_final.xls
- Pile Foundation
- LTRC Final Report for Calibration of Region-Specific Gates Pile Driving Formula for LRFD
- Secant Pile Sls
- Ppr11.099arl.pdf
- Is.9527.4.1980-Cellular Sheet Pile Structures
- Piles

You are on page 1of 5

Where pa = lateral pressure on the wall at any depth z from the surface of fill

R = radius of the cell

Since pa increases with the depth, the total hoop-tension force for a cell of total depth H is

T = H2KAr (17.13)

Where,

= effective unit weight of fill material

And KA = Coefficient of earth pressure due to Rankine or Coulomb

If a sheet pile rests on a rock bed or is embedded in soil, a restraining force preventing the lateral movement of the

cell is developed at the base. This effect causes the maximum pressure to be developed at a depth H 1 0.75 H0,

where Ho = height of the sheet piling above the point of fixty, or embedment. The depth of the point of fixity from the

top is taken, for all practical purposes, as the average of the total height of the cell and the depth of water above 0.75

Ho, the river bed.

The triangular distribution of earth pressure pa for the entire height of sheet piling is shown in Fig. 17.3(a). When fixity

condition prevails, the soil pressure distribution will be as shown in Fig 17.3(b). The area of this triangle gives the

total lateral earth pressure acting on the cell. If we assume the pressure distribution on the entire height H of piling

with the fixity condition prevailing at depth the total lateral earth pressure is

Pa = H(0.75HC)KA (17.14)

Therefore, the adjusted loop-tension force is

T = Par = H(0.75HC)KAr

= 3/8HHCKAr (17.15)

The friction force in the interlock is therefore

Fi = Tf = 3/8HHCKArf (17.16)

Since the analysis is usually performed in a unit length of cell (say 1 meter length), the shear resistance per unit

length of cell is

Fi = Fi = 3/8HHCKAf r (17.17)

L L

Where L = distance between cross walls for diaphragm type cellular dams, and L = r, the radius, for circular cells.

The hoop tension per unit length of circular cell is therefore

Fi = 3/8HHCKAf (17.18)

The total cell shear resistance, FCr is therefore, for a circular cell type confferdam

FCr = H2KA tan + 3/8HHCKAf (17.19)

The factor of safety, FS for the overtuning shear force may be written as

FS = FCf

V

or

FS = Fcr 2B

3Mo (17.20)

The factor of safety recommended varies from 1.1 to 1.25

4. Resistance to Bursting

The cell should be stable against bursting pressure. The critical locations are in the interlock points and

inFs and Ys used for the connecting area. The bursting pressure is the maximum hoop-tension developed in the

interlock at a depth H1 from the surface of fill. The maximum pressure pa at depth H1 0.75HC as shown in Fig

17.3(b) is equal to

Pa = H1

H = depth of water above the point of maximum pressure pa

The allowable value for the interlock tension T, depends on the size and shape of the rolled steel sheet pile sections.

The computed maximum interlock tension, should not exceed the maximum stress specified by the manufacturers of

steel sheet piles.

According to the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the stress T1 in a 900 Tee, used for the connecting arc, can be

obtained as an approximation from

T1 = T

cos (17.22)

where T is obtained from Eqn. (17.21), and is the angle of intersection of the connecting arcs as shown in Fig.

17.1(a)

The principle of analysis cofferdams founded on deep layers of sand or clay is the same as that applied to

cofferdams on rock. In addition the following requirements must be satisfied.

1. The sheet piling must be driven to such a depth at which level the bearing capacity of the soil should be at least

1.5 times the maximum vertical pressure transmitted to the soil by the cellfill.

The maximum pressure transmitted to the soil by the cellfill when the sheet pile is subjected to lateral force may

be written as

Fv = 1/2H2.KA tan (17.23)

Where Fv = vertical pressure per unit length of sheet of piling,

= Effective unit weight of cellfill

H = Height of cell

KA = Coefficient of active earth pressure

= Angle of friction between cell fill and piling

2. Cellular cofferdams to be founded on sand bed should be designed to prevent boiling at the toe due to seepage

of water.

Figure 17.4 gives the section of a cellular cofferdam founded on sand with the flow nets drawn. Due to high

permeability of the soil, water retained on behind the dam percolates below its base at a relatively large velocity and

rise up in front of the toe. If the seepage pressure in front of the toe is more than the buoyant weight of the soil,

boiling of sand or quick sand condition develops. The danger of boiling can readily be eliminated by the use of loaded

filter as explained in Art. 13-20. As an alternative, the sheet piling may be driven to a great depth in order to eliminate

the boiling condition. The depth of sheet piling below the bed level required for this purpose is approximately equal to

0.67 H where H is the height of sheet pile above the bed.

2. Cellular Cofferdams founded on clay should be investigated for the bearing capacity of the clay at the toe

end of the dam. The maximum height of the Cofferdam above the bed level is a function of the undrained

shear strength of clay. The equation for the critical height HC may be written as

HC = 5.7 Cu (17.24)

Where cu = undrained shear strength of clay

= effective unit weight of cell fill

If a minimum factor of safety of 1.5 is used, the allowable height of cofferdam above the clay bed is

H = 3.8 Cu (17.25)

- Common Pile Driving Problems And SolutionsUploaded byNancy Karta
- 19 BraceUploaded byAbtin Dadgar
- Ret Walls ManualUploaded byShirley Munoz
- seismic monitoring.pdfUploaded byFeritFazliu
- Geot58-645-Experimental Pile Subjected to a Moving SlopeUploaded byjcpchin2
- KREA_PartDUploaded byChoi Kwangmin
- EM 1110-2-2504 - Design of Sheet Pile Walls 1Uploaded byPDHLibrary
- 22477_tocUploaded byirwanlie
- Leer-chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5Uploaded bynelsonsainz
- ACRPS Jetting-Assisted DrivingUploaded bydafo407
- 14 Design of Sheet-Pile Walls & BulkheadsUploaded bybarouniamine
- PT44-12Uploaded byDesi Sa
- Retaining WallUploaded byTiko Fajar Nugroho
- RC_cantilever retaining wall_final.xlsUploaded bymegget
- Pile FoundationUploaded byReemALMousawi
- LTRC Final Report for Calibration of Region-Specific Gates Pile Driving Formula for LRFDUploaded bywalaywan
- Secant Pile SlsUploaded byKushan Dhanushka Nanayakkara
- Ppr11.099arl.pdfUploaded bySaikrishna Gazula
- Is.9527.4.1980-Cellular Sheet Pile StructuresUploaded bymahak
- PilesUploaded bysloane01
- Precast Pile Analysis & Design.450 -13.11.17Uploaded bycivixx
- Release Notes D-Sheet Piling EnUploaded bySemion Kogan
- Foundation 1Uploaded byPriscila Quintela
- ACRPS_Havana - CubaUploaded byIgnatius Samraj
- gt tae 2Uploaded byAniket Bhoskar
- Evaluation of Tension Capacity of Pile Case Study in Sandy SoilUploaded byMULLAI
- aeCkStruUploaded bysharathkammar
- CoStructural, • Plumbing disciplines: • Site and Landscape, • Architectural, • Structural, pyUploaded byMoulay MB
- copy.docUploaded byMoulay MB
- Testing and Analysis of a Laterally Loaded Bridge Caisson Foundation in GravelUploaded byNehaSingh

- Week 2 - Growth,Effect,Appropiate TechnologyUploaded byfatinamilin
- Column Design - As Per BS CodeUploaded byfatinamilin
- Earthquake engineering.pdfUploaded bySumanth
- SPT SummaryUploaded byfatinamilin
- Dam Info.docxUploaded byfatinamilin
- Pile Arrangement.docxUploaded byfatinamilin
- Orion_18_Quick_Start_guide.pdfUploaded byfatinamilin
- Building Design_b.pdfUploaded byfatinamilin
- 9-design-of-flat-slabs.pdfUploaded byfatinamilin
- Sungai_KolokUploaded byfatinamilin
- Dam_Operation_Maintenance_and_Inspection_Manual_rev_2006.pdfUploaded byfatinamilin
- bs-80071987-5679Uploaded byfatinamilin
- Dam InfoUploaded byfatinamilin
- Chapter 2 Geology and HydrologyUploaded byfatinamilin
- tembankmentdam1Uploaded byMuhammad Hamza
- Pile ArrangementUploaded byfatinamilin
- RCC11 Element Design.xlsUploaded byMuhammad Ishaq
- Staircase DesignUploaded byfatinamilin

- Separation of Polymer Particles Using a HydrocycloneUploaded byRuben Ramirez
- CE3811 LabSheets Consolidation Direct Shear TriaxialUploaded byravishka
- Effect of Motor Length and Propellant Formulation on Nozzle Less Solid Rocket PerformanceUploaded bySofyan Natsir
- Bearing Capacity of Soils - BudhuUploaded byIgnacio Flores
- 16_kahrimanovicUploaded bymlsimhan
- 261 C.v. English a.pineau May 2012Uploaded byamd mhm
- Uniaxial Behavior of Asphalt ConcreteUploaded bybloomdido
- Structural Design and Analysis of a 3U Standardized CubeSat for a Future Mexican MissionUploaded byJulio César Balanzá Ramagnoli
- Project Standards and Specifications Flow Measurment Rev01Uploaded byadw0804
- e302Uploaded byCate Cue
- iorUploaded bygooddrq
- ch17.pptxUploaded byStephen
- b2522721x_irUploaded byStefan Stanca
- Solutions to Basic and Applied Thermodynamics PK NAG SolutionsUploaded byVal Bulitas
- WORK INPUT AND EFFICIENCY OF CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR.pptxUploaded byVaibhav Chavan
- Heat Loss Through TankUploaded byinamdar_sameer
- boiling and condensation.docUploaded byahaa
- Solution Thermo(2)Uploaded byEiman Uzmi
- Fluidkinematics 150316030122 Conversion Gate01Uploaded byGuntur Rajesh
- Axial StopUploaded byanurag7878
- Module 5-Diffusion.pptUploaded byRalph Andrew Silverio
- WewUploaded byteguh
- LSD+Doubly+reinforced+Simple+supported++Beam.xlsUploaded byRamachandra Sahu
- FW Optivent System BrochureUploaded bymajortay
- M. N. Macrossan- Scaling parameters for hypersonic flow: correlation of sphere drag dataUploaded byFraosm
- Sheet 1Uploaded bylawan
- 0471862568_TOC (1)Uploaded byShivam
- Physical Properties HDPE PE3408Uploaded byDanny Milton Silva Vasquez
- IRJET-Review of Vapour Absorption System and Vapour Compression System.Uploaded byIRJET Journal
- TutUM UM MarcH-2017Uploaded byDennis Ling