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Social Sciences
Questions and Answers with Concise
and Easy to Understand Explanations

Deo M. Talao

The QUICK LET Reviewer: Social Sciences

Philippine Copyright@ 2015


No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise,
without the written permission of the copyright owner and the

ISBN 978-971-0188-12-3

e-mail theauthorat:deo_mt@yahoo.com



The QUICK LET Reviewer: Social Sciences. is primarily. but

not solely. intended for those who are about to take the
Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET). It contains a
collection of questions from different social science topics
divided into different test sets with 20 questions each so that it
would be easily digested by the reader. As its title implies, it
aims to provide a quick review by having a concise but easy-
to-understand discussion on each answer after each test set
instead of notes and lectures.

I am deeply indebted to my colleague. Engr. Roberto C.

Basadre, for showing me how rewarding giving reviews to
teachers could be. I would also like to thank all the reviewees
and students who gave their comments and questions. both
wholesome and hostile. They have greatly added to the color
and flavor of our review sessions.

I DeoM. Talao

...OOWfl.,,.,...,. ,..,.,,,,
_ "..,....,"''''-''''0> ." 0'"
-11 Ol
7AU, 0100,.,,,,,,
Test I............
Test I Answer Key and Discussion ....

Test II. 7
Test II Answer Key and DIscussion ....................................... 11

Test III.......................
Test III Answer Key and Discussion ........................18

Test IV................................................................ 21
Test IV Answer Key and Dlscl/ll8lon .....................24

Test V .................................................................. 27
Test V Answer Key and Discussion ..................

Test VI ..................._ ................................................. 34

Test VI Answ.r Key and DIscussion .................

Test VII .................._ ..................................40

Test VII Answer Key and Discussion ....................44

Test VIII ................................................47

Test VIII Answer Key and Discussion ................

Test IX ...................

Test IX An.wer Key and Discussion ....................59

Test X
Test X Answer Key and Discussion ............................. 67

Test XI......................................................
Test XI Answer Key and Discussion ..................................... 74

Test XII ................................. _........................................... 77

Test XII Answer Key and Discussion ......................................... 81

Test XIII ................................................................................ 84

Test XIII Answer Key and Discussion ............................... 88

Test XIV .92

Test XIV Answer Key and Discussion ...................................... 95

Test XV.............. ;............................................................... 99

Test XV Answer Key and Discussion ..................................... 103

The qultkLET Reviewer: Social Sciences I1

Test I

J/I~c~1L~e d~fine~ as"the~ed study of thEl~soclai

~en~sai1d h~mal1itie~ to promote-civic c:ompetence.
A ..civics C. social science
B. political science D. social studies

2. Whatdo_you call this feature which involves the

combiningana synthesizingpf the disciplines in the
oC1a1sCiences-so tharthey are better suited to solve
prol5lems?- -~ -
A. interculturalism C. multiculturalism
B. interdisciplinarity D. multidisciplinarity

,3:-SChOOIS fulfill the role of wherein they teach

children to actively participate in larger societies.
A. acculturation C. enculturation
B. education D. socialization

~:- The students in Miss Tamayo's Civics class talked about

governance. Based on their discussion of the Philippine
constitution, in whom does a sovereignty reside and
from whom does all government authority emanate?
A. the appointed officials
B. the elected officials
C. the Filipino people
D. the members of the Cabinet

5. In class, we often conduct competitions. What is

considered a good reason for engaging in competitions?
A. achievement is stimulated -
B. cooperation is reduced
C. inequalities are highlighted
D. stress is heightened
6/Which group is considered the "nursery of human
A. classmates C. peer group
B. family D. play group
2 I TIle IWd: In Itftewer, Sod.1 SdeDC"

It"All of these are reasons why the United Nations was

)' established, EXCEPT to '
A. improve the state of health
B. prevent wide-scale conflict ,--
C. promote economic progress""'--
D. spread the Word of God

~S: What is the best indicator of "quality education" as

/- invoked in the constitution? Generation of reliable
measurements '
A. of educational outcomes
B. on cohort survival rate
C. on drop-out rate
D. on participation rate

D~ What are con~ideredr;:;~jor goa~ of multicultural

.! "---. - --
..ri. Catering to diversity of leamers
,ii.'"Considering social class and ethnic groups
,...-iii.Providing equal opportunities to education

A. i only C. ii and iii only

B. i and ii only D. i, ii, and iii

\'\ 1{WhiCh of the following i~ goal of peace

'I education? '---------,
_A. Develop the dignity and worth of students.
'"B. Help the United Nations achieve its goals in
. maintaining peace.
<'"C. Teach students the concept of human rights.
D. None of the above.

(:)1. As teachers, we need to correct the attitude of some

arrogant students who keep on seeing their own way of
doing things as the right way and everybody else's as
wrong. What do you call this kind of attitude?
A. cultural pluralism C. ethnocentrism
B. cultural relativism D. multiculturalism
The Quick LETReviewer: Soeiol Sciences I3

-,.% 1rViolation
of human rights is a violation of the of

A. dignity C. freedom
B. emotions D. intelligence

G 13. To achieve"quality education .leachers should be

. accountable in '
A. grading the performance of learners
"'. B. reporting the performance of learners to parents
C. reporting the performance of learners to the school
head and stakeholders
D. the effective attainment of specified learning
objectives and outcomes

l.f' 14~hich of the following statements reflects a strong

../ "school culture"?
A. has a network of communications
.B. has definite organizational core values
..C. has high standards of performance
\:D. has informal rules of behavior

IJ. 15. With the----promotion of social j~stice in mind. which does

t c=NOT belollgt2 tne group?
A. Absolute right over property "'e' "eft 0" ,,)
B. Diffusion of wealth
C. Equitable access to education
D. Profit sharing

1~he logo of the Olympic Games represents the

C interconnectedness of the countries in the world. What
does the global activity promote?
A. World history C. World peace
B. World industry D. World tourism

17:What term best characterizes a peaceful community?

A. Ethical C. Spiritual
B. Harmonious D. Tolerant
4 I The Quitk LETReviewer: Social Scion".

~ 18,' The UNESCO is an international organization promoting

..;...' which programs of the UN?
A. competence, science, nature
B. education, science, culture
C. nationality, unity, science
D. unity, organization, education

Q:, 1fl/When a school's mis~

says that i~offe.cs a holistic_
approach to education, which goal in peace education
are they helping to achieve?'
A. Friendship among different cultural groups
B. Full development of the human personality
C. Promotion of understanding and tolerance
'D. Respect for human rights

~ 20. When the students in Mr. Pareja's Asian History class

, visited mosques and temples and interviewed the people
inside, in a way, he is promoting _
A. appreciation of different cultures
B. awareness of social differences
C. respect for human rights
D. tolerance towards other religion

End of Test I
n.. Ihkk LET
1 10.", Sod.! Scl._ I II

Test I
Answer Key and Discussion

1. D 6.8 11. C 16. C

2.8 7. D 12.A 17.8
3.D 8.A 13.D 18.8
4.C 9.D 14.8 19.8
5.A 10.D 15.A 20. D


3. D. =-------- ~
(SOCialization is the process in .which individuals learn
nOYltoacquire knowledge, skills, and values of their
sociely.-The school is one institution that teaches these
knowledge, skills, and values.

4. C.
According to Article II, section 1 of the 1987 Philippine
Constitution, .sovereignly resides inihe lJl!6P1eand all
'-- .- --
government auth9nly emanates from them."

5. A.
Positive competition promotes hard work and effort to
reach a goal.

6. B.
In most societies, the family is the most basic institution
for the socialization of children.

6 I Tho Q"kk LETR"iowor: Social ScionCls

7. D.
The UN does not promote any, but respects all
religions. The term "Word of God" is used almost
exclusively by Christians.

8. A. -,
Effectiveness is best "\easured by outcomes or results.

9. D.~~
Multicultural'education aims to create eql!.al~ucational
\.... opportunities for students from'diverse raci8lj..E!thnic,-.
social-class;: and cultural groups .....-

10. D. ,
Peace education aims to teach students the :concept of-
._huma[l rigtitsaswell as develop their dignjty and worth.
Both of these are goals of the UN.

11. C.
Ethnocentrism is the tendency to believe that one's
ethnic or cultural group is centrally important.

12. A./
Dignity signifies that humans have an innate right to
respect and ethical treatment.

13. D.
One of the primary responsibilities of teachers is to
make sure thatlearniDg obj~es are achieved and
that results are satisfactory.

The school's culture is reflected in its_core.values which
are embodied in ~ts_mission an~o~-st~=~~

15. A.
Social justice refers to the idea of creating a society or
-institution that is based on the principles of equality and
solidarity. Absolute rights over property implies owner-
ship and enjoyment for one "person or group only.

11J." If:~.
". .
Th. Q.,I,kLn I I r: Socl.1 Scill'" I7

16. C.
The Olympic games sought to foster the ideal of a
.sound mind in a sound body" and to promote
friendship among nations.

17. B.
Hannony means agreement. One of the goals of peace
education is to enable people to live in hannony with
each other and with nature. -- --'

18. B.
The acronym UNESCO means the United Nations
Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.

19. B.
Holistic education does not only provide students with
skills that will tackle the academic rigors but also
prepare them for the challenges of life.

20. D.
Mosques and temples are places of worship and are
connected to certain religions.

Test II

1. What makes the social sciences a .science"?

A. It uses a lot of theories.
B. It explores the different aspects of the human society.
C. It uses empirical methods in research.
D. It is a systematic body of knowledge.

2. Jose Rizal explained that we can partly attribute the

Filipinos' tendency to be'indolentJ!!! .
A. their intelligence. 1----
B~ttie climate of the country ,
C. the influence of our Asian neighbors
D. the poor economic condition of the country

J.I ,I
II n. QMkln left_, Sodtol ~
3. Which discipline is NOT usually associated with the
A. history C. theatre
B. literature D. visual arts

4. education aims to prepare students for a

p'-articularreliltionship~th one'another and with the
'- political community. ~---
A: Environmental C. Civic
B. Democratic D. Citizenship

5. The family into which one is born is called the __ __

A. blood family C. family of procreation
B. extended family D. nuclear family

'f) 6. Giving "abu/oy" to a bereaved family, hospitality, and the

"bayanihan" prove which Filipino trait?
A. adaptability C. hard work and industry
B. faith and religiosity D. pakikipag kapwa-tao

7. The students in a PEHM class were tasked to note d;;;n j

the Spanish influences in our arts and culture. Which
process explains this presEinceof Spanish influence?'
A. cultural diffusion C. interbreeding
B. inheritance D. evolution

8. The'::"vdtur-(context plays a role when the medium of

instruction used in class is a hindrance for the students'
A. cultural C. political
B. economic D. social

9. What islare the importance of immersing oneself in the

community that helshe is teaching?
A. The teacher can prepare culturally-appropriate
materials for hislher students.
B. The teacher will get to know the needs of the
community and teach the students the skills to
achieve those needs.
C. All of the above.
D. None of the above.
The Quirk LETReviewer: S.ci.1 Scienco. I9

10. What topic could NOTlpO.SSiblyfall.under the United

Nations' core value of democracy?J
A. practicaliaw .
B. respect for minority groups,.,
C. the constitution and its implications
D. the role of the people in governance

11. Which among the following are examples of material

A. clothing C. mores
S. folkways D. sentiments
- ------ ------
12. When Mr. Ligan writes hil;.syllabus in.alignment with the
(countris-:goaiSlwhich context in preparing his contents
"an&methodsis he considering? .
A. SOCial C. economic
_B:political D. cultural

13:Since most parents have unstable means of livelihood,

( Miss Jen is sensitive enough to considerJhe _
context in planning her activities and assignments.
A:50cial ~C. economic
B. political D. cultural
14. In what instance is a Filipino's double-standard'of
morality shown? '-- .'
XA couple brings their sick child to the doctor then later
to a faith healer.
/' B. A married man who flirts with someone else other
than his wife seems acceptable but a married woman
who flirts with another man is unacceptable .
. - C. Young parents bring up their children in a manner
different from how they were brought up.
/' D. Illiterate parents are eager to send their children to
school even if they themselves did not go to school.
15. Children learn culture from~ents and teacher.s. What
\ is.this process called?
&.SI JtK E..r:eulturation c. Acculturation
"'S.'Assimilation D. Accommodation
10 I no. fr,Idt In I.ritwen SecioII Sci

r:',- - ~
16. Children learn how to open coconuts and do other
common Ci-iOres in a coconut farm. In this instance,
culture is transmitted through ,'. ( '.1- ~
A. acculturation C. enculturation
B. assimilation D. immersion

17. On which concept is the cross-cultural undertaking

advocated by anthropologists and sociologists based in
order to prevent ethnOcentrism?
A. Acculturation C. Global solidarity
B. Cultural relativism D. Ethnocentrism

18. The~~zon'- -
. _~
that the study of

human beings should begin with examples from the

/ environment.
A.local \ C. international
B. national D. All of these

19. The central idea of this curriculum design is that each ..-,
social science discipline carries a basic.structureof~ J
concepts that can be organized to make learning more
meaningful. - -
A. fused ' C. spiral
B. holistic D. widening horizon
- ~~ r--------" --
20. Which is not a definition of sustain able development?~
A. a J)l!ttemof resource usethlltaims to meet human
needs while preserving the environment so that these
needs can be met not only in the present, but also for
future generations
B. development that "meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs"
C. state wherein economic, political, cultural, gender,
and scientific growth is reached
D. development that is concerned for the carrying
capacity of natural systems with the social challenges
facing humanity.

End of Test II
The Quick LETReviewer: Social Sciences I 11

Test II
Answer Key and Discussion

1. C 600 110 A 16.0

20B 7. A 12. B 170 B
3. A 80 A 130C 18. A
400 9.C 140 B 190C
500 100 B 15. A 20.C

1. C.
Science is oftentimes defined as a systematic body of
knowledge. Social Science explores the different
aspects of human society and uses rigorous, empirical
methods when conducting research.

2. Bo
Jose Rizal, in his work "On The Indolence of the
Filipinos", tried to correct the perception of Spaniards
that Filipinos are lazy by expiaining that Filipinos are
wise enough not to toil all day under the heat of the
burning, tropical sun.

3. A.
The humanities focuses on the human condition. Unlike
the sociai sciences that uses empirical methods in
research, the study of humanities uses analytical,
speculative methods. History on the other hand needs
evidences and documents for study.

4. D.
Citizenship education enables people to make their
own decisions and to take responsibility for their own
lives and their communities, thereby creating a
democratic society.

5. D.
A nuclear family is a family group consisting of a father,
mother and their children, who share living quarters.
12 I n.. thld: Ln tr1 SecI.1Sc--.

6. D.
Kapwa denotes togethemess. Abu/oy means
contribution, and bayanihan, means communal unity,
as well as hospitality. All illustrate togethemess.

7. A.
Cultural diffusion is used to describe the spread of
cultural items from one culture to another.

8. A.
The language of instruction falls under the cultural

9. C.
When teachers are immersed in a community, they
would know the community's problems. They would
then be able to create lessons that would provide the
community with solutions on how to solve those

10. B.
Respect for minority groups falls under the core value
of peace and human rights.

11. A.
Clothing is a material culture that is tangible. Mores,
sentiments, and folkways are immaterial or intangible.

12. B.
The country's goals are state affairs which are political
in nature.

13. C.
The means of livelihood is economic in nature.

14. B.
A double standard is the unjust application of different
sets of principles for similar situations. In this case,
infidelity is accepted among Filipino men but not among
. T1lo IlttJ Lnlme-, SecitliSde-. I 13

,-'T a),,~v>\e
-r ~r.'1 Jf!~1f
.Enciilturationi~ the process by which a person leams
(and acquires the values and behaviors that are
appropriate or necessary in that culture.

16. D.
Immersion is the mingling with the community to attain
a common goal or interest.

17. B.
Cultural relativism is the principle that an individual
human's beliefs and activities should be understood by
others in tenns of that individual's own culture. It is the
\~ntithElsiSOfethnocenrrism,:\ - .-

18. A. ,--.
l}1e widening horizon starts from experiences within the.
~I com,munity and moves on~ow:ar,gsnational issues
-- _.-
and finally into the intemational arena. \

19. C. -~
The spiral_curriculum lets students revisit a subject
matter'scontent at the different levels of development
of the_~ubject matter being studied:--

20. C.
The widely accepted definition of~ustainable
_develop~nt involves three things.:-the environf!lent,~
_th~ present generaiiilll'7~n~ the'!Uturegenet;!tiorl:'The
statement 'state.wherein economic;poIitical. cultural,.!
g!!ll..de!, and scientific grOWthis reaShed' does not
-include the concems of future generations.
14 I 1M fhltt lET 1 lt.lf: SocI.ISclt_

Test III

1. While discussing the development of art, the teacher

discussed how early humans utilized stone tools in all
aspects of their life including ornaments. Which period in
human history is characterized with the use of crude
stone tools?
A. Industrial age C. Neolithic age
B. Metal age D. Paleolithic age

2. The British scientist who wrote .On the Origin of

Species. which contributed largely to the concept of
evolution was '
A. Richard Leakey C. Charles Darwin
B. Louis Leakey D. Raymond Dart

3. What are the functions of myths and legends?

A. They became the basis for many early religions.
B. They serve as explanations for the many phenomena
during our ancestors' time.
C. They help us understand the culture and beliefs of our
D. All of the above.
/' ~
4. What is.considered to be the first step of hom inids in the
process of becoming true humans? -' - ---
A. When"(Jheir~ris started to become m~eveloped
B. when they startiRrto walk upright
C. when they started to use stone tools
D. when they discovered agriculture

5. Which statement proves that the110mo ~rectus;was the

first to migrate out of Africa?
A. Cave arts were found in Spain and France.
B. Figurines with female anatomy were discovered all
over Europe. -
C. The remains of Java Man and Peking Man were
found in Indonesia and China, respectively.
D. Fire enabled the Homo erectus to drive away fierce
animals and provide him with heat.
1110 ""Idt Ln R.Y1 or:Sod.1 ScIo_ I 111

6. Which i~OT a feature of a civilization?

/ A. centialized government
, B. domestication of animals
, C. organized religion
, D. widespread agriculture

7. What is an example of a fossil?

A. hand axe C. ornaments made of shells
B. skull cap D. polished stone tools
------- -------
i 8.
Which statement does NOT describe the(Homo habiJis?1
A. Stone tools were discovered alongside their remains.

B. They have more technical knowledge compared to

the Australopithecus.
C. Their body structure suggests that they walked
D. There were signs that they knew how to manipulate
-- -
9LUnlikeother prilTlates, what do human beings have in
common? -.
A. acute perception
B. depth perception
C. grasping hands
D. beliefs about the supernatural

10. Which of the following proves that the Neanderthals

were experts in hunting in groups?
A. Remains of large animals like bear and rhinoceros
were discovered beside them.
B. Remains of huts were excavated alongside their
C. They used spears that had points hardened by fire.
\ D. They had better implements made of stone, wood,
and bone!!.

11. The development/of agriculture was one of the greatest

'- --
,achievements during this period.
A:-Industnal age C. Neolithic age
B. Metal age 0 Paleolithic age

18 I The 1M" lET 1 1 : Social ScIoMIS

12. Which could be a possible explanation why the Cro-

Magnons created cave arts and artifacts?
i. It may have something to do with early religion.
ii. It may be a hobby that they have taken up .....
iii. It may be for aesthetic purposes.

A. ionly C. i and iii only

B. i and ii only D. i, ii, and iii

13. What are the'developments brought about by the

discovery of agriculture?
i. Farming enabled people to stay in one place which
grew into villages.
ii. The surplus of food and village-living enabled the
people to focus on specializing on other things.
iii. The different products of farmers and artisans
encouraged barter and trade.

A. i only C. iii only

B. ii only D. i, ii, and iii

14. What proves that many early civilizations were

A. The people created temples for their deities.
B. The people usually had a patron god or goddess.
C. The leaders were usually the high priests or seen as
representatives of the gods.
D. The people worshipped many gods and goddesses.

15. What improvements were made when written language

was developed?
A. It enabled records to be kept such as taxes and laws.
B. Ideas and technology were propagated.
,C. There was a division of labor.
\ D. There was widespread trade among neighboring
The Qi,'d'LET R I " Sodal Scle_ I :1.7

16. While studying the violence in the Middle East for their
Contemporary Issues class, the teacher reminded the
class that th'e first civilization is located in Iraq. Which
civilization is this?
A. Akkadian C. Chaldean
B. Babylonian D. Sumerian

17(Why was the formation of governments necessary in the

early civilizations?
A. Large projects to control flood waters and for irrigation
needed the cooperation of many people of which
leadership was necessary.
B. There is a need to organize the people to protect
themselves from attacks.
C. Law and order was needed in a large population.
D. All of the above.

\ 18. The first people who widely used bronze tools were the

A. Sumerians C. Hebrews
B. Lydians D. Arameans

f\ 19. These "wedge-shape" characters were instrumental for

recording the achievements of the Sumerians and later
A. cuneiform C. hieroglyphics
B. hieratic script D. stylus

20. Which is NOT a legacy of the sexagesimal system?

A. 60 minutes in an hour
B. 60 seconds in a minute
C. 360 degrees in a circle
D. None of the above

End of Test III /"

18 I 1M41Mtln 1.1Ie SecI.1sm-

Test 1/1
Answer Key and Discussion

1.0 6.8 11. C 16.0

2.C 7.8 12. A 17.0
3.0 8.0 13.0 18.A
4.8 9.0 14.C 19.A
5.C 10.A 15.A 20.0

1. D.
The Paleolithic, or Old Stone Age, is characterized by
the use of crude stone tools.

2. C.
Charles Darwin wrote .On the Origin of Species .
Richard and Louis Leakey, as well as Raymond Dart
discovered fossils of early humans that contributed to
the study of human evolution.

3. O.
Myths and legends instead of scientific explanations
were used to explain natural phenomena. These mirror
the culture of our ancestors and eventually developed
into early forms of religion.

4. B.
Bipedalism or bipedality, the ability to walk on two feet.
freed the early humans' hands to use stone tools which
developed their brains.

5. C.
The remains of the Homo erectus, or .upright man.,
were found in Indonesia and China. Their ability to
manipulate fire was attributed to be one of the reasons
for this achievement.

6. B.
Humans have domesticated animals even before the
mergence of civilizations.
n.. fhkk lET1""_' Sed.1Sde_ IU

7. B.
Fossils, like skulls, are remains of once living things.
Material remains, such as omaments and tools are
called artifacts.

8. D.
The Homo habilis, or "handy man", walked upright,
used stone tools, and were smaller than modem
humans. There is a lack of evidence, however, that
they knew how to manipulate fire.

9. D.
Early and modem humans both have supematural
beliefs. Primates, like chimpanzees, do not exhibit this

10. A.
Large animals can only be hunted by groups of
humans. This requires cooperation through
communication which suggests that the Neanderthals
had a language.

11. c.
The Neolithic, or New Stone Age, saw the development
of agriculture because of a more favorable climate.
Tools were reoriented for agricultural purposes.

12. A.
The caves are located in inaccessible areas for them to
be continually inhabited or for the paintings to be done
merely out of hobby. Most theories suggest a religious

13. D.
Farming enabled humans to stay in one place and
cultivate the land. The surplus food were kept or traded,
and allowed others to take up another livelihood. This
eventually led to a division of labor.

14. C.
Theocracy Is a form of govemment thi" .
the divine or whose 'officials are div'
20 I n.. fhldLU , SecIal SdeMH

15. A.
The development of a writing system allowed people to
record practical things such as laws, taxes, and
commercial transactions. This eventually led to the
development of literature and formalleamlng.

16. D.
The Sumerian civilization is the first civilization in the
world. Their remains can be found in modem day Iraq.

17. D.
A form of leadership or a government is needed by
societies to maintain order and cooperation among
large groups of people.

18. A.
The development of the first civilization is aided by the
widespread use of bronze lools and weapons, The
Sumerians, as mentioned earlier, was the first group of
people to qualify as a civilization.

19. A.
The first writing system created by the Sumerians are
known as "cuneiform" because of their wedge-shaped

20. D.
The sexagesirnaJ system, another Sumerian
contribution, is a numeral system whose base is 60.
Thus, we have 60 seconds, 60 minutes and 360
degrees in a circle.
The ""kHET R I r: Socl.1 ScI'.'1I I 21

Test IV

1. What is the study of the earth's surface and physical

If features?
A. topography C. geography
B. geology D. cartography

2. What continent is known as the "cradle of humankind"?

!l A. Africa C. Asia
B. America D. Europe

C 3. The first civilization was made possible because it was

situated between two rivers that made thElJandfertile.
What are these rivers?
A. Amazon, Nile C. Tigris, Euphrates
B. Yangtze, Huang Ho D. Irrawady, Mekong

P 4. What river is also known as "China's sorrow"?

A. Irrawady C. Mekong
B. Huang Ho D. Yangtze

!~5. A.TheIndia
Indus River gave place its name.
C. Indo-Malay Islands
B. Indochina D. Indonesia

-p 6. What body of water was very important for the

development of the Ancient Greek civilization?
A. Tibet River C. Atlantic Ocean
B. Mediterranean Sea D. Aegean Sea
C 7. What body of water borders,Europe, Africa: and Asia?'\
A. Black Sea C~Mediterranean Sea
B. Indian Ocean D. Pacific Ocean

13 8. Greenwich, England is designated as the in

determining absolute locations.
A. Equator C. Tropic of Cancer
B. Prime Meridian D. Tropic of Capricorn
22 I Th. (}~/tlcLETR.Y1 : Sedtol Sci

J1J. What mountains are used to divide Asia and Europe?

A. Andes C. Pyrenees
B. Himalayas D. Ural Mountains

10. What is the largest island in the world?

A. Australia C. Indonesia
B. Greenland D. Madagascar

11. If the seven continents were arranged from largest to

smallest, in which order does Australia fall
A.4th C.6th
B.5th D.7th

12. Which country is NOT a member of the ASEAN?

A. Cambodia C. Singapore
B. Laos D. Taiwan

13. To which parrof A~oes the Arabian peninsula

A. West C. North
B. Southeast D~East ~

14. The is considered the lowest point.on earth.

A. Caspian Sea C. Lake-Baikal
B. Dead Sea D. Red Sea

15. The earth is approximately percent water.

A.10 C.50
B.26 D.74

16. As of 2011, the world's population reached _

A. 5 billion C. 10 billion
B. 7 billion D. 12 billion

17. Cape Horn is described as the sailors' graveyard

because of its frequent storms. In which continent can
we find this?
A. South America C. Asia
B. Australia D. Africa
TIM tJlfitk in . , Sedal SdeMH I 23

18. Which term refers to all life zones-plants, animals. other

organisms, and the physical environment in a particular
A. Tundra C. Rainforests
B.Savanna D. Ecosystems

19. What artificial waterway allows water transportation from

Europe to enter Asia without going around Africa?
A. Erie Canal C. Panama Canal
B. Canal Grande D. Suez Canal

End of Test IV
24 I TIMQ.,1dUT 1m .." Secl.1 Sell

Test IV
Answer Key and Discussion

1. A 6.0 11.0 16.8

2.A 7. C 12.0 17. A
3. C 8.8 13.A 18.0
4.8 9.0 14.8 19.0
5.A 10.8 15.0 20.8

1. A.
Topography focuses on the earth's surface. Geography
is the study of the earth. Geology is the study of the
processes by which the earth is shaped and changed.
Cartography is the study of making maps.

2. A.
The first true humans came from Africa. Asia, on the
other hand, is known as the "cradle of civilization".

3. C.
Mesopotamia, meaning "the land between two rivers
(Tigris and Euphrates)" is where the Sumerian
civilization emerged.

4. 8. ~
Huang Ho or the Yellow River is also known as
"China's'Sorrow' because of its frequent devastating
floods. Yangtze is another river found in China. The
Irrawadyis the main river of Burma. The Mekong runs
thrOugh Burma, Laos, ThailaniCCambodia, and

5. A.
The Indus River, which is located in present-day
Pakistan, gave the Indian sub-continent its name.
lIooQvltk 10 Rnie_. SedalScia.... I 211

6. O.
The islands where the first civilization in Greece
emerged (e.g. Minoans and Mycenaeans) are located
in the Aegean Sea.

7. C.
The Mediterranean Sea borders Europe in the north,
Africa in the south, and Asia in the east.

8. B.
Greenwich, England is designated as the Prime
Meridian, the zero degree longitude. The equator is
designa~ro-degree latitude. The Tropics of
Cancer and Capricorn are respectively the
~ northemmost and south em most latitudes of which the
sun can directly appear overhead.

9. O.
The Ural Mountains are used to divide Asia and
IS~tA Europe. The Himalayas separates the Indian
subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The Pyrenees is
the natural border between France and Spain. The
Andes is located in South America.

10. B.
Greenland is the largest island in the world.
Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world.
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the World.
Australia is the smallest continent in the world.
11.0. ~

There a~_seven continents. Australia, being the
smallest continent, is the 7th. -

12. O.
Taiwan is located in East Asia. Laos, Singapore, and
Cambodia are located in Southeast Asia and are
members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

13. A.
The Arabian Peninsula is located in West Asia.
28 I 11MIhId In Inltwtrl Sec'"Sci._

14. B.
The Dead Sea has the lowest elevation on the earth's
surface on dry land,"This causes a very high salinity
that makes it impossible for life to flourish, thus the

15. D.
The abundance of water on earth allows life to flourish
in the planet. It is approximately 71% salt)water oceans
and 3% fresh water. ~_ ~
16. B.
As of 2011, the world's population reached 7 billion,
Most can be found in Asia.

17. A.
Cape Hom is located in Chile, the southemmost parl of ,>
the Americas.

18. D.
Tundra, rainforest, and savanna are examples of

19. D.
The Suez Canal, which is also known as the "Highway
to India":is located in Egypt and connects the Red Sea
~ and the Mediterranean Sea. The Panama Canal joins
the Auantic and PacifIC Oceans. The Erie Canal joins
the Atlantic Oce,in-and the Great Lakes of America.
The Canal Grande is a major water-traffic corridor in
Venice, Italy.

20. B.
Indonesia is the 4th most populous country in the world,
majority of which are Muslims. This makes them the
largest Muslim country in terms of population.
T1IeIhltk In 11 " Social $cia.... I 27

Test V

~(t/ Who was the lawmaker, chief executive, and judge of

pre-Hispanic barangays?
v A. Bathala C. Laon
B. Datu D. Maharlika

2. What form of government was theJ?re-Hispanic

A. aristocracy C. monarchy
B. democracy D. oligarchy

3. While discussing the dynamism of the Filipino language,

Mrs. MOJltan<~asked why, despite more than 300 years
of SpanishJule, majorily-9LEilipinos could not speak
~Spanish. What could be a possible reason for this?
A. The Spaniards did not propagate the Spanish
language and the friars learned the native languages
in order to proselytize the Filipinos.
B. The Filipinos in general were not interested to learn
C. Spain outlawed the teaching and learning of Spanish
by Filipinos.
D. Spanish as an official language was opposed by

4. Who were those never really conquered by the

A. The Ilocanos led by Silang
B. The Boholanos led by Dagohoy
C. The Igorots of the Cordillera
D. The Muslims of Southern Philippines

5. During their discussion of the(Noli Me Tang!1.re, the

students debated ~b.e.identity of the !lipino. During
much of l11e"Spanish occupation, how were the natives
of the PhilippmescallOO?
A. indios C. peninsulares
B. insulares D. principalia
28 I Tho Quiek LETRo.iower: Social Scion,,"

6. Which was well accepted by the Filipinos under Spanish

A. practice of polo
B. payment of buwis
C. representationintne-C;;ottes
( D. employment of reduccion
7. While discussing the Age of Exploration in their Asian
History class;'Mrs. Logarta let her students evaluate the
effects of mercantilism, the basis of economic policies
during the Spanish colonial period. How should they
describe mercantilism? -=
A. sequestration of the Philippines for its raw materials
that should flow only into Spain '---
B. purchase of raw materials from the British, Dutch, and
C. sale of Philippine raw materials to the British, Dutch,
and Portuguese
D. flow of manufactured products from countries other
than Spain into the Philippines

8. Rizal focused the "La Liga Filipina" to _

i. unite the whole country
ii. revolt against the Spaniards
iii. fight violence and injustice /

A. ii only C. i and iii only

B. i and ii only D. ii and iii only

9. Rizal's greatest resentment during his student days that

motivated him to work harder was the
A. passivity of Filipino students
B. prevailing
r discrimination
_. _

C. unequal treatment of students by the Jesuits

D. use of Spanish as a medium of instruction

10. Filipino students are taught to emulate the young Jose

Rizal who was everything listed below, EXCEPT:
A. loner C. reflective
B. motivated D. very observant
The Quirk LETReviewer: So,iol S,ien,,, I 29
11. Which work of Rizal was saicfto be an angry 'man's
perso~1 ,debate~.etber_oLnola-viol~nt revolution
w8Dlasolve-the"Philippine crisis during the Spanish
times? ~
A. A La Juventud Filipina
B. EI Filibusterismo
C. Junto AI Pasig
D. Noli Me Tangere

12. Which is-TRUE of~l1istoric;1 development of the

philippines? --"
)'<A. It has been an independent nation.
/ B. It has been an independent nation ever since.
C. It has not achieved full independence from the very
/<.D. It has evolved from a colony to a fully independent
/ nation.
(;.''''j' /"
13. In the hostility between the Filipinos and Americans, who
is recorded to have fired the first shot?
A. a Chinese trader C. a Filipino soldier
B. a Filipino merchant D. an American soldier

14. Which of the following happened first? . (!

A. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence.?"fY" /(0[,'\
B. Guerilla warfare against the US was initiated.
/C. The Philippines was ceded to the US by the Treaty of
Paris . .;
D. Aguinaldo was captured. \

J)) 5. Which describes the Battle of Manila Bay correctly?

A. The Spaniards readily won the battle over the
Americans. ~
B. It was a mock battle between the Spaniards and
C. The American ships outnumbered those of the
D. The Americans won the battle with great difficulty.
30 I TIM '""'* lET ""or: SodlII
Scle_ .

16. In the Filipino-American War, who was called the,

"Tagalog~oirt of Arcj? ,\ ' -
A. Agueda Kahabagan C. Teresa Magbanua
B. Melchora Aquino ( D. Trinidad Tecson - 8", /)<, fJ? '
y, J. Cr;~,<J
17. Who opposed American rule and wrote the "Rise and
Fall of the Philippine Republic"1to exhort the Filipinos to
-keep fightIng for independence?
A. Apolinario Mabini C. Pedro Paterno
B. Claro M. Recto D. Sergio Osmei\a
18. In their discussion of sets, Teacher Ivy let the students
arrange the order of the presidency according to the
years of their reign. Which is the correct order?
i. Elpidio Quirino ..
ii. Manuel Roxas/
iii. Ramon Magsaysay ./
iv. Carlos Garcia

A. i, iii, iv, ii C. ii, i, iii, iv

B. i, ii, iii, iv D. ii, i,iv, iii

19. Which is the Independence Law of the Philippines?

A. Cooper Act C. Hare-Hawes-Cutting Act
B. Jones Law p. Tydings-McDuffie Law

20, In which order did the following events take place in

Philippine history?

i. The investigation of the political and economic

situation of the Philippines by the commission
headed by L~nard Wood
ii. Advocacy of the Tydings-McDuffie Bill by President
Quezon and the Philippine Senate
iii. Establishment of the Philippine Commonwealth

A. i, ii, iii C. i,iii,ii

B. ii, iii, i D.iii, ii,i

End of Test V
The Quick LETReviewe" 50cial 5cience. I 31

Test V
Answer Key and Discussion

1. B 6.D 11. B 16. A

2.C 7.A 12. D 17. A
3. A B.C 13.D 1B.C
4.D 9. B 14. A 19.D
5. A 10. A 15. B 20. A

1. B.
Bathala was the supreme god of the ancient Tagalogs.
Maharlika is a Filipino term for "nobility". Laon was a
deity of the Ancient Visayans.

2. C.
In a monarchy, the power is held by a single person,
such as the datu. Democracy is a form of government
wherein all citizens can participate in decision-making.
Oligarchy involves only the decision of a few people.
Aristocracy is a government ruled by the elite.

3. A.
The teaching of the Spanish language was available for
only a privileged few. The Spanish friars also opted to
learn the native languages in order to preach
Christianity to the natives.

4. D.
Though different groups revolted and resisted and were
successful for a time, only the Muslims of Mindanao
were able to hold off the Spaniards.

5. A.
The derogatory term indio, was used to call the natives.
Peninsulares refer to Spaniards who were born in
Spain and lived in the Philippines. Insulares refer to
Spaniards who were born in the Philippines. Principalia
refer to members of the noble class.
32 I Th. Q"kHET ROYI or: Social Sci.n,,"

6. D.
Reducciones were settlements founded by the Spanish
colonizers with the purpose of assimilating indigenous
populations. The natives were attracted to the religious
and economic activities within these settlements, and
sought protection from Muslim raiders in these towns.

7. A.
Mercantilism was an economic theory which says that
the wealth of a nation depends on their supply of
precious metals such as gold. Governments must
secure this supply from their colonies and circulate this
only within their territories.

8. C.
Rizal established the La Liga Filipina to "unite the
archipelago into one homogenous organization" and for
"defense against violence and injustice".

9. B.
Rizalleft the University of Santo Tomas because he felt
the professors were discriminating Filipino students.

10. A.
Rizal's letters, as well as the people who knew him. did
not give any indication that he was a loner.

11. B. ,,/
The plot of "EI Filibusterismo" reflected Rizal's view on
the pros and cons of a revolution. "Noli Me Tangere'
exposed the evils of the Spanish-run government in the
Philippines. "Junto AI Pasig" was a poem about the
Pasig. "A La Juventud Filipina" was a poem dedicated
to the Filipino students of the University of Santo

12. D.
The Philippines was colonized by Spain, USA. and
Japan but has been an independent nation since
July 4, 1946.
no. fhit6Ln Inletnn Sod.tSdo_ I a3

13. D.
Private William Grayson, an American soldier, shot a
Filipino sentry. This started the Filipino-American war.

14. A.
Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from
Spain on June 18, 1898. Spain ceded the Philippines to
USA in the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. The
Filipino-American War broke out in 1899 when it
became clear that the Americans would not recognize
the Philippine Republic. Aguinaldo was captured by the
Americans on March 23, 1901.

15. B.
The Mock Battle of Manila Bay was so-called because
Spain had already ceded the Philippines to the USA in
the Treaty of Paris prior to the "war".

1S. ~_ -..
ueda Kahabagan'Was the only woman officially listed
ioJbe Anny of~hilippine Republic._Teresa~-__ ~
Jdagbanualsdescribed as the::"Visayan Joan of Arc".j
Trlnidiiil Tecson is cited as the ~othel ..ofBiak-na--
Bato" as well as the "Mother of the Philippine Red
Cross". Melchora Aquino or Tandang Sora is known as
the "Mother of the Katipunan".

17. A.
~inario Mabini served as cI1ief adviserfor Aguinaldo
al\(:Lwrote the Rise and Fall oftf1e.ehiJippine Republic-
-CasthePliilippines-fen underAinerican rule.

18. C.
Roxas, Quirino, Magsaysay, and Garcia were
respectively the 5111, Sill, 7111, and 8111 president of the
Republic of the Philippines.
34 I QrRdrLIT SocIeI SdoMH

19. D.
The Tydings"McDuffie Act was official known as the
"e-hillpPJileIndependence Acl" and subsequently
enacted as a law. The"Jones Law was known as the
"Philippine Autonomy Law-.
The Cooper Act is also
known aS1he"Philipplne OrganiC ACt":-TheHare- ."
Hawes-Cuttill9Act was the first law passed for the'
decoloniZation of th~ Phllipl'ines. ____--1.
20. A. _
Governor-General Leonard Wood led the commission
in 1921. The Tydings-McDuffie Act Bill was passed in
-1934. The Philippine Commonwealth was established
in 1935.

Test VI

1. Which correctly describes the topography of the

A. short coastline
B. smooth physical features
C. rugged physical features
D. no plain, all mountains and hills

2. This may have resulted because the Philippines is an

A. indolence C. multi-cultural diversity
B. low literacy D. widespread poverty

3. Being situated on the Pacific P.late, the Philippines is

prone to ~
A. drought C. floods
B. earthqua~Dc.!~h~ns

4. Because of its geographic location, the Philippines

A. is economically poor
B. is not prone to calamities.
C. has a low literacy rate
D. has a warm climate /
Th. Q!rItHET 1. , Social Sci..... I 36

5. The Philippines consists of islands and landlock~

provinces. Which is a landlocked province?
A. lsabela C. Mindoro Oriental
B. Masbate D. Romblon ,

6. In terms of land area, the Philippines is bigger than

A. Japan C. South Korea'

B. Malaysia D. Thailand
7. As an effect of their geography, in which of the following
do people travel mostly by water?
A. Luzon C. Visayas
B. Mindanao D. Visayas and Mindanao
I---.v '-,
8. The world: Nile River; The Philippines: _
A. Agrio River C. Rio Grande de Mindanao
B. <?agayanRiver D. Rio Grande Pampanga

9. Which of the following is NOT a major mountain found in

the Philippines?
A. Banahaw C. Kitanglad
B. Bulusan D. Pulag

10. Sierra Madre, Cordillera, and Caraballo are examples of

___ in the Philippines.
A. mountain ranges C. valleys
B. plateaus D. volcanoes

11. Which is considered to be the most active volcano in the

Philippines because it has erupted many times in
recorded history?
A. Banahaw C. Mayon
B. Hibok-hibok

12. W~p.lovince
D. Taal

in1ge western coast ot Luzon is...'lirtually

surrounded by.sea.waters and has become the centec_
'-Tor-big businesses and development processmg zones?
A. Bataan C. Pampanga
B. Mindoro D. Zambales
36 I Th. II/lltlc LETR i.wor: Soci.1 Sel.nll'

13. Which of the following does NOT belong to the group?

A. Tanon C. San Bernardino
B. Tablas D. Pagsanjan

14. Which is the leading mineral export of the Philippines?

A. Iron C. Coal
B. Copper D. Chromite

15. Which is the leading agricultural export of the

A. Abaca C. Fabric
B. Copra D. Tobacco
16. Which region is said to offer limited economic ~
opportunities because it'is a narrow.strjQof land_
sufrolJnddby rnountain ~nd sea?
A. Bicol Region - -C. 1I0cosRegion
B. Cagayan Valley D. National Capital Region

17. If you want to see underground caves and rivers in the

Philippines, you should go to _
A. Benguet C. La Union
B. Cagayan D. Palawan

18. In which region can.you find the cities of D_

f Laoag, San Carlos and San Fernando?:"
'A:-,- ~ - C.III
- ;;::,~
19. Which province in th~_northis(andlocke_d~rnountainoLJs,
and frequently exposed to extenslve.Jandshde?
A. Batanes C-:-Cagayan
B~gUet~ D.lsabela

20. Which province in the Cordillera Administrative Region is

known for its rich natural resources but hindered by
factors like tribal wars?'
A: Abra-- - -
C. Kalinga
- -'
B. Ifugao D. Ml. Province

End of Test VI
TH QwkHn .oYle , Sod.1ScIo_ I 37

Test VI
Answer Key and Discussion

1.C 6.C 11.C 16.C

2.C 7.C 12.A 17.D
3.8 8.8 13.D 18.A
4.0 9.8 14.8 19.8
5.A 10.A 15.8 20.C

1. C.
The physical landscape of the Philippine archipelago is
pockmarked with mountains, volcanoes, and other
2. C.
The archipelagic character of our country enabled the
different islands to develop unique cultures.
!))~ ('
3. B.
The Pacific Plate is a t~ctonic plate, The movement of
tectonic e!ates causes~arthqui:lkeS. volcanic activities,
and other formations.

4. D. 1. 7
The P.hilippines is/geographically located near the
If" equato%whic~ ~~kes ~s climate wa....rrn. !
J -:7 '
5. A.
IsaOOlais a provincelocated
.. at
- the center of the
..Cagayan Valley Region~ Mi:lsbate, Romblon, and
MTndoroare island proVlnee'.""'s-.--

6. C.
South Korea only had a land area oU 00 210 square
kilometers compared to the Philippines' 299 764 square
38 I "'"Q.ktln " SocialSc'--

7. C.
People travel mostly by water to get across the different
provinces in the Visayas.

8. B.
The Nile River isthe 10ng~erJn the world. To
completeJ!Je analogy, the answer f(:>rJllejongestriveL
in"the"Philippines would be the-Cagayan River located

in the Cagayan Valley Region:

9. B.
~ .
Mount Bulusan is an a:ti~~ano found in1'9rsog~

10. A.
The Sierra Madre, Cordillera, and Caraballos are

moUntainranges that are located in Luzon. _

11. C.
Mayon Volcano has had 48 major eruptions since
-.>-- 1616..
12. A.
Bataan is almost surrounded by water. The Bataan
Export Processing Zone Authority is located in
Mariveles, Bataan. B 1;;.r;:'2.l'
13. D. .-'"
Pagsanjan is a waterfalls found in Laguna. ;Tal\on, San
---Bemaroino, and Tablas are straits found inthe Visayas.
-=--- '" '-
14. B.
_ Copper cathodes is the leading m!J:1eralexport of the

15.B. ~
C'oconut oil, which is derived from copra, is the
Philippines top export commodity. _-
16.C. _ __
The lIocos Region is bounded. by the' Cordillera-
AdministratiVe Region and"Cagayan Valley to the east,
-Cent@JJuioh to"the southand by the West Philippine_
Sea to the west.
The Quirk LETReviewer, Social Sciences I 39

17. D.
Palawan is home to the Puerto Princesa Subterranean
River Nation8lPark-;-aUNESCO Work!" Heritage Site
and one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature.
18.~.....:::- ....
-- ::J. ~ - "'\ ~......,
(Dag!:!pan,_~aoag, San Carlos, and San Fernando ,can
De found i~ Region lor the Jlocos Region~

19. B.
Benguet is the only landlocked province mentioned
among the choices.

20. C.
~an? Apayi;ouJed_to be a single provirlce~
~ga:Apayao, butYi~e separated because of
frequent tribal wars!'
40 I Tho Qultk LETR lowor: Socl.1 Scioncol

Test VII

1. In President Quezon's time, the country had the

Philippine Commonwealth. What is TRUE about this?
The Filipinos were '
A. fully independent\:'
B. partially independent
C. citizens of the United States
D. granted total freedom to course their destiny only on
matters of education

2. What does "presumption of innooence" mean as far as

human rights are concerned? A suspect _
A. has the right to remain silent
B. has the right to a legal counsel
C. is considered guilty unless proven otherwise
D. remains innocent until proven guilty
~ c-=
3. In connection witll government transactions jnvolving
public interest, which'policy is adoptea by the
- Constitution to assure the public of accountability and
A~ Balanced and healthful ecology
B. Full public disclosure
C. Private enterprise and incentives to needed
D. Rural development and agrarian reform

4. With the Batasang Pambansa performing legislative and

executive powers in the Marcos iilQime,- which form of
government was implemented?;::::' .
A. Dictatorial C:' Parliamentary-
B. Monarchial D. Presidential

5. Each year, the president of the Philippines delivers a

SONA. What is meant by SONA?
A. State of the Nation Assembly
B. Speech of the Nation Assembly
C. State of the Nation Address
D. Speech of the Nation Address
11M f/tIkk Ln " Sod.1 ScIe_ I 41

6. "Con ass" and "Cha chaoare associated with

A. imposition of martial law
B. retum to a dictatorial form of government
C. amendment of the present constitution
D. division between Senate and House of

7. In the 1973 Constitution, "the defense of the State is the

prime duty of Govemmenf. But in the 1987 Constltution,
it was to _
A. preserve democracy
B. protect the rights of the people
C. provide the basic services
D. serve and protect the people

8. Students in Mr. Ereno's Filipino class made a skit on the

~v!c~_qf illegal seWers1n a big :cJJy~VY~~is the po~r
of the state to take property for public use with just
Compensation? .
A. eminent domain C. police power
B. judicial review D. taxatJon

9. The students in an Economic class were tasked to look

for the minimum wage in the different regions. The right
to a minimum wage is an example of alan right.
A. constltutional - C. natural .
B. imperfed D. statutory

10. Discussing transparency in class, Prof. Espiritu

encouraged youl'l9 peopleJo ex~[ciscetheir right to
informatJonon pubHcmatters':\this right can be classified
as alan right.
A. civil C. political
B. economic D. social

11. The officers in an NSTP course volunteered to become

.~II watchers. What Is the voting age of Filipinos for
.national elections? -
A. 14 and above C. 18 and above
B. 15 and above 0.21 and above
42 I 'h. Q"It'" LETR I.w.r: Social Scion",

12. The discussion for the day was on the different types of
government. Based on the classification of government,
which applies to the present Philippine government?
A. constitutional, elective
B. constitutional, military
C. despotic, civil
D. presidential, military (i.,

13. In his World Literature class, Mr. Gacho discussed why

Filipino authors during the American period were_
influerlCSd by American authors. He said that this was
because our government under the 1935 constitution
was classified as a of the United States.
A. parliament C. federal state
B. military state D. commonwealth

14. The students in a speech class were learning the

parliamentary procedures of a meeting. Similarly in our
government;which body'ratifies or rejects appointments
,made by the pfeside'rit?~
K CiviiSeiVice Commission
B. Commission on Appointments
C. Congress
D. Sandiganbayan -'2/;tb
;0C;(1 hF\0--\
1-// ,

15. A vetoed bill passed again in Congress becomes a law

witha .
A. majority vote of all the members of the house
B. majority vote of all the members present constituting a
C. two-thirds vote of all the members of both houses
D. two-thirds vote of all.the members present
constituting a quorum

16. Corazon Aquino abolished the to start the

reorganization of the government.
A. Batasang Pambansa C. Congress
B. Cabinet D. Supreme Court
Th. thki lIT I ltwor: SocialSci.n... I 43

17. While comparing and contrasting the Upper and Lower

House. the students leamed that the Congress _
A. is a unicameral
B. makes laws but does not alter or repeal them
C. has powers which are non-legislative in character
D. can enact any law even those contrary to the

18. Which is NOT a reform in the 1987 Constitution?

A. equal protection of the life of the mother and the life of
the unborn from conception
B. protection and advancement of rights of the people in
a balanced ecology
C. separation of church and state~ 1C..h Mtle<$
D. the pursuit of a nuclear weapons free society

19. What do you call t/JeJ:ight of a.teaeberJn.higher_

institutionofleaming til'concluct researctland discuss
-anapu6jiSh his/ner-conclusions without interference?
j\-c:A:academic freedom.
B. free education
C. free enterprise
D. press freedom
20. During the transition period afte[Jhe EDS,4,Bevolution,
the constitution that served as the framework of the
government vr.i-s
the1 _i, .'
A:-193S-Constitution -\ C. 1987 Constitution
R1973 Constitution '-D)Freedom ConstitUtIOr1l

End of Test VII

44 I The Quitt LETReyiewer: Social Sciences

Test VII
Answer Key and Discussion

1. B 6.C 11. C 16. A

2.0 7.0 12. A 17. B
3.B 8.A 13.0 18. C
4.C 9.0 14. B 19. A
5.C 10.A 15.C 20.0

1. B.
The Philippine Commonwealth had its own constitution,
and was self-governing. Foreign policy and military
affairs, however, were under the responsibility of the
United States, and certain legislation required the
approval of the American President.

2. O.
Those who are accused of a crime must undergo due
process and are considered innocent until proven

3. B.
Public money must be fully accounted for, as stated in
Section 352 of Republic Act 7160, or the Local
Government Code.

4. C.
The Batasang Pambansa or the National Legislature
replaced the former Congress of the 1935 Constitution.
The Batasang Pambansa was a unicameral parliament.

5. C.
The president addresses the congress at the opening
of its regular session and reports on the status of the
I1lo fIt1Itk in I.YIe " Sed.1 Sclo_ I 41

6. C.
Constitutional Assembly ("Con-Ass") is a body created
to create a constitution or for a Charter Change ("Cha-
Cha"), which refers to the political and other related
processes involved in amending or revising the current

7. D. ,
Article IV, Section 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution
says that "the prime duty of the Govemment is to serve
and protect the people".

8. A.
Eminent domain is the power of the state to take
property for public use with just compensation. Police
power is the capacity of the state to enforce order in
their territory. Taxation is the power of the state to
impose financial charge on their citizens. Judicial
review is a doctrine in which the actions of the state are
subject to review, and possible invalidation, by the

9. D.
Minimum wage is a statutory or legal right, or a right
that is legislated by the govemment.

10. A.
Civil rights, like the right to information, protect
individuals' integrity and safety and allows citizens to
participate in civil matters.

11. C.
Article V. Section 1 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution
says that "suffrage may be exercised by all citizens ...
who are at least eighteen years of age."

12. A.
The present Philippine govemment follows a
constitution and its leaders are elected.
48 I T1IelJ,kk 1n Ii:S.d.1 Selt "

13. D.
The Philippine Commonwealth which lasted from 1935
to 1946 was a commonwealth of the United States.

14. B.
The Commission on Appointments (CA) confirms the
appointments made by the president of the Philippines.

15. C.
If a vetoed bill is passed by a vote of two-thirds of the
members of both houses, such bill shall become a law.

16. A.
The Batasang Pambansa was dissolved when the 1986
Freedom Constitution was promulgated to reorganize
the government. \) --., r , n
"'"1,'- /' -I ....
17.B. ~
Th~!..Philippi'l-e Congress is the@tiQnallegislatl!re.of
_c~untry.)tjV{icameral(Hous..e of Senate and House of
Representa es), and enacts laws that are within the
bounds onhe constitution. --- ~

18. C.
The separation of Church and State was first
recognized in the 1899 Malolos Constitution.

19. A.
Academic freedom which includes free leaming,
teaching, and research is essential for the growth of the

20. D.
The 1986 Provisional "Freedom" Constitution was
promulgated to provide for an orderly transition to a
government under a new constitution.

TlttQ,rkHn Royle.". SocialSci..... I 47


1. Education ~xperts believe.~t teachers should play the

_role_ol "the guide in the sidvather than the "sage in th~,
~g0to=enco...!!.@ge students to learnon theirown al!d
generate-their_ownknowledge. In the same light. which
-e.s9n.o.rnj~Y.Stemgl"@l.private businesses.the freedom
o direct the~~!LE!COnomJe-~!.iyltie~?Nithmiiiimum-
-A. capitalism C. free enterprise
B. communism D. socialism

2. What is the.etfe~~ i;;~Jn available~moneyst~?

A. It will increase-the sUflply of credit thus decrease
interestrates. ~- -
B. Ilwil[deci(e.ase-the supply of credit thus increase
- intere.!!Lratiis.-:)
C. It will discourage the purchase of goods.
D. It will cause people to tighten their belts in spending.

3. Which statement about a cartel is FALSE?

/A. It restricts available supply.
B. It brings down the selling price of the product.
rC, It has similar marketing strategies.
D. It has a monopoly of their product.

4. According to ' "if there is less intervention from

the government. competition among sellers in the market
Wilf lead into tlie well~oeingof the society".
-A~Adam Smith . C. Thomas Malthus
B. Karl Marx ( ( D. Vladimir Lenin
----..., ,-
5. In what political set-up do governments control major_
-industries suchas- me<lia:""transportationand
A. capitalist C. laissez faire
B. feudalist , D. socialist
6;v. d~-f>

I 1ft Gdrkln I , Sed.l SdeMM

6. How was the Philippines affected by the 2008 world

financial crisis?
A. less remittances abroad
B. less direct foreign investments
C. less exports especially in the semiconductors and
D. All of the above

7. When recession gets prolonged resulting to_aslumpjn...

businessactivily, we are in a period or .
A. deflation C. economic boom
B. depression D. inflation

8. The primary purpose of taxation is to _

A. raise revenues for the support of the government
B. reduce inequalities in wealth and incomes
C. fortify the government against invaders
D. make the country a leading industrialized country in
the world

9. The rate of growth of a nation's economy is measured by

the _
A. standard of living of its people and the abundance of
its natural resources
B. presence of scientific and business researches and
ventures and the changes inJt,s_GNP over a period of
C. abundance of its natural resources and scientific and
business researches and inventions
D. change in its gross national product over a period of
years and the standard of living for its people

10. Which term applies when company controls the supply

of sugar?
A. monopoly C. oligopoly
B. monopsony D. perfect competition
The Q"kHET I lewor: Socl.l Sde_ I 49

11. Which of the fOllowin~ne
---""----- of the component
factors that make the flow of proiluctio-n possible?
'A:-capital, ~ .. - C ..labor
B. goods/ D. land

12. The integration of the ~E!~ntoa globale.conomic

system is called .-
A. modernization C. industrialization
B. globalization D. economic restructuring

13. The Philippines joined the , an organization that

seeks to liberafize international trade.
A. United Nations
B. World Trade Organization
C. General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs
D. Association of Southeast Asian Nations
1-'-----_.- - ..

14. TheJanded .class_enjoyed ..huge. incomes from share

tenancy a!!dJE!n!s fr0"1lDIlElri!~.(L~stat~~, while the
_tenants-remained poOr. As a result, the wealthy
landowners. -- ---', _.-
A. abolished share tenancy and reverted the land to the
. peasants
B. acquired tremendous.economic, social, and political
advantages.. - ..-'
C. disposed their landholdings voluntarily in response to
social obligations
D. expelled tenants and actually worked on the
farmlands themselves

Reform Program is the -==

15. The ultimate objective of the Comprehensive Agrarian

A. abolition of share tenancy in favor of lease tenancy

B:-cultivation of all idle lands
C. distribution of arable lands in the country
D. establishment of owner-cultivated farm
60 I THfhkk In 11 Social Scle "

16. Which economic cgndition/s-;nthe country may have

helped shape the \filipino EirsCpolicy? e;- f..

The foreign buslneSsiiien controlled mining,

y IC
electricity, commerce, and manufacturing .
./ ii. The Filipinos had complete control of fisheries, and
had better control of forestry and transportation.
iii. The Central Bank discriminated Filipino businessmen
in the allocation of dollars for import.

A. i and ii only C. ii and iii only

B. i and iii only O. i, ii, and iii

17. What holds true in a progressive system of taxation?

A. The rate of tax increases as the income base or
income bracket increases.
B. The rate of tax increases as the income base I
C. The rate of tax is equal regardless of income.
O. None of the above.

18. The sale of government-owned companies like PLOT to

private corporations is called '
A. contractualization C. liberalization
B. deregulation O. privatization

19. Which statement illustrates liberalization?

{";jd A. Telecommunication companies agrees on similar
, s~ices-anil prices. ~
,he' B. ~-fhine~~comes the m@jor stakeholdeMf
a forme y g nment:QWrLed..1>ank,-
C. There,.is.an u-nres rlcled flow of imPorted fruits and
D. Oil filTl"iScan freely dictate their prices.
1--, ' r ~ ,-, (/-1' e
, ,---..
20. Which sector involves all types of.l~ihood not
registered with the government?
A. community sector C. international sector
B. informal sector O. private sector

End of Test VIII

The Qui/HIT Reviewer: Social Sciences I 61

Answer Key and Discussion

1.A 6.0 11. B 16. B

2.B 7.B 12.B 17. A
3. B B.A 13. B 1B.D
4.A 9.0 14.B 19.C
5.0 10. A 15.C 20.B

1. A.
Capitalism is an economic system wherein the means
of production are privately owned and operated for pro-
fit. The political freedom is said to promote economic

2. B.
~is_aO..l!lcreaseof available money stoCk.' people
. not re2.olveto borrowir!g monw th~s re~it will de:..c>
gease .As a resulLbanl\s and other lendinQ.9lhlpanles
will increase Interest rates'lO-offselllle fewer credits.

3. B.
A cartel is an agreement among competing firms that
sell similar products and agree to fix prices. marketing,
and production. Like oil distributors, cartels do not
necessarily bring down the prices of their products.

4. A.
Adam Smith is widely cited as the father of capitalism.

5. D.
Socialism is an economic system wherein the means of
production are publicly owned. It is based on
cooperative social relations and self-management.

6. D.
The 2008 world financial crisis resulted to the pulling
out of investments and the loss of jobs.
sa I n. 4h>ltHIT I It: Social ScI.ncH

7. B.
Depres8ion~ined, lo~g-term downturnjn
e~:OIlomic,agjyities~ n ~nomiCJ:joom is a sustained
increase,in.several econom ii:' in'dicators:-Inflatlcjnand
-cfeffiiiion are respectively'the increase,andJ!ecrease In
-lhgenerallevel of Erices of goods and services.

8. A.
The primary purpose of taxation is to raise revenues for
the government to carry out public functions.

9. D.
Economists generally measure the country's economy
based on the gross national product (GNP) as well as
the people's standard of living.

"..... 10. A.
A monopoly exists when there is only one seller of a
product. A monopsony exists when there is only one
buyer. An oligopoly exists when there are few sellers. A
perfect competition exists when there are many sellers
and many buyers.

11. B.
"Land. labor, and capital are the factors needed to

12. B.
Globalization refers to the_unification of the world's '_
economy through theJe-duction of barriers to_,
international trade, such as tariffs and import quotas.
13. B.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the
organization that seeks to supervise globalization. It
replaced the General Agreement,of Trade and Tariffs
, (GAIT). -1'i:J"\J\..e \\)

14. B.

Landowners acquired tremendous economic, social,

and political advantages, such as the case of
government officials.
Thl /lv/tHEY R lewl" Social Sell"" I 13

15. C.
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program sought
to redistribute arable lands to landless farmers for the
promotion of their welfare and elevation of social

16. B. ,--
President Carlos Garcia implemented the Filipino First __
poricyto favor Filipino businessmen over foreign

17. A.
A progressive tax system exists when the rate of tax
increases as the income base or income bracket
increases:A \--regressive
- lax-system.-----
exists when the rate
'"Of tax increases as the income base decreases. A
proportional tax system exists when the rate 'of tax is
regardless of class or place .. " - .

18. D. r ._
Privatization is ttle_sa!e_otgovernmentowned.-
companies ana corporationS(G6CCs) to private
- companies. Liberalization refers to the relaxation of ~
previOuSgovemmentte~tions, e.g~the jelaxation of
tariffs-on imported products. Deregulation refers to the
removal 'bfg~ment ru"lesand regulations that
'constrain'the operation of market force~ e.g. the Oil
Deregulation law. ' ,

19. C.
Statement C illustrates liberalization. Statement A
illustrates aC;rnet'Statement B illustrates privatization.
StatemeiifD-ilIIJslrates deregulation.
r---- -..J

20. B.
The informal sector or the underground economy refers
to all the types of livelihood not registered with the
government, for example, the ambulant vendors.
114 I The Quirk LETRe.;ewer: Social Sclen,

Test IX
~'~ \. "-,
1, One challen e in Il1eace education is teaching students
~h'Owt(l'lhinl( critica y. not :-vhat to think, What strategy
'rnavnelp develop this skill?- -
A, debating the pros and cons of globalization
B. discussing the UN universal declaration of human
C, simulating the experiences of disadv~nta!led,people
6'writing a reflection paper afterwatctling a I
documentary film on human traffickin~

2, through Executive Order 570, otherwise known

as ~Jnstitutionalizing Peace Education in Basic Education
and TeachefEducation",- --' ,--
A, A series of workshops on peace education is planned
B. Instructional materials on how to teach peace
education are prepared
C, Peace education is mainstreamed in the basic formal
and non-formal education
D, The war in Mindanao is being solved

3, mollment in primary education in developing regions

<Jeache-il9 percenrin2008:LiPfr6m8:tPe~
2000~''lJndej' wh~_Millennium
does thiS concern fall?
\ - --------- ---
DeveloRment Goal

A, child hea C, maternal health

B. global partnership D, universal education

4. According ~~Mille?\,ium Develol'.ment Goals,

one way to develop global partn~lljs to .
A. halve theproportibn of the, population without
sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic
_rsanitation-. '
BI. deal comprehensively with developing countries'
C, achieve decent employment for women, men, and
young people
D, achieve a significant improvement in the lives of at
least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020
--- .. --
lhl Quid' LET R"II.": SocialSelIn... I sa

5. Which could NOT be a target to achieve unlversal

~a~ssJo mat.!!rnal and reproductive ~Ith? --;
A. Fqr girls in some r~ioQ.s:education remains elusive.
B. Poverty and lack of education perpetuatehigfi /:,
adolescent birth rates.
C. There is a wide rural-urban gap in skilled care during
D. Use of contraception is lowest among the poorest
- women and those with no education.
---=--'- -",--
6. "1.8 million j:1ec)piedied from tuberculosisin.2008," "an
estimated 33.4 millf9-hpeo-plEr"were living wLth'HIV i~
2008," "malaria kills a child-in the~worl(r every 45-
SE;conds". These facts show that there is a need to

A. reduce child mortality

B. improve maternal health
C. eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
D. combat infectious diseases

7. Which article set forth in the UN Declaration of Human

Rights allows Jose Ma. Shah, founder of the Communist
~Party olthe Philippines;to stay in the-Netherlands
- despite bein!faccused -of political crimes? --
A. Everyone has the right to life. liberty, and security of
B. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and
residence within the borders of each state.
C. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other
countries asylum frol!!..~rsecution.
D. No onesh111rlie su6]ected to torture or punishment.

8. Which article in the UN Declaration of Human Rights

assures studentsS~!Jchoose their. preferred _college
course? Everyone...has the-right to:
A. adeq'uate standards of living.
B. freedom of opinion and expression_
C. freely participate in the cultural life of a community.
D. work and free choice of employment.
158 I TIl. Ill/It! Ln R I , Social 5<1.nces
9. Which could NOT possibly b~njmportant.concept
--.- . -.
the knowledge domain'of Peace Educatiqn?
- -- in

A. conflict and war\:: f\C. peace and non-violence

B. globalizationK D. re~ponsible leadership
,.-..-- ..
10. Which article in t~ UN Declaration of Human Rights
suggests that teachers can protect themselves from
accusations?--='~ - _.. - ---
A. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right
to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.
B. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public
hearing by an independent and impartial trial.
C. No one shall be.subjected.to"arbitrary interference"
nor attac:ks-upOn his hono..':a[1~dreputation.
D. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by
competent national tribunals.

11. Which article i~ UI'tDecLa@tLclIlotHuma!lJ~ights

suggests that w~ cannot.!rce stu.d.ents)ostay.inour
country even after-they' have graduated?
A:-Everyone' h-as.therighrtoa nationality.
B. Everyone has the righU...9.d-eave a~ountry, including
his 0.wn~and"10retu'rn-to his count
C. Everyone\has.therlghtto seek and to enjoy in other
countries asylum from persecution. \
D. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest,
detention, or exile.

12. Which article in the UN Declaration of Human Rights

suggest:tthat governments should ensure the availability
of public Sthools?---- - -,;:;; =""" --
A. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity
and rights.
B. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone
the free and full development of his personality is
C. Everyone has the right to education, and it shall be
free in the elementary and fundamental stages.
D. Parents have the prior right to choose the kind of
education that shall be given to students.
TItothltk in InIewer, Socl.l 510_ I 57

13. How can Teacher Carla make her homeroom more

gender sensitive? ___----- -- ---_
A. Make all students, whetner boys or girls. participate in~
all activities.' .- ~ .,-- - . _.
aStructure the room that would-cater to the specific
boys anClglifs. - -
C. Plan the seati[1g.alTIll!gement in a girl.boy~attern.
D.AII of the above. .-- ----

14. In which might ~ss-l1ifUi1a,findJ?Ie_va,Qt information on

promoting the nghts:otworne.ll7
:-Convention on the Elimination of all forms of
Discrimination against Woman (CEDAW)
B. Commission of Women ..
C:-General Assembly.Bindingflomen for Reforms,
Integrity, Equality, Leadership, an if Action (GABRIELA)
D. -All of the'above. - --

15. What ~d
~---"-NOT be an example'otderogatory an.d~
discriminatory P.Qrtrayanlfwomenin media?
Kfemalecharacters ar~j)ysically and~rbally.?bused
B. female characters are given the lead roles with male
characters ---
C.'female characters are given stereotyl'ical roles like
the "dumb. blonde" - .,.- -" . '.-
D. female characters are portrayed as sex obiects

16. An individual has the right to file the Writ of Amparo.

What is this? ~ ~(%~-h'zn;-
A. Right to due process
B. Ri91!110,protection
C:Right to be defended by a public attorney
D. Right to life, liberty and security
&8 I Th. 1.1tt In R l : Social SeI.ne"

17. Which statemenUs on education is/are correcg-

i. Education is a fundamental human right. (
ii. Education iSiln imperfect right.
iii. Education is the key to sustainable development,
peace and stability. ../

A. i and ii only C. iii only

B. i and iii only D. ii only
18. For world peace, the UN approved a non-proliferation_
treaty. What was the immediate purpose of this treaty?
A. To limit theuse6f andsale of guns
B. To reject the membership of China as a member of
the UN
C. To stop the manufacture of guns
D. To stop the spread of nuclear weapons /'

19. The ASEAN aims to promote regional peace and

adherence~.t .. PrJ . IeSOfihe"UN'Ch~r. It
envisions . "caring n sl~~ring ~llJJMWbLc~
eliminate the::p 0 ms o'
-A:"'depflvation, illiteracy, elderl
h(iilger malnutrition. poverty-=:::'
C~largefamilies. environment. travel
D. war, conflict, deprivation
20. What couldbe.the best way for students to appreciate
the eXJ)Elriencesof farmers in their proper socicccultural
conteXt?...:?' - > J -. --
A. Bring clippings of articles on the state of the
agricultural sector of the Philippines and discuss in
B. Discuss and evaluate the effectiveness of the.
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program.
C. Have an immersion in a farming community."""
D. Watch a documentary on the plight of farmers in
haciendas owned by government officials.

End of Test IX
111. iMtk InInltw : SocIalScIt-. I 59

Test IX
Answer Key and Oiscussion

1. A 6.0 11. B 16. B

2.C 7.C 12. C 17. B
3.0 8.0 13. B 18.0
4.B 9.0 14.0 19.B
5.A 10.C 15. B 20. C

1. A.
Critical thinking clarifies goals, examines assumptions,
discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence,
accomplishes actions, and assesses conclusions.
Debating pros and cons evaluates evidence.

2. C.
Section 1 of Executive Order 570 says that the "The
DepEd shall mainstream peace education in the basic
formal and non-formal education curriculum:

3. O.
The statement talks about the improvements of the
state of education among developing regions.

4. B.
One of the UN's Millennium Development Goal is-lo_
develop global partnership for deV'elOpment"One of this
---gOal's tar9!ills~lwilli the_deblproblems..of
~y'eloping countries compreh:.nsively.]

5. A.
Choice A talks about achieving universal education.

6. O.
Tuberculosis, HIV, and malaria are infectious diseases.
One of the UN's Millennium Development Goal is to
combat HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases.
80 I lilt'" in lelle SocW$de-.

7. C. --- --\
Jose Ma. Sison is seeking political asylum at the
N'ttherl~dl; from.what he claims as_trumped-up=-,
--- - - - .-
charges against him by the Philippine govemment. .
8. D.
Colleges offer special instruction in professional or
technical subjects. Ideally, students choose a college
course that will prepare them for their chosen future

9. D. ~-----
Responsible leadership falls under the Attitudes domai
of Peace Education. ,----

10. C.
Accusation means an allegation of wrongdoing. It may
not be formally charged and people are protected from
arbitrary interferences nor attacks against one's honor.

11. B.
Unless ther~js,!leglil. reason, everyone l!asJhe right
to le~e .any country, includ~g.one's_own,.and to retum
to lIle country.
r---- t

12. C.
Public schools are funded by tax revenues and/
administered by the govemment making it free.

13. B.
Gender sensitivity is the awareness and insight into the
state of the other sex so that we would know how to
appi'opiialely act around_each other. Catering to each
other's speCifilnleeds is being sensitive.

14. D.
One might find relevant information on how to promote
women's right from CEDAW, Commission on Women,
Tho 4hrkk LIT IIYM"" Social ScIMm IU

15. B:
All choices, except B, portray women in a
discriminatory or derogatory matter.

t6. B.
The Writ of Amparo is a remedy for protection of
constitutional rights. Amparo means protection.

17. B.
Imperfect rights are rights that are not legally
recognized. Universal access to education is mandated

18. D.
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons or the Nuclear N~Ioliferatio~~ty is a
treaty to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

19. B.
The Cebu Declaration TOYiards_One.,Caringand
Sharing_ ommun!!Jeaffirmed the ASEAN's
commitment in areducing-eoverty and_inequality and
~ the standard and quality of life of our people."

20. C.
Community immersion bridges the gap between theory
and actual practice experientialleaming.
82 I 1'10. q"kk LIT 1IoYI or: SecI.1 SCIe

Test X

1. Which statement regarding the nature of.the Filipino is-

correct? .The Filipino is ' ,--
A: a pure Filipino
B. basically a Spaniard
C. totally Westernized
D. the blending of the East and West

2. Which doe~aracteri~a.ditional Chinese

A. They believe in Confucianism./
B. Their families are patrilineal./
C. They practice Shintoism/"
D. They advocate government examinations for
government positions.
~ /'

3. The Tasadays used caves for shelter.\vhile the Negritos

constructed dwellingsmade'ofstiCks and leaves. To
which of these can
you attribute the difference in
A. availability of materials
B. exposure to society
C. gender difference
D. intellectual ability

4. The word comes from the Greek word that

means "inquiry".
A. Anthropology C. Linguistics
B. History D. Sociology

5. is the scientific study of social human behavior

while is the scientific study of individual human
A. Sociology; psychology
B. Psychology;'sociology
C. Anthropology; psychology
D. Psychology; anthropology
The (JMIdr in 1"I.wor, Sod.1Selt.... I 83

6. It is the scientific study of the Rhysical, social, and

,-cull~RmentoU1umaDP. '-
A. Anthropology C. Psychology
B. History D. Sociology

7. The CWTS class of Miss Cathy signed up for a Gawad

Kalinga.program in their comm~nity. On which Filipino
t!2-itls the Gawad Kalinga cuilt?1
-A. ad8Prability- C~extreme personalism
B. bayanihan spirit D. sense of humor

8. Coach Chris credits his basketball team's success to.

theicnever saVlie:attitude)He isshowi.D!flheFiiipinos'
indomitable spirit iniheir - .
-A~ ability to survive C. self-reliance
\( B. friendliness D. utang na loob

9. FOIiOwin9"i~fol~~;i;;;;r;;';i9ht, if,a person is

su[[oundea:by:tazyancrdisDonest people, will he also be
like them?
'-- A:' Yes~because environment influences the
dID'elopmentof man.
B.lt depends on his pe-rsonalitytype.
C. No, he can choose to be different since man has free
D. Tha{depends on the.strength cl.the influence of the
groultQf:Jazi and dishones(ar,oun<fhirrG-
~ ---
10. Ariel formed"an org~l2!ziltioDthat will serve as a
watch~ogin to_eaffa!rs.o!..thecitY:h. al~ere they have
'-heard of a lotof .::---
corrupthiring Ilracti~Which
~ is an
indicator of the 'patronage.system in Philippine society
~hai contributes to poverty?;' - - ..-- .
A. A less deserving applicant gets appointed because he
has a :padrino". "-
B. Pa'rentshave many "kumpares" in the baptism of their
child. -
C. Most people patronize impor!~d.goods.
D. The "piI050pO"type of worker does not get promoted
to his job.
84 I The I"kk lET 1 I.w : Socl.1 Sci

11. It could challenging to make students value

meri ocrac . What could possibly be a consequence if
teachers dQJlol.emphasize_this]
A. students might give in to the "kami mentality"
B. prevalence of crab mentality among students
C. students might adhere to the "pwede na" mentality
D. students would pursue excellence

12. A pr,9feSsfOnatorganization slogan says('Be honest
eveQ if ~hers are n91.
Be h~!!~steven'~f.~canfiot." ~
~~-slogan imply about values?

i. Values are dependent on person, place, and time.

ii. Values are changing.
iii. Values remain to be values even if nobody
possesses them.
A. i only C. iii only
B. ii only D. ii and iii only

13. Sir Nathan reprimand,!WJhe.stude~ who were not

3QfkiDg as a gr~and chided them for having the
mentality-oT crabs. What was he liying locorrect?
-'A. The te-naencylo be careless"and carefree.
B. The tendency to pass the work to others.
C. The tendency to pull down one who has gained some
D. The tendency to be uncooperative.

14:Why is every government employee required to submit

an annuaLstatement of assets and liabilities?
ArTo'be objectiVe in pertormanceevaluation.
B. To safegu~rd the people~g~rnst coiTUp~iOrl:\
C. To determine wno deserves the promolion.
D. To defermlne who is fit for the job.
no. QIIItk LIT1tYIoww, Sedel ScIe_ I"

15. Jane could not believe whatJ6hn said/but John said

that;nany.believe it, so it must~true. John is
Committing the-faliacyof7 .-
-A-:"'Argumentum-a-d' hominem
B. Argumentum ad populum
C. Argumentum ad misericordiam
D. Argumentum ad verecundiam

16. A student pleaded to his professonoglvehim a passing

gr~eJ)ecause_hil!. whole family is_d~pen.ding on him to
~1i1tthem out of poverty on91~g[aduate~. This is an
example of ' . ,
A. Argumentum ad misericordiam "([J. fttiy
B. Argumentum ad populum ..""" .I (
C. Argumentum ad verecundiam -rA..,'!o~'
D. Argumentum ad ignorantiam ....

A7~t fallac~idlflEistudentcolnmit.When he challenged

~ their new college instructo.!, in practicaUaW...!laying,~y--
<" should we belie~ you wh!l.nyou have not even finished
.your law-degr~?i -~ -. - .
A. Argumentum ad hominem ;V ruse ""'I
B. Argumentum adbaCUlum -,
C. Argumentum ad verecundiam ..;
D. Argumentum ad ignorantiam

18. A studenypointed
---_. -----
out a teacher's error. during a
discussion .The teacher, however, snapped at the
"student and threatened himthat he'll be sent out of class
if heaoeSriOt stop arguing ~ttihim~ ThisiS' an example
'Of - .... _.~ I
A. Argumentum ad misericordiam
B. Argumentum ad verecundiam
C. Argumentum ad hominem
D. Argumentum ad baculum ....--
H I n.. tJ.1d: UT I.wienr, Soc~1Selt

.----- -
19. Ella's classmates could not believe heueport~When
" the
teacher asked herJQ verify..her..report, she said that she
got her inform..3!'-ionf(Qm a ~ula~~!!.e': therefore
reporable~his, however, is a fallacy of '
ICArgumEmtum ad verecundiam1> V~ r,"'it/
B. Argumentum ad ignorantiam
C. Argumentum ad populum
D. Argumentum ad hominem

20. A student is being investiga!gdJor-cheating. He is

confident,. however, that the investigation will notpush
through because he 5a1Clnat the investigators have no
-ellidenceagainst him. This is a fallacy, however, of
- --..-...J

A. Argumentum ad misericordiam
B. Argumentum ad verecundiam
C. Argumentum ad ignorantiam
D. Argumentum ad hominem

End of Test X
Tn Qllkt Ln 1nIe : Soclel ScIe_ I 87

Test X
Answer Key and Discussion

1.0 6.A 11.C 16.A

2.C 7.8 12.C 17.A
3.A 8.A 13.C 18.0
4.8 9.0 14.8 19.A
5.A 10.A 15.8 20.C

1. O.
The Filipino has been influenced by their Asian
neighbors such as the Chinese, Malays, and Hindus,
and the Western colonizers like Spain and USA. The
era of globalization has exposed the Filipinos to more

2. C.
Shinto is traditionally practiced by Japanese.

3. A.
The Tasadays live in their ancestral caves, in the
forests of Sol!!!LCotabato while lheJl!egrit~~ in
isoiated;5C311ered mountainous parts .0tLuzon. Their
.shelters are-th-eresult of the availability of materials in
their environment.

4. B.
History comes from the Greek his/oria, which means

5. A.
Sociology studies humans in their collective aspect. In
education, it looks at how social issues affect
education. Psychology also studies groups as well as
individual behavior and mental processes.

6. A.
Anthropology is thastudyo~humanity. In education, it ____ J

looks at how clillure affects..education.-

II I n. '-'* lIT Ieohwor. Sed.I ScIHm

7. B.
Gawad Kalinga, which means to "give care", is known
for their program of building homes in sustainable
communities. It is built on the concept of bayanihan,
which refers to a spirit of communal unity.-'-

8. A.
Indomitable also means incapable of being overcome
or unconquerable. It illustrates the Filipino's ability to"
survive. .

9. D.
Sociology looks at group infiuences_on.in,9ividual
behavior. Sociology challenges the view thatili.iinal]s
(""areindividualistic.' .

10. A.
The padrino system, especially in Ijlilippine_ politics,
has been criticized as a source of corruption and.
controversies: ..

11. C.
Meritocracy is a system wherein a personJS-Iecognized_
for the.ir_merits,intelligence, and credentials. Students
might not work harO~andjust come up with a mediocre
work, the "pwede na" mentality. if teachers do not let
students value the merits of their eff6-rts.-'-

12. C.
Values will remain as .values_even.if.nobody possesses
them, 'as in the case of being "honest even if.others_
'canlioi". "
13. C.
Crab mentality is best described by the term "If I can't
have it, neither should you". It refers to the negative
...tendency of Filipinos to pull down others who have
achieved prestige or success.

"" tItI/tk in RI ' Sod"Sc__ I"

14. B.
The Statement of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth
(SALN) discloses a public servant's wealth and makes
sure that there is no discrepancy between their income
and accumulated wealth.

15. B. I
Argumentum ad populum is Latin for "appeal to the
~ ~es that ~yJ'..eU~ve sfj,jt)s so".

16. A.
Argumentum ad misericordia!!,. is Latin for "appeal to
jilly\ It tries to win support ~y exploiting anotherJ
person's'pity o,.-guj,f: -.I' O j"",e 1'1', ..,:)

17. A. t
Ad hQminem is Latin for "to the maii21t is often
described as aJ,allacy~because it can be used ta
questi~~rsonal com:lJlct or use<Jas_p_ersonal
-- /

19.Jl ~
Argumentum ad cundiam-is' also known as "ap~al
. 0 authority". It argues that a statement is corrE!'eC' -
~because it is_~de by a source that is r~ar~ed.as~
\~uthOntativ~:alth9U9hlt may be erroneous. 1-

20. C. ,__
\~entum_ad.ignOrantiam i~p'ea'
~r tQJgnorance"_--
argues that aprop'osition is true because it has not
':'been proven.tc),i>e=faT~o(viCe versa:An absence of
, evidenCEl,liowever, does not really prove what is the
-trut~ -
70 I Tho fhkk LETR i , Sociai Sc'-aCil

Test XI

-- ----
1. Which statemenldoes NOT describe the Babylonians?
They compiled one of the-earliest examples of a
diagnostic handbook.
B. They were credited for writing the oldest piece of
literature, the Epic of Gilgamesh.
,/ C. Their astrology was credited for paving the way for
D. The set of laws collected and put forth by their leader
was a giant step for the development of the concept
of justice.
r- ,
2. What were the secrets of the .Hittites for their success in
warfare? \
'A~war ships
B. plunder and intimidation
C. iron implements and war chariots
D. consulting the stars before going to war""'---

3. As you are reading this question, what legacy of the

Phoenicians are,You reminded of?
A. the word "Jiiblion", from which we got the root word for
"bible" and many words relating to book _
B. the alphabet which was adopted by the Greeks and
Romans, where we also based our alphabet _
C. the extensive trading that spread the Phoenician
D. the paper from papyrus reeds harvested in one of the
colonies of the Phoenicians

4. Though not a major political power, the made

lastingcontributfon for their belief that would become the
three major faiths in the world right now.
A. Chaldeans C. Persians -
B. Hebrews D. Phoenicians

The (JuNk LIT1..,1 : SocIll Sdtl"" I 71
-------- -----
5. ~hat ts a~!ltribution of the Assyria~-':!I-study of
"MesoRotam1a ?
'--A':'Tl9lath Pileser invaded other lands mainly for plunder.
B. The Assyrians were able to efficiently manage their
empire by employing terror.
C. A systematic library that contained thousands of clay
tablets with information about Mesopotamia was
D. Ashurbanipal ordered a grandiose city highly
influenced by the culture of Mesopotamia.

6. When you receiv~d a[Le-:mail.from a-friend, you should

be reminded that the Persians improved the mailing
system by - -- ----------
A.-establishing a monetary system that was accepted all
over the empire
B_ organizing.satrapies and satraps~
C_ creating a '1;200 mile long Royal Road from modern-
day Turkey to Iran
D. using an official language all over the empire

7. The f)jght of the Jews led by Moses from Egypt to the

SinarPeninsUla is called - - "
A. Diaspora C. Hegira
B. Exodus D. Migration
8. Why is Egypt called the.(Gift ~e_Nile'?"
A. Egypt's civilization lasted"for thousands of years.
B. The monuments of Egypt still stand today.
C. Without the Nile, it would not have been possible to
establish a civilization.
D. Many were faScinated by the ancient civilization of

9. Who were the Mycenaeans?

A. An Indo-European tribe that settled in mainland
B. They were the heroes in Homer's stories.
C. They borrowed the culture of the Minoans.
D. All of the above.
72 I The Q"lcklET Revlewe" Social Scle.ce.

10. Some schools patterned their school's mission and

vision after the Greek ideals like excelle'nce, courage,
and honor in Homer's epic poems, namely the _
A. Iliad and Odyssey C. Aeneid and Eclogues
B. Works and Days D. Dialogue and Republic

11. : "rule of the few" as : "rule by the

A. empire; republic C. democracy; oligarchy
B. oligarchy; republic D. oligarchy; democracy

12. Which statement does NOT describe the Athenians?

A. They value moderation/
B. They value the Golden Mean.Y
C. They granted equal rights to the women./
D. They cherished freedom of thought and speech""""'"

13. Which statement does NOT describe the Spartans?

A. The people had a militaristic orientation./
B. They valued the Golden Mean.
C. They led the Peloponnesian League.
D. They trained their warriors not to fear death.-

14. Which of the following does NOT pertain to Julius

Caesar? ~ ./
A. He formed a triumvirate with Pompey and'CrassusL-
B. He was known for his conquests of Gaul. i --::- ' ,
C. He crushed a revolt instigated by slaves. -\-. <'1 "l'ly,. ;..
D. He established reforms for the soldiers and the poor.
/ '.
15. Which of the following statements~ FALSE regarding
Octavian? ~ ---
A. He is the nephew of Julius Caesar. /
B. He was later known as Augustus, meaning "honored/
and majestic". /
C. His reign started the Roman Empire and Pax /
D. He was defeated by the combined forces of Mark,(
Antony and Cleopatra. . /
The Q"i,klET Reviewer: Social Sciences I 73

16. In their Religion class, Sister Mary said that Palestine

during J~s' time_was part of the Roman,Empire.
Because of this, Jesus had to deliver his message
through _
A. his disciples C. parables
B. the Bible D. the Holy Spirit

17. Constantine was known for everything stated below,

A..-He was the first Christian Roman emperor.
B~e was said to be victorious after he followed Christ's
orders in his dream.
C. He issued the Edict of Milan which stopped the
persecution of Christians.
D/'He declared that Christianity should be the official
religion of the Roman Empire.

18. Which statement ~~ pertain to the m~c

,r A. It was initiated
by Benedict of Nursia.
/ B. The monks and nuns kept c1assicaUe.arning alive.
C. The monks and nuns wield~.e.olitical power. J
D. The monKs and nuns renounced worle pursuits and
/ devoted their life to spiritual matters.
l.. ..~ i'
19. Which does NOT pertain to the ByzantinaEmpire?-
/' A. Preserved the Greek and Romaiiideas
s-. Blended Western and Eastern art
( C. Also known as the Western Roman'Emp1L~
'D. Halted the -Muslim advance into Christian Europe
20. 1"':'1.0" ~ ,the breaking of religious images was one of
the many _reasons why. the' ._, of the Orthodox
Church and the (? ,,..,..,...of the Roman Church
excommunicated each other.
A. Schism; pope; patriarch
B. Schism; patriarch; bishop
C. Iconoclasm; pope; patriarch
D. Iconoclasm; p,atriarch; pope

End of Test XI
74 I no..k.t lITIn"'", S.d.1Sc"'_

Test XI
Answer Key and Discussion

1. B 6. C 11.0 16.C
2.C 7.B 12. C 17.0
3.B 8.C 13.B 18.C
4.B 9.0 14.C 19.C
5. C 10. A 15. D 20.0

1. B.
Scholars believe that the Epic of Gilgamesh originated
from a series of Sumerian legends and poems.

2. C.
The Hittites from Anatolia credited their military success
to the use of iron implements and war chariots.

3. B.
The Phoenicians alphabet was spread by Phoenician
merchants and used by many people. The Greek
alphabet. from which the Latin alphabet was based. is a
direct descendant of the Phoenician alphabet.

4. B. r--.)
The Hebrews, also known as the~es:started a
faith that would form the basis of the Abrahamic
religions: Judaism, Christianity. and Islam.

5. C.
The Royal Library of Ashurbanipal, the oldest
systematically organized library in the ancient Middle
East, contained a wealth of information on ancient

6. C. ~
Darius rebuilt the Persian Royal Road to facilitate rapid
communication all over the Persian Empire.
n.. (hid Ln ."Ien . SocIalScle_ I 711

7. B.
Exodus, which means "exit from Egypt", is the story of
the Israelites' departure from ancient Egypt as
described in the Book of Exodus, the second book of
the Bible.

8. C.
Just like many ancient civilizations that started in river
valleys, the ancient Egyptian civilization would not have
thrived in the desert if not for the Nile River that made
the area fertile.

9. D.
Mycenaean Greece is the historical setting of the
ancient Greek myths including the epics of Homer.

10. A.
Homer, considered as the greatest ancient Greek poet,
is the author of the Iliad and Ody~sey.Jiesiod was an \
ancient.Greek poet who wrote Works and Day$7Virgil .
----=:was:Jin ancierlt .Roman poet who wrote the Aeneid and
EcJogueso'Plato, the Greek philosopher, wrote Dialogue
."...---and The Republic.\
11. D.
In an oligarchy, power resides in a few people. In a
democracy, power resides among all the citizens.

12. C.
Although democracy originated in Athens, the status of
the Athenian woman was lower compared to women in
many Greek city-states.

13. B.
The Golden Mean, the philosophy that people should
follow.the. desir~le miQ.d~al!!.er tha..!.1..th~eJ!les,
_was practiced in AthenS) not in Sparta.

14. C.
Crassus, one of the three members of the First
Triumvirate, crushed the slave revolt led by Spartacus.
76 I The QuitkLET Reviewer, Socl.1 Sclen

15. D.
Octavian defeated the combined forces of Mark Antony
and Cleopatra. After the latter committed suicide.
Octavian added Egypt into the Roman Empire and
would later be known as Augustus. the first emperor of
the Roman Empire.

16. C.
A parable is a brief story with a lesson or instructive
principle. It is utilized by Jesus of Nazareth to teach
about the Kingdom of Heaven, and other virtues. They
could also be veiled commentaries about society during
Jesus' time. "

17. D.
Constantine may have enacted the Edict of Milan which
tolerated Christianity, but it was Theodosius who made
Christianity the official state religion of the Roman

18. C.
Monasticism Is a rEjligi()usp~actice whertlin one
"'"renounces worldly pursuits ..The devo~t()_spiritLLaL
work would make it unlikely for a person to pursue

19. C.
The Byzantine Empire was the Eastern Roman Empire.

20. D.
Iconoclasm-.was one of the religious issues that caused
aschism;Or:a split, between the.Roman-Caliholie-.

.-------- - --------
~Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churc~
- ---------
T1Ie(hid lIT 1 , Seel.' Sclo_s I 77

Test XII

1. Islam's central doctrine is the , which says that

there is no god except Allah and Muhammad is His
A. Zakat C. Salat
B.Shahadah D.Saum

2. What is oftentimes erroneously referred to as "holy war",

when it actually translates to "struggle in the way of
A. Hali C. Salat
B. Jihad D. Zakat

3. The Arabs made significant contributions and

i improvements in the academe. Which among the
following is NOT a contribution?
A. algebra C. chemistry
B. astronomy D. none of these

4. Many of the.-&'ab-contriQ.utionsto education happened

during th&:Golden Age of Isl8nNp which caliphate did it
A.;.....Abbasid_ C. Rashidun
B. Fatimid D. Umayyad

5. J)jr.Albertois careful not to exclude students from any

activities because it might nave serious consequences
on the students' self-esteem. Which term was applied to
a person exclude<ffrom Indian society?
A. Aryans - C. Kshatriya
B. Outcaste D. Vaishya

6. What was the term for the traditional Chinese concept

that the powers_oLauthorityof the emperor came from
heaven and emperorsshOuld then be regarded as 'Sons
of Heaven"?,
~ A. Chung Kuo ~ C. Mandate of Heaven
B. Confucianism D. Taoism

71 I TIoe IWkk Ln ,. Social Scion

7. What is the Buddhist term when one has perfected the

Eightfold Path?
A. Dharma C. Moksha
B.Karma D. Nirvana

8. Chinese society can be described as a mutual respect

between the leaders and the followers. Which
philosophy explains this understanding?
A. Buddhism C. Confucianism
B. Civil Service D. Heaven's Mandate

9. We give credit to the oriental philosophers for their

contributions to their ideas in education. Who does NOT
belong to the group?
A. Buddha C. Mencius
B. Confucius D. Lao Tze

10. Who was the Chinese emperor who founded the Chin
Dynasty which became the basis for the name .China"?
A. Shih Huang Ti C. Kung Fu Tze
B. Lao Tze D. Emperor Yu

11. Many Japanese are more than willing to offer their lives
for the sake of regaining honor. What do you call this
A. Bushido C. Seppuku
B. Kamikaze D. Zaibatsu

12. Aside from the Western classics, Mr. Bacalso included

Asian classics in his Literature class such as ,
about the Japanese medieval court.
A. The Tale of Genji
B. Kabuki
C. Bunraku
D. A Thousand and One Nights

The Qllitlr LET.nI . : Social 5<10_ I 79

13. What is the longest epic in the world that originated in

A. Epic of Gilgamesh C. Mahabharata
B. Bhagavad Gita D. Ramayana

14. :: anointed one, :: enlightened one

A. Allah; Buddha C. Christ; Allah
B. Buddha; Allah D. Christ; Buddha

15. Mr. Mosqueda discussed in class that the architecture of

a building can be used to study history in the absence of
historical documents. Which among the following is NOT
an example of Asian architecture?
A. Angkor Wat C. Chichen Itza
B. Borobodur D. Mohenjo Daro

16. Miss Cheryl said that through their class activities, the
students can practice diplomacy. Who is credited for
creating the largest land empire in history not only
through superior fighting skills but also through
diplomacy and making alliances with other tribes?
A. Ashoka C. Genghis Khan
B. Darius the Great D. Kublai Khan

17. The Chinese' praying for their dead relatives, the

Japanese' reverence for their departed loved ones, and
the Indian's Sraddha are evidences of '
A. respectfulness C. close family ties
B. filial piety D. ancestor worship

18. Aztec Empire:: Incan Empire is to:

A. Lisbon :: Machu Picchu
B. Lisbon :: Tenochtitlan
C. Porto :: Lisbon
D. Tenochtitlan :: Machu Pieehu

80 I n.""ln Ie.-., SedalScltMn

19. Which among the following is NOT a civilization in the

ancient Americas?
A. Aztec C.lncan
B. Harappa . D.Olmec

20. During the Age of Exploration, which among the

following was NOT received by the colonies from the
A. culture C. foodstuff
B. diseases' D. none of these.

End of Test XII

Th. thlkIt In 1",,_. SodaI SdtM. Ia

Test XII
Answer Key and Discussion

1.8 6.C 11. C 16.C

2.8 7.0 12. A 17.0
3.0 B.C 13.C 1B.D
4.A 9. A 14.8 19.8
5.8 10.A 15. C 20.0

II 1. 8.
Shahadah is the first of the Five Pillars and is the
profession of the Muslim faith[Salat or Salah is the
practice of formal prayerSl Zakat is the giving of alms to
tna pooi:SaumIs the fasting duiing the month of-

2. 8.
-Ramadan.Hajj1's the pilgrimage to Mecca.

Jihad is a religious duty among Muslims which literally

means "struggle". It is more of a personal struggle to
maintain the faith rather than a "holy war'".

3. D.
Alchemy, the forerunner of modem chemistry, was
derived from the Arabic, a/-kimia. A significant number
of stars are still refemed to by their Arabic names.
Algebra is derived from a/-jabr.

4. A.
The Abbasid_C~hate made significant contributions in
science.technCllogy, literature, and philosophy.
5. 8.
The Caste System was a social stratification system in
India. The outcastes were treated as untouchables. The
Brahmins were the priests. The Kshatriyas were the
warriors and nobilities. The Vaishyas were the traders
and bankers. The Shudras were the service providers.
82 I TINt(hid: LETIofle " SecktI ScltIC"

6. C.
The Mandate of Heaven says that the heaven will bless
a just ruler and his descendants but will take away that
mandate if one is a despotic ruler.

7. D.
Nirvana, the central concept of Buddhism, is the state
of eternal happiness when one has finished the
Eightfold Path. Dhanna refers to personal duties and
obligations. Kanna is the action that leads to the cycle
of reincarnation. Moksha is the "release" from the cycle
of reincarnation.
8. C.
Confucianism, which is based on the teachings of
Confucius or Kung Fu Tzu, stresses the importance of
relationships, such as the reverence of juniors for their

9. A.
Buddha, or Siddharta Gautama, is a spiritual teacher
from ancient India but was born in what is now Nepal.
Confucius, Lao Tze, and Mencius are philosophers
from ancient China.

10. A.
Shi Huang Ti was leader of the state of Chin. He unified
the warring states and became the first emperor of the
Chin Dynasty, where the name "China" was derived.
Emperor Yu was the legendary first emperor of China.

11. C.
Seppuku is a ritual suicide of disembowelment done by
samurais to regain their honor. It is a part of the
bushido, the samurai code of honor. Kamikaze, literally
"divine winds", were the stonns that protected Japan
from Mongol invaders and were used by World War II
pilots on a suicide mission. Zaibatsu refers to financial
and business conglomerates in Japan.
Tho (J.ltk In 1 _: Social Selone.. I sa

12. A.
The Tale of Genji, or Genji Monage/ari, is also
considered as the world's first novel attributed to Lady
Murasaki. Bunraku is a traditional Japanese puppet
theater. Kabuki is a traditional Japanese dance-drama.
A Thousand and One Nights, also known as Arabian
Nights, is a classic in Islamic literature compiled during
the Abbasid Dynasty.

13. C.
The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are the two major
Sanskrit epics of India. The Mahabharata is four times
the length of the Ramayana, making it the longest epic
in the world. The Bhagavad Gita is part of the
Mahabharata. The Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest epic
in the world.

14. B.
Christ is from the Greek khris/os, meaning "anointed
one'. The term usually refers to Jesus of Nazareth.
Buddha is a Sanskrit word meaning "enlightened" or
"awakened one". It usually refers to Siddharta

15. C.
Chichen Itza is a Mayan site found in Mexico.
Borobodur, is a Buddhist monument in Indonesia.
Angkor Wat is a Hindu and Buddhist monument in
Cambodia. Mohenjo Daro is an ancient Indus Valley
civilization site in Pakistan.

16. C.
Genghis Khan was the founder of the Mongol Empire,
the largest contiguous empire in history. His grandson,
Kublai Khan, was the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in
China. Ashoka the Great of the Maurya Dynasty is one
of the greatest rulers of ancient India. Darius the Great
of the Achaemenid Empire was one of the greatest
rulers of ancient Persia.
84 I 11M 0.1 in I.wlewer, SocI.IScl._

17. D.
Ancestor worship, or veneration of the dead, is a
common tradition among many Asian cultures.

18. D.
Tenochtitlan and Machu Picchu are important sites of
the Aztec and Incan Empire, respectively. Porto and
Lisbon are important cities of Portugal which pioneered
the Age of Exploration.

19. B.
Harappa is an ancient Indus Valley civilization in

20. D.
The Columbian Exchange was a widespread exchange
of animals, plants, slaves, culture, ideas, and even
communicable diseases between the Western and
Eastem hemispheres.


1. was the main political set-up and was

the main economic set-up during the middle ages.
A. feudalism; manorialism
B. scholasticism; monasticism
C. manorialism; feudalism
D. monasticism; scholasticism

2. is the code of conduct followed by in

order for them to properly serve their king, people, and
A. charter; knights C. knights; charter
B. chivalry; knights D. knights; chivalry

3. What was the movement started by Pope Urban II in

1095 which aimed to liberate and recover the "Holy
Lands" from the Muslims?
A. Christian War C. Holy War
B. Crusades D. Reconquista
The "'fa 1n ROYle
r: Std.1 Sci._ I 8lI

4. What was the school of philosophy in the Medieval

Period led by Thomas Aquinas which argued that
reasons could be used to explain Christian teachings?
A. Stoicism C. Naturalism
B. Scholasticism D. Humanism
5. Renaissance is a French word meaning ... _
A. awakening C. peak
B. birth D. rebirth

6. How did Gutenberg spread Renaissance ideas?

A. He printed the oldest version of the Bible.
B. His printing press made books widely available and
C. He wrote essays which criticized the old view of the
D. He promoted a scientific view of the world through his

7. Which statement CANNOT be attributed to Martin

A. He believed salvation can be achieved through faith
and good works.
B. He outlined his ideas in the Ninety-Five Theses and
nailed this in the door of the Castle Church in
C. His cause got the support of the German princes.
D. He attacked most of the sacraments of the Church.

8. Which is NOT a feature of the Protestant Reformation?

A. the growth of different Christian denominations
B. work ethics that reflect their faith
C. independence from the rule of the Catholic Pope
D. none the above

9. The motives of the Age of Exploration can be summed

up in three words:
A. guns, goons, gold C. God, gold, glory
B. guns, glitter, goons D. God, gold, guns
88 I The "~/tkLETRtvle.e" Social ScleM"

10. Which among the following was NOT a development

during the Scientific Revolution?
A. social contract
B. microbiology
C. laws of planetary motion
D. heliocentric view of the universe

11. Louis XIV once said, "L'etat c'est moi," or, "I am the
State" and claimed his power came from God and that
no man should question it. What kind of rule is this?
A. absolute monarchy
B. constitutional monarchy
C. enlightened monarchy
D. limited monarchy

12. Which goal best describes the Enlightenment?

A. to raise Europe from the lack of reason, superstitions,
dictatorship, and harsh conditions
B. to develop the trade and commerce of Europe for
C. to encourage the free exchange of ideas
D. to conquer other lands and exploit their natural
resources and enslave their people

13. The , which started in England, was marked

with the growth of factories and mass production.
A. Counter-reformation C. Industrial Revolution
B. English Revolution D. Reformation

14. Which statement CANNOT be attributed to Adam Smith?

A. He is known as the "Father of Modern Economics".
B. His major economics ideas are found in "The Wealth
of Nations".
C. He said that the government must see to it that
everybody's needs are met.
D. He put forth the idea of the "invisible hand".
The Quilt LETR lewe Social Scie.'11 I 87

15. Which of the following does NOT refer to Karl Marx?

A. He described the history of the world as a class
B. He said that the capitalist greed is the root cause of
inequalities in society.
C. He wanted to establish a government where the
workers dictate economic production.
D. He argued that we can achieve an equal society
through peaceful means.

16. Studying cause and effect, students were tasked to

enumerate the causes of World War I. The following led
to the outbreak of the First World War, EXCEPT

A. greed and secretive nature of powerful countries

B. the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of
C. Japan's militaristic ambitions
D. the consequence of imperialist conflict

17. Teaching in an international school, Miss Davis

encouraged her students not to let their cultural
differences be a hindrance from cooperating with one
another. She explained that even Sun Vat Sen and
Mahatma Gandhi have similarities. What were these
similarities? Both _
A. promoted a society ruled by religious leaders
B. rejected violence as a way to achieve reforms
C. led nationalistic movements in their respective
D. supported Marxism to change existing governments

18. It means the control of a "superior" country over a

"weaker" country's political, cultural, and economic
A. Colonialism C. Imperialism
B. Fascism D. Neo-colonialism
88 I TH t1rHdr Ln , S.dol Seit

19. While comparing and contrasting events, Miss Bautista

asked what factor was a major cause of both World War
I and World War II. It was
A. the spread of Marxist ideas into Europe
B. the dropping of atomic bombs
C. ultranationalism
D. the rise of totalitarian fascist states

20. The religious differences of the people in Mindanao

might lead to tragic results if not handled properly, said
Mr. Sabang to his Contemporary Issues class. Similarly,
the religious difference between the _ led to the
creation of Pakistan as a nation in 1947.
A. Christians and Muslims
B. Hindus and Buddhists
C. Hindus and Christians
D. Hindus and Muslims

End of Test XIII

Answer Key and Discussion

1. A 6.8 11. A 16.C

2.8 7.A 12. A 17. C
3.8 8.0 13.C 18.C
4.8 9.C 14.C 19. C
5.0 10.A 15.0 20.0

1. A.
Feudalism was a system that revolved around the
relationship of giving land in exchange for service or
labor. Manorialism was the rural economic activity in
feudal society. Charter is the grant of authority or rights
to govem a certain place.
The Quick In 1 1 r: Sod.1 SdtllCU I 89

2. B.
Chivalry is the code of conduct followed by European
knights during the Middle Ages.

3. B.
The Crusades were a series of military campaigns
called by popes and led by kings and nobles to restore
Christian control in the Holy Lands that were controlled
by Muslims. Reconquista was a series of Christian
military campaigns that sought to wrestle the Iberian
Peninsula from Muslim control.

4. B.
Scholasticism was utilized by Thomas Aquinas in his
work Summa Theologiea, to defend Christian thought.
Stoicism, which says that destructive emotions are the
result of poor judgment, was founded by Zeno.
Naturalism is the belief that only natural laws and
forces operate in the world. Humanism is a philosophy
that focuses on human nature and concerns.

5. D.
Renaissance is a French word meaning "rebirth". This
11l 11l
cultural movement that happened from the 14 to 17
century started in Italy and saw the revival of classical
learning and the development of literature, arts, politics,
and religion.

6. B.
Johannes Gutenberg invented the movable type of
printing press which spread the ideas of the
Renaissance, Reformation, and Scientific Revolution.

7. A.
Martin Luther, through his study of the Bible, believed
that salvation can be achieved through faith in Christ
alone. This challenged the Catholic dogmas and started
the Reformation.
90 I The thitk UT R.wltwer, Stelal Sci "

8. D.
The Protestant Reformation saw the rise of different
Christian denominations in different states since each
prince or leader can now choose their own religion
through the Peace of Augsburg. This also ended the
pope's political power. The "Protestant Ethic. drove
people to hard work and the growth of capitalism.

9. C.
The Age of Exploration was fuelled with the desire to
spread Christianity (God), accumulate wealth through
precious stones and spices (Gold), and conquer new
lands for their country and king, and for personal fame

10. A-
Social contract, a theory that illustrates the appropriate
relationship between people and their govemment, was
famously espoused by Thomas Hobbes, John Locke,
and Jean Jacques Rousseau and developed during the

11. A-
Absolute monarchs have unrestricted power over their
states and subjects. This was best exemplified by the
long reign of Louis XIV in France.

12. A-
The Age of Enlightenment sought to reform European
society through the use of reason. It also promoted the
exchange of knowledge and opposed the abuses of the

13. C.
The Industrial Revolution, which started in England in
the 18lh to 19lh century, was marked with significant
changes in manufacturing, mining, transportation, and
lh. Quick LETR I r: SocI.1 Sci..... I 91

14. C.
Adam Smith argued that a free market economy is
more productive and beneficial to the society and that
the state must not interfere with its economic activities.

15. D.
Karl Marx said that capitalism produces internal
tensions and oppresses the workers. This would lead to
a violent revolution led by the proletariat (i.e. workers)
since the bourgeoisie (i.e. rich capitalists) would not
give up their wealth without a fight. The workers will
eventually win, according to him, and form a socialist
state, which would give way to communism, a classless
system based on common ownership.

16. C.
Imperial Japan's militaristic ambitions culminated with
their Axis alliance in World War II.

17. C.
Sun Vat Sen and Mahatma Gandhi led nationalistic
movements in China and India, respectively.

18. C.
Imperialism is an extension of an empire or country's
rule over another country and takes advantage of its
society, politics, economy, and culture. Colonialism is
the establishment of colonies in a territory by another
group of people from another territory. Neo-colonialism
is the taking advantage of developed countries over
developing countries' economies. Fascism is a radical
political ideology that exalts nation over the individual.

19. C.
Ultranationalism, the extreme devotion to national
interests, as well as the desire to spread their territo-
ries, was a major cause of both World Wars I and II.

20. D.
The Partition of India was the separation of British India
and saw the creation of Pakistan for the Muslims and
India for the Hindus.
92 I TIlo q"kt LETR.ri : Social SCIo

Test XIV

1. It is the sector with the largest contribution to the

Philippine economy.
A. Agricultural C. Public
B. Industrial D. Services

2. Which statement regarding the definition of Law of

Demand is FALSE?
A. If refers to the ability and willingness to buy goods at
different prices.
B. It says that demand increases as price decreases.
C. It says that demand decreases as price increases.
D. Its demand curve slopes downward.

3. It is the sector with the smallest percentage of

A. Agricultural C. Private
B. Industrial D. Services

4. A table that shows how consumers behave in terms of

quantity demanded in relation to price is called a
demand , while the graph is called a
A. curve; slope C. schedule; slope
B. schedule; curve D. slope; curve

5. Supply reflects the ability and willingness of to

____ specific quantities of a commodity at
alternative prices.
A. consumers; buy C. suppliers; sell
B. consumers; sell D. suppliers; buy

6. Which of the following statement regarding the Law of

Supply is TRUE?
A. The quantity supplied increases as prices decrease
B. The quantity supplied increases as prices increase
C. The quantity supplied is determined by price and
other factors
D. All of the above

TIl. Q.irkln R.yl r: SocialSci...... I 93

7. Which situation shows an example of surplus in the

A. The ratio of students to teachers in the Philippines is
B. The Philippines imports rice because of hoarders.
C. Cheap clothing is sent to the Philippines because it
was not sold in the country where it originated.
D. The Philippines exports cash crops to other countries.

8. A is imposed to prevent artificial shortages

caused by panic-buying consumer.
A. price floor C. disequilibrium price
B. price ceiling D. equilibrium price

9. As the population grows and there will be no economic

regulations, we will end up having alan of
A. excess C. shortage
B. scarcity D. surplus

10. Which applies correctly to the trend in Philippine foreign

A. The Philippines' expenditures on imports and
earnings from exports fluctuate.
B. The Philippines spends more on imports than it earns
from exports.
C. The Philippines spends less on imports than it earns
from exports.
D. The Philippine expenditure on imports is balanced
with its earnings from exports.

11. The price of the fish agreed upon by a customer and a

market vendor is the '
A. price floor C. disequilibrium price
B. price ceiling D. equilibrium price

12. Which branch of economics studies the sum total of

economic activities?
A. macroeconomics C. normative economics
B. microeconomics D. positive economics
94 I The QIIkt lET 1 10.0.: SM! Scle

13. Obligations incurred by the government in the fonn of

loans and services or goods are called _
A. debt C. tariffs
B. forfeitures D. taxation

14. The canteen is being operated by the teachers of a

certain school and use the profits and funds generated
to grant loans. This is an example of a _
A. consumers' C. marketing
B. credit D. service

15. What alliance was formed whose primary aim was to

prevent the further expansion of communist influence in
Southeast Asia?
A. Association of Southeast Asian Nations
B. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
C. Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
D. Warsaw Pact

16. Which is considered to be the first international war

between Communists and non-Communists?
A. Cold War C. Iran-Iraq War
B. Korean War D. Vietnam War

17. The Cold War was an ideological conflict belween two

superpowers namely the , which represented
capitalism, and which represented communism.
A. People's Republic of China; United States
B. People's Republic of China; Union of Soviet Socialist
C. United States; People's Republic of China
D. United States; Union of Soviet Socialist Republic

18. initiated the policies of and _

which means "political openness" and "economic
restructuring", respectively.
A. Khrushchev; glasnost; perestroika
B. Gorbachev; glasnost; perestroika
C. Carter; glasnost; perestroika
D. Gorbachev; perestroika; glasnost
Thl (l6kA'Ln R II r: Social Scil_' I 915

19. With the breaking up of the USSR, the was

A. Soviet Republic C. Russian Empire
B. Russian Federation D. Russian Soviet Federative

20. What is One China policy?

A. The Republic of China includes mainland China,
People's Republic of China, Hong Kong and Macau
B. One China excludes Hong Kong and Macau
C. People's Republic of China includes mainland China,
Republic of China, Hong Kong and Macau
D. To employ relations with mainland China, one has to
maintain relations with Taiwan.

End of Test XIV

Test XIV
Answer Key and Discussion

1.0 6.B 11.0 16. B

2.A 7.e 12. A 17.0
3.B 8.A 13. A 18. B
4.B 9.e 14.B 19.B
s.e 10.B 15. e 20.e

1. D.
The Service Sector contributes about 55% to the
Philippines' Gross Domestic Product (GOP). The
Industrial Sector contributes about 30% to the country's
GOP, while Agricultural Sector contributes about 15%
to the country's GOP.

2. A.
Demand, not the Law of Demand, refers to the ability
and willingness of consumers to buy goods and
services at different prices.
96 I The Quilt LET Reviewer: Soclol S,len,es

3. 8.
The Industrial Sector employs about 15% of the
Philippines' labor force. The Service Sector employs
about 50%, while the Agricultural Sector employs about
35% of the country's labor force.

4. 8.
A table that shows how consumers behave in terms of
quantity demanded in relation to price is called a
demand schedule, while the graph is called a demand
curve. The slope is the direction of the curve.

5. C.
Supply refers to the ability and willingness of suppliers
to sell specific quantities of a commodity at alternative

6. 8.
According to the Law of Supply, as the price increases,
the ability and willingness of suppliers to sell product
increases, and vice versa. On the other hand, the Law
of Demand states that as the price increases, the ability
and willingness of consumers to buy products
decreases, and vice versa.

7. C.
Surplus refers to something in excess. Developed
countries often have surplus from unsold, or even used
products. These are sent to developing countries and
are sold at cheaper prices such as the case of surplus
shop's or ukay-ukay stands in the Philippines.

8. A.
Price floor is a government or group-imposed limit on
how Iowa price can be charged for a product. If prices
are too low, consumers might be encouraged to
excessively buy those cheap products which might
result to an artificial shortage. Price ceiling is a
government or group-imposed limit on how high a price
can be charged for a product.
"'" QlIkk lET1m , SocUoISclt_ I 97

9. C.
Scarcity refers to a pennanent situation wherein a
commodity is limited. Meanwhile, shortage refers to a
temporary situation wherein the demand of a product
exceeds the available supply. Therefore, even if water
is limited, people can property allocate and distribute
the water supply to make sure that everyone's need for
water is satisfied. However, if the country's population
keeps on gelling bigger and the people are not doing
something to ensure the availability of the water supply,
the available supply might not be enough for everyone.
The result is a water shortage.

10. B.
The Philippines spends more on imports than it eams
from exports. This results to a deficit in the economy.

11. D.
Equilibrium price refers to the market price in which the
quantity demanded is equal with the supply. It is the
agreed upon price of buyers and sellers. If the buyers
and seller do not agree with the price and the supply
and demand are not equal, the result is a

12. A.
Macro means "large". Thus, macroeconomics studies
the structure, perfonnance, and behavior of the entire
economy. Micro, on the other hand means "small".
Microeconomics, therefore, studies the economic
activities of individual households or finns. Positive
economics studies the facts, looks at the causes and
effects, and test theories. Nonnative economics looks
at the value judgment of whether an economic activity
is good or bad, and makes recommendations on public

13. A.
Obligations incurred by the government in the fonn of
loans and services or goods are called government or
public debts.
98 I 1loe t1tIkk In 1 Ie Sod.1 Sclelcn

14. B.
A credit cooperative is fonned for the purpose of
promoting thrift, providing credit and other financial
services to their members. A marketing cooperative is
engaged in the production of inputs of members and in
selling their products. A service cooperative is engaged
in providing social services to their members. A
consumers' cooperative procures and distributes
commodities to their members.

15. C.
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was
an alliance to prevent the further expansion of commu-
nist influence in Southeast Asia. The North Atlantic
Treaty Organization (NATO) which is mostly composed
of West European nations, also has a similar aim in
Europe. The Warsaw Pact, which is mostly composed
of Eastern European nations, was an organization that
aimed to spread and strengthen communism in Europe.

16. B.
Though the Cold War was an ideological battle bet-
ween the USA and the USSR, the actual confrontations
were passed on to their proxies, satellites, or allies. The
Korean War was the first actual confrontation between
the capitalists (South Korea) and the communists
(North Korea). The Vietnam War was another proxy
war during the Cold War.

17. D.
The Cold War was an ideological conflict between two
superpowers namely the United States of America
(USA), which represented capitalism, and the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), which represented

18. B.
Mikhail Gorbachev, fonner head of state of USSR,
initiated the policies of glasnost and perestroika, which
means "political openness" and "economic restructur-
ing", respectively. These radically changed the political
and economic system of the USSR, and later led to its
dissolution, and eventually the end of the Cold War.
The(hid In 1.1 " SocIalSdt_ I 99

19. B.
The Russian Federation is recognized in international
law as successor state of the former USSR.

20. C.
The official name of mainland China is the "People's
Republic of China" (PRC). The official name of Taiwan
is the "Republic of China" (ROC). The One China Policy
states that there is only one state of 'China", though
there are two governments that claim to be "China".
Since the Philippines maintains official diplomatic
relations with mainland China, and only economic and
cultural relations with Taiwan, from the Philippines'
point of view, as with most countries, the People's
Republic of China includes mainland China, Republic of
China, Hong Kong and Macau.

Test XV

1. Discussing that writing can be used as propaganda, Sir

Elmer in his Communication class let his students
remember the great Filipino reformist known for his
work, Fray Boted, which exposed the ignorance, abuses,
and immorality of a cerlain friar. Who was he?
A. Apelinario Mabini C. Graciano Lopez Jaena
B. Emilio Jacinto D. Marcelo H. del Pilar

2. Who was known for a parody of "Our Father" and the

"Ten Commandments" in his attempt to campaign
against the abuses of the friars?
A. Antonio Luna C. Graciano Lopez Jaena
B. Pedro Paterno D. Marcelo H. del Pilar

3. In their discussion of gender equality, Miss Yvonne

reminded students that women members of the
Katipunan played a significant role during the revolution.
Who was known as the Lakambini of the Katipunan?
A. Delfina Herbosa C. Melchora Aquino
B. Gregoria de Jesus D. Trinidad Rizal
100 I TIot tItIltk Ln 1 1t r: Sod.1 ScI

4. Disagreements in class may lead 10 disaslrous evenls,

such as Ihe case of Rizal and Bonifacio, reminded
Ma'am Acosla. Where did Rizal and Bonifacio not
A. in the inclusion of women in Ihe Katipunan
B. in how 10 win independence from Spain
C. in Ihe manner of organizing Ihe Kalipunan
D. in Iheir religious convictions

5. Which of Ihe following occurred first?

A. Cry of Balintawak
B. execulion of Rizal at Bagumbayan
C. lrial and execution of Bonifacio
D. proclamalion of Philippine Independence al Cavile

6. "Heroism knows no age," Sir Jonalhan told his Boy

Scouls. Such acl was shown by Ihis "boy general" who
lried 10 delay American advances by making a lasl sland
al Pasong Tirad. Who was he?
A. Anlonio Luna C. Gregorio del Pilar
B. Juan Luna D. Macario Sakay

7. For which are Ihe Filipinos Ihankful for Julian Felipe?

A. Ihe tune of Ihe National Anlhem
B. Ihe making of Ihe National Flag
C. Ihe lyrics of Ihe Nalional Anlhem
D. Ihe draft of Ihe Malolos Constitulion

8. Which era in Philippine hislory is characterized by a

syslem of political and economic liberalism?
A. American C. Pre-Spanish
B. Japanese D. Spanish

9. In which wars did Ihe United Siaies and the Philippines

fighl side by side?
i. World War I
ii. World War II
iii. Vietnam War

A. i and ii only C. ii and iii only

B. i and iii only D. i, ii, and iii
TIlt Qulftt in ., SocIalScI._. I 1.01

10. If they were to come back to life, who among the

following would be the most vocal to speak against the
country's foreign policy of close associa1ion with the
United States?
A. Jose P. Laurel & Elpidio Quirino
B. Leon Ma. Guerrero, Jr. & Jose P. Laurel
C. Claro M. Recto & Leon Ma. Guerrero III
D. Claro M. Recto & Jose P. Laurel

11. It is a plebiscite that provided for free trade relations

between the USA and the Philippines.
A. Bell Trade Act C. Spooner Amendment
B. Jones Law D. Tydings-McDuffie Act

12. What issue surrounded parity rights?

A. It gave the US the right to import their products to the
Philippines without restrictions.
B. It gave Americans equal rights with Filipinos to
develop and exploit natural resources of the
Philippines and to operate public utilities in the
C. It gave Americans the right to travel without
restrictions to the Philippines.
D. It allowed the US the right to establish military bases
in the Philippines and conduct "war games' without

13. Which of the following is NOT a qualification of a natural

born Filipino citizen?
A. being born in the Philippines of Filipino parents
B. having resided in the Philippines throughout his life
C. one whose mother is a foreigner who is married to a
D. one whose father is a foreigner who is married to a

14. He is the Philippines' first National Artist awardee.

A. Jovita Fuentes C. Fernando Amorsolo
B. Jose Garcia Villa D. Amado Hernandez
102 I 'be Q"k.tLn w , SocIal Sci

15. Whose major achievement was the congressional

enactment of the Agricultural Land Reform Code signed
by him into Law?
A. Carlos P. Garcia C. Ferdinand Marcos
B. Diosdado Macapagal D. Ramon Magsaysay

16. Carlos P. Garcia ordered the wealthy to stop spending

lavishly in his policy of '
A. austerity C. retrenchment
B. economy D. thrift

17. In line with the foreign policy on cultivating closer

relations with Asian countries, then President Diosdado
Macapagaltook leadership to bring together the people
of Malay stock. Which countries were these?
A. Philippines. Bomeo, Malaysia
B. Philippines, Indonesia, Singapore
C. Philippines, Malaysia. Indonesia
D. Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore

18. The EDSA Revolution was called .People Power"

because it was '
A. led by Fidel Ramos and Juan Ponce Enrile
B. led by people's representatives
C. joined by people from all walks of life
D. planned by the people

19. As a result of EDSA I, the Philippines '

A. changed its form of govemmentto parliamentary
B. intensified its participation in intemational affairs
C. saw the impeachment of Joseph Estrada as president
D. became known worldwide for its People Power

20. What law was passed by the Philippine Congress which

affirms the total integration of persons with disabilities
into mainstream society?
A. R. A. No. 7277 C. R. A. No. 7796
B. R. A. No. 7722 D. R. A. No. 9163

End of Test XV
Tho ""kiLn R I r: Sodal ScI..... I 103

Test XV
Answer Key and Discussion

1. C 6.C 11. A 16. A

2. D 7. A 12.B 17. C
3.B 8.A 13. B 18. C
4.B 9.C 14.C 19. D
5.A 10. C 15. B 20. A

1. C.
Graciano Lopez Jaena was editor of La Solidaridad
who wrote the satirical Fray Botod.

2. D.
Marcelo H. del Pilar was also the editor and co-
publisher of La Solidaridad and Diariong Tagalog. the
first native daily newspaper. He wrote parodies of the
Ten Commandments, Our Father, Hail Mary, and the
Apostle's Creed.

3. B.
Gregoria de Jesus was the founder and vice-president
of the women's chapter of Katipunan, as well as
custodian of the documents of the organization. She
was also the wife of Andres Bonifacio, the supremo of
the Katipunan.

4. B.
Rizal believed in diplomatic reforms while Bonifacio
believed in an armed revolution. Rizal fought with a
'pen" while Bonifacio fought with a 'sword".

5. A.
The Cry of Balintawak, or Cry of Pugadlawin, happened
on August 1896. Rizal was executed on December 3D,
1896. Bonifacio was tried and executed on May 1897.
The Philippine Independence was declared by
Aguinaldo on June 12, 1898.
104 I The Quid< LET Reviewer: Social Sciences

6. C.
Gregorio del Pilar was the young general who led the
Filipino troops in the Battle of Tirad Pass to delay
Aguinaldo's retreat.

7. A.
Julian Felipe composed the tune while Jose Palma
wrote the lyrics of what is now the Lupang Hinirang, the
national anthem of the Philippines.

8. A.
The Americans introduced a system of governance that
was different from the Spanish times. Free trade was
also introduced by the Americans.

9. C.
The Philippines fought with the Americans in World War
II, being commonwealth of the US. The Philippines also
sent Filipino troops during the Vietnam War, being an
ally of the US and a member of the SEATO.

10. C.
Claro M. Recto and Leon Ma. Guerrero III, partners in
their law practice, were known for their debates and
criticisms against American policies in the Philippines.

11. A.
The Be" Trade Act of 1948, also known as Philippine
Trade Act, linked the Philippine economy to the US

12. B.
The Phmppine Parity Rights plebiscite of 1947 gave
Americans equal rights and opportunities with Filipinos
to develop and exploit the natural resources of the
Philippines and to operate public utilities in the country.
The Ihrkk Ln R ltwlI: Sod.1 $do..... I 1011

13. B.
One may have lived and resided in the Philippines for
his whole life yet he may be a foreign national whose
parents are not Filipinos.
14. C.
Fernando Amorsolo, who is famous for his paintings of
Philippine landscapes, became the Philippines' first
National Artist for Painting in 1972. Amado Hemandez
and Jose Garcia Villa were the first National Artists for
Literature in 1973. Jovita Fuentes is the first National
Artist for Music in 1976.

15. B.
Diosdado Macapagal enacted Republic Act 3844 or the
Agricultural Land Reform Code of 1963 with the
intention of distributing small lots to landless tenants on
easy payment terms.

16. A.
Carlos P. Garcia initiated the "Austerity Program" to
curb corrupt practices and luxurious lifestyles. He
emphasized the value of thrift, wise spending, industry,
and integrity.

17. C.
" Diosdado Macapagal spearheaded the formation of
Maphilindo (Malaya, Philippines, Indonesia), a regional
association that would approach common issues of
those countries involved.

18. C.
The 1986 EDSA Revolution was also known as the
People Power Revolution because it was joined by over
two million civilians, including some political, military,
and religious personalities.
108 I The Quick LET Reviewer: Social Sciences

19. D.
Philippines was recognized for the EDSA Revolution
and inspired many similar non-violent people power
revolutions in other countries though it has also been
criticized as a "mob rule" and have not made genuine
",., changes in the country.

20. A.
RA. 7277 is also known as the Magna Carta for
Disabled Persons. RA. 7722 is the Higher Education
Act of 1994. RA. 7796 is an act Creating the Technical
Education Skills Development Authority. RA. 9163 is
the National Service Training Program Act of 1991.



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