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Bicol University

College of Engineering
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
S.Y 2015-2016

TITLE : LIQUID DISH WASHING DETERGENT AND TOILET CLEANING BOMBS


(AN APPLICATION OF INDUSTRIAL ACIDS AND BASES)
FOR : Engr. Jocelyn Balisnomo
Instructor, Department of Chemical Engineering
FROM : Aidan Kyle P. Sanglay, Juan Vicente Basilla , Joanna Apuya
BSChE-4
SUBJECT : Industrial Chemistry

INTRODUCTION

Household cleaners are some of the most widely purchased consumer products. In 1991 sales of
household cleaners were more than $1.6 billion in the United States. Nearly a billion units of these
products were sold that year. [Information Resources (1992)]. Other than plastic and synthetic fibers
materials, there is probably not another class of chemical products that people come into contact with
more frequently. We buy them in grocery stores, store them in our homes, use them where we eat,
sleep, bathe, and work, and dispose of them down the drain after use. While the volume of household
cleaners used may be less than other chemical products with more serious impacts on the environment,
everyone can have a positive impact on the environment by purchasing household cleaners with
superior environmental attributes.
There are five general types of ingredients found in household cleaners:

! surfactants

! builders

! solvents

! antimicrobials

! miscellaneous

Surfactants, or surface active ingredients, are the wetting and foaming agents which form the basis for
most aqueous cleaners.

Anionic, nonionic, and amphoteric surfactants are used mainly for cleaning.

Cationic surfactants are often used as antimicrobials.

Builders include a range of both organic and inorganic chemicals whose function is to improve the
performance of the surfactants. Builders are used to adjust or maintain the pH of the washing solution;
soften water by removing calcium and other metal ions; and boost, reduce, or maintain foam height.

Solvents are added to help dissolve oil and grease.

Antimicrobials are pesticides which kill bacteria, fungus, or mildew on surfaces. Sometimes the same
materials are used in smaller amounts as preservatives.

All other ingredients have been placed in the category called miscellaneous. This category includes
abrasives, fragrances, dyes, thickeners, hydrotopes (substances which keep a mixture from separating),
preservatives, and anything else. Substances whose precise function was unknown were also placed
under miscellaneous.
MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

MATERIALS SPECIFICATIONS QUANTITY


Platform Balance 1
Beaker 1L 1
Beaker 100ml 2
Beaker 50ml
Stirring rod 1
spatula 1
Mixing bowl 1
Measuring cups 1cup 2
Ice cube tray 1

REAGENTS

For liquid dish washing detergent

REAGENT QUANTITY
Water 860ml
Sodium Hydroxide 12.5g
Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonic Acid(LABSA) 94ml
Coco Diethonolamide 27ml
Colorant 0.5g
Sodium Chloride 2g
Methyl Paraben 1g
EDTA 1g
For Toilet Bombs

REAGENT QUANTITY
Baking Soda 1cup
Citric Acid 1/4cup
Dishwashing Liquid from prev experiment 1 tablespoon

PROCEDURE

For liquid dish washing detergent

1. Weigh all ingredients in separate containers with labels


2. Dissolve the sodium hydroxide flakes in a 100 ml water
3. Slowly add the LABSA with slow agitation for 10-15 minutes or as necessary to obtain a clear
solution
4. Dissolve the methyl paraben in CDEA
5. Dissolve EDTA and sodium chloride separately with 10 ml of water
6. Add 600 ml of water to LABSA mixture
7. Add CDEA mixture, EDTA solution, followed by sodium chloride solution and mix well
8. Add colorant and essence
9. Check pH and adjust pH to 8-10 using the pH paper
If mixture is too acidic, add NAOH
If mixture is too basic, add LABSA
10. Set aside to allow clearing of solution (bubbles to subside)

For toilet bombs

1. Add one cup of baking soda to a large bowl.


2. Next, add 1/4 cup of Citric Acid.
3. Squirt in 1 tablespoon of dish liquid
4. Mix together well using your hands, a spoon or a whisk.
5. Now press the mixture into your silicone molds or an ice cube tray, making sure to wipe any
excess away.
6. Let them dry for at least 4 hours or overnight. Once they are completely dry, gently pop them
out and store in an airtight container.
7. To clean and deodorize your toilet, simply toss a toilet bomb into your toilet bowl.