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Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 1 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Keyboard
Shortcut
Target Description Notes

To Active the Tools -> Options -> User Preferences ->


Right Click Shortcut menus in drawing area
To Rename Double click on its name or right click ->
Layout Rename
To see the 1. Press: "F12"
command beside 2. Activate "Dynamic Input" Icon
the pointer
Closing a shape For example while drawing a triangle type
c "c" + Enter before drawing the last line.

To Close a Type "F" + Enter and Select two lines Before selecting lines
Corner you can type "r" and
(Fillet) f specify the radius to
make the corner as a
curve
Rotate 1. Select Object and type "ro" + Enter
ro 2. Specify the Rotation angle
3. Enter
Mirror Select Object and type "mi" then specify
mi first and second point and press enter
Stretch 1. Select the part you want to drag
s 2. Type "s"
3. drag
Offset 1. Select Object we use this tool when
2. Type "o" we need to copy
o 3. Specify the distance something and change
4. select direction to offset its size too
Match 1. Select Source Used to copy Format of
ma 2. Select Destination text or any other object
Erase 1. Select Object
e 2. Type "e" + Enter
Divide 1. Select Object To See the points :
2. Type "div" Format -> Point Style
div 3. Specify number of segments
4. Press Enter
Layer la Type "la" -> New Layer -> Name it

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 2 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Single
Sided

double
sided with
offset
(zigzag)
Street
Lighting
Arrangement
Double
sided
(opposite)

On
medium

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 3 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Rule:

1 meter pole height corresponds 1 meter from street


to be lighted, noticed that: distance on street is
measured starting from the end of pole arm.

h
W: Width of Road (given)

H: Height of pole

= (1 2)

Chosen based on the


desired Road LUX for
highways and bridges

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 4 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

= (3 4)

Chosen based on the


desired Road LUX for
Normal Roads


= +1

Why double sided with offset not double Side opposite?!

We need to do that only if the middle of the road is more


illuminated than road sides.

And according to the Egyptian code:

W = 1.5h Use Double Sided with offset (Zigzag).

W = 2h Use Double Sided Opposite.

W >= 12m Use Double Sided not Single Sided for

good reliability.

There is no different between double sided and on middle except


that on middle is more economic because on one Pole you can
hold two arms for both sides of the Road.

Notice that:

W h Watt and with experience 8m 250 watt

12 m 400 watt

16 m 600 watt
Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 5 of 11
Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Yellow light is preferred because it can illuminate in fog cases.

Lighting Schemes
Interior lighting scheme
direct semi semi
indirect
lighting direct indirect
Work Plane 90% 70% 10%
Wall 10% 30% 90%
Application Operation Room Normal Room Cinema Museum
The Luminaire you can use it in
Housing contains normal room
Reflector and depending on
Diffuser the reflection
Notes factor of the
walls and so you
will be saving
power
Semi-direct and Semi-indirect schemes are the most used ones.

Lamps
Filament Lamps
Gas Discharge Lamps

Filament Lamps
Tungsten Carbon Incandescent

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 6 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Gas Discharge Lamp


Low High
Fluorescent High Pressure Metal
Pressure Pressure
Lamp Mercury vapor Halide
Sodium Sodium
White color
Wattage
Length

White Color but


( cm )

low efficacy and High


low efficacy
efficacy
60 18 Wattage : 70 - 100 - 150 - 250 - 400 - 600 - 1000 - 2000
120 36
150 58

Notice that:

1. Efficacy is like efficiency except that its not unit less.

2. In Selection: Luminaire is selected first then Lamp.

Types of Luminaires
1. Interior Luminaire

2. Exterior Luminaire

Interior Luminaire
Bed head
Fluorescent
Low Bay High Bay Spot Exit unit
Lamp
(H.L.)
(5-8) more than 8
decorated
meters meters
medium LUX
Bathroom
Reception

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 7 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Fluorescent Lamp
Housing Diffuser Reflector
1 Fl x 18 watt Ocean
2 x 18 Prismatic
3 x 18 Opal
4 x 18
1 x 36
2 x 36
3 x 36
4 x 36

Exterior Luminaire
Street Garden and Fence Sport and Open area
Alpha IP66 Glob Flood
Beta IP53
Gamma IP43
Decos

Index Protection ( IP )
I P x y z
Index protection dust Water Mechanical Stress
(0-6) (0-7)

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 8 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Lum
NB WB
Narrow Beam Wide Beam

LUX
E
For Location Lamp

given Standard or Specifications Data Sheet

unit lm/m2 or cd/m2 cd or lm

N : Number of Luminaires

E : Lux of Location

A : Area

: Lumen of Lamp

LLF : Light Loss Factor

Uf : Utilization Factor

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 9 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Light Loss Factor ( LLF )


1. Dust deposition

2. Maintenance Factor

3. Depreciation Factor

Take this Factor : 0.8 Residential

0.6 - 0.7 Industrial

Utilization Factor ( Uf )
You can Get it Using one of these two ways:

1. Room Index


=
(+)

h : Distance from Luminaire to Work plane

2. Reflection Factor

Using : Ceiling Reflection Factor

Floor Reflection Factor

Wall Reflection Factor

And Using Tables, you get the Utilization Factor

In most cases we take it 0.8

Notice that:

Number of Luminaires ( N ) may be 5.4 so we take it 6 Luminaires.

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 10 of 11


Distribution Course Level 01 Sep - 2013

Arrangement of Luminaires
1. Line Arrangement

2. Field Arrangement ( Matrix )

Arrangement Constrains
1. Distance between Luminaire and another Luminaire = double
the distance between Luminaire and Wall


2. = 0.8 1.2

Where : Space Distance between Luminaires


Height Distance between Luminaire
and Work Plane.

3. Eav = Desired E 10%


4. Uniform Distribution Factor : 0.3

.
5. Percentage of Eye Comfort : 0.4

Lecture 02 07/09/2013 Page 11 of 11