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Summer Homework for AP Statistics

Due the first day of school!


Worksheet You must be able to use your graphing calculator with its statistics package to enter data, calculate
simple statistics such as the mean, median, or linear regression equation, and produce a boxplot, scatterplot and
histogram. Consult your manual or find help online if you are not already familiar with how to use your
calculator to perform any of these functions. You will be expected to have these skills on the first day of class.
The following exercises help you get started as well as refresh you on some other basic skills you need.

Remember this is the first assignment you will turn in to your AP Stats teachermake a good first
impression be thorough, accurate and NEAT!

1. Be sure to read the entire summer letter at the end of this file carefully.

2. Enter the following data into your calculator in List 1 (L1) and complete the indicated operations and statistics:
(Check your calculator manual on how to enter data into a list and calculate the following statistics)

98 14 10 8 8 1 1 1 1 4 15 25

a) 1-Variable Statistics: Mean ( x ) ____________________ Q1 __________

Median _______________________ Q3 __________

Standard Deviation ( sx ) __________

Standard Deviation (x) __________

b) Explain the difference between x and sx .

____________________________________________________________________________________

c) Describe how the median and mean would change if the 98 in the list was replaced with a 20. Give the
new value and a reason for what caused each change.

Median new value __________ change and reason:

Mean new value __________ change and reason:

d) Which changed more mean or median? Why?


__________________ 3. Write a description of the process used to find the equation of a line through the two
points (4, 2) and (0, -1). Give your answer in slope-intercept form. Show all algebra steps and write the math
property or justification for each step.

4. For each of the equations below (a thru d) solve for x. Simplify completely and find all possible numerical
quantities. Show and justify each step with a mathematical reason. If rounding is necessary, round to two
decimal places.

x 7.3
__________ a) 5.2 Steps: Reasons:
2 .8

0.514
__________ b) 0.216 Steps: Reasons:
x

__________ c) ln x = 1.0352 Steps: Reasons:

5. If you draw one card from a standard deck of 52 playing cards, find the probability of

_______________ a) a red card P(red)

_______________ b) a seven P( 7 )

_______________ c) a red or a seven P( red 7 )


6. Find and watch a video about transforming linear equations into power or exponential equations. List the video
you used here:

______________________________________________________________

Some suggestions from my past students:

Start this one at the 9 minute mark: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2zDXKhw4OfA

This one is good around the 8 minute mark: http://youtu.be/2zLuz3tsY4k

This guy is more interesting https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RRB1hBi_9cg

This one reviews the rules of logs nicely https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLaJydYp4BQ

Feel free to choose a different one just list it above.

_______________ 7. Write the simplest exponential equation possible, round numbers to two decimal places.
log x = .17 + 0.0982w

_______________ 8. Write the simplest power equation possible, round numbers to two decimal places.

log y = .5 + 2.1 log x

_______________ 9. Write an equivalent equation in exponential form. log 2 10 x (Do not solve it.)

_______________ 10. Write an equivalent equation in logarithmic form. 3 4 81


11. An experiment found a significant difference between boys and girls pertaining to their ability to identify
objects held in their left hands, which are controlled by the right side of their brains, versus their right hands that
are controlled by the left side of their brains. A test was conducted for adult men and women. The test involved
30 small objects, which participants were not allowed to see. First they held 15 of the objects one by one in their
left hands and guessed what they were. Then they held the other 15 objects one by one in their right hands and
guessed what they were. The numbers in this chart represent the number of objects guessed correctly by each
subject.

Women Left Women Right Men Left Men Right


10 8 7 12
9 1 8 6
12 8 7 12
11 12 5 12
10 11 7 7
8 11 8 11
12 13 11 12
7 12 4 8
9 11 10 12
11 12 14 11
13 9
5 9

a) Enter all of the Womens data into L1 and all of the Mens data into L2. Draw two box plots (one for men-L2
and one for women-L1) on the same pair of axes to compare visually the median number of correct-guesses
for each gender from this table (i.e. make a box plot for men and then one for women and then copy each of
them here including the axes!) Be sure to label the scale on the axes.

b) Using the box plots, which gender appears to be better guessers? Consider the centers and spreads (or
variation) in your answer.
12. Gas chromatography can be used to detect very small amounts of a contaminant in drinking water. This data
is from two measurements each of four amounts of the substance being investigated. The explanatory variable x is
the amount of this substance in the specimen. The response variable y is the reading from the gas chromatograph.
Enter the x-values into L1 and the y-values into L2 on your calculator. Find the equation for the line of best fit
(sometimes called least squares regression line) accurate to two decimal places.

x .25 .25 1 1 5 5 20 20
y 6.25 7.98 29.7 30 211 204 929 905

_____________________________________________________

If youve never done this before this might be helpful:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iEEGDPdXqZY

13. List one source you used to help with any of the work above. If you did not need research, list one website or
video source that uses statistics or explains a statistical concept.

___________________________________________________________________________________

In what way did this site help or interest you?

14. Fill in the blanks to describe the format of the AP Statistics exam. You may use the study book or the AP
Central website.

Section I contains ___________________________________________.

Section II contains ___________________________________.

Part A has ______________________________

Part B has ______________________________

15. Bring a calculator to the first day. Be ready to take a quiz.

*** Due on the very first day of class! Ten points per day will be deducted for late
work. This is your first grade of the course.
June 2017
Advanced Placement Statistics

Read this letter entirely. If you aren't willing to read this page, then you might want to think
about taking a different class as you will be expected to actually read the textbook regularly.

Welcome to AP Statistics! We are excited that you have chosen to take this class. Statistics is
real-world math, and you are going to use it! We are not asking for much of your summer time,
so do this assignment with quality in mind. You may have heard this quote, You never get a
second chance to make a first impression. Make an impression on your Stat teacher by
turning in high quality work. This is your first grade in this course so be sure to do it. There will
be a quiz on this content right away.

To prepare for the class you are required to complete the entire worksheet above. This is due
the first day of school!

You may also want to purchase the study guide for the AP exam, 5 Steps to a 5 by Duane
Hinders from McGraw-Hill, ISBN #978-0-07-184446-8. Or you may get one from a student who
took it this year. All students will want to have access to a copy of this study guide. We have a
small number available for checkout after school begins.

A graphing calculator is a must for this class. There are too many tests and calculations to
perform that would be quite time-consuming without one. If you do not yet have a graphing
calculator, our recommendation is the TI-84 Plus Silver Edition. A TI-83 will also do nearly
everything necessary in a similar manner. (The TI-82 and TI-85 are NOT comparable Models!)
Please contact one of us if you need help getting access to equipment or materials over the
summer.

Past students would probably recommend the TI-84 Plus Silver Edition as the best choice for
its ease of use, convenient USB port, all the stat functions are built in and its what the book
and teacher use when doing examples in class. You must be able to use your graphing
calculator with its statistics package to enter data, calculate simple statistics such as the mean,
median, or linear regression equation, and produce a boxplot, scatterplot and histogram.

Consult your manual prior to the first day of class if you are not already familiar with how to use
your calculator to perform any of these functions. Have a restful and fun summer. When you
return in the fall, come with your completed summer worksheet in hand, and be ready to start
crunching numbers. See you then.

Sincerely,
Mrs. Reinke and Mr. Kelly