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Engineering and technologies

Artificial islands - Surface facilities


Bringing our experience in offshore modularisation,
transport and installation to meet shallow water oil
and gas field global requirements
Artificial islands as an alternative to
wellhead platform field developments

The concept of Artificial


Islands was considered and
has been introduced in a
small number of projects

One globally known technology for the shallow water fields development is based on fixed wellhead platforms.
In some instances, further development with traditional platforms has proven complicated and not economically
viable due to the number of facilities and subsea pipelines involved in a congested area and the multiple number of
wells. The concept of Artificial Islands was considered and has been introduced in a small number of projects of
various sizes (Alaska, Arabian Gulf, Beaufort Sea and North Caspian regions).

Technips involvement in surface facilities design


As an Engineering, Procurement and Construction contractor of choice, we are able to propose and implement modular
and structural design for artificial islands, in a wide variety of marine environments, be they the shallow waters of warmer
climates, or the harsh environment of Arctic regions.

Our teams have built up experience in the modularisation and specific foundation concepts (pile types, pile caps,
shallow foundations) through a number of projects successfully delivered in the Middle East and the Caspian Sea:
Kashaghan Concept Phase: feasibility studies to progress concept optimisation and to carry out full field
development planning
ADMA OPCO Sarb project: pre-FEEd studies to determine the economic viability of the Sarb facilities on Zirku Island,
as well as the proposed location of the Sarb processing facilities
Zakum 750 Island Project: FEEd for islands facilities up to 100,000 tonnes modules and structures

Our knowledge of the offshore and shallow waters projects leads us to include at earliest design stage the marine and
lay-out constraints and specific transport / installation methodologies. Furthermore, our involvement in Arctic
development allows us to transfer our experience in designing artificial islands in the Middle East to ice harsh regions.
Upper Zakum 750K project:
a turning point in field development strategy

The upper Zakum oil field covers


1,200 km and was discovered in the early
1960s. It is the worlds fourth-largest oil
field with a very long expected
operating life, almost 100 years. It is also
one of the major offshore field
development projects in the uAE.

Its development so far has been done from as many as


100 wellhead steel platforms with an intricate network of
subsea pipelines. Further expansion through a steel
wellhead platform-driven development plan would prove
highly complex and costly. After careful analysis, field
operator ZAdCO made the decision to have four artificial
islands built, which will allow the use of extended reach
Key information
and horizontal drilling for optimal reservoir contact and Operator: ZADCO (ADNOC: 60%, ExxonMobil: 28%,
long horizontal completions, thus resulting in a significant JODCO: 12%)
increase in field plateau rate and production reliability.
Location: 84 km offshore Abu Dhabi in the Arabian
Gulf
Technip as the main actor of this Water depth: between 5 to 15 meters
technological prowess 4 artificial islands: Central Complex and South, North
In March 2010, ZAdCO awarded Technip an engineering and West satellite platforms
services contract for the following:
Reserves estimated at 50 billion barrels of oil.
Front-End Engineering design, scheduled to be Currently producing 500,000 bopd, with target of
completed in the second half of 2011 for process units increasing production to 750,000 bopd by 2015
on four artificial islands, including gas separation, gas lift
Production target for at least 25 years with ultimate
compression, booster gas compression, as well as
recovery of 70% of proven reserves
power generation, utilities, interconnecting pipelines
and modification of existing facilities.
Procurement of long lead items.
Kashagan Field Development:
full field development planning

The first phase of the Kashagan Field


development will involve producing up to Vo
lga
450,000 bopd from 3 blocks. The next R ive
r
KAZAKHSTAN
ATYRAU

phase will provide production increase up


KASHAGAN
to 120,000 bopd by the end of 2014. RUSSIA

The Kashagan oil field was discovered in 2000 and is one


Caspian Sea
of the largest discoveries in this decade. It is estimated
that the Kashagan Field has commercial reserves
between 9 billion barrels and 16 billion barrels of oil. 0 50 100 km

The challenges were many: Key information


Shallow water and harsh environment, with winter sea Operator: Agip KCO
ice and frequent temperatures of -35C to -40C Shareholders: international consortium under
Protected marine habitat conditioning pipeline route the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing
to shore, shore approach and onshore plant location Agreement: Eni (16.81%), Shell (16.81%), Total
to ensure minimum disturbance to the seabed (16.81%), ExxonMobil (16.81%), KazMunayGas
(16.81%), ConocoPhillips (8.4%), Inpex (7.56%)
Limited infrastructure for export of significant
quantities of oil Location: Northern Caspian Sea, 80 km
south-east of Atyrau (Kazakhstan)
Sour gas

Offshore development
In 2003, on behalf of Agip KCO, we proceeded with a study to carry out field development planning for the full
Kashagan field development. Issues addressed covered:
Stragegy location: plateau production rate, transition from early production plant to full field development, export
route and specifications, gas disposal
Island facilities optimisation: number and location of drilling centres, processing requirements and equipment sizing
and costing
Specific technical studies: multi-phase flow, acid gas injection

Artificial islands - Surface facilities


Client benefits

The island and surface facilities concept offer significant advantages

The concept of artificial island based


drilling and production facilities can
be evaluated relative to
development of field or expansion
of traditional steel piled structure.

Client advantages:
Footprint much larger than a
platform, thus allowing phased
structures installation, space for
future industrial requirements,
and greater flexibility in
equipment change / maintenance
and also for well monitoring
Field development strategy based
on a few drilling / production
centres (i.e. artificial islands)
instead of numerous new
wellhead platforms
Cost-effective for shallow water
depths construction
Flexibility to capture up-side
potentials during field life cycle The overall end benefits in
Enhanced field operability at terms of CAPEX and OPEX of
lower OPEX
the surface facilities on artificial
The sound combination of value
islands make it a viable solution
engineering and construction
management competencies allows
to answer the requirements for
us to propose full turnkey
programmes to achieve client
development or brownfield
objectives in term of production,
QHSE and offshore operations and
expansion of extended wells
maintenance.
fields.
HEAdQuArTErS
Technip
89 avenue de la Grande Arme

The environment 75773 Paris Cedex 16


France
Phone: +33 (0)1 47 78 24 00

Offshore Product Line


Brian rOBErTS
Phone: +33 1 47 78 25 37
When considering an Artificial Island E-mail: baroberts@technip.com

development, the following criteria are Sbastien CLAEYS


Phone : +33 1 47 78 28 77
to be considered to minimise impact on E-mail : sclaeys@technip.com

the environment

www.technip.com

Island location

Island construction method


to reduce the impact of
dredging activity

Assessment of the best


routes and island
configuration to optimise
future vessel traffic and
logistics

Assessment of impact on
biodiversity: marine fauna
and flora, absence of coral
reefs or protected species,
reclaimed land / unused
former equipment providing
nestling opportunities etc.

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This document is the property of Technip and is not intended to be a binding contractual document.
Any information contained herein shall not result in any binding obligation on the part of Technip, or any of its affiliates,
and is provided for information purposes only.
Technip - Group Communications - July 2015 - Photo credits: Technip