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CHEM 74 Problem Set 1 August 22, 2017

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1. What is the mean speed of nitrogen molecule relative to another nitrogen molecule at 290K?
2. What is the average relative speed of hydrogen molecules with respect to oxygen molecules at 300K?
3. Calculate the average number of molecules per cubic centimeter for nitrogen gas at 1 bar pressure and
25o C?

4. How many collisions does a single Ar atom (d = 0.34 nm) make in 1.0s when the temperature is 25o C
and the pressure is 1.0 atm? Given: Ar: MR = 39.95
5. How many collisions per second does an N2 (d = 0.43 nm) molecule make at an altitude of 15km where
the temperature is 217K and the pressure 0.050 kPa.

6. Calculate the collision frequency for hydrogen molecule in hydrogen gas at 1.0bar pressure and 20o C?
Given: dH2 = 2.47 A.
7. Calculate the collision density for molecular chlorine at 35o C and 770mmHg. The collision diameter is
5.44x106 cm.

8. Calculate the mean free path for chlorine gas (d= 0.544 nm) at 0.1Pa and 25o C?
9. How many molecules of O2 strike the wall per unit area per unit time at 600mmHg at 25o C?
10. Large vacuum chambers have been built for testing space vehicles at 106 Pa. Calculate the number of
molecules of nitrogen (d = 0.375 nm) that impact per square meter of wall per second at 28o C.

11. A solid surface with dimensions 2.5mm x 3.0mm is exposed to He gas at 90Pa and 500K. How many
collision do the He atoms make with this surface in 15s?(He: MR = 4.00)
12. A box contains H2 (molecule b) and He (molecule c) at a total pressure of 1.4 atm. If the mixture
contains 18% H2 by weight, calculate the ratio of zzcb (b)
(c) ? Given db =0.247 nm and dc = 2.20 nm.

13. A gas mixture contains H2 at 2/3 atm and O2 at 1/3 atm at 27o C. Calculate the number of collision
per second of H2 with other H2 , O2 with other O2 , and H2 with O2 (dH2 = 0.272 nm, dO2 = 0.361
nm)
14. An equal number of moles of H2 (d1 =0.272 nm) and Cl2 (d2 =0.544 nm) are mixed and held at 298K
and the total pressure of 1 kPa. (a) Calculate the collision frequencies z12 and z21 , where hydrogen is
component 1 and chlorine is component 2. (b) Calculate the collision density, Z12 .
15. For O2 (d = 0.361x109 m) at 103 bar at 25o C, (a) What is the collision density Z11 ? (b) What is
the average time between collisions of a single molecule?
16. A 5-mL container with a hole 10m in diameter is filled with hydrogen. This container is placed in an
evacuated chamber at 0o C. How long will it take for 90% of the hydrogen to effuse out?

17. Exactly 1 dm3 of nitrogen, under a pressure of 1 bar, takes 5.80 minutes to effuse through an orifice.
How long will it take for Helium to effuse under the same conditions?
18. The best laboratory vacuum pump can generate a vacuum of about 1 nTorr. At 25o C and assuming
that air consists of N2 molecules with a collision diameter of 395 pm, calculate the mean free path of
the gas.
CHEM 74 Problem Set 1 Page 2 of 2

19. Dry air had a CO2 mole fraction of 0.004. Calculate the total mass of CO2 that strikes 0.5 cm2 of one
side of a green leaf in 10s in dry air at 39o C and 1 atm?
20. A certain sample of a pure oxygen (d = 3.61 A) has mean speed, hvi = 450 m s-1 and the average
time between two successive collisions of a given molecule with other molecules is 4.0x1010 s. Find
the mean free path and molecule density in this gas.

The End.

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