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e-ISSN (O): 2348-4470

Scientific Journal of Impact Factor (SJIF): 4.14


p-ISSN (P): 2348-6406

International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research


Development
Volume 3, Issue 5, May -2016

Analysis Of Multistoreyed Building With Twisted Hexagonal Shape


Pokar Vivek1, J G Kulkarni2
1
Civil engineering department, AVIETR,patelvivek53@yahoo.com
2
Civil engineering department, AVIETR, lejaymeykulkarni@gmail.com

Abstract Engineers can be best understood only through the recognition of pluralism. Consequently, as is true of
other building types, multiple design directions are prevalent for multi-storey buildings. This contemporary design trend
has produced many complex-shaped tall buildings such as twisted shape. Use of non-orthogonal multi-storey building is
current trend. The work undertaken is analysis of twisted multi-storeyed building of Hexagonal shape considering
variation in structural system and degree of rotation. The study was carried out to find the effect of angle of twist on
internal force, displacement and Base shear for the structural system cohesion. Optimum angle of twist for twisted
structures with various shapes and for various structural system cohesion for the same where found.
Keywords-twisted shape; non-conventional building; multi-storey; complex-shaped; non-orthogonal; hexagonal
I. INTRODUCTION
In most developing frugalities around the world, the cities are growing at faster rates. One of the common features of
this progress is the need to grow vertical, as the horizontal
expansions. Hence, the use of multi-storey building is
increases. Multi-storey buildings with complex
geometrical shapes are emerging all over the world with
an accelerating rate.
Use of non-orthogonal multi-storey is currently the
latest trend. In the last few years twisted forms and freely
double-curved surfaces, which have many visual
properties in common have been rediscovered. Many non-
conventional and extraordinary shapes, twisted forms are
much easier to realize and design for engineers.
Figure 1.1 Twisted Shape Building 3D Render View
There exist many structural systems for multi-storey with straight forms, only a few of them can be applied for
twisted forms due to their complicated geometrical forms. These systems can be stated as follows:

Figure 1.2 Rib beams connected with Core Figure 1.3 Grid floor connected with Straight continuous
Column

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International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD)
Volume 3, Issue 5, May -2016, e-ISSN: 2348 - 4470, print-ISSN: 2348-6406

II. PROBLEM FORMULATION


In present work in order to compare conventional building and twisted form for 5, 10, 15 rotation per floor
building using ESA method of analysis for G +8 storey RCC building.
Following type of modelled are generate:
2.1. Hexagon Shaped RCC Building
o Grid floor supported on straight column
o Radial ribs supported on central core and suitably located
2.2. Geometrical Data
Plan Dimension 20 m (Radial Dimension)
Typical Storey Height 4.0 m
Bottom Storey Height 2.4 m
Number of storey G+8
Type of Building Commercial Building
Type of Structure RCC Structure
2.3. Loading Data
Dead Load: 5 kN/m
Live Load: 4 kN/m
Earthquake load in X direction
Zone factor: III
Soil Type: II
Importance factor: 1
Response reduction factor: 5
2.4. Member size

Hexagon

1. Column (mm) 1000 Diameter

2. 5m Rib beam (mm) 300 X 1000


3. 10m Rib beam (mm) 300 X 1000

4. 15m Rib beam (mm) 300 X 1200

5. 20m Rib beam (mm) 300 X 500

6. Radial beam 5m to 15m 300 X 1000

7. Radial beam 15m to 20m 300 X 1200 to 500

Figure 2.1 Member size data

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International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD)
Volume 3, Issue 5, May -2016, e-ISSN: 2348 - 4470, print-ISSN: 2348-6406

III. ANALYSIS AND RESULTS


3.1. Grid floor connected with straight continuous columns
3.1.1. Displacement
Table 3.1 Displacement

Angle of Twist 0o 5o 10 o 15 o

Max. Displacement (mm) 20.182 12.996 11.914 90.817

Figure 3.1 Chart of Displacement


3.1.2. Base shear
Table 3.2 Base shear
o
Angle of Twist 0 5o 10o 15o
Base Shear(kN) 1573.371 1570.123 1569.595 1570.802

Figure 3.2 Chart of Base shear


By the showing table and charts data the value of base shear are same in all buildings. So buildings have same
sectional property but only change in angle of twist per floor level.

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International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD)
Volume 3, Issue 5, May -2016, e-ISSN: 2348 - 4470, print-ISSN: 2348-6406

3.1.3. Axial force


Table 3.4 Dimensionless parameter
Height Dimensionless parameter
(m) 0/0 5/0 10/0 15/0
Base 0 1 0.949 0.954 0.956
Story 1 2.4 1 0.947 0.953 0.954
Story 2 6.4 1 0.937 0.944 0.946
Story 3 10.4 1 0.926 0.940 0.949
Story 4 14.4 1 0.916 0.948 0.965
Story 5 18.4 1 0.908 0.966 0.971
Story 6 22.4 1 0.905 0.983 0.951
Story 7 26.4 1 0.907 0.979 0.952
Story 8 30.4 1 0.912 0.940 1.000
Story 9 34.4 1 0.911 0.873 1.053

Figure 3.3 Dimensionless parameter


Using cubic polynomial Optimum angle of twist (1) is calculated and it is show in table 3.6
3.1.4. Equivalent bending Moment
Now, Equivalent bending Moment calculates as per IS: 456 and value of bending moment is shown in table 3.5
Table 3.5 Dimensionless parameter m
Dimensionless parameter m
Height
0o 5o 10o 15o
(m)
0 1.000 1.148 1.136 1.145
2.4 1.000 0.774 0.822 0.916
6.4 1.000 0.774 0.723 0.864
10.4 1.000 0.597 0.726 0.751

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International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD)
Volume 3, Issue 5, May -2016, e-ISSN: 2348 - 4470, print-ISSN: 2348-6406

14.4 1.000 0.642 0.480 0.637


18.4 1.000 0.578 0.435 0.697
22.4 1.000 0.425 0.515 0.680
26.4 1.000 0.270 0.711 0.492
30.4 1.000 0.213 0.743 0.497
34.4 1.000 0.445 0.455 0.697

Figure 3.4 Dimensionless parameter m


From the table 3.5 and polynomial cubic equation are solve and find the value of optimum angle of twist ( 2) is
show in table 3.6
Table 3.6 Optimum angle of twist (0)
Height Optimum angle
(m) 1 2
Base 0 6.32467 12.41013
Story 1 2.4 6.324761 6.010422
Story 2 6.4 6.316918 8.906765
Story 3 10.4 5.945083 5.306136
Story 4 14.4 5.168979 10.35179
Story 5 18.4 4.467642 9.515657
Story 6 22.4 4.028275 6.219772
Story 7 26.4 4.104221 4.376772
Story 8 30.4 5.710291 4.251359
Story 9 34.4 8.913801 7.210489

3.2. Radial beam connected with core


Same work is carried out for the above system and the results are calculated from the above calculation. Value
of optimum angle is show in table 3.7

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International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development (IJAERD)
Volume 3, Issue 5, May -2016, e-ISSN: 2348 - 4470, print-ISSN: 2348-6406

Table 3.7 Optimum angle of twist (0)


Height Optimum angle
(m) 0 2
Base 0 6.095 12.481
Story 1 2.4 6.097 18.182
Story 2 6.4 6.106 11.936
Story 3 10.4 5.808 70.701
Story 4 14.4 5.133 12.410
Story 5 18.4 4.443 65.050
Story 6 22.4 4.039 14.208
Story 7 26.4 4.098 11.671
Story 8 30.4 5.513 11.612
Story 9 34.4 8.840 16.976

IV. CONCLUSION
Optimum unit angles of twist for Hexagonal structure having Grid floor supported on straight column is 6.5930.
Optimum unit angles of twist for Hexagonal structure having Radial ribs supported on central core and suitably
located on columns is 15.070.
Variation of optimum unit angle of twist along the height of structure suggest that, the relative angle of twist of
any floor with respect to the floor below should not be uniform.
REFERENCES
[1] Ayin Sev, Bahar Baarr, A RECENT TREND IN TALL BUILDING DESIGN: TWISTED FORMS -
ISSN:1306-3111 e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy 2011, Volume: 6, Number: 4, Article Number:
1A0267
[2] Dr. S. A. Halkude, Mr. C. G. Konapure, Ms. C. A. Madgundi, Effect of Seismicity on Irregular Shape Structure
- International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) IJERTIJERT ISSN: 2278-0181 Vol. 3
Issue 6, June 2014
[3] Gary C. Hart, Anurag Jain, Chukwuma G. Ekwueme, A LIVING OR SMART BUILDING: THE
GUANGZHOU TOWER - Mehrdad Yazdani at Cannon Design Group
[4] K. MOON, Sustainable Structural Engineering For Complex-shaped Tall Buildings - School of Architecture,
Yale University, USA
[5] Kyoung Sun Moon, Structural Design and Construction of Complex-Shaped Tall Buildings- IACSIT
International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 1, February 2015
[6] Vollers,K., Morphological scheme of second-generation non-orthogonal high-rises CTBUH 8th World
Congress,Dubai. March 3-5,2008
[7] Method and System for Twisting Building Construction http://www.faqs.org/patents/app/20090193732

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