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LATTICE GEOMETRY

Al-1 Plane spacings. The value of d, the distance between adjacent

planes in the set (hkl), may be found from the following equations.

Cubic:

1 h 2 + k 2 + I 2

- =

d 2

cr

Tetragonal:

Rhombohedral:

1

d 2

=

h 2 + k 2

a 2

I 2

h -5

(?

1 4 /h 2 + hk + k?\

3\

a 2

I 2

1

d 2

_ " (h 2 + k 2 + I 2 ) sin 2 a + 2(hk + kl + hi) (cos 2 a - cos a)

a 2 (l - 3 cos 2 a + 2 cos 3 a)

OrthoMic:

1

h 2

k 2

I 2

 

1

Monochnic:

 

d

2

TricUnic: ~T 2

=

=

-

1

/h 2

- I

sm 2 /8\a 2

H

k 2 siu 2

I 2

--

6 2

-- h -r

c 2

2 (Snh 2 + S 22 k 2 + S 3 3^ 2 +

In the equation for triclinic crystals

2cos0\

)

/

ac

2S 12 /ifc + 2S 23 kl + 2S l3hl)

V = volume of unit cell (see below),

Sn

=

6 2 c 2 sin 2 a,

a 2 c 2 sin

2 ft

S 33

Si2

^23

=

=

=

a 2 6 2 sin 2 7,

abc 2 (cos a cos )S

cos 7),

a 2 6c(cos ft cos 7

cos a),

<Si3 = ob 2 c(cos 7 cos a

459

cos ft).

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LATTICE GEOMETRY

[APP. 1
[APP. 1

Al-2 Cell volumes. The following equations give the volume V of the

unit cell.

Cubic:

Tetragonal:

Hexagonal:

Rhombohedral:

V

=

V = a 3 V = a 2 c

V = -

=

0.866a 2 c

a 3 VI

3 cos 2 a + 2 cos 3 a

Orthorhombic:

 

V = abc

 

Monoclinic:

V = abc sin ft

Tridinic:

V

abcV 1

cos 2 a

cos 2 ft

cos 2 7 + 2 cos a cos

cos 7

Al-3 Interplanar angles. The angle </> between the plane (AiA'i/i), of

spacing

dj, and the

plane (/i2 /c 2 fe), of spacing rf 2 , may be found from the

following equations. (F is the volume of the unit cell.)

Cubic:

Tetragonal:

cos <t> =

Rhombohedral:

cos </> =

cos <t> =

cos<

=

,

2

+

fc, 2

+

[sin 2 a(/ii/i2 + fc^g +

/I W + *2 2 ""+

3a 2

Z

4c 2

fc 2 2 + * 2 fc 2 + 4c 2

+ (cos 2 a - cos a)(*!fe + fc 2 ^i + hh* + fefci + ftifc2 +

Al-3] Orthorhombic: cos </> =
Al-3]
Orthorhombic:
cos </> =

Monocfo'm'c:

cos ^> =

TricKrac:

^1^2

-

^

sin 2 18 L a 2

INTERPLANAR ANGLES

/

2

2

I

TT

2

I

6

077

Q

1

1

2

c 2

2

~

iT2

ac

~

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