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# EXPERIMENT 9:

## FREQUENCY MODULATION USING IC 8038/2206 AND DEMODULATION

Aim: To conduct an experiment to generate frequency modulated wave and to measure frequency
deviation and modulation index.

Components Required:

## Sl.No Components Specification Quantity

1 IC 8038 1
2 Dc variable power supply 1
3 Resistor 10k .100k 4-1
4 Capacitor 0.01 f 1
5 AFO 1
6 CRO 1
8 CRO probes 3
9 Connecting wires 1 set

Circuit Design: When the message signal m(t)is not applied then carrier frequency fc is given by

fc=

Circuit Diagram:
Waveforms

Tabular Column:

f=

Modulation index m=

Bandwidth=2(f+ )

## Theoretical Message Practical = = f= Modulation Bandwidth

carrier signal carrier index
frequency frequency frequency m= 2(f+ )
in Hz in Hz in Hz
Procedure:
1. Check the components /equipment's for their working condition.
2. Connections are made as shown in the circuit diagram.
3.By switching off the modulating signal m(t)note the frequency of the carrier wave at pin no 2 of IC8038
4. Apply the modulating signal with suitable amplitude to get the FM signal.
5. Note the maximum and minimum frequency of the carrier wave in FM signal.
6. Calculate the frequency deviation, modulation index and bandwidth.

Result:
Frequency modulation is obtained for different values of carrier and message signal.