83 views

Uploaded by Joab Torres

Expt 3 - Magnetization Curve of a Dynamo

Expt 3 - Magnetization Curve of a Dynamo

© All Rights Reserved

- Power Station Equipment (Brief Description)
- expt 3
- expt 1
- expt 2
- expt 4
- Generator model
- CIRCUITS LAB REPORT.docx
- EXPT 5
- A Novel Miniature Wind Generator for Wireless Sensing Applications
- Enercon Ex. 1
- Superconducting Generator's Rotor
- Practical Guide to Free-Energy Devices
- dc motor
- A Study of Brushless DFIMs
- Speed Breaker Used as an Electricity Generator by Rolling Mechanism
- suomalainen_tuulivoimala
- Novel Modular Switched Reluctance Machine for Safety-Critical Applications
- Generatori QAS - Brošura
- High Head
- Power command 3201 generator set

You are on page 1of 9

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

EXPERIMENT NO. 3

Magnetization Curve

of a Dynamo

(NEE419 1EC)

Date Submitted: 24 August 2017

TORRES, JOAB C.

201011 53531

5TH YR BS ECE

GRADE

PROFESSOR

LIST OF INSTRUMENTS, EQUIPMENTS, AND THEIR DESCRIPTION

DC Machine Set

DC machine ratings of power (HP), DC voltage (V), rated speed (rpm), and field

voltage (V).

DC Voltmeter

- an instrument used for measuring electrical potential difference between two points

in an electric circuit.

DC Ammeter

Tachometer

machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a

Connecting Wires

DATA

1 1140 45.8V

2 1237.5 70.4V

3 1366.8 77.8V

4 1519.2 86.7V

5 1723.8 98.8V

6 1971.3 113.2V

Increasing IF Decreasing IF

Trial

IF IG IF IG

ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS AND PROBLEMS

1. How is the generated emf of the generator affected by changes in speeds? Why?

- The generated emf is directly proportional and affected by the speed. Because when

the generator armature spins slower it cuts the flux at a slower rate there for

decreasing the voltage induced within the armature coils, while when the generator

armature spins fast it cuts the flux at a faster rate which increases the voltage

- The generator emf is directly affected by the field current since the field current

controls the flux flowing through the generator higher currents provide more flux

lines which will be cut by the generator armature causing the increase in the

1200 RPM.

EG = k S

1 = 2

2

2 = 1 ( )

By using ratio and proportion, 1

1 2 1200

= 2 = 240 ( )

2 1 1800

=

b. At 1800 rpm, what voltage will be generated by this generator if the field flux is

reduced by 25%?

S2 = S1

2 = 0.751

1 k (0.75)2 2

=

2 1 1

Therefore,

EG2 = EG1 (0.75)

= 240 (0.75)

EG2 = 240 volts

c. At 1200 rpm, by how much must the field flux be increased to maintain the

generated emf at 240 volts?

Since, EG1 = EG2

Let, 2 = x1

Where x = unknown value

So, @100%

x 2 2

1=

1 1

1200

1=

1800

X = 1.5

4. A DC generator has four poles and a total of 600 inductor on its armature. The total

air gap flux from each pole is 1.5x106 maxwells. At 1500 rpm, find the voltage

generated if the machine is (a) simplex lap wound, (b) simplex wave wound, (c) if

the allowable current is 10 amps per path, what will be the kilo-watt generated in

each case.

a = mp = 1(4) = 4

EG = PNZ / (60a 10-8)

= [6106(4)(1500)(600)] / [60(4)10-8]

EG = 900 volts

b) Simplex wave wound

a = 2m = 2(1) = 2

EG = PNZ / (60a 10-8)

= [6106(4)(1500)(600)] / [60(2)10-8]

EG = 1800 volts

c) Kilo-watt generated for simplex lap wound

IA = 10(4) = 40

Pd = EGIA

=900(40)

Pd = 36000kW

d) Kilo-watt generated for simplex wave wound

IA = 10(2) = 20

Pd = EGIA

=900(20)

Pd = 18000kW

5. A 20 kilowatt, 200-volt series generator has an armature resistance of 0.2 ohm and a

series field resistance of 0.05 ohm. When this generator is operated at rated load

and at rated speed and voltage, calculate the following:

a. Armature Current, IA

IA = IL

= PO/VT

= 20 kW / 200

IA = 100A

EG = VT + IA (RA+RS)

= 200 + 100 (0.2+0.05)

EG =225 volts

DISCUSSION

current electrical power into mechanical power. The most common types rely on the forces

produced by magnetic fields. The DC machine, as a generator was the first device used to

provide a significant amount of electrical energy. They are widely used in automobiles and

vehicles that have electric storage batteries. However, most direct current generators are

being increasingly replaced by solid state devices, which convert available alternating

current into direct current for DC drive systems and other DC applications. The field

current in a generator produces an mmf, which results in the field flux in accordance with

the magnetization curve. When the machine is driven by the prime mover an emf is

induced in the armature. The generated emf in the armature windings is proportional to

the field flux times the speed. The magnetization curve of a generator shows the relation

between the field current and the armature terminal voltage on an open circuit. The curve

is drawn with induced armature voltage on the y-axis and field current on the x-axis. The

magnetic circuit of the DC machine. DC generators are classified according to the way their

flux is produced. These include separately excited generator, where the flux is derived from

a separate DC source. When certain conditions are fulfilled, the generator own armature

circuit may be employed as a source of excitation. These machines are referred to as self-

excited shunt generators, series generators and compound generators. The first condition

for self-excitation is there must be some residual magnetism in the poles of the generators.

CONCLUSION

DC generators have changed and helped shape the modern days, generators serve as

the primary source of electrical energy. The output generated voltage of a generator

depends on many factors; two of these factors are speed at which the armature core

rotates, and the magnetic field surrounding the armature core. The poles provide the

magnetic field necessary for voltage production, in which for every 1 volt to be generated a

coil should cut one weber or 108 lines of flux per second. Thats why generators are

created in such a way that the armature core is consist of slot and teeth for the armature

windings which serve as the coils cutting the generated flux by the poles. The faster the

armature core rotates means more coils are cutting the flux lines at a faster rate which

leads to higher voltages to be generated, since the magnetic flux reaches a point of

saturation speed then is the way to vary the output generated voltage.

REFERENCES

Electric Machinery, Fourth Edition, Fitzgerald, Kingsley, and Umans, McGraw-Hill Book

Electric Machines, Steady-State Theory and Dynamic Performance, Sarma, M. S., Wm. C.

Brown

- Power Station Equipment (Brief Description)Uploaded bySyed Muhammad Munavvar Hussain
- expt 3Uploaded byMark Kenneth Rivera Herrera
- expt 1Uploaded byMark Kenneth Rivera Herrera
- expt 2Uploaded byMark Kenneth Rivera Herrera
- expt 4Uploaded byMark Kenneth Rivera Herrera
- Generator modelUploaded bySeindahNya
- CIRCUITS LAB REPORT.docxUploaded byRodel Dellomas
- EXPT 5Uploaded byMark Kenneth Rivera Herrera
- A Novel Miniature Wind Generator for Wireless Sensing ApplicationsUploaded byRobin Celis
- Enercon Ex. 1Uploaded bychristian
- Superconducting Generator's RotorUploaded byARVIND
- Practical Guide to Free-Energy DevicesUploaded byoveryounity
- dc motorUploaded byDhana Delosreyes
- A Study of Brushless DFIMsUploaded byjslr_acm2
- Speed Breaker Used as an Electricity Generator by Rolling MechanismUploaded byInternational Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
- suomalainen_tuulivoimalaUploaded bypothusothu
- Novel Modular Switched Reluctance Machine for Safety-Critical ApplicationsUploaded byarnika33
- Generatori QAS - BrošuraUploaded byAnel Hasic
- High HeadUploaded byMahabala Krsna Balarama
- Power command 3201 generator setUploaded byoscar eduardo castro yate
- Electronic Measuring Instruments TutorialUploaded bysupradip dey
- 1934Cd01Uploaded bySISWANTO
- Mesurement test marking schemeUploaded byRomwald Lihakanga
- Application Note - High Current With 3 CP CB2Uploaded byInsan Aziz
- Electric Motors and GeneratorsUploaded byfahrimmi
- 4971b_en.pdfUploaded bydinhvu
- aaaaa.pdfUploaded byAnonymous dqbb02DUh
- What is quadrature axis reactance.pdfUploaded byRochdi Bahiri
- Use the Vibration ChartUploaded byVladimir Kojic
- 02GeneratorInspectionandTesting-TylerNiceUploaded byanilscoob

- RA 9292Uploaded bydeathfist
- Welcome.pdfUploaded byAl Ibs
- InstrumentationUploaded byJoab Torres
- Dine in MenuUploaded byJoab Torres
- 211-4SemiconductorDiodes_08Uploaded bysandeep_sihag07
- Front PageUploaded byJoab Torres
- Chapter 1Uploaded byJoab Torres
- MethodologyUploaded byJoab Torres
- (80537242) Module 2 ThermodynamicsUploaded byTearsome Llantada
- Seat PlanUploaded byJoab Torres
- Guide for writingUploaded byJoab Torres
- CabinetUploaded byJoab Torres
- Result of Solution Using Cramer's RuleUploaded byJoab Torres

- Vishay Sup85n03 N-channel 30-V (D-s) MosfetUploaded byfarowarez
- Am Generation DetectionUploaded byAnugragha Sundar
- Cap13 Electrotechnics EnUploaded byMarkus Matik
- Unops Jmpc 00085788 Itb Elec Works LoadschedUploaded byAlerick Velasco
- Guide-to-Power-System-Earthing-Practice-Final(June2009)[1].pdfUploaded byssamonas
- Lesson 5 Gate Turn Off Thyristor (GTO)Uploaded byChacko Mathew
- CABDSUploaded byjaikolangaraparambil
- 02-1 Synchronous MachinesUploaded byGorakh Raj Joshi
- FCAW ProcedureUploaded bydhasdj
- Panasonic Timer SwitchUploaded byChristian Santamaria
- KL1034 Lect2 Electrical wiring.pdfUploaded byHilmi Sanusi
- AN16GN0AB Cutler Hammer Datasheet 8463650Uploaded byosvald97
- tdp tutUploaded byRomil Garg
- Reactive Power and Compensation Solution Basics.pdfUploaded byOrgil-erdene Yadamsuren
- MBO Site PreparationUploaded bykasppp
- Physics Project Final1Uploaded bysoham
- Sweep Frequency Response Analysis Test _ SFRA Test _ Electrical4uUploaded bybpchimera
- Zigzag Transformers Theory - Engineering TutorialUploaded byPabitra Kumar Patra
- 11kV CT & PTUploaded bySanjeev Rajput
- Anatomy of Switching Power Supplies _ Hardware SecretsUploaded byMiguel Sosa
- Toshiba KCD-10 X-Ray - Installation ManualUploaded bykizen_5
- Disjuntor Schneider Eletric Nw32h1Uploaded byLuiz Almeida
- viva questions.docxUploaded byKalyan Ranjan
- 27c32Uploaded byJesus Carrillo
- file_f2905e770dc9640d2c43a5440225c25bUploaded byaskarnab
- Self-controllable Voltage Level Technique to reduce leakage current in DRAM 4×4Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- AuxResionantCommuted Pole (1)Uploaded byAjit Jain
- Simscape Power Systems BlocksUploaded bytom
- MCP73831T-2ACIUploaded byVeronika Toth
- BLF278Uploaded byFredy Nasution