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Range calibration with the IIW – V1 block : IIW block : The main objective of
Range calibration with the IIW – V1 block :
IIW block :
The main objective of
range calibration is to make
the CRT
screen represent a desired material thickness. The CRT screen is
graduated in 50 small equal divisions, divided into 10 major groups.
By positioning the leading edge of the echoes of known material
distances to appropriate scale divisions, different test ranges are
calibrated.
for calibration of
test ranges,
probe and flaw
detector’s
performance
check.
100 mm full scale :
Set the coarse range
control
to
50 mm. In
this
position,
the range
can be calibrated between 50 mm full scale minimum to 250 mm
range full scale maximum. Now Place the probe on the broad face
of the IIW - V1 block, i.e. Pos 1. Multiple echoes of the block
thickness will appear on the screen with distances of 25, 50, 75,
100 mm etc…[ use the fine range control to compress or expand
the screen display and the bring the required calibration echoes
within the display screen ]
Now, using the delay control, set the leading
edge of
the
25 mm
[ first back reflection ] echo
at
12.5 th small scale
division. Position
the leading edge of the 100 mm echo [ Fourth back reflection ] at
50 th
small scale
division with the fine range control. Repeat these
adjustments till both the echoes are accurately positioned [ fixed ]
on the scale. To check the calibration, place the probe at pos 2,
the first back wall echo shall appear at 50 th scale division.
The calibrated range is valid for similar material only.
Minimum calibration range possible is equal to one block thickness.
Alternate Method :
Place
the
probe at
Pos 2. Back wall echoes with
100 mm interval
will appear along with the side wall reflection echoes between them
[ use fine range control ]. Use lower gain setting. Correctly identify
the first and second back wall reflections. Side wall echoes are
smaller and appear after each back wall echo. Position the first
back reflection at 0 division
of
the
scale with the delay
control. Set
the second back reflection at 50 th small scale division with the
fine range control.
Repeat these adjustments till the echoes are accurately positioned
on the scale. The screen now displays from 100 mm to 200 mm.
Shift the first back reflection
to
50 th
small scale
division with the
delay control only
to bring
the
first 100 mm range within
the display
screen.
Full Scale 200 mm :
With
the
probe at
pos 2, set
the first back reflection
to
25 th
division with delay control
and the second back
reflection to the
50 th division with the fine range control.
Repeat till positioning is accurate.
Check the calibration accuracy from pos 3.
Required range 100 mm :
Number
of
small
divisions
on
the
scale
= 50
1
small scale
division
=
100
/
50
or
2
mm
distance
to
1 st
indication =
25
mm [ Probe position
1
]
location
on
scale =
25
/
2
=
12.5 th small scale division.
distance to
2 nd
indication =
50
mm
location
on
scale =
50
/
2
=
25
th small scale division.
Set the
25
mm indication
at
12.5 th
small scale division with
delay
and the
50 mm indication
at
25
th small
scale division
with the fine range control.
For accuracy
of calibration, the first and
the last possible echo
[ within the calibrating range ] should be positioned, to reduce
the flaw detector’s horizontal linearity error.
K. Chatterjee,
75643
Center for NDT
P
00
Rv
02
Self study material.