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. 1999. 3. C.

41-48

668.52:581.135.5:582.949.2


THYMUS L.,

.. , .. , .. ,,*

, ()

. ..
, 9, , 630090 ()

, .
, 2, , 630090 () e-mail: atkachev@nioch.nsc.ru

-
( )
(
96-15-97017)

Thymus serpyllum L. s. l.,



1997 . . -- 80
, 64 , 9499%
. ,
,

.

Thymus serpyllum L.s.l. ( , , )


.
, ,
, ,
. Th. serpyllum L.s.l. : ,
, p-, -, -, ,
, , , , . [1]
[2], .
Thymus L. (Lamiaceae)
, [3].
.
Thymus serpyllum L.s.l. .
,
15 . , , -, -
. . , ,
, . ,
*
, .
42 .. , .. , ..

. , ,
[4].
"" ( 1954; , 1937) [5, 6].
"" , Th. serpyllum L.s.l.,
.
. ,
Thymus L.
[7].
, [8, 9, 10, 11].
Thymus L.
[12].
Thymus
serpyllum L.s.l., .


. - 1997 .
. , ( - )
() .
1 (
, ). - (4050 )
1 , ( ) .
1.5 . .
--
Hewlett-Packard 5890/II - ( MSD 5971) .
30- -5 ( 5%--95%-)
0.25 0.25 .
-
.
-
, , - Wiley275
(275000 -) [13, 14].

Th. serpyllum L.s.l. -


.
0.51.0%, ,
Th. serpyllum L.s.l. 0.470.85%,
- .
80 . -
- 64 , 9499%
. 2.
1. 2 ,
0.24.4%. - 2.
THYMUS L., 43

1.


( ) ,
, %*
/ -
I , ( ) 140 0.9
(14.07.97)
. , --
II ( 300-500 0.8 -
(15.07.97) )
. , --
III (- 500-750 0.6 -
(16.07.97) )
. , -- -
IV - ( - ) 500-750 0.8

(17.07.97)
V - 1500-1600 0.7 -
(18.07.97)
. , --
VI - (- 1100 1.0 -
(19.07.97) -
)
. - --
VII , - (- 500-750 1.0 -
(21.07.97) )
. ---
VIII , (- 400 0.5 -

(22.07.97) )
:
* % - .

,
, . ,
, ,
. , ,
(Th. serpyllum L. s. l., f. citriodora),
, ( 60-
70%). :
"" (0.4%) "" (0.7%).
,
,
: 1,8- (14%, ""), - - (15.3% 20.2%, ""
""), - (15.0% 25.2%, "" ""), - (17.2%, "").
,
( ) . "", "", ""
"",
.
44 .. , .. , ..

"", "" "",


. ""
.
, ,
Th. serpyllum L.s.l., ,
. , Thymus L.
[12] .
,
, . ,
, ,

, .

2. Thymus serpyllum L. s. l.
--
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
(%)*
(. .1): I II III IV V VI VII VIII
1. - 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
2. - - 0.4 0.6 - 0.8 0.4 1.7 0.4
3. - 0.1 3.3 3.9 4.1 1.6 0.8 1.7 1.8
4. 0.1 5.2 3.7 5.1 2.0 1.0 2.0 2.3
5. 0.3 1.2 2.2 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.3 1.6
6. - 0.4 1.5 1.9 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.9 1.3
7. 1--3- - - - - - 0.1 0.1 -
8. - 4.0 5.1 10.3 4.2 3.0 0.6 1.5 7.8
9. - - - - - - 0.1 0.3 -
10. 3- - - - - - - 0.1 -
11. - - 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.8 2.4 0.4
12. - 3.8 5.6 4.8 15.0 25.2 7.9 14.5 4.1
13. 0.8 1.2 1.7 1.2 0.8 0.3 0.8 1.3
14. 1,8- 14.0 5.3 2.9 3.8 5.0 7.5 5.6 2.7
15. - - - 0.1 - 0.1 0.1 - - -
16. - - - 1.8 0.3 1.5 1.3 0.6 - -
17. - - 1.9 0.1 7.7 8.9 8.2 17.2 0.3
18. - - 8.2 7.2 15.3 2.8 1.6 2.3 1.9 20.2
19. - 0.3 0.1 0.2 - 0.1 0.2 0.1
20. - - 0.8 0.9 1.5 - - - - 2.1
21. 2.2 0.9 2.2 8.2 4.7 3.3 0.9 1.5
22. ---2--1- - 0.2 - - - 0.2 - 0.4
23. - - - - - 0.1 - -
24. 4.0 5.4 1.1 2.8 1.9 3.6 1.4 2.0
25. 3.0 4.4 5.9 7.8 2.9 7.5 3.1 5.8
26. --1--8- 0.9 - - 0.2 - - 0.3 -
27. -4 2.8 3.1 2.7 1.5 1.3 3.5 1.3 4.4
THYMUS L., 45

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)
28.
- 2.2 0.9 0.8 2.1 0.9 1.9 0.7 1.2
29. 1.3 0.7 0.5 2.4 3.1 1.1 0.1 0.5
30. - - 0.5 - - - - 0.2
31. - 0.1 - - 0.4 1.4 1.6 -
32. - - 0.2 - - - - - -
33. - 0.4 - - - - - 0.7
34. - - 0.3 - - - - - -
35. 1- - - - - - 0.1 - -
36. 0.7 1.9 1.8 1.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 1.0
37. - - - - - 0.5 0.3 -
38. 1.7 0.9 2.6 5.3 8.8 6.8 2.0 0.9
39. - 4.4 1.6 0.3 7.8 27.6 29.6 0.7
40. (12H18O2) 1.5 - 0.5 4.4 3.4 - - -
41. - - 0.1 0.1 - - - - 0.1
42. - 1.1 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 - 0.7
43. - 0.1 0.2
0.2 0.2 0.2 - 2.0 -
44. 1.0 2.0 2.8 1.3 3.1 1.3 1.6 1.2
45. (C15H24) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
46. 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 -
47. 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.1 - 0.1 0.9
48. - - 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 -
49. - 0.3 2.8 2.8 1.9 0.4 1.5 0.7 2.8
50. - 0.7 0.4 0.4 - 0.4 0.3 0.4
51. - - 0.2
0.2 0.1 - - - -
52. - 1.1 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.3
53. - 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 - 0.1 0.1 0.6
54. -1- 0.4 0.2 0.2 - - - - 0.4
55. - 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.8
56. - - 0.5 1.3 1.2 1.7 2.3 0.6 0.9 0.3
57. - 29.8 13.8 8.5 5.5 0.1 0.6 - 11.3
58. ** 0.4 2.8 4.3 0.2 - - - 6.2
59. 2.3 0.9 1.1 0.3 1.2 0.4 0.3 -
60. - - 1.7 1.2 1.0 0.5 2.1 0.9 0.9 0.5
61. 0.5 0.1 0.2 - - - - 0.4
62. - - - - - - - 0.2
63. 0.3 0.2 0.1 - - - - 0.2
64. - 1.1 1.4 0.5 0.1 - - - 2.9
65. - 2.1 1.3 0.9 0.2 - - - 1.5
66. 2.4 - 1.0 - - - - 0.7

* "-" , 0.1%;
* 1--1,7--4--2,7-.
46 .. , .. , ..
"", I "", IV

8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00

"", II "", V

8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00

"", IIIIII "", VI

8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00

"", VIII "", VII

8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00 8.00 10.00 12.00 14.00 16.00 18.00 20.00 22.00 24.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 32.00
. 1. Thymus serpyllum L. s. l.
THYMUS L., 47

(12H18O2), . = 152
43
( ) = 1355

93 119
134

79 105
67

85 152
5

32 61 127
3

1
1
2
m/z--> 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160

(C15H24), . = 204 161


( ) = 1431

105

32 43 81 91
119

55 67
133 147 204

m/z--> 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210

. 2. - Thymus serpyllum L.s.l.

1. . ., 1983. 312 .

2. .., .. - . ., 1991. . 101103.

3. .. // . ., 1975. . 137169.

4. .. // . .-., 1954. . 537538.

5. .. // . , 1997. . 11. . 205220.

6. .. Thymus L. . ,
1973. 190 .
48 .. , .. , ..

7 .. // 2
. , 26-29 1970. , 1970.
. 66-68.

8 .. // . . 5. . .., 1960. . 6. . 7126.

9 .., .., .., .., .. // .


1994. 3. . 6670.

10 .., .., .., .. // .-. . 1988. 11.


. 1361-1366.

11 Gouyon P.H., Vernet Ph. // Ecol. Plant. 1980. 1(15) (2). P. 165-178.

12 Senatore F. J. // Agric. Food. Chem. 1996. 44. P. 13271332.

13 McLafferty F.W.; Stauffer D.B. The Wiley/NBS Registry of Mass Spectral Data; Wiley-Interscience, 1989.
Vol. 17.
14 Eight Peak Index of Mass Spectra; Royal Society of Chemistry: University of Notinham, England, Third
Edition, 1983. Vol. 12.

25 1999 .