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Most raw materials and manufactured prodeucts are sampled by some method for
purpose of quality control. A representative sample is where every particle in the lot being
sampled is represented.
Accurate and repeatable sampling of materials is dependent upon, the following
a. The device whice moves through the material stream (sample cutter) should have
an opening which is adequately sized. Maximum three times
b. The sample cutter, at its rest or idler position, must be completely out of the
material stream.
c. In Manually, sample cutter will start from its rest position and move through the
material stream at a predetermined, fixed rate of speed.
d. Cutter speed must be limited so that screening doesnt take place as the sample
cutter moves through the stream. If the speed too fast, its entirely possible that
screening will occur.

1. Coal Sampling Systems

Coal is one of the most difficult materials to sample, due to its variabilty in
composition between noncombustible particles to those which lend themselves to completely
burning. The sampling responsibility :

Coal -> Sampling -> Preparation -> Analysing -> Reporting -> Data

Bagian kecil dari sejumlah batubara yang terambil dengan sekali pengambilan oleh
suatu alat pengambil contoh (GROSS SAMPLE)

1, 000
2. Aplicable methods and standards
Majority of Coal Smpling systems are based upon standards generated by
AMERICAN SOCIETY for Testing and Materials. The object of collecting a sample of coal
is to obtain a portion which represents the whole of a shipment or consignment and which is
the analyzed to determine characteristics such as B.T.U, Ash, Sulphur and Moisture..

3. Variability in Coal Characteristics

Coal is collected by taking a definitive number of portions known as increments
periodically throughout the entire coal lot being sampled. The term increments refers to the
quantity of coal obtainedby a single operation of the sample machine cutter passing throuh a
stream of coal-normally discharging off the head pulley of a belt conveying system.
The number ad weight of increments required for a given degree of precision depends
upon the VARIABILITY in the Coal itself. Imperative that not less than a minimum
specified NUMBER of increment of not less than the minimum specified WEIGHT be
collected for the total lot or consignment.

4. Two and Three Stage Sampling Systems

Sizes of sampling systems presently being manufactured generally cover all
a. Two-stage sampling is used where flow rates usually do not exceed 2000 tons per
hour and coal size does not exceed 3 x 0. In the two stage sampling system, the
primary sampling machine(operating at a predetermined incremental rate) delivers the
sample to a belt feeder and then to a crusher where the material is reduced to 100%-4
mesh and 95%-8 mesh.
b. the three-stage sampling system, we recommend that the primary and secondary
sampling machines per form their individual task before the coal is crushed. The
reason for this if that the crusher is then required to reduce a smaller amount of
material. This also reduces the amount of fines through the balance of the system-thus
reducing the problem of plugging. In a three-stage system, the primary sampler is set
to extract samples, in accordance with published standards, on a consignment basis.
The sample is then transported by belt feeder to the secondary sampler where a
number of increments, at a 6:1 ratio to the primary increments, must be obtained and
at the minimum increment weights as prescribed by A.S.T.M.D-2234. From the
secondary sampler, the coal is metered by a belt feeder to the crusher and reduced to
100%-4 mesh and 95%-8 mesh

Repeat 2.71~2.76, put cutter on the belt.
Measure the distance between cutter and belt, it should be 6~13mm.
After adjusting approach switch, turn select switch named Run-Jog to Run and
press Start until sensing board deviate from approach. Cutter will turn a circuit and
stop at the original position.
If adjust approach switch according to above steps; cutter tail will stop at 9~10
oclock position. If stop distance is farther than this, braking moment will add.
Theres coal starting system on belt.

C. Operation Equipment (After Auto Start)

1. Motor Gate : The A single belt sampling starts, the gate will move to B direction;
if not A single belt sampling starts, the gate will move to A direction.
No failure of motor gate.
2. Screw Conveyor : No failure of screw conveyor and motor gate.
3. Bucket Elevator : Screw conveyor runs, delay starts, no failure of bucket elevator.
4. Secondary Crusher : Bucket elevator runs, delay starts, no failure of secondary crusher.
5. Primary Crusher : Secondary Crusher runs, delay starts, no failure of primary crusher.
6. Primary Feeder : Primary Crusher runs, delay starts, no failure of primary crusher.
7. Primary Sampler A : - If only A single belt sampling system runs, then the sampler will
runs as the setting time interval.
- If dual belt sampling system run, then the sampler will runs as half
time of setting time interval. When interval time is out and then
wait for sampler Bstarting, till sampler B start, timing again. And
no failure of primary sampler A .
8. Primary Sampler B : Whether B single belt sampling or dual belts sampling, the sampler
B will starts as setting interval time. And no failure on primary
sampler B.
9. Secondary Sampler : Interval running after primary sampler runs, the collector is not full,
and no failure on secondary sampler.
10. Sample Collector : If the samples in current collecting can reach the preset value, switch
to the next can automatically. No failure on sample collector.

D. Cleaning System
The cleaning procedure is:
1. When system is running, press down cleaning button;
2. When system is running, main belt stops;
3. While system is running, cleaning is required for failure (primary sampler failure,
primary feeder failure, crusher failure, Secondary sampler failure, Secondary feeder
failure, collector failure, chute blockage failure, full cans).

During the cleaning process, the primary sampler stops sampling, and other
equipments in the system will continue running to empty the system.

The failure information of sampling system will be displayed on the operation panel.
While failure is occurred, the equipments above failure point will stop, the inferior
equipments will continually run to empty system (cleaning). When the reason for alarm is
confirmed and cleared, the alarm reset button must bepressed to restart system and reset the
alarm circuit.
Please see the related section for alarm information. The status of sampling
equipments run and stop and position for sample collecting can information will also be
displayed on touch screen. Some parameters for running can be monitored and modified on
touch screen.

F. Crusher
Several devices in the crusher room:
1. Crusher
2. Screener
3. Dust collector
4. Electro magnetig separator
5. Electric hoist crane
6. Manual hoist crane
7. Motor
8. Rooler screener