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Part A

Q1
25
Flowrate (l/shtotal (m)
0.0359 19.74 20

Head (metres of water)


0.0949 18.68
0.1872 17.1 15
0.2392 15.75
0.3226 13.44 10

0.3607 11.65
5
0.4709 8.333
0
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
Flow

Q3
Flowrate (l/s) hsmooth hrough
0.0359 1.5 1.4
0.0949 2.1 2.6
0.1872 4.1 4.7
0.2392 4.5 7.2
0.3226 7.4 12.2
0.3607 8.9 16.5
0.4709 11 20

Q4 0.0000359 7.23
0.0000949 7.59
0.0001872 8.76
0.0002392 9.57
0.0003226 12.03
0.0003607 13.95
0.0004709 16.38 Flowrate (m/s)
0.0000359
0.0000949
0.0001872
0.0002392
0.0003226
0.0003607
0.0004709
hsmooth hrough hsmooth hrough Vs^2/Vr^2 sqrt(ratios)
0.015 0.014 1.5 1.4 1.0714285714 1.035098339
0.021 0.026 2.1 2.6 0.8076923077 0.8987170343
0.041 0.047 4.1 4.7 0.8723404255 0.9339916625
0.045 0.072 4.5 7.2 0.625 0.790569415
0.074 0.122 7.4 12.2 0.606557377 0.7788179358
0.089 0.165 8.9 16.5 0.5393939394 0.7344344351
0.11 0.2 11 20 0.55 0.7416198487

Q Qsmooth Qrough Resmooth


0.03590 0.01826 0.01764 1303.53929
0.09490 0.04492 0.04998 3206.73008
0.18720 0.09041 0.09679 6453.98145
0.23920 0.10561 0.13359 7539.51637
0.32260 0.14124 0.18136 10083.29038
0.36070 0.15274 0.20796 10903.72155
0.47090 0.20052 0.27038 14314.95990

e/d
0.013

Q (l/s) Re K
1.2 0.0359 2562.8779 18.0103664093
0.6 0.0949 6774.8499 1.288691681
0.4 0.1872 13364.088 0.2207895437
0.2 0.2392 17076.334 0.0676141892
0.5 0.3226 23030.206 0.0929333254
1.1 0.3607 25750.141 0.1635424878
3.6 0.4709 33617.248 0.3140330226
Head vs Flow
25 0.6

20 0.5
Head (metres of water)

15 Pump Curve 0.4


Polynomi al (Pump Curve)
System Curve 0.3
10
Polynomi al (System Curve)

5 0.2

0 0.1
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5
Flow (litres S-1) 0
0 0.05 0.1
Ch
14

12
hfitting z hp total hf hl hl
1.2 20 0.241 1.687 9.62355 7.687 10

0.6 20 0.253 2.53 8.57555 8.53 8


0.4 20 0.292 2.92 7.03455 8.92
0.2 20 0.319 3.19 5.71155 9.19 6

0.5 20 0.401 4.01 3.48355 10.01 4


1.1 20 0.465 4.65 1.75755 10.65
3.6 20 0.546 5.46 -1.47845 11.46 2

0
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2

Chart T
a b
18
0.2 5809234876
0.2 924937902.58 16 f(x) = 33232122.6252663x^2 + 5448.19
0.2 248831178.32 14
0.2 157122123.91 12
0.2 94262788.126 10
0.2 80320056.595
8
0.2 50778633.524
6
4
2
0
0 0.00005 0.0001 0.00015 0.0002 0.00025
8
6
4
2
flowrate Flow smooth Flow rough V smooth Vrough 0
0 0.00005 0.0001 0.00015 0.0002 0.00025
0.0000359 1.825957E-05 1.764043E-05 0.058124 0.056153
0.0000949 4.491888E-05 4.998112E-05 0.142985 0.1591
0.0001872 9.040537E-05 9.679463E-05 0.287778 0.308116
0.0002392 0.0001056112 0.0001335888 0.336181 0.425239
0.0003226 0.0001412436 0.0001813564 0.449606 0.577292
0.0003607 0.000152736 0.000207964 0.486188 0.66199
0.0004709 0.0002005195 0.0002703805 0.638292 0.860673

Rerough Fsmooth frough velocity


1259.33860 0.04910 0.05082 0.114277
3568.11984 0.05352 0.07761 0.302085
6910.10606 0.04822 0.07477 0.595894
9536.81767 0.04737 0.07391 0.76142
12946.91598 0.04604 0.07330 1.026898
14846.41928 0.04573 0.07308 1.148178
19302.28799 0.04480 0.07273 1.498965
Chart Title
0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5
Chart Title

0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5

Chart Title

x) = 33232122.6252663x^2 + 5448.1986906049x + 6.80379495

05 0.0001 0.00015 0.0002 0.00025 0.0003 0.00035 0.0004 0.00045 0.0005


05 0.0001 0.00015 0.0002 0.00025 0.0003 0.00035 0.0004 0.00045 0.0005
flowrate Q dP v Re LogRe
1 1.2837393021725E-05 5008 1816173.169 6109688.165465 6.79
2 1.7996400719856E-05 9194 2546044.985 8565009.758055 6.93
3 2.2307202039516E-05 14377 3155916.606 10616645.30133 7.03
4 0.000026178 18974 3703540.131 12458875.45085 7.10
5 3.0154542027893E-05 23962 4266120.859 14351422.306 7.16
6 3.1595576619273E-05 27385 4469991.564 15037252.51888 7.18

8 1.2222222222222E-09 303 172.9141737 581.6910516054 2.76


9 0.000000002 518 287.5889982 967.4623153378 2.99
10 2.1949078138718E-09 606 310.5250944 1044.620373623 3.02
11 3.3010563380282E-09 851 467.0177145 1571.068581281 3.20
12 0.000000004 1066 560.9150207 1886.943339209 3.28

raw
s ml dh (m) dp
1 30.38 390 0.512 5007.5648
2 33.34 600 0.94 9193.576 0.003165
3 31.38 700 1.47 14377.188 0.005811
4 30.56 800 1.94 18973.976 0.009087
5 26.53 800 2.45 23961.98 0.011992
6 25.32 800 2.8 27385.12 0.015145
7 45.25 0.023 -0.003 -29.3412 0.017308
8 45 0.055 0.031 303.1924 -1.85E-05
9 45.75 0.093 0.053 518.3612 0.000192
10 45.56 0.1 0.062 606.3848 0.000328
11 45.44 0.15 0.087 850.8948 0.000383
12 45.4 0.18 0.109 1066.0636 0.000538
0.000674

1816173.168759 5007.565
2546044.984859 9193.576
3155916.605941 14377.19
3703540.130681 18973.98
4266120.859164 23961.98
4469991.563729 27385.12
1916173 2016173 1616173 1716173.16875871 1816173 5007.5648 71.9100631783 -29.3412
2146045 2246045 2346045 2446044.98485947 2546045 9193.576 172.9141736569 303.1924
2755917 2855917 2955917 3055916.60594063 3155917 14377.188 287.5889982133 518.3612
3303540 3403540 3503540 3603540.13068126 3703540 18973.976 310.5250943635 606.3848
3866121 3966121 4066121 4166120.85916395 4266121 23961.98 467.0177145423 850.8948
4069992 4169992 4269992 4369991.56372905 4469992 27385.12 560.9150206732 1066.064
2216173 2016173.16875871
2946045 2746044.98485946
3555917 3355916.60594063
4103540 3903540.13068126
4666121 4466120.85916394
4869992 4669991.56372905

v vs deltaP for Turbulent flow


30000

25000

20000 20 Degrees
50 Degrees
v (m/s)

15000 80 Degrees
15 Degrees
10000 5 Degrees
5000

0
1000000 2000000 3000000 4000000 5000000 6000000
delta P (Pa)
Logf f dpf Log re hf Re
-13.74 1.82542E-14 -5012.46 6.786019 0.512 6109688
-13.77 1.705309E-14 -9198.47 6.932728 0.94 8565010
-13.76 1.735696E-14 -14382.1 7.025987 1.47 10616645
-13.78 1.663317E-14 -18978.9 7.095479 1.94 12458875
-13.80 1.583095E-14 -23966.9 7.156895 2.45 14351422 0.00
2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50
-13.78 1.64798E-14 -27390 7.177168 2.8 15037253 -2.00

-4.00
-6.91 1.219292E-07 -308.083 2.764692 0.031 581.6911
-7.12 7.535961E-08 -523.251 2.985634 0.053 967.4623 -6.00
-7.12 7.561459E-08 -611.275 3.018958 0.062 1044.62

Log F
-8.00 f(x) = - 0.9476980021x - 4.286551
R = 0.9933096797
-7.33 4.69094E-08 -855.785 3.196195 0.087 1571.069
-10.00
-7.39 4.074175E-08 -1070.95 3.275759 0.109 1886.943
-3 -12.00
31 -14.00
53
62 -16.00

6.79 87 Lo
3.28 109
5.03

From graph
Turbulent
k 3.162278E-81
n -6.43591

v vs deltaP for Turbulent flow


30000

25000

20000
v (m/s)

15000 Col umn H

10000

5000

0
15000002000000250000030000003500000400000045000005000000
delta P (Pa)
v vs deltaP for Laminar flow
1200

1000

800

600
v (m/s) Col umn H
400

200

0
0 100 200 300 400 500 600
-200
delta P (Pa)
Logf vs Log Re
0
2.50 3.00 3.50 4.00 4.50 5.00 5.50 6.00 6.50 7.00 7.50
0

0 Turbul ent Flow


Li nea r (Turbul ent Fl ow)
0 f(x) = - 0.9476980021x - 4.2865513351
R = 0.9933096797 La mi na r Fl ow
Li nea r (La mi na r Fl ow)
0

0
f(x) = - 0.1283719513x - 12.8693220709
R = 0.8163337566
0
Log Re

Laminar
3.388442E-05
-1.0481

Col umn H

0005000000
flow

Col umn H

600
Total area 0.000263014
Area 7.890427E-05 Area 0.000131507
% opening 30
Flowrate t(s) vol(m^3) Gauge (bar) t(s) vol(m^3) Gauge (bar)
1 25.22 0.0008 1.8 18.5 0.0007 1.5
2 24.16 0.0006 1.6 23.69 0.0006 1.5
3 34.03 0.0003 1.4 22.22 0.0003 0.9
4 18.81 0.0005 1.8 9.06 0.0005 1.4

h dh^0.5 Q V(m/s) dh^0.5 Q V(m/s)


1 4.290006 3.172086E-05 0.402017 3.916222 3.783784E-05 0.287725
2 4.044657 2.483444E-05 0.314741 3.916222 2.532714E-05 0.192591
3 3.78343 8.815751E-06 0.111727 3.033493 1.350135E-05 0.102666
4 4.290006 2.658161E-05 0.43 4.5 5.518764E-05 0.419655
0.314621 0.250659

dh^0.5 vs v
0.5

0.45

0.4 f(x) = 0.1380303012x - 0.0623549458 f(x) =


f(x) = 0.2088923728x
0.35
f(x) = 0.2777282488x - 0.1541991183
0.3
dh^0.5

0.25

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

v (m/s)

Opening k Re
30% 6.721376256 1936.873 3.17E-05 2.48E-05
50% 0.855328516 1543.11 3.78E-05 2.53E-05
70% 0.3732624 1738.527 8.33E-05 4.5E-05
90% 1.5038884 1250.481 9.02E-05 4.78E-05
Area 0.00018411 Area 0.000236713

t(s) vol(m^3) Gauge (bar) t(s) vol(m^3) Gauge (bar)


10.81 0.0009 1.2 8.87 0.0008 0.3
13.34 0.0006 0.6 14.65 0.0007 0.2
23.03 0.0004 0.1 22.15 0.0004 0.05
9.62 0.0006 1.2 16.53 0.0006 0.5

dh^0.5 Q V dh^0.5 Q v
3.502776 8.325624E-05 0.452209 1.751388 9.019166E-05 0.381017
2.476836 4.497751E-05 0.244297 1.430002 4.778157E-05 0.201855
1.011164 1.736865E-05 0.094338 0.715001 1.805869E-05 0.076289
3 6.237006E-05 0.338765 1.25 3.629764E-05 0.15334
0.282403 0.203125

dh^0.5 vs v

9458 f(x) = 0.5855885032x - 2.0874772722


f(x) = 0.2088923728x - 0.5517973813
30% Openi ng
Li near (30% Opening)
50% Openi ng
Li near (50% Opening)
70% Openi ng
Li near (70% Opening)
90% Openi ng
Li near (90% Opening)

Flow rate vs %op


0.0001
3 3.5 4 4.5 5
0.00009
s) 0.00008
0.00007
Flow rate (m^3)

0.00006
0.00005
0.00004
0.00003
0.00002
0.00001
K vs Re
0
2500 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
% Opening
2000

1500
Col umn E
K

1000

500
2500

2000

1500
Col umn E
K 1000

500

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Re
Flow rate vs %opening

Col umn F

% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%


% Opening