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level 3 WORD LIST


UNIT ONE
Word / Phrase Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence
achieve verb /tiv/ to succeed in doing or having Sometimes I feel like I havent
what you planned or intended, achieved any of my goals, but
usually after a lot of effort that isnt true.
all at once adv phrase /l t wns/ at one time, without delay You do not have to make
decisions about your future all
at once.
apart from prep /prt frm/ in addition to someone or Apart from English, what other
something languages do you speak?
application noun [count] /plke()n a printed list of questions that If you want the job, fill out the
form frm/ you answer in order to try to application form by the end
get a job, borrow money, get ofNovember.
into college, etc.
apply verb /pla/ to make an official request for Apply to several colleges so
a job or a place in a college or you have more options.
university
beyond prep, adverb /bjnd/ further than the usual range To be the best, you have to
or limit push yourself beyond your
comfort zone.
break phrasal verb /brek dan/ to divide something, such as Break your goal down into
(something) a total amount, into separate smaller steps, so it is easier
down parts toachieve.
career noun [count] /krr/ a job or profession that you He had a long career in
have been trained for and you journalism.
do for a long period
chronological phrase /krnldk()l arranged or described in Arrange the steps in
order rdr/ the order in which events chronological order so you can
happened or will happen go through them one by one.
clarify verb /klerfa/ to explain something more Can you clarify what you mean
clearly so that it is easier to because we dont understand?
understand
comfort zone noun [noncount] /kmfrt zon/ a situation, place, or In sports, do you push
temperature that you feel yourself, or do you prefer to
relaxed in stay in your comfort zone?
compete verb /kmpit/ to take part in a competition When you compete in the
or sports event race, you will see who is the
fastest.
competence noun [count] /kmptns/ the ability to do something well I am not questioning your
competence.
conscious adjective /kns/ conscious thoughts, He was conscious of the fact
memories, etc. are things that that everyone was waiting
you know about forhim.
degree noun [count] /dri/ the qualification that you get She is going to college to
after completing your studies study for a degree in history.
at college
do volunteer verb phrase /du vlntr to work without expecting to She does volunteer work at an
work wrk/ be paid for what you do orphanage every summer.
earn verb /rn/ to receive money for work that Is it important to you to earn
you do alot of money?

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Word / Phrase Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence


extreme sport noun [count] /kstrim sprt/ a sport or activity that is I love extreme sports. The more
exciting and dangerous, for dangerous, the better!
example, bungee jumping,
white-water rafting, or
snowboarding
fluency noun [noncount] /flunsi/ the ability to speak alanguage It takes time to develop
well fluency in another language.
fluent adjective /flunt/ able to speak a language He is fluent enough in Italian
verywell to speak with the local people.
frustrating adjective /frstretn/ making you feel annoyed and Conscious incompetence can
impatient because you are be a very frustrating stage for
prevented from achieving language learners because
something they realize how much they
dont know!
get married verb /etmerid/ to formally join in marriage to I want to get married before I
someone start a family.
give up phrasal verb /v p/ to stop trying to do something I find studying Japanese really
because it is too difficult difficult, but Im not going
to give up because I want to
work in a Japanese bank.
go verb phrase /o bkpk/ to travel around an area Im going backpacking around
backpacking without spending much South America next summer.
money, often on foot and
carrying a backpack
grade noun [count] /red/ a letter or number that shows He studied hard to get good
the quality of a students work grades in college.
green adjective /rin/ connected to the environment Do you want to have a
or its protection greener or healthier lifestyle?
have children verb phrase /hv tldrn/ to be, or to become, a parent My sister cant have children so
she is going to adopt a child.
however conjunction /haevr/ used when you are saying Sometimes this stage feels
something that seems surprising like too much work. However,
after your previous statement, if you work hard, you will
or that makes your previous succeed.
statement seem less true
improvement noun [count] /mpruvmnt/ the state of being better than Check for improvement in
before, or the process of your work to show you are
making something better than making progress.
it was before
incompetence noun [noncount] /nkmpt()ns/ lack of skill or ability to do Conscious incompetence in
something correctly or well language learning means
that you know how much you
havent learned yet.
job offer noun [count] /db fr/ the offer of a job I have had four interviews but
not one job offer yet. I am
getting a little depressed.
list noun [count] /lst/ a set of names, ideas, etc. Decide what you want to learn
that are written or printed one from the class and write your
below another ideas in a list.
long adjective /l having a lot of pages or items I have a long list of things to
buy at the supermarket. Do you
need anything?
main adjective /men/ the main idea is the most The main thing to remember is
important idea to have fun!
maintain verb /menten/ to make something stay Do you want to maintain a
thesame serious love relationship?

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Word / Phrase Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence


make a verb /mek ds()n/ to decide something after You have to make a decision
decision thinking carefully about college soon. Do you
want to go or not?
make a verb phrase /mek give money or goods to an Can you make a donation to
donation done()n/ organization such as a charity this charity? It needs to raise a
lot of money.
make friends verb phrase /mek frendz/ to become friends I made friends with some girls
in my Spanish class last year
and we are meeting up this
weekend.
measure verb /mer/ to form an opinion about how You measure your progress in
good or bad something is languages by taking exams at
the end of the year.
mechanics noun [noncount] /mknks/ the study of how engines and If you learned about mechanics,
other machines work you could fix my car!
mistake noun [count] /mstek/ something that you have not I made a big mistake when I
done correctly, or something chose to study French. I find it
you say or think that is not really difficult.
correct
model noun [count] /md()l/ a simple technical description This model shows the stages
of how something works or of learning.
happens
motivated adjective /motvetd/ enthusiastic and determined Sometimes it is difficult to stay
to achieve success motivated if you feel you are
not making progress.
period noun [count] /prid/ an amount of time during Its best to set goals for a short
which something happens period of time so you can
reach them quickly.
plateau noun [count] /plto/ a period of time when I feel like I have reached a
something stops increasing or plateau in Spanish; I dont
improving think I am improving at all!
progress noun [noncount] /prrs/ the process of developing or Progress in English can be
improving slow sometimes and students
get frustrated.
progress verb /prres/ to continue to develop or To progress in English, you
move forward need to study hard.
push yourself verb /p jrself/ to try very hard to achieve If you want to get to the top,
something, perhaps beyond youll have to push yourself
what you would normally do very hard.
rarely adverb /rerli/ not often I rarely go to the gym because
I prefer other forms of exercise.
secure adjective /skjr/ feeling confident and safe Its easy to feel secure at an
intermediate level and just
stay within your comfort zone.
stage noun [count] /sted/ a particular part of a process This diagram shows the four
that has several different parts stages of language learning.
take risks verb /tek rsks/ to do things although If you dont take risks, you will
you know that something never learn new things.
unpleasant or dangerous
could happen
take time off verb /tek tam f/ arrange not to be at work or He never takes time off; hes
at school for a period of time always at work.
theory noun [count] /ri/ one or more ideas that The theory behind the model
explain how or why something is that, in order to learn
happens something new, we first have to
be conscious of what we know,
and what we do not know.

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Word / Phrase Part of Speech Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence


thing noun [count] // an action or an activity What do you like about
learning new things?
trainer noun [count] /trenr/ someone whose job is to train To get in better shape, you
someone in a sport could work with a professional
trainer.
unconscious adjective /nkns/ an unconscious feeling or In the first stage on the ladder,
thought is one that you do not unconscious incompetence,
realize that you have we do not know how much we
need to learn.
volunteer noun phrase /vlntr wrk/ work that you agree to do She does volunteer work for
work [noncount] without being paid for it a local charity that helps the
homeless.
yet adverb /jet/ used for talking or asking She hasnt decided yet if she
about something that has not wants to come.
happened at a particular time,
but will probably happen in
the future

Useful Expressions
Useful Expressions Topic / Category Sample Sentence
achieve (your) goal The learning process I hope you achieve your goal because
you work very hard.
Another thing you could do is The learning process Another thing you could do is speak to
John; he knows a lot about computer
training.
How long ? The learning process How long have you been looking for a
job? More than two months?
identify a personal goal The learning process The first thing you need to do is identify
a personal goal.
in the future The learning process I know you work in a store now, but
what kind of job would you like to do in
the future?
learn from (your) mistakes The learning process I wont go out the night before an exam
again; I have learned from my mistakes.
make a determined effort (to do The learning process I need to make a determined effort to
something) pass my driving test this summer. Ive
failed twice already.
period of time The learning process Set goals for a shorter period of time, so
they are easier to achieve.
reach (your) goal The learning process When you reach your goal, you will feel
very happy.
set a personal goal The learning process If you set a personal goal, you can work
towards it every day.
take care of an elderly relative The learning process She has to stay at home to take care of
an elderly relative.
the rest of your life The learning process The results of these exams could affect
the rest of your life!
What have you been doing? The learning process What have you been doing since you
graduated?
Why havent you yet? The learning process Why havent you taken your exams yet?
working towards your goal The learning process Continue working towards your goal
until you reach it!

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