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Name : Sanjaya

Reg. No : 120705024

Methodology of Literature Research

Title : The important of communication in family to the teenagers psychology (Connie)

in Where are You Going, Where Have You Been short story.

Problem: - why is communication in family important to the growth of psychology

condition of teenager?

Theory : - Menurut Gardner Murphy (1929), Psikologi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari
respons yang diberikan oleh makhluk hidup dengan lingkungannya.

- Eriksons (1959) theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages.

For Erikson (1963), these crises are of a psychosocial nature because they involve psychological
needs of the individual conflicting with the needs of society.

- During adolescence (age 12 to 18 yrs), the transition from childhood to

adulthood is most important. Children are becoming more independent, and begin to look at the
future in terms of career, relationships, families, housing, etc. The individual wants to belong to a
society and fit in.

Kind of Research : Qualitatif research

Analysis with quotation :

- She was fifteen and had a quick, nervous giggling habit of cranibg her neck to glance into
mirrors or checking other peoples faces to make sure her own was all right.

Analysis : This quotation shows Connie as teenager does the transition from childhood to
adulthood. The growth of psychology condition of a girl to make sure herself is perfect.
- Her mother, who noticed everything and knew everything and who hadn't much reason
any longer to look at her own face, always scolded Connie about it.

Analysis : Her mother dislikes what Connie does. This is a kind of conflict between teenager and
her environment. In this case, Connie has conflict with her mother.

- Stop gawking at yourself. Who are you? You think youre so preety? she would say.

Analysis : Her mother tries to bother Connie for her dislike. This kind of sentences can be
affected to psychology condition of teenager.

- Connie would raise her eyebrows at these old complaints and look right through her
mother, into a shadowy vision of herself as she was right at the moment; she knew she
was pretty and that was everything.

Analysis : Connie, who used to hear this complaints does not so care of her mother. It means
that Connie concideres her mothers say was nothing. She keeps doing what she thinks is right.

- why dont you keep your room clean like your sister? Howve you got your hair fixed-
what the hell stinks? Hair spray? You dont see your sister using that junk.

Analysis : In this part, it seems Connies mother starts to compare Connie with her sister. For the
growth of pasychology condition, what Connies mother does entirely makes a distance of
communication between one daaughter to other.

- Connie couldnt do a thing, her mind was all filled with trashy daydreams.

Analysis : teenagers psychology draws in this part. What they think are only the good things
will come to them. No else in their mind except gold dreams without see the reality.

- Their father was away at work most of the time and when he came home he wanted
supper and he read the newspaper at supper and after supper he went to bed. He didn't
bother talking much to them

Analysis : Connies father does not have good communication to his children. He does not have
much time for them. This act also impacted to the growth of teenagers psychological condition.
- but around his bent head Connies mother kept picking at her until Connie wished her
mother was dead and she herself was dead and it was all over.

Analysis : Connie, who has conflict with her mother wants a freedom of pressure from her
mother. Her mother who always bothers Connie makes Connie enough for this pressure. So she
wish her mother was dead and she can free.

- The father of Connie's best girl friend drove the girls the three miles to town and left
them at a shopping plaza so they could walk through the stores or go to a movie, and
when he came to pick them up again at eleven he never bothered to ask what they had
Analysis : in this part, Connies friends father also does similar act with Connies father. No
communication among them. It can be a trouble for the teenagerss psychology. They dont have
directions and cares from the parent. It impacts to teenagers life. How they face their problem
later without any values of the family.

- Everything about her had two sides to it, one for home and one for anywhere that was not
- She and that girl and occasionally another girl went out several times a week, and the rest
of the time Connie spent around the house it was summer vacation-getting in her
mothers way and thinking, dreaming about the boys she met.

Analysis : Connie never want to stay along at home. It just because of she is uncomfortable at
home. The situation at home and more her mothers act makes her feel so bad. There is no good
communication. It is such a bad situation for teenager like Connie.

- Connie sat with her eyes closed in the sun, dreaming and dazed with the warmth about her as
if this were kind of love, the caresses of love, and her mind slipped over onto thoughts of the
boy she had been with the night before and how nice he had been, how sweet it always was

Analysis : this kind of things show the psychology of teenagers. It is normal about sexuality. An
interrest to the opposite sexual. This is a stage in adolescence. In this part, parent should take part
for the guide and partner to communicate about those things.
- This did not really mean she disliked Connie, and actually Connie thought that her
mother preferred her to June just because she was prettier.

Analysis : it seems that Connies mother does not really like Connie so. But her mother does
dislike Connie. She compares of her two daughters. This act can not be allowed because it will
impact to the psychology condition of one of them, in this case is Connie.


It is so important to have a good family. A family tahat we, as the children can share and
communicate so well with the member of the family. Especially the parent, for the guidance and
partner for facing the life reality. If there is a lack of communication, the impact wiil be fallen
down to the children. Moreover the children is on going the stage of adolescence. It is a stage
where the teenager looks for the identity. Times for searching identity. Teenageir needs a
guidance from the parent. The teenager should be teached by the value of life.

Communication in family is important. The title of the story also can tell us an
enscription that what we do in the future, what we decide for the next time is decided what we
had in the past. if we have a good basic of in life at the first, then we can do better and not losing
the identity to face the life reality. parent has such a big role in growth of teenagers. At teen-age,
someone will face experience of various change concerning itself, include the growth of physical
or also psychological. Adolescent is easy influenced by its environment. Because in this period,
adolescent experiences of many various problema concerning psychological. What the
adolescent unconsciously will experience of process seeking of self identity. This matter is
frequently referred as self identity crisis. Added more powerfully of globalization current that
happened in this era. All life aspect become world caused by growth of information and
technology which fast progressively. Beside have many positive benefit, but also affect
negativity. Because that's adolescent stand in need of tuition of its old fellow.