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Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015. .

Acronis, Acronis Compute with Confidence, ,


Acronis, Acronis True Image, Acronis Try&Decide Acronis
Acronis International GmbH.

Linux .

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Acronis
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7047380; 7275139; 7281104; 7318135; 7353355; 7366859; 7475282; 7603533; 7636824; 7650473;
7721138; 7779221; 7831789; 7886120; 7895403; 7934064; 7937612; 7949635; 7953948; 7979690;
8005797; 8051044; 8069320; 8073815; 8074035; 8145607; 8180984; 8225133; 8261035; 8296264;
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2 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



1 Acronis Disk Director 12 ............................................................................6
1.1 ...........................................................................................................7
2 ................................................................................................8
2.1 ..................................................................................................8
2.2 ..........................................................................8
2.3 ...................................................................................8
2.4 ...................................................................................................9
2.5 Acronis Disk Director ...............................................................................................9
2.6 Acronis Disk Director .........................................................................................10
2.7 Acronis Disk Director ..............................................................................................10
2.8 Acronis Disk Director .........................................................................................10
2.9 ........................................................................................................11
3 ....................................................................................................... 12
3.1 ...........................................................................................12
3.2 ..............................................................................................................13
3.3 ....................................................................................................13
3.4 , ...........................................................................14
3.5 ..............................................................................15
3.6 4 ...................................................16
4 ...................................................................................................... 18
4.1 ................................................................................................................18
4.2 ...............................................................................................................18
4.3 Acronis Disk Director ...................................................................................................19
4.4 Acronis Disk Director ........................................................................................20
4.5 ..............................................................................................21
4.5.1 ............................................................................................................................................. 21
4.5.2 .............................................................................................................................................. 22
4.6 ......................................................................................................................22
4.7 ..........................................................................................................23
4.7.1 ..................................................................................................................... 23
4.7.2 ....................................................................................................... 24
4.8 ....................................................................................................................................24
4.8.1 .................................................................................................................. 25
4.8.2 .......................................................................................... 26
4.9 ...............................................................................................26
4.10 .............................................................................................................................26
5 ...................................................................................................... 28
5.1 ........................................................................................................................28

3 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


5.2 ......................................................................................................30
5.3 .................................................................................................................31
5.4 ................................................................................................................32
5.5 ...............................................................................................33
5.6 ...........................................................................................................34
5.7 ........................................................................................................................35
5.8 ....................................................................................................36
5.9 ..........................................................................................................36
5.10 ........................................................................................................37
5.11 ..................................................................38
5.12 ..................................................................38
5.13 .......................................................................................................39
5.14 ....................................................................39
5.15 ..............................................................................................................40
5.16 ..................................................................................................................40
5.17 ..............................................................................................41
5.18 ...............................................................................................42
5.19 .....................................................................................42
5.20 ...........................................................................................................43
5.21 ...............................................................................................43
5.22 .............................................................................................44
5.23 ........................................................................................................................44
5.24 .................................................................................................................45
5.25 i-node ....................................................................................................45
6 .................................................................................................... 47
6.1 ...........................................................................................................47
6.2 .............................................................................................48
6.3 MBR GPT .......................................................................................50
6.4 GPT MBR .......................................................................................51
6.5 ........................................................51
6.6 ........................................................52
6.7 ................................................53
6.8 .....................................................54
6.9 ......................................................................................................54
6.10 ......................................................................................55
6.11 .........................................................................................................................55
7 ....................................................................................................................... 57
7.1 Acronis ..............................................................57
7.1.1 .......................................................................................................... 58
7.1.2 ............................................................................................................. 63

4 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


7.2 Acronis Recovery Expert ..........................................................................................................64
7.3 Acronis Disk Editor ...................................................................................................................66
7.3.1 Acronis Disk Editor .......................................................................................................... 67
7.3.2 , ..................................................................................... 67
7.3.3 ...................................................................................................................................... 68
7.3.4 ...................................................................................................................................................... 69
7.3.5 ............................................................................................................................................................. 70
7.3.6 ........................................................................................................................... 70
8 ........................................................................................................ 75

5 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


1 Acronis Disk Director 12
Acronis Disk Director 12 .

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6 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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Windows 10.
WinPE Windows 10
Windows
Windows ADK Windows 10.

7 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


2
,
, Acronis Disk Director.


.................................................................. 8
........................................... 8
................................................... 8
.................................................................... 9
Acronis Disk Director................................................................ 9
Acronis Disk Director..........................................................10
Acronis Disk Director ..............................................................10
Acronis Disk Director..........................................................10
........................................................................11

2.1

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BIOS

UEFI
, 1 , 32- (x86)
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256 512
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150

CD/DVD -

2.2
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Windows XP
Windows Vista
Windows 7
Windows 8
Windows 8.1
Windows 10

2.3
Acronis Disk Director :

8 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


FAT16
FAT32
NTFS
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, , (. 28), (. 30),
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2.6 Acronis Disk Director
Acronis Disk Director 12
1. - Acronis.
2. Acronis Disk Director.
3. / Acronis Disk Director.
4. .
5. .

2.7 Acronis Disk Director


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2. >
Acronis Disk Director.

10 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


2.9
Acronis Disk Director ,
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100 . , 100 ,
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MBR GPT (. 50) (. 51).
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11 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


3
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12 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


Acronis Disk Director .
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(. 80) RAID-5,
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14 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, (
), GRUB.
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Acronis Disk Director ,

Windows, ,
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Windows Vista Home Basic + + + -

Windows Vista Home Premium + + + -

Windows Vista Business + + + -

Windows Vista Ultimate + + + -

Windows 7 Starter + + + -

Windows 7 Home Premium + + + -

Windows 7 Professional + + + +

Windows 7 Ultimate + + + +

Windows 8 + + + +

Windows 8.1 + + + +

Windows 10 + + + +

15 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


3.6
4
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16 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



, (63
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Director
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1 ,
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17 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


4
, Acronis Disk
Director,
.


.................................................................................18
...............................................................................18
Acronis Disk Director....................................................................19
Acronis Disk Director ........................................................20
..............................................................21
......................................................................................22
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4.1


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4.2
Acronis Disk Director
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18 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


4.3 Acronis Disk Director
Acronis Disk Director Windows
1. > -> Acronis -> Disk Director
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(. 63) Acronis Disk Director


, Windows.

19 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


4.4 Acronis Disk Director
Acronis Disk Director .

Acronis Disk Director

1.
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Director.

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20 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


.

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21 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, .

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4.6
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Windows . , E:
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22 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


Windows, . , ,
Windows, Windows .

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23 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


,
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24 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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25 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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26 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



(. 30) .

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(. 48).

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27 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


5
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i-node ....................................................................45

5.1
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28 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



1. ,
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29 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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30 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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31 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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32 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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33 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



1. , ,
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34 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


.
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35 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


(. 23).
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36 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


,
Windows,
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37 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



1. , ,
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38 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


MBR-
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39 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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40 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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41 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


3. ,
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42 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


. , ,
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5.20
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43 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


NTFS. ,
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Director .
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(. 23).
.

5.22
:
FAT16 FAT32 ;
Ext2 Ext3 ;
.
FAT16 FAT32 Ext2 Ext3
2 ( 2 ( 2 ( 2 (
4 ) 4 4 ) 8 4 ) 32 1 ) 32
( ( ( (
64 ) 64 ) 8 ) 8 )
2 4 2 2

255 255 255 254

MBR MBR MBR, GPT, APM MBR, GPT


1. ,
, .
2. .
3. ,
.
,
.

(. 23).
.

5.23
MBR-.

,
.
. ,

44 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, ,
.
! , ,
.
.
***
Acronis OS Selector, , ,
Acronis OS Selector.


1. , ,
.
, .
2. , .
,
.

(. 23).
.

5.24
MBR-.

,
. :
;
, OEM-.
Acronis OS Selector, ,
, Acronis OS Selector.


1. , ,
.
.
2. ,
.
,
.

(. 23).
.

5.25 i-node
Ext2 Ext3.

I-node Linux Ext2 Ext3.


, , i-node.

45 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


i-node. i-node , , , ,
. . i-node
.
i-node, ,
.

i-node ,
. i-node
, i-node
. i-node
i-node. 4096
i-node.
! i-node ,
. ,
.

i-node
1. Ext2/Ext3
i-node.
2. i-node .
, ,
i-node ( i-node).
i-node. i-node ,
.
, ,
i-node ( i-node).
i-node . i-node
, .
.
3. ,
i-node.
,
.

(. 23).
.

46 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


6
, Acronis Disk
Director.

Acronis Disk Director /.


,
(, Windows). ,
, ,
, . ,
, .


............................................................................47
..............................................................48
MBR GPT .......................................................50
GPT MBR .......................................................51
........................51
........................52
................53
.....................54
......................................................................54
.......................................................55
.........................................................................................55

6.1
,
, . . .
, .

1. (
), .
2. (
) (MBR GPT), (
) .
GPT- Windows XP Home/XP Professional x86.

3. , .
,
.

(. 23).
.

,
.
, (. (. 28)),
(. (. 30)).

47 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, Acronis Disk Director 12.

6.2
MBR-.

.

.

.
,
.
,
.
.
! Acronis, Acronis True Image
Home, , (ASRM)
. .


1. .
, (..
-), .
.
,
.
2. ,
.
,
. - ,
, .
3. .
,
. ,
, ,
.
.
(
) ,
.
( ) .
, .
: ,
.
,
. -

48 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


,
, .

4. , ,
, .
5. ,
.
,
.

(. 23).
.


, ,
NT
. NT ,
.
NT NT .
! NT
. NT
.

.
NT NT ,
, .
NT
.
NT.
1. NT. , ,
.
.
2. , .
3.
.
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
NT, .
1. NT.
2. , .
3.
.
4. .

49 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


6.3 MBR GPT
MBR- GPT-
.
.

.
2 .
! MBR- , GPT-
MBR- .
,
(. 38).
! MBR-,
, GPT-.

MBR- GPT-
1. MBR-,
GPT-, GPT.
, , MBR-
GPT-.
2. ,
MBR- GPT-.
,
.

(. 23).
.
. GPT
, GPT
. , ,
MBR- GPT- .

, GPT-,
MBR- .
MBR.

: MBR GPT
MBR- GPT-
.
.
1. MBR-:
.
2. : MBR- GPT-
GPT.
3. GPT-:
.

50 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


6.4 GPT MBR
GPT- MBR- ,
,
GPT-.

GPT- MBR-,
.
.
( ) ,
( (. 38)).
, 2 , .
GPT- MBR-
1. GPT-,
MBR-, MBR.
, , GPT-
MBR-.
,
GPT- MBR-. ,
,
GPT- MBR-
(, , 2 ),
.
2. ,
GPT- MBR-.
,
.

(. 23).
.

6.5

.
.
.

1. , ,
.
.
2. ,
.
.
,
(---) .
, ,

51 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


,
.

,
.

(. 23).
.

,
, ,
,
.



, ,
:
1. Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8
Windows 8.1.
2. .
! , ,
. ,
Reset .

, ,
.

6.6

,
,
.
,
,
. .


1. , ,
.
.
,
. ,
, (
, ),
.
2. ,
.

52 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


,
.

(. 23).
.

8
.


(,
8
).



, :
1. Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8
Windows 8.1.
2. .
! , ,
. ,
Reset .

:
(
);
,
.

6.7

Windows Vista 1 (SP1), Windows 7, Windows 8,
Windows 8.1 (. 22).

,
. .
, ,
.

1.
.
2. , .
,
, :
// ;
.
. // ,

53 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


.

.

.
:
http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc732026.aspx.

6.8

Windows Vista 1 (SP1), Windows 7, Windows 8,
Windows 8.1 (. 22).

, .
, ,
.

1.
.
2. , .
,
. ,
, .
.
: http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc732026.aspx.

6.9

, .

,
, .
.
,
. ( ),
.


.
;
.


1.
.

, , .
,

54 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


. ,
. , , ,
.
.
: http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc771775.aspx
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc771775.aspx
2. ,
.
,
.

(. 23).
.

6.10
, ,
. (Logical Disk Manager, LDM)
,
, , .

,
.
. :
http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/cc732026.aspx.


, LDM.
(. 35) . ,
, , , ,
(. 40).


1. ,
.
2. , .
,
.

(. 23).
.

6.11
, .
, , ,
. ,
.

55 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



1. , ,
.
2. , .
,
.

(. 23).
.
. MBR- ,
Acronis Recovery Expert (. 64).
MBR.

56 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


7
Acronis Acronis
Recovery Expert.

, , ,
Acronis Disk Director ,
.


Acronis...............................57
Acronis Recovery Expert ..........................................................................64
Acronis Disk Editor ...................................................................................66

7.1 Acronis
Acronis Disk Director,
.

(-, DVD-, USB-


, BIOS ),
PC- Acronis Disk Director Linux
Windows (WinPE) .
Acronis.
Acronis ISO-
.

, Acronis Disk Director


. :
Acronis Disk Director , Windows, Linux;
Acronis Disk Director, ,
;
, ;
;
,
- ,
.
Acronis, Acronis True Image Home,
.

Linux
Linux Acronis Disk Director
Linux. PC-
,
.

57 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


PE
PE Windows,
Windows (WinPE), Acronis
WinPE, Acronis Disk Director,
.

WinPE
.

Acronis Disk Director WinPE ,


Linux. WinPE
PC- , Acronis Disk Director,
PE, , PE.
PE ,
Linux,
RAID- RAID-.
WinPE
.

7.1.1

CD/DVD- -.
ISO- ,
-.

Linux
, >
.
1. Linux.
2.
.
Linux , , hda1
sdb2.
MD- LVM ( ).
Windows , , C:
D:. (LDM).
3. . .
Linux (. 60).
PE
Acronis WinPE WinPE
:
Windows Vista (PE 2.0) ( Windows XP SP2 KB926044
)
Windows Vista SP1 (PE 2.1) ( Windows XP SP2 KB926044
)

58 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


Windows 7 (PE 3.0)
Windows 8 (PE 4.0)
Windows 8.1 (PE 5.0)
Windows 10 (PE 10.0)
:
WinPE 2.x 3.0 256 ;
WinPE 4.0 512 ;
WinPE 5.0 1 .
WinPE 10.0 512 .
PE 2.x 3.0,
Windows (AIK). PE 4.0, PE 5.0 PE 10.0
Windows (ADK).

Windows AIK
1.
.
Windows Vista Windows XP 2
(SP2) (PE 2.0):
http://www.microsoft.com/Downloads/details.aspx?familyid=C7D4BC6D-15F3-4284-9123-67983
0D629F2&displaylang=en
Windows Vista SP1 (PE 2.1):
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=94bb6e34-d890-4932-81a5-5b50c
657de08&DisplayLang=en
Windows Windows 7 (PE 3.0):
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=696DD665-9F76-4177-A811-39C26
D3B3B34&displaylang=en
2. [] Windows AIK DVD
-.
3. Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 (NETFXx86 NETFXx64
).
4. Microsoft Core XML (MSXML) 6.0 Parser
.
5. Windows AIK.
Windows ADK
1. .
ADK Windows 8 (PE 4.0): http://www.microsoft.com/download/details.aspx?id=30652
ADK Windows 8.1 (PE 5.0): http://www.microsoft.com/download/details.aspx?id=39982
ADK Windows 10 (PE 10.0):
https://msdn.microsoft.com/windows/hardware/dn913721.aspx#adkwin10
2. .
3. Windows PE
.
, Windows AIK
Windows ADK. Create an image section

59 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


( ) Getting Started for IT Professionals
( -). , Microsoft
Windows AIK -> -> - .

Windows PE .
Windows (Winpe.chm).

7.1.1.1 Linux

.
1. [] Linux. .
,
Acronis Disk Director, : vga=ask
. (. 60).
2. Acronis, .
Acronis Disk Director
, Acronis Disk
Director Windows (.
(. 63)).
3. [] ,
.
, Acronis , - ,
( ) Acronis.
, 10 , Acronis Disk Director 10
.
4. . :
CD-, DVD- ,
- USB, BIOS ;
ISO- ,
-.
5. ISO- .


Linux.
.

.
, .

, , F11 .

, .

acpi=off
ACPI.
.

60 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


noapic
Advanced
Programmable Interrupt Controller (APIC).
.
vga=ask

. vga ,
.
vga=_

. _
, vga=0x318
, ,
. _
vga=ask.
quiet
Linux
.
,
.
,
. ,
: /bin/product
nousb
USB.
nousb2
USB 2.0. USB 1.1
. USB-
USB 1.1, USB 2.0.
nodma
access (DMA) IDE.
.
nofw
FireWire (IEEE1394).
nopcmcia
PCMCIA.
nomouse
.
_=off
, _. ,
SATA, sata_sis=off

61 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


pci=bios
BIOS PCI
. ,
PCI.
pci=nobios
BIOS PCI.
. ,
. BIOS.
pci=biosirq
BIOS PCI .
,
(IRQ) PCI .
.
.

7.1.1.2 Acronis WinPE 2.x


3.0
Acronis Disk
Director WinPE:
Acronis ISO- PE. ,

ISO- PE, .
ISO- PE .
Acronis WIM-
( ISO-, . .).
,
Windows (AIK)
Windows (ADK). ,
, .
32- (x86) WinPE 2.x,
WinPE 3.0, WinPE 4.0, WinPE 5.0 WinPE 10.0. WnPE
x64.

Acronis WinPE ISO


Acronis WinPE ISO
1. ISO- WinPE
ISO- WinPE .
2. , >
Acronis .
3. : Windows PE.
ISO- PE:
Windows PE.
.
ISO- PE:

62 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


WinPE .
WinPE.
4. [] Windows, Windows PE.
Windows PE ,
. *.inf
SCSI, RAID SATA, ,
.
, WinPE.
5. , ISO- WIM-.
6. , .
.

ISO- - DVD-
-.

Acronis Disk Director WinPE.

PE (ISO-) WIM-

boot.wim Windows PE WIM-.


:

copy c:\AcronisMedia.wim c:\winpe_x86\ISO\sources\boot.wim

Oscdimg. :

oscdimg -n bc:\winpe_x86\etfsboot.com c:\winpe_x86\ISO c:\winpe_x86\winpe_x86.iso

Windows PE .
Windows (Winpe.chm).

7.1.2
,
. .
1. (. 42) (. 43)
.
2. (. 22),
Windows. Windows,
. , Windows,
(
Linux Windows PE).
3. Linux
(sda1, sda2...).
4. .
.

7.1.2.1
, ,
( ).
- , .

63 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


1. F11.
2. vga=ask .
3. ,
(, 318) ENTER.

, , (
vga=0x318), .
. Linux (. 60).

7.1.2.2 ,
Linux
Linux
, .
CTRL+ALT+F2 .

Linux
busybox fxload ls pktsetup strace
cat gawk lspci poweroff swapoff
cdrecord gpm lvm ps swapon
chmod grep mc raidautorun sysinfo
chown growisofs mdadm readcd tar
chroot grub mkdir reboot tune2fs
cp gunzip mke2fs rm udev
dd halt mknod rmmod udevinfo

df hexdump mkswap route udevstart


dmesg hotplug more scp umount
dmraid ifconfig mount scsi_id uuidgen
e2fsck init mtx sed vconfig
e2label insmod mv sg_map26 vi
echo iscsiadm parted sh zcat
egrep kill pccardctl sleep

fdisk kpartx ping ssh

fsck ln pktsetup sshd

7.2 Acronis Recovery Expert


Acronis Recovery Expert ,
MBR-,
.

64 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


(, -
), Acronis Recovery Expert Acronis Disk
Director.
, , .

Recovery Expert , . .
, .
, .
,
.
Acronis Recovery Expert
> Acronis Recovery Expert.


.
.
1. .
2. Acronis Recovery Expert
. Acronis Recovery Expert
. ,
Recovery Expert. , Recovery Expert
.
Recovery Expert
. ,
.
. ,
. ,
.
. . Acronis
Recovery Expert .

,
.
.
,
. ,
Recovery Expert.
3. ,
. ,
, .
4. , .

.
, , ,
.
1. .
2.
, .

65 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


,
.
3. :
()
.
.

. , ,
.
4. Acronis Recovery Expert
.
. , .
, Recovery Expert.
, ,
. ,
, .
.

.
, .
, .
5. ,
,
. ,
, .
6. , .

7.3 Acronis Disk Editor


Acronis Disk Editor ,
: ,
, ,
. . ,
.

Acronis Disk Editor ,


, ,
.

.
,
, ,
( ,
).


Acronis Disk Editor ......................................................67
, ...................................67
.................................................................................68

66 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


.................................................................................................69
.......................................................................................................70
.......................................................................70

7.3.1 Acronis Disk Editor


Acronis Disk Editor
1. , Acronis Disk Director.
2.
. Acronis Disk Editor,
.
.

: , , ,
.

: , .

7.3.2 ,
,
.

Acronis Disk Editor .


.
,
.
,
.
.
( ) (
)
.
,
.

,
.

( )
F1, F2 F10 , Ctrl+O, Ctrl+F, Alt+P . . ,

Ctrl+F. Alt+P
.
. , F2
, F6 , F7
. .

67 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


.

.

7.3.3

.
. (. 69).

,
.
.
, , .
. .
Shift ( Page Up
Page Down), .
. End Shift,
. , Ctrl+A.


,
. .
.

,
. ,
.


.
, .
! .

, .
, ,
.


Linux

68 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, .
.

1. , , .
2. .
3. , .
. :
, .


Linux


.

1. .
2. .
3. . ,
.
4. (Ctrl+S), .

7.3.4
Acronis Disk Editor
.
.

:
;
;
FAT16;
FAT32;
FAT32 FS;
NTFS;
FAT.
.
,
, .

, .

,
.

69 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


7.3.5

.

, () .

.

.
, .

, ,
, , .
F3.


Alt+P.

,
. :

(CYL x HDS + HD) x SPT + SEC 1,

CYL, HD, SEC , , CHS (


); HDS ; SPT .

, ,
( Ctrl+B).

7.3.6
Acronis
Disk Editor.

7.3.6.1 MBR
MBR.

(MBR)
, BIOS.
MBR- .

MBR- - ,
, .

MBR- , .
,
WinPE, .
Acronis Disk Editor MBR-
. , .

, MBR- .

70 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


1. MBR
1. Acronis Disk Director , MBR-
, .
2. Acronis Disk Editor F2,
.
3. ( 0 0000
). , Shift,
, 445 .
MBR- .
.
( ).
4. .
5. .
6. , .
2. MBR
1. WinPE
.
Acronis
.
2. Acronis Disk Director.
3. , MBR- ,
.
4. Acronis Disk Editor F2,
.
5. ( 0 0000
) .
6. MBR-.
7. . ,
.
8. Ctrl+S, .
9. .

7.3.6.2 MBR
MBR.


MBR- , MBR
-.
MBR
1. Acronis Disk Director , MBR-
, .
2. Acronis Disk Editor F2,
.
3. ( 0 0000
). , Shift,

71 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, 445 .
MBR- .
.
( ).
4. .
5. .
6. , .
7. Alt+F4, Acronis Disk Editor.
8. Acronis Disk Director ,
MBR-, .
9. Acronis Disk Editor F2,
.
10. ( 0 0000
) .
11. MBR-.
12. . ,
.
13. Ctrl+S, .
14. .

7.3.6.3
.
, ,
.
.

Windows .
.
.

Acronis Disk Editor


.

1. Acronis Disk Director ,
, .
2. Acronis Disk Editor F2,
.
3. ( 0 0000
). Shift+Ctrl+End,
.
4. 0 ().
5. .
!
,
Acronis.

72 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


7.3.6.4
Acronis Disk Editor ,
.

, :
,
;
.
Acronis Disk Editor
. ,
.
.

JPEG-
.


1. My Data (G:) , .
2. .
3. .

1. , ,
JPEG-, . -
, JPEG- ,
.
JPEG-, ,
Western (Windows).
, JPEG- :
...JFIF....H.H...
:
...OLF...

JPEG-. . ,
, , ,
, JPEG-.
2. Acronis Disk Director G:,
, .
3. Acronis Disk Editor F2,
.
Western (Windows).
4. Ctrl+F. JFIF.
, , .
, JFIF,
.
5. , .

73 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, JFIF. Shift
( Page Up Page Down),
, OLF.
6. .
7. . ,
C:\image_1.jpeg.
8. , .
9. .
, . ,
, 5.
JPEG-, 49.

74 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


8
G
GPT-
, (. 84) GPT.

GPT- 64- ,
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition.

. MBR- (. 75).

M
MBR-
(. 84) MBR ( ).

MBR- 32- ,
Windows XP Professional.


, .

, Windows,
(. 84).

, Linux,
, -, GRUB.

(. 82) ( ) (. 83) (
).


, Windows,
.

(. 86),
.

75 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



(. 75).

(. 82) (. 81).


. (. 83).


. (. 76).


, C, Windows
.

, , . ,
, , .


, .


,
.

(. 87),
.


, (Logical Disk Manager, LDM),
Windows, Windows 2000.

LDM ,
.

76 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


(. 84)
(MBR) GPT.

, LDM
, .
MBR- 1 . GPT- Windows
LDM,
Microsoft Reserved Partition (MSR).
1 MBR
LDM

1
2 GPT Microsoft GPT
MBR Reserved LDM
Partition (MSR)
LDM

1
MBR- ( 1) GPT- ( 2).

.
:

Disk Management ( ) (Windows XP Professional Resource Kit)


http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/library/bb457110.aspx

816307 Best practices for using dynamic disks on Windows Server 2003-based computers
(
Windows Server 2003) http://support.microsoft.com/kb/816307/ru.


, , Windows 98,
.

. ,
:
, ;
;
, .
. (. 85).

, , .

: .

77 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



,
(Logical Disk Manager, LDM)
.

, ,
.

LDM
,
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\dmio\Boot Info\Primary Disk
Group\Name.

.
, .
, ,
.
, .

(. 76)
, .
,
. ( ),
.

.
:

222189 Description of Disk Groups in Windows Disk Management


http://support.microsoft.com/kb/222189/ru-ru/

, (. 78).

, .


. (. 80).


,
,
.

/
.

78 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


().

,
.

, , -
, .

, Windows,
.


: - DVD-, - USB ,
BIOS .
Acronis Disk Director Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE)
Acronis WinPE.

,
PXE- Acronis .

.


(. 83) (. 77) (. 86),
.

0xAA55.


, , Windows.

Windows,
(. 84).

Windows, , ,
, .

,
.

. (. 84).

79 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



, (. 80).

,
.

(. 83)
.


, (. 87).

, .
, .

(. 84)
(. 79).

RAID-1.

(. 84) (MBR GPT)


( ).

, , .

,
.

4 .
.

,
,
, .

( , )
.

80 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



(. 82), (. 86).

(. 86)
, . :
\Windows\System32\Vmm32.vxd.

Windows ,
System32 Windows, Vmm32.vxd
System32.


. (. 81).


, MBR- (. 75) (.
82).

,
.

, .

,
.


, (. 86)
.

(. 86) . ,
NTFS 32 .

, FAT16 FAT32,
, (:) ().

81 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


(. 77).

: (. 78),
.


, ,
.

(. 83) .

(MBR)
(. 83) (. 78).

(. 84) .
, (. 79) .


. (. 82).


, (. 75) ,
.

,
. .

(. 84).

,
, .

: (. 80) RAID-5.

82 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


, .

( ).

(. 86) , (. 86)
. ,
(. 80).


(. 80), (. 83).


(. 83), , -
.

,
(. 87) RAID-5.

. RAID-5
.


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83 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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84 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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85 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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86 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015


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87 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015



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88 Copyright Acronis International GmbH, 2002-2015