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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region I
Narvacan, Ilocos Sur


NAME: _______________________________ YR/SEC: _________________ DATE: ______________ SCORE: __________
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE: Read the test item carefully and write the letter of the correct answer on a SEPARATE SHEET of
__________1. It is a scientific, experimental, or inductive manner of thinking.
A) Research B)inquiry C) investigation D) survey
__________2. A type of research that describe and measure the level of occurrences on the basis of numbers and
A) Qualitative B) quantitative C) descriptive D) historical
__________3. Which is not a question answered by quantitative research?
A) How many? B) How? C)When? D) What?
__________4. A quantitative research presents research findings in this manner:
A) Many prefer to study with textbooks.
B) Students find textbooks indispensable or necessary.
C) Perhaps, 30% consider textbook unnecessary in their studies.
D) Out of 100 college students, 90 find textbooks beneficial to their studies.
__________5. Some think of quantitative research as complex because of its use of _________.
A) Hypotheses B) numerical data C) factual data D) theories
__________6. People inclined to doing a quantitative research wants to discover truth in __________.
A) An exact manner B) a careful way C) an indirect way D) a personal way
__________7. Which of the following is a philosophical assumption of quantitative researchers?
A) The initial ambiguity that occurs in a study is desirable.
B) The purpose of educational research is to explain and be able to predict relationships. The ultimate goal
is the development of laws that make prediction possible.
C) Research investigations produce alternative visions of what the world is like.
D) It is impossible for the researcher to stand apart from the individuals he or she is studying.
__________8. A type of quantitative research in which finding truths about a subject is by describing the collected data
about such subject and determining their relationships or connections with one another
A) Experimental B) Descriptive C) Non-experimental D) Historical
__________9. A quantitative research that treats or deals with the object or subject of the research in a definite or
exact manner and determines the extent of the effects or influence of the treatment on the object/subject, then
discovers the causes of such effects.
A) Experimental B) Descriptive C) Non-experimental D) Historical
__________10. Which among the following variables are common in quantitative research?
A) Extraneous, confounding B) independent, dependent C) participant, situational D) constant, latent
__________11. Observational bias occurs when an observer:
A) Is subjected to biased treatment by the research participants.
B) Is distracted and fails to notice key aspects of the study.
C) Is conducting a double-blind study.
D) Sees what they want to see.
__________12. _____ and _____ should be taken into account when considering a new research problem.
A) Time; Cost
B) Attention; Participants
C) Time; Attention
D) Cost; Participants
__________13. Which of the following is the most important thing for a researcher to consider when deciding on a
research topic?
A) How they feel about the topic.
B) If the topic is researchable.
C) If they have adequate resources to research the topic.
D) How many research journals will want to publish an article on the topic.
__________14. A student is feeling overwhelmed trying to decide on a problem to research. How should she proceed?
A) Write down topics she is interested in.
B) Copy the work of others.
C) Abandon the concept of research altogether.
D) Focus on completing the literature review before deciding on a research problem.
__________15. Which of the following is NOT a reason why formulating a research question is one of the first steps in a
research project?
A) It helps refine what is being researched.
B) It helps lay the groundwork for the research.
C) It helps the researcher formulate and identify important aspects of their research.
D) It helps in choosing a topic for research.

__________16. A student is writing a research question. What should his first step be?
A) Specifying what the question is about.
B) Indicating where the research funding is coming from.
C) Formulating a hypothesis.
D) Ensuring their ideas are researchable.

__________17. Your research question is: 'What is the effect of television viewing on Filipinos?' What is the PROBABLE
reason that this question would need some revision?
A) The question does not lend itself to research easily.
B) The question does not center on specific concerns or issues.
C) The question is too narrowly focused.
D) The question is too broadly focused.
__________18. Starting off with a research question provides a researcher with:
A) A strong foundation and a question to answer
B) Their hypothesis
C) Their null hypothesis
D) Accurate information about how to accomplish the experiment
__________19. A hypothesis is:
A) A research question
B) A description of an event
C) An educated prediction
D) A sentence proving a phenomenon
E) A psychological diagnosis
__________20. A literature review is best defined as:
A) Doing an internet search on a topic and looking through the results.
B) The process of studying published research.
C) The process of studying published research and the written review outlining what literature was reviewed.
D) The written component of a research project that discusses the existing research the researcher reviewed.
__________21. Why does a researcher conduct a literature review?
A) To familiarize themselves with the field.
B) They are required to by other researchers.
C) They are paid to review it.
D) To reproduce existing research.
__________22. If you are studying a specialized topic, like 'Common symptoms of mentally ill children', but search for
something broad, like 'Psychology of children', you are likely to find:
A) A large amount of relevant articles.
B) A small amount of relevant articles.
C) A large amount of non-relevant articles.
D) A small amount of non-relevant articles.
__________23. A literature review is a written summary of the findings of a literature ________
A) Search B) review C) proposal D) assessment
__________24. There are three key aspects to a literature review: summarizing, synthesizing and ______________
A) Referencing B) citing C) paraphrasing D) evaluating
__________25. Your literature review is a list of all the work published on your topic and who argues what. True or
False? A) True B) False
__________26. There are different ways to organize your literature review. Which among the following applies in
organizing your literature review?
A) Chronologically B) Thematically C) Methodologically D) All of the above
__________27. Which of the following are data collection methods?
A) Survey B) Watching TV C) Searching on Google D) Observation
__________28. Designing a research is thinking ______________
A) Critically B) skillfully C) literally D) imaginatively
__________29. When designing research, you need to see your research process in your______.
A) Paper B) mind C) library D) book
__________30. Preparing in your mind how to find answers to your research questions is ________________.
A) Deciding on your research topic
B) Controlling your emotions
C) Designing your research
D) Asking research questions
__________31. These are aspects of your research: research objectives, topic, questions, hypotheses, and methodology,
you come to think of quantitative research design __________.
A) Before finalizing your mind on these aspects of your research
B) After thinking of these aspects of your research
C) As you formulate hypotheses about these parts
D) As you ponder on your research problem
__________32. Central to experimental design is analyzing relationships that are
A) Specific B) causal C) hypothetical D) stable
__________33. A quantitative research design that is equated with qualitative design is ___________.
A) True experimental B) semi experimental C) non- experimental D) quasi-experimental
__________34. Quantitative research designs are true for all experimental designs except the aspect on _________.
A) Subject selection B) variable relationships C) treatment application D) variable control
__________35. A quantitative research design that makes you behave as a scientist is ________.
A) Survey research B) case study C) experimental design D) correlative study
__________36. An empirical study is based on a research design that is _________.
A) Qualitative B) hypothetical C) quantitative D) theoretical
__________37. These two are the leading indicators of the occurrence of true experimental design:
A) Pretest and Post Test C) treatment and condition
B) Randomization and variable control D) experimental and control group
__________38. My research assistants and I will go out and question people on their thoughts and feelings about the
rapid development of technology and the impact it has on them. This would be an example of a(n) _____.
A) Structured Interview B) Survey C) Semi-structured Interview D) Unstructured Interview
__________39. Different interviewing techniques are based upon
A) the emotional content of the questions.
B) the reason the questions are being asked.
C) whether or not the interviewer is following set questions or creating their own.
D) the way in which the interviewee answers.
__________40. I am looking into how strongly people believe the world will end in 2100. The best way of gathering data
would be:
A) Semi-structured Interviews B) Unstructured Interview C) Structured Interview D) Survey
__________41. Brian needs data about a particular region. He wants to know information such as gender, race, religion,
etc. For which of the following types of data is Brian looking?
A) Demographic data B) Population data C) Research data D) Evaluation data
__________42. A researcher analyzing another researcher's data is likely to _____.
A) collect and combine multiple data sets C) collect and reduce a data set
B) collect and keep separate multiple data sets D) collect and expand a data set
__________43. In an experiment, a researcher is attempting to demonstrate _________________.
A) a cause-effect relationship C) variables can be manipulated to create outcomes
B) that social structures are influential D) social data can be collected in certain situations
__________44. Anna only wants to use variables in her experiment that can be measured and manipulated. Which of
the following variables should Anna NOT use?
A) Age B) Height C) Amount of cookies eaten D) Time to complete a task
__________45. Which of the following is NOT a major section of an APA study?
A) Introduction / Literature review B) Abstract C) Purpose D) References
__________46. Which of the following is NOT a quality of a well written title?
A) Not too long B) Descriptive C) Extensively detailed D) Informative
__________47. When should an abstract be written?
A) Last; it is a summary of the entire research study.
B) Last; the automated program will write it for you after submitting your research.
C) First; it allows you to guide your research.
D) First; you need to ensure the findings are correct.
__________48. When you write a research paper, your goal is to
A. Inform your reader. C. Persuade your reader.
B. Save your reader time. D. Motivate your reader to learn more about the subject.
__________49. What should you not do in your papers conclusion?
A. Summarize your papers main point or thesis (since its unnecessary).
B. Introduce a final, strong argument to support your thesis.
C. State why the results of your research are significant.
D. Point out where further research on your topic is needed.
__________50. Two types of research data can appear in reports. Which grouping below includes both types of research
A) Charts and graphs B) Maps and infographics C) Qualitative and quantitative D) Text and visuals