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MECANICA DE FLUIDOS I.- MEC22455 A. TRABAJO PRACTICO 2.

El estudiante debe resolver los 6 ejercicios que se exponen a continuacin, de manera crtica y sistemtica, aplicando las ecuaciones bsicas de
flujo fluido y las consideraciones e hiptesis que fueren necesarias.
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P1.- Se mide la presin del agua que fluye por un tubo mediante la
disposicin que se muestra en la figura P1. Para los valores dados,
calcule la presin en el tubo.
Fig. P1
P2.- Un domo hemisfrico de 50 ton y 6 m de dimetro colocado sobre
una superficie horizontal est lleno con agua, como se muestra en la
figura P3-142. Alguien afirma que puede levantar este domo
aplicando la ley de Pascal, con sujetar un tubo largo en la parte
superior y llenarlo con agua. Determine la altura de agua en el tubo
necesaria para levantar el domo. Descarte el peso del tubo y del agua
en l. Respuesta: 0.77 m.
P3.- Panel AB in Fig. P3 is a parabola with its maximum at point A. It is
150 cm wide into the paper. Neglect atmospheric pressure. Find (a)
the vertical and (b) the horizontal water forces on the panel
P4. When a jet strikes an inclined fixed plate, as in Fig. P4, it breaks
into two jets at 2 and 3 of equal velocity V= V jet but unequal fluxes Q at 2 and (1-)Q at
section 3, being a fraction. The reason is that for frictionless flow the fluid can exert no
tangential force Ft on the plate. The condition Ft = 0 enables us to solve for . Perform this
analysis, and find as a function of the plate angle . Why doesnt the answer depend on
the properties of the jet?
Fig. P2
P5 The centrifugal pump of Fig. P5 has a flow rate Q and exits the impeller at an angle 2
relative to the blades, as shown. The fluid enters axially at section 1. Assuming
incompressible flow at shaft angular velocity , derive a formula for the power P required
to drive the impeller.
P6. In a certain industrial process, oil of density flows through the inclined pipe in Fig.
P6. A U tube manometer, with fluid density m, measures the pressure difference between
points 1 and 2, as shown. The pipe flow is steady, so that the fluids in the manometer are
stationary. (a) Find an analytic expression for p1-p2 in terms of the system parameters. (b) Discuss the conditions on h necessary for
there to be no flow in the pipe. (c) What about flow up, from 1 to 2? (d) What about flow down, from 2 to 1?

Fig. P4

Fig. P3

Fig. P5 Fig. P6