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Calculation of TSV Requirement

Heat flux from solar radiation (W/m2) 1040


Absorbivity of metal 0.5
Emmisivity of metal 0.8
Ambient Temperature (K) 308
35
Pipe inner Diameter (m) 0.4572
Pipe Outer Diameter (m) 0.508
Total area of the pipe (m) 0.202928626
Exposed Area (m) 0.142050038

Heat flux absorbed by metal (W/m2) 520


Heat absorbed by metal (W) 73.86602001
Thermalconductivity of metal (W/mK) 45
Thickness of metal (m) 0.0254
Metal Temperature (K) 308.0416933
35.04169326
Stefan Boltz mann Equation 5.67E-08
Heat Loss Through radiation (W) 0.031403686
Heat Flux (W/m2) 0.221074816
1.55631648
Heat Inflow (W) 73.64494519
Specific heat of fluid (J/kg K) 4187
Viscosity of fluid (kg/ms) 0.0008
thermal conductivity of fluid (W/Mk) 0.63
density of fluid 1000
Thermal expansion of fluid (1/K) 0.0003085
Gravitational force (m/s2) 9.81
Prandlt Number 5.316825397
Grashoff Number 451921358.2
Nusselt Number 98.42519685
1640.598589

Temperature of fluid (K) 0.04488907


Gradient 3.43431
Temperature of fluid (K) 311.4760033
38.47600326
Density of metal kg/m3 7850
volume of metal section m3 3.08
Specific heat of metal 502.416
Time gradient 573351.6506
Initial time (s) 0
Final Time (hr) 159.2643474 (6days. 15 hrs)
Intial gauge pressure 35
Intial Temperature of system 35
Final Temperature of system 38.47
Cubical expansion co-efficient of liquid 0.00018
Linear Expansion co-efficient of metal wall 0.0000121
Isothermal compressibility co-efficient of liquid 0.00000046
Inner diameter of pipe 0.4572
Modulus Elasticity for metal wall at final temperature 207000000
Metal wall thickness 0.0245
Poisson ratio 0.3
liquid leakage rate across the block valve set 0
elapsed time for leakage 0
Pipe Volume 2.02

Final Gauge pressure 0.000498639


2202755.31000046
2.26370581306144E-10
35.0000000002