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Review of

DigitalDigital RecognitionRecognition usingusing NeuralNeural NetworkNetwork

By – Saleh Ali K. Al-Omari, Putra Sumari, Sadik A. Al-Taweel and Anas J.A. Hussain School of Computer Science, University Sains Malaysia

Reviewed By:

Mohammad Nazmul Haque Department of CSE, CIS & CS Daffodil International University

Submitted To:

Prof. Dr. Syed Akhter Hossain Department of CSE, CIS & CS Daffodil International University

Objectives

to recognize isolated Arabic digits exist in different applications

to let computer system understand different handwriting styles and recognize them as standard writing

Technical Observations

Polynomial Classifier

Simple & Linear : obtain a reference point

Feature extraction by Karhunce-loeve x-formation

Fixed Classifier : various classifier on fixed data set

HMM ( hidden Markov model)

Contextual information are implicitly segmented

Re-ranked and verified the isolation of digit classifier

Improved recognition rate by 9.9% and 89.6% on touching digit pairs

Technical Observations cont

Genetic Programming

Handwritten digit recognition by applying aged members, directed crossover, inter-output crossover and node mutation

Accuracy rate reaches 84.3% by using inter- output crossover

MLP (Multilayer Perceptron) Neural Network

Several Splitting algorithm for Segmentation

Parallel NN to classify digit

Accuracy using MLP NN was about 85%

Technical Observations cont

Cascaded Neural Network

Self-organizing feature map algorithm

Maps distance values by using gradient descent learning algorithm

Network of Multi-layer feed-forward

Recognition rate of 98.85%

Classifier LIRA (Limited Receptive Area)

Layers of NN : Output, Sensor and Associative layers

Used two different standard database

Error rate of 0.61%

Technical Observations cont

Methodology

Build isolated digits recognition system:

Image acquisition

Preprocessing (Noise removal, Normalization, thinning & skeletonization

Segmentation

Feature extraction

Classification & Recognition

Two NN (1-hidden layer , 2-hiddden layer) are used for Classification & Recognition

Other Observations

Use of References : All references used correctly and relevant to topic.

Conclusion in Relation to objective:

Able to recognise hand-written text by computer

Classifiction & recognition have to be done

NN seemed to be better tahn other techniques for recognition

Reviewer Comment

This research work is better because of using NN for recognition step. It wold be excellent one if more concious on image preprocessing steps. It is not tested on restorted, skewed images which are some real-life constraints to be overcomed.

It has a comparison of accuracy with other methods. But they have not share common database for recognition.

Researcher can apply their method to MNIST database which contains 60,000 handwritten digits for training and 10,000 for testing. Then its performace can be comparable to any onther methods.