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OTHER COMMON STRUCTURES

1.
It + takes / took + (O ) + Ktg + to : (ai) mat ktg
V0 .. e
S + spend / spent + Ktg + (in) + : trai qua ktg
Ving lam g
Ex: It takes me 2 hours to do homework every day.
I spend 2 hours doing homework every day.
2.
S + would rather + (not) + V0 (HT) :
muon,
thch
S + would rather + V0 .. + than + (HT) : thch ..
V0 hn
S + would rather + S + V2 / were + (HT) : muon,
. thch
Ex: 1. She would rather go to the cinema.
2. I would rather watch TV than go out.
3. I would rather he didnt smoke here.
3.
S + prefer + Ving / sth + to + Ving / : thch hn
sth
S + prefer + to-inf + than + to-inf . : thch hn
Ex: They prefer swimming to playing football.
I prefer to cook than (to) clean the floor.
4.
The last time + S + V2 was + in + Lan cuoi
1993 la
when
S+ V2
two
years ago
S + havent / hasnt + V3 .. since a khong .
1990
since S
+ V2
for two
years
It is + KTG + since + S (last) + V2 a bao lau
ke t ..
Ex: 1. The last time we met him was in 1990. We havent met him since 1990.
2. The last time I talked to him was when I was at school.
I havent talked to him since I was at school.
3. The last time we played football was ten years ago.
We havent played football for ten years.
Its ten years since we (last) played football.
5.
This is the first time + S + Lan au
have/has + V3 tien...lam
S + have never( not) + V3 Cha bao gi lam
+ ..... before. trc ay
Ex: This is the first time I have met him.= I have never met him before.
6.
S + began / started + to V0/ Ving when + S + bat au
V2 lam khi
...........ago ...
cach ay
S + has /have + V3 since + S + a lam....ke
V2 t khi..
Has/ have + been + Ving for khoang thi .... trong
gian ktg
Ex: He started to learn English when he was 5 years old
He has learned English since he was 5 years old
Ex: He began working here 6 years ago= he has been working here for 6 years
7.
Its (high / about) time + for + O + to : a en luc
V0
Its (high / about) time + S + V2
Ex: Its time she went to bed. Its time for her to go to bed.
Ex: I shouldn't have stayed up last night. ( I stayed up last night and now I regret)
The woman might have gone home.
8. a)
It + be + adj + (for O ) + to-inf
Ving
+ be + adj .
To-inf
Ex: It is important (for us) to study English.
To study English is important. Studying English is important.
b)
nice t te
polite lch s
Its + kind + of + sb + to-inf t te
: chu ao
considerate tho lo
rude
Ex: It is kind of you to help me with the homework.
c)
nice t te
polite lch s
Sngi + be + kind to + t te
sb / sth chu ao
considerate tho lo
rude...
EX: He is kind to everyone. You are a little rude to customers
9. Extra object it:
find : tm thay
consider to-inf : xem nh
: nhan
S+ make + it + adj / noun + nh
that + clause : ngh rang
think Wh : tin rang
believe : chng to
prove
Ex: He finds it difficult to do maths.
My sister made it her duty to do housework.
10. USED TO/ BE USED TO
USED TO: ( TNG ) S + Used to +V0
S + didn't use to +V0
Did +S + use to +V0 ?

BE / GET USED TO ( QUEN VI) S + (be) Used to + V-ing


11. Li ni ph ha khng nh v ph nh ( cng vy, cng th)
1. Khng nh S + auxiliary + too
Affirmative statement + and +
So + auxiliary + S
Ex: They will work in the lab tomorrow, and you will too.
Ex: They will work in the lab tomorrow, and so will you.
2. Ph nh S + negative auxiliary + either
Negative statement + and +
Neither + positive auxiliary + S
Ex: I didn't see Mary this morning, and John didn't either
Ex: I didn't see Mary this morning, and neither did John.

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