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Basic Hydraulics

Understanding Schematics

Rev 00

29th June 2007


Subject to change without notice
Typical Hydraulic Schematic

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Neutral Oil Path

Oil flow shown


with only engine
running.

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Typical Hydraulic Schematic

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What do those symbols all mean?

Building Blocks

Hydraulic path, pipe or internal

Hydraulic path, pilot

Two Hydraulic paths crossing but not connected

Two Hydraulic paths crossing and connected

Hose

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What do those symbols all mean?

Building Blocks

Check on seat Spring Manual override

Restriction to flow Spring with adjuster Lever

Path in a valve Solenoid Detent

Path in a valve stop Proportional solenoid

Boundary of valve
Pilot - oil
or function

Pilot - air

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What do those symbols all mean?

Building Blocks

Hydraulic Pump Hydraulic motor uni-


uni-directional

Prime Mover Hydraulic motor bi-


bi-directional

Filter Cylinder

Tank

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What do those symbols all mean?

Basic Valves Pressure Control

Relief Valve

Sequence Valve

Pressure Reducing Valve

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What do those symbols all mean?

Basic Valves Check

Direct Pilot to open

Shuttle Pilot to close

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What those symbols all mean?

Basic Valves Check

Direct Pilot to open

Shuttle Pilot to close

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What those symbols all mean?

Basic Valves Flow Control

Compensated
Uncompensated
Bypass style

Uncompensated Compensated
With check Priority style

Compensated Divider

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What do those symbols all mean?

Basic Valves Motion Control/Overcentre

Typical track motion


control valve layout.
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What do those symbols all mean?

Basic Valves Directional Control


N/C

N/O

N/C

N/O

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Building a Hydraulic Circuit

Hydraulic motor bi-


bi-directional

Relief

Hydraulic
Pump
Prime
Mover Return Directional
Filter control

Strainer

Tank

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