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Pressure/Vacuum Relief Valves

Pressure Relief Valves

Vacuum Relief Valves

Represented by:
Pilot Operated Relief Valves

Emergency Relief Valves

Flame & Detonation Arresters

1185 Tower Road
Schaumburg, IL 60173
Ph. 847.885.0300 Fax: 847.885.0303 Blanket Gas Regulators

GROTH CORPORATION into the tank. In short, the tank EMERGENCY VALVE
needs to breathe in order to elimi-
Groth Corporation was estab- nate the possibility of rupturing or The primary function of the emer-
lished as Groth Equipment imploding. Because of its primary gency relief valve is to provide a
Corporation in Houston, Texas in function, a pressure/vacuum valve controlled opening on a tank that
1960. In 1971 Groth began manu- is commonly referred to as a will be large enough to prevent
facturing pressure/vacuum relief breather valve. rupturing of the tank under severe
valves and flame arresters. Today, pressure increases caused by
Groth is a global leader in manu- FLAME/DETONATION proximity to intense fire.
facturing pressure/vacuum relief ARRESTERS
valves, flame and detonation Each of these safety devices
arresters, blanket gas regulators Flame arresters are fire safety are used on the atmospheric,
and other low pressure relief prod- devices. They prevent flames from fixed roof, non-refrigerated stor-
ucts. We are located in Stafford, entering a tank and also provide age tank.
Texas, in a new facility. In protection from flashes within a
September 1999, Groth became a tank. They can also be used as an
part of the Continental Disc in-line flashback prevention device.
Corporation family of companies
that produce pressure relief prod-
ucts for industrial applications. PRESSURE VACUUM
Continental Disc Corporation is
headquartered in Liberty, Missouri.


The pressure/vacuum relief valve

is a protection device mounted on
a nozzle opening on the top of a
fixed roof atmospheric storage
tank. Its primary purpose is to pro-
tect the tank against rupturing or
imploding. Without an opening or
a controlled opening, a fixed roof
atmospheric tank would rupture
under increasing pressure caused
by pumping liquid into the tank or
as a result of vapor pressure
changes caused by severe ther-
mal changes. Imploding, or the
collapsing of a tank, occurs during
the pumping out procedure or
thermal changes. As the liquid
level lowers, the vapor space
pressure is reduced to below BLANKET GAS
atmospheric pressure. This vacu- REGULATOR &
um condition must be controlled PILOT OPERATED
by allowing atmospheric air to flow RELIEF VALVE

2 Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA


Pressure/Vacuum Relief Valves

WHY PRESSURE/VACUUM 1/2 oz. pressure and 1/2 oz. vacu- IN MOST CASES A
RELIEF VALVES ARE um. API 2521 states that 1/2 oz. is PRESSURE/VACUUM
1. Saves money by saving product. CALCULATING TANK PAY THE INVOICE
2. Protects tank from over or under PRODUCT LOSS
pressure when sized properly. The results of these tests indicate
3. Protection against fire hazard when A multiple correlation for tanks 20 that the evaporation loss on a tank
conforming to API standards. feet in diameter or larger, based with a 55,000 barrel capacity
on model equation, derived from would be 2,000 barrels per year if
4. Minimizes evaporation loss.
the tests on the tanks, yielded in an open vent was installed, and
5. Reduces atmospheric corrosion the case of gasoline: only 1,382 barrels per year if a
of tank. pressure/vacuum valve was uti-
Ly = TPY P .68
1.73 .51 .50
6. Generally in all cases required 1,000 ( 14.7-P ) D H T Fp lized, thereby saving 618 barrels
by OSHA, EPA, etc. per year, every year. This study
Where: also coined a new catchword,
PRESSURE/VACUUM Ly = the breathing loss in barrels Conservation Vent. So if you
VALVES SAVE MONEY per year. hear the term conservation vent,
TPY = turn overs per year you know that the valve referred to
Actually, any properly sized opening P = the true vapor pressure at is a pressure/vacuum valve or
bulk liquid temperature in
in the tanks upper structure protects pounds per square inch breather valve.
the tank from damage, but utilizing a absolute
pressure and vacuum valve also D = tank diameter in feet If the product in the tank cost $40
serves to accomplish other advan- H = the average outage in feet per barrel, this would be a savings
tages. Two of the more important T = average daily ambient tem- in one year of $24,720 per tank.
are: economic savings and fire haz- perature change Pressure/vacuum relief valves
ard protection. In 1952, American Fp = the paint factor provide savings of millions of dol-
Petroleum Institute developed a for- lars and millions of barrels
mula to determine tank evaporative A modification of the above equa- of product in a large facility such
losses. The API equation was for- tion was then required which as the one illustrated on page 4.
mulated after the results of a total of would accommodate small-diame- Depending on size and materials
256 individual tests were compiled. ter tanks. of construction, a breather
Of the 256 tanks tested (1/2 with valve can pay for itself in less than
Ly = TPY ( P ) D1.73H.51T.50FpC

open vents and 1/2 with 1,000 14.7-P a month.

pressure/vacuum valves), only 178
were considered valid. The remain- Where:
der were eliminated because of C = adjustment factor for
inadequate data, obviously incor- smaller diameter tanks
rect test methods, poor tank
conditions, or leaky fittings. The API APIS ESTIMATED BREATHING LOSS TABLE
has a formula for calculating tank
Breathing loss
breathing loss. The principle factors
are: turnovers per year, true vapor Tank Estimated Estimated BBLS/Year
pressure of the product, diameter of Diameter Nominal Losses With Losses Saved Using
the tank in feet, the average outage in feet Tank Pressure Relief with Pressure
in feet, the average daily ambient Capacity Valve Open Vent Relief Valve
temperature change, and the paint
30 5,000 154 235 81
factor. The test was conducted on
42.5 10,000 297 441 144
tanks containing gasoline with pres-
sure and vacuum valves set at 60 20,000 570 825 255
100 55,000 1,382 2,000 618

Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA 3


Pressure/Vacuum Relief Valves

1. Closed tank principle. When a
An advantage of using a pres- An additional reason for using
pressure/vacuum valve is
sure/vacuum valve is that the pressure/vacuum valves, they
closed, vapors are not escaping
valve provides fire protection for help reduce overall corrosion in
to support combustion.
the tank. A pressure/vacuum valve the plant. Plant corrosion is
is normally closed except when reduced due to less product
2. Pressure when open principle.
venting due to pressure or vacuum escaping from the tank and there-
When the valve is open, the
conditions. An open vent always fore less corrosion is produced
velocity of the relieving vapor is
has a free passageway between by escaping vapors. This means
greater than the flame speed.
the vapor in the tank and atmos- overall plant maintenance is
phere. Therefore, a pressure/ reduced thereby saving labor and
3. Over rich principle due to equi-
vacuum valve is usually closed dollars.
librium being reached in a
allowing the tank vapor to reach
closed tank and therefore the
true vapor pressure. RECOMMENDED AND
vapors are too rich to burn.
When emptying or pumping
Under true vapor pressure, the
from the tank, oxygen rich
vapor in the tank is too rich to Pressure/vacuum valves are rec-
vapors are susceptible to burn-
burn. The tank is also closed ommended by API 2000 for use
ing and flame arresters should
off eliminating a free passageway on atmospheric storage tanks in
be installed between the pres-
for fire or sparks to ignite the which oil with a flash point below
sure/vacuum relief valve and
potentially combustible vapor in 100 F is stored. OSHA states
tank nozzle.
the tank. If the valve has been that tanks storing Class 1 liquids
activated by excessive tank pres- shall be equipped with venting
4. The vacuum created during
sure, the now open valve is devices which shall be normally
pump out of product will prevent
causing a condition where any closed except under pressure or
fumes from escaping which
vapors escaping are under posi- vacuum condition.
normally does not present a
tive pressure and the fire hazard
fire hazard.
will be kept away from the vapor Generally speaking, the majority
content of the tank. If flames are in of the regulatory bodies dealing
the area and the tank is being with tank safety, API, OSHA,
emptied, vapors are not escaping NFPA, Insurance Companies etc.
and combustion is not likely to require installation of these
occur even though the tank may devices on flammable liquid
have a combustible mixture. storage tanks.

4 Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA


Pressure/Vacuum Valve Operation

HOW PRESSURE/VACUUM to obtain optimum flow. If the exactly like a high pressure safety
RELIEF VALVES OPERATE MAWP is less than 100% above the relief valve and should not be sized
required set, the valve could be larg- at 10% or 20% over pressure.
How does a pressure/vacuum valve er in size than normally required. When sizing a pressure/vacuum
operate? Most atmospheric tanks The possibility of valve chatter and valve, consult the manufacturer flow
require a venting device that will accelerated seat and diaphragm tables and allow sufficient overset
allow large volumes of vapor to wear will exist if less than 20% over pressure.
escape under relatively low pres- pressure is allowed. Simply stated,
sures. Usually the allowable set a pressure/vacuum valve is not SPRING LOADED VALVES
pressure is in inches of water col-
umn pressure, both for positive and The spring loaded valve is used on
vacuum conditions. This is because higher pressure tanks (1-15 PSIG
most large storage tanks have a rel- settings). They will protect from over
atively low maximum allowable pressure and excessive vacuum
working pressure. These tanks are MODEL 1201B while reducing tank breathing, there-
generally large volume welded ves- by saving product.
sels that are built to API 650 stan-
dard. In order to accommodate Spring loaded valves weigh less
large volumes at low set pressures, than a weight loaded valve set
these valves have ports that are at 1 psi.
greater in area than the inlet or noz-
zle connection. The low setting
required necessitates weight loading
the valve as opposed to spring load-
ing. Because of the above, a pres-
sure/vacuum valve requires approxi-
mately 100% over set pressure in PILOT OPERATED
order to reach full opening of the RELIEF VALVE
valve. However, when deciding on a
set pressure, the weight-loaded The Pilot Operated Relief Valve is
valve operation MAWP should be at designed to provide safe, depend-
least twice the required set pressure able, and accurate low pressure
and/or vacuum protection. Full flow
is attained at no more than 10%
overpressure. This
reduces the need for
ATM high over pressure
which conserves prod-
uct and reduces fugitive
emissions. Blowdown
Tank Pressure may be adjusted to
requirements between
0% and 20% of set
pressure. Properly
adjusted the Pilot
Operated Relief Valve
is bubble tight up to 95% of set MODEL 1660A
pressure. The Pilot Operated Relief
Valve provides the
maximum available control technol-
Tank Vacuum ATM ogy as specified in the Clean Air
Act of 1990.

Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA 5

API Standard 2000 for Venting
Atmospheric and Low Pressure Storage Tanks


The pressure and vacuum setting
API Standards are provided as an The OSHA requirement for tank of a breather valve are dictated by
engineering aid for specification and protection published by the the structural characteristics of the
selection of normal and emer- Department of Labor as part tank and should be within safe
gency pressure and vacuum relief 1910.106, revised July 1, 1985, operating limits. A certain amount
valves for aboveground liquid petro- addresses sizing requirements. of pressure and vacuum beyond
leum storage tanks. Normal venting OSHA suggests sizing shall be this setting is necessary to over-
capacity is obtained without exceed- in accordance with API 2000, come pressure drop in order to
ing pressure or vacuum that would which clearly defines all obtain required flow. Proper size
cause physical damage or perma- requirements. and settings can best be deter-
nent deformation to the tank. The mined by reference to API Std
following will help in sizing a pres- PRESSURE/VACUUM 2000: Venting Atmospheric and
sure/vacuum valve: RELIEF VALVE SETTING Low-Pressure Storage Tanks
1. Normal Relief: The sum of vapor (1992) and to the manufacturer's
replacement resulting from emp- API 2521 tank data determined in accor-
tying or filling and thermal dance with this publication. The
in-breathing or out-breathing. Pressure/vacuum valves on atmos- pressure setting for pressure/
2. Emergency Relief: Thermal out- pheric pressure fixed-roof tanks are vacuum valves to be installed on
breathing from fire exposure. usually set at 1/2 oz. per square inch large tanks constructed in accor-
3. All Tanks: Generally require the pressure or vacuum. Test data indi- dance with API 12: Specification
sizing of a normal pressure and cate that an increase of 1 oz. per for Large Welded Production
vacuum relief valve to be sized square inch in the pressure set point Tanks (1957) usually is limited to
and an independent emergency over the usual 1/2 oz. per square 1/2 oz. because roof plates will
relief valve to be sized separately. inch reduces breathing losses by start to shift when the pressure
4. Flow Curves: These curves approximately 7 percent. However, increases above 1 oz.
provide pressure and vacuum the test data indicate that each addi-
capacity which is required tional increase of 1 oz. per square
for sizing. inch in pressure set point reduces
the breathing losses in progressively
smaller increments.


(National Fire Protection Agency)


Liquid exerts pressure on the sides and base of For liquid to get in, air and vapor must get out. If For liquid to get out, air must get in. If it cant, the
they cant, the tank will be pressurized. For air tank will be underpressured. For air to be sucked
the tank. Pressure=height of liquid. and vapor to be pushed out, the pressure in the in, the pressure in the tank must be slightly below
tank must be slightly above atmospheric pres- atmospheric pressure. The tank is designed for
sure. The tank is designed for an internal an external pressure (or vacuum in the tank)
pressure of 8 in. water gage (WG). of 2 1/2 in. WG.

6 Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA


FLAME ARRESTER In order to be an effective flame pre- AIR OPERATED

vention device, a flame arrester RELIEF VALVE
A flame arrester is a safety device must have a quenching or hydraulic
installed on a nozzle on top of a tank diameter small enough to stop the Air operated relief valves are used
when the flash point of the stored flame created by the combustible to replace weight loaded and pilot
product is lower than the possible gas. Each combustible gas has a operated valves in severe
tank temperature. A majority of the different required hydraulic diameter applications where polymerization
time, a vent to atmosphere to stop the flame. and crystalization may take
pressure/vacuum valve is installed place and plug as well as corrode
on top of the flame arrester. A In addition to stopping the flame, the pilot valve. The pressure
flame arrester is also used as in-line an arrester must be able to dissipate switch coupled with a solenoid
safety device where combustible heat. Flame element mass ensures valve and using plant instrument
that hot gases above the auto air instead of corrosive product
ignition temperature never reach vapor provides a bubble tight seal
the downstream side of the flame in the valve.

With an in-line installation, structural

integrity is important to insure safety
if a detonation should occur. Proper
gasketing to insure an oxygen-free
environment in the event of a deto-
nation is also important. Unless a
flame arrester meets or exceeds the
above mentioned design criteria, it is
not a true flame arrester.


A detonation arrester is another

safety device installed in a piping
system. A detonation is defined as a
gases are transported through low flame front propagating through a
pressure pipe lines to actual com- flammable gas or vapor at a velocity
bustion, as in an incinerator or flare equal to or greater than the speed of
or where combustion fumes are sound. A detonation arrester should
vented through piping to atmos- be installed when the source of a
phere where lightning can cause a flash back is greater than ten pipe
flame. Flame arresters should be diameters from the installation of the
designed to stop tank farm fires arrester or when there is a possible
caused by lightning, sparking, or restriction in the line. Groth Deto-
actual flame in the immediate tank nation Flame Arresters are bi-direc-
area, and to prevent flashbacks in tional and can be installed in a verti-
lines. In order to accomplish the cal or horizontal piping installation.
above, a flame arrester must act as The model 7658A has been suc-
a barrier (stop a flame), a flame cessfully tested and USCG
holder (contain the flame at the bar- approved as a Type II Detonation
rier), and dissipate heat in order to Flame Arrester suitable for applica-
prevent auto ignition on the down tions where stationary flames may
side of the flame arrester. rest on the element.

Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA 7


EMERGENCY VALVES order to carry off the additional 5. A connection between the roof
volume resulting from the fire and shell which is weaker than
Emergency valves are required by exposure the tank is experiencing. the weakest vertical joint in the
API on storage tanks in order to API 2000 states emergency vent- shell or shell to bottom connec-
protect the tank against excessive ing may be accomplished by the tion (weak roof to shell weld)
pressure caused by external fire use of:
exposure or flashes within the
tank. The excessive pressure 1. Larger or additional open vents
caused by an external fire is gen- 2. Larger or additional
erally because an adjacent tank is pressure/vacuum valves or
on fire or some other structure in pressure relief valves
proximity is on fire. Flashes 3. A gage hatch which permits the
are generally caused by a cover to lift under
chemical reaction in the tank. abnormal internal pressure
Regardless of the cause of the 4. A manhole cover which
excessive pressure, an opening permits the cover to lift under
larger than the normal pressure/ abnormal internal pressure
vacuum valve is necessary in (ERV Model 2000A/2400A)


With the implementation of the Clean Air Act of 1990, most Liquid Product Storage terminals and hydrocarbon pro-
cessing plants must control evaporative hydrocarbon emissions from loading and storage operations. Two types of
recognized technologies are vapor recovery using carbon absorption or vapor combustion. Both systems require
pressure/vacuum valves and flame or detonation arresters to minimize emissions and maximize safety.


8 Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA



The Groth Blanket Gas Regulator The 1990 amendment to the 1977 Clean Air Act requires the emissions of
ensures that a constant gas pres- any of the identified volatile organic compunds (VOCs) be kept to under
sure is maintained in the vapor 500 parts per million (PPM). Method 21 is the leak test procedure used to
space of a storage tank. When detect rate of leakage from process equipment, including valves, flanges,
liquid is removed from a tank or the pressure relief devices, etc. Groth Corporation Pilot Operated Valves (with
temperature is reduced, a vacuum the film seat option) and Blanket Gas Regulators provide pressure and/or
would be developed. With the Groth vacuum protection for liquid storage tanks while assuring your compliance
with the Clean Air Act.

Tank protection equipment is specialized. Understanding this equipment
and how it should be applied will ensure that your storage tank is protected
properly from any number of potential hazards. Protection from rupturing or
imploding and protection from fire hazards are the major considerations.
Environmental and conservation features enhance the value of these prod-
Blanket Gas Regulator, a blanket
gas is supplied to prevent a vacuum
from developing and to maintain the CAL-Q-SIZE PRODUCT CAPACITY RATINGS
desired blanket pressure. In addition PC compatible sizing program for Pressure/Vacuum Valves in accordance
to preventing outside air and mois- with API 2000. Download from our website at www.grothcorp.com or contact
ture from entering the storage ves- Groth Corporation Sales Department.
sel, a blanket gas pressure, as low
as 1/2 W.C., reduces the evapora-
tion of the stored product to a negli-
gible amount. The result not
only conserves product but also
greatly reduces emissions. These
advantages are in addition to the fire
protection that is provided.

Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA 9


Model 1200 A Model 1220 A Fiberglass Valves

Pressure/Vacuum Pressure/Vacuum Relief Valve Most Groth valves can be
Relief Valve Pipe-away feature constructed of fiberglass.
Modular design Modular design
Sizes: 2" through 12" Sizes: 2" through 12"
Pressure settings: Pressure settings: Model 1220 A / 7618
1/2 oz./in.2 to 15 PSIG 1/2 oz./in.2 to 15 PSIG Pressure/Vacuum Relief
Vacuum settings: Vacuum settings: Valve and Flame Arrester
1/2 oz./in.2 to 12 PSIG 1/2 oz./in.2 to 12 PSIG w/Pipe-Away Feature


Model 1260 A Model 2300 .A Model 1300 A Model 1360 A

Pressure Relief Valve Pressure Relief Valve Vacuum breaker Vacuum breaker
Modular design Modular design Modular design Modular design
Pipe-away feature Sizes: 2" through 12" Sizes: 2" through 12" Side mount
Sizes: 2" through 12" Pressure settings: Vacuum settings: Modular design
Pressure settings: 1/2 oz./in.2 to 15 PSIG 1/2 oz./in.2 to 12 PSIG Sizes: 3" through 14"
1/2 oz./in.2 to 15 PSIG Vacuum settings:
1/2 oz./in.2 to 12 PSIG


Model 1660A Model 1420 Model 1560 Model 2500

Pressure Relief Valve Pressure/Vacuum Relief Valve Air actuated pressure relief Emergency Relief Valve
High flow capacity Modular design for extreme service Sizes: 18" and 24"
Sizes: 2" through 12" Pressure & vacuum relief Modular design Pressure settings:
Pressure settings: High flow capacity Pressure relief 8 oz./in.2 to 15 PSIG
2" W.C. through 15 PSIG Sizes: 2" through 12" High flow capacity
Pressure settings: Sizes: 2" through 12"
3 oz./in.2 through 15 PSIG Pressure settings:
Vacuum settings: 3 oz./in.2 through 15 PSIG
1/2 oz./in.2 to 12 PSIG

Available in aluminum (type 356), carbon steel, stainless steel, fiberglass, and other materials, in most models.
10 Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA

Model 2301A Model 2000A Model 2450A Model 2100

Pressure Relief Valve Emergency Relief Emergency Relief Manhole High Pressure Emergency
Sizes: 2" through 12" Manhole Cover Cover with hinged cover with Relief Valve
Pressure settings: Sizes: 16", 20", and 24" vacuum breaker Sizes: 16", 20", and 24"
1/2 oz./in.2 to 15 PSIG Pressure settings: Sizes: 20" through 24" Pressure settings:
1-1/2 oz./in.2 to 16 oz./in.2 Vacuum settings: 1 PSIG to 15 PSIG
Also available with 1/2 oz./in.2 to 4 oz./in.2
vacuum breaker Pressure settings:
2 oz./in.2 to 8 oz./in.2
Also available pressure only


Model 7618 Model 7628 Model 7658 A Model 7622

Flame arrester Flame arrester Detonation arrester Flame check
(vertical design) (horizontal design) (horizontal design) Sizes: 1/2" through 1-1/2"
FM approved FM approved Coast Guard approved
Sizes: 2" through 60" Sizes: 2" through 30" Sizes: 2" through 24"
Available with weather hood


Series 3000 Model 8400A Model 8500A

Blanket Gas Regulators Back Pressure Regulator and Flame Trap Assembly
Depad Valves Flame Trap Assembly Sizes: 2" through 12"
Setting from 0.5" W.C. Sizes: 2" through 12"
to 15 PSIG
Consult factory for
vacuum applications

Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA 11


Most Groth valves and flame arresters Model 6000 Series Model 8110
can be steam jacketed. Gauge hatch Back Pressure Check Valve
Sizes: 4" through 10" Sizes 2" through 12"

Groth is committed to the total
quality improvement process.

Visit us at our website:

Groth E-mail address:
Pressure/Vacuum Relief Valve Test Stand
Provides convenient, accurate testing and setting of
P/V valves or high pressure relief valves. Includes leak testing.

13650 N. Promenade Blvd.
Stafford, Texas 77477
Pressure Equipment Directive Phone 281-295-6800 Fax 281-295-6999
Available When Specified
CE-Marked Flame Arresters per
ATEX Directive Are Available
A Siegel-Robert Company When Specified

CDC Corporate Germany The Netherlands United Kingdom China Dubai

Headquarters Continental Disc Continental Disc Corporation Continental Disc UK Ltd. Continental Disc Corporation Continental Disc Corporation
Deutschland GmbH Energieweg 20 Unit C, The Business Centre 2026 The Executive Center P.O. Box 2234
Continental Disc Corporation
Virmondstrasse 151 2382 NJ Zoeterwoude-Rijndijk Faringdon Avenue, 20/F The Center Dubai, U.A.E.
3160 West Heartland Drive
47877 Willich Germany The Netherlands Harold Hill, Romford 989 Changle Rd. Phone: + (971) 43214490
Liberty, Missouri 64068-3385
Phone: + (49) 2156-490802 Phone: + (31) 71-5412221 Essex RM3 8EN Shanghai, 200031 Fax: + (971) 43438840
Phone: + 816-792-1500
Fax: + (49) 2156-492547 Fax: + (31) 71-5414361 United Kingdom P.R. China Mobile: + (971) 508129525
Fax: + 816-792-2277
E-mail: cdd@contdisc.com E-mail: cdcnl@contdisc.com Phone: + (44) 1708-386444 Phone: + (86) 21-5117-5848 E-mail: kannan@contdisc.com
E-mail: pressure@contdisc.com
Website: www.contdisc.com Fax: + (44) 1708-386486 Fax: + (86) 21-5117-5849
E-mail: cduk@contdisc.com Mobile: + (86) 137-8897-2291
E-mail: jyang@contdisc.com

1185 Tower Road

Schaumburg, IL 60173
Groth Corporation, a Continental Disc company, Stafford, TX, USA Ph. 847.885.0300 Fax: 847.885.0303
92880 Rev. A, ProdSelGuide.qxd, 3m, 11/06 Copyright 2002 Groth Corporation
12 lindenequipment.com