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STAR YOUR OWN COLD STORAGE UNIT

SPECIAL FEATURES OF COLD STORAGE PROJECT

Priority Sector as per Govt. Policy


Easy Financing Facilities
Easy to Manage
Only Fixed Assets Investments
High Rate of Return
High Demand of Cold Storage Facility
Tax Benifits
Financial Incentive
Brief Analysis of a Model Cold Storage Project

BRIEF ABOUT REFRIGERATED COLD STORAGE

Specific Items for Consideration

B.I.S. SPECIFICATION

Indian Standards on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Industry


Availability Address of B.I.S. Specification

SELECTION OF THE LOCATION FOR THE COLD STORAGE

Important Location for Cold Storages


Refrigerants
Properties of Ammonia
Ammonia Mixture
Temperature of ammonia at vaious
Sections Temperature

PRODUCTION DETAILS AND PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE

Optimum Storage Condition for Various Fruits


Optimum Storage Conditions for Vegetables
Process of Description (Cold Storage)
Insulating of Valves
Control
Insulation Thickness Graph

OPERATING CONDITIONS

Onion
Brussels Sprouts
Lettuce
Asparagus
Tomatoes
Potatoes

PRINCIPLES OF FRESH FOOD STORAGE

Nature of Harvested Crops


Plant Product Storage
Treatments of Control Post Harvest
Decay of Fresh Produce
Decay Control
Heat evolved in the Respiration of Fruits and Vegetables
Temperature of Cold Storage Rooms
Metabolism a Function of Temperature
Recommended Storage Temperature, Relative Humidities, Approximate Storage Life and Average
Freezing Point of Fruits and Nuts
Rate of Respiration of Apples Related to Temperature of Environment
Creating Energy Deficits
Creating Energy Deficits Mechanically
Useful Temperatures
Schematic Diagram of a Simple Ammonia Refrigeration system
Determining Refrigeration Load Needed
Specific heat of Foods
Cold Injury to Fruits and Vegetables
Commodities Suscecptible to Cold Injury when Stored at only Moderately Low Temperatures
Animal Product Storage
Meat
Milk
Reported Generation Times for some Psychrotrophs at 0 Degree C to 32 Degree C
Distribution of 3880 Samples of Manufacturing Grade Milk According to Bacterial Levels of Coil
Aerogenes and Micrococci in Spoiled Beef
Relationship Between Temperature and Types of Bacteria Causing Spoilage of Chicken Meat
Eggs
Relationship Between Temperature and Types of Bacteria Causing Spoilage of Albumen
Calculation of Refrigeration Load
Bacon Flavor Scores as Influenced by Temperature and Time of Storage
Fish
Egg Storage
Quality Loses in Shell Eggs on Storage at Different Temperature Loses in Moisture and Thinning
of Whites Decreases Egg Quality
Recommended Cold Storage Temperatures for Selected Foods
Recommended Storage Temperatures, Relative Humidities, Approximate Storage Life and Freezing
Point of Vegetables
Effect of Cold Storage on Quality
Preserving Foods in a Micro Environment
Losses in Vitamin C in Selected Vegetables on Cold Storage
Changes in Carotene of Sweet Potatoes Stored at 10o C for Four Months
Relation of Temperature to Firmness of Barlett Pears in Cold Storage
Thiamin, Riboflayin and Niacin Changes in Cold Stored Pork and Pork Products
Loss of Sweetness in Sweet Corn During Storage
Packaging Materials Tests which may be performed
Partial Checklist for Flexible Packaging Films
Disorders of Stored Foods
REFRIGERATION

Principles in Basic
Basic Vapor Cycle
Refrigeration Cycles and System Overview
Closed-Cycle operation
Compound Cycle
Cascade Cycle
Refrigerant Numbering System
Refrigerant Selection for the Closed Cycle
System with Flash Economizers
Liquid Rectrculation
Refrigerants
Properties of Common Refrigerants
Open Cycle Compressors
Open Cycle Operations
Volume-Pressure Relationships in a Reciprocating Compressors
Open Cycle Refrigerant Selection
Use of Ice
Compressors
Volume Pressure Relationships in a Centrifugal Compressors
Typical Refrigerant Condenser
Typical Fixed Tube Sheet Evaporator
Typical Flooded Shell & Tube Evaporator
Condensers
Approximate Condensaer heat Rejection Rates
Effect of Different Scale Factors
Typical Spray Type Evaporator
Evaporators
Oil Return
Flash Gas Distribution
Gas Liquid Separation
Submergence Effect
System Design Considerations
Power Requirements at Various Temperature Levels
Typical Baffled Shell Evaporator
Refrigeration System Specifications
Process Flow Sheets
Basic Specifications
Instrumentation & Control Requirements
Off Designed Operation

TECHNICAL AND DESIGN SECTION

Cooling Coils
Hydro Cooling
Compressors and Condensing Sets
Remote Condensers
Evaporator/Cooler
Direct Refrigeration
Cooling with Ambient Air
Quick Cooling Methods
Forced Air Cooling
Vacuum Cooling
Insulation
Board or Slab Insulation
Granuler and Loose Fill Materials
Framed 'In Situ'
Sprayed on Insulation
Pre-Fored Panels
Insulation Thickness
Structure
Foundations
Floor
Walls
Roof
Ceilings
Sectional Stores
Technical Note
Introduction
Selection of Site
Orientation and building Form
Space Requirement
Design of Building
Internal Racking System
Foundation
Thermal Insulation
Applications
Vapour Barrier
Cold Storage Doors
Selection of the Refrigeration Plant Capacity and Machinery
Compressor
Refrigerant
Condensers
Air Circulation
Design Example
Example
Solution
Concluding Remarks
Recommended Thickness of Insulation for Potato Cold Storage Building Section
Capacity of the Cold Storage for Different Heights of the Potato Cold Storage
Design Specifications for Cold Storages of Different Capacities

MAIN FEATURES OF AMMONIA COMPRESSORS

Lubrication
Force Feed Lubricating Systems
Installation
Compressor foundation
Initial Starting
Stopping the Compressor
Periodical Maintenance
To Clean the Suction Strainer
To Clean the Oil Strainer
Shaft Seal
Principles of Refrigeration
Single Stage ammonia Refrigeration Cycle
Single Stage ammonia Refrigeration Cycle
Receiver
Liquid Control
Evaporator
Compressor
Condenser
Possible Trouble
Abnormal Sounds
List of Spare Parts
Main Body Assembly
Wheel Assembly
Padestal bearing Assembly
Force Feed Lubricator
Condensed List of Cold Storage Temperature
Daily Operating Log Sheet
Ammonia Compressors Nominal Dimensions without Fly Wheel
Force Feed Oiling System
Location of Compressor operating Valve
Arrangement of Oil Gauge Glass
Suction Strainer Removal
Oil Filter removal
Refrigeration System with Compressor
Spare Parts
Oil Lubrication Arrangement
Side View for 6,000 Mt. Cold Storage Plant
Top View for 6,000 Mt. Cold Storage Plant
Plant Room Refrigerant Equipments for 12,000 Mt. Capacity

REFRIGERATED COLD STORAGE DESIGN

Initial Building Considerations


Size Determination
Building Design
Specialised Storage Design
Controlled Atmosphere Storage Rooms
Jacketed Storages
Construction Methods
Floor Constructions
Electrical Wiring
Tracking
Cold Storage Doors
Refrigeration System Selection
Load Determination
Air Cooling Units & Coils
Automatic Defrosting
Storage Requirements and Properties of Perishable Products
Desirable Transit for Various Vegetables
Onions
Ammonia Gas Discolouration
Potatoes

QUOTATION FOR 50,000 BAGS COLD STORAGE PLANT

Water Line Diagram Cold Storage for 4,000 Mt.


Layout for 8,000 Mt. Cold Storage Plant

QUOTATION FOR 1,00,000 BAGS COLD STORAGE PLANT

Water Line Diagram for 8,000 Mt. Cold Storage Plant


Layout for 4,000 Mt. Cold Storage Plant

QUOTATION FOR 1,50,000 BAGS COLD STORAGE PLANT

Layout for 12,000 Mt. & 1,50,000 Bags Cold Storage Plant
Water Line Diagram for 12,000 Mt. Cold Storage Plant

DETAILS OF PLANT EQUIPMENTS AND MACHINERIES

Ammonia Compressors Double Cylinder


Ammonia Compressors Multi Cylinder
Ammonia Air Cooling Units
Fin Type Ammonia Air Cooling Units
Ammonia Condensing Unit
Fin Type Ammonia Air Cooling Unit
Ice Cans
Insulated Doors
Hand Hoist
Agitators
Valves
Ammonia Compressors
Construction Details
Compressor
Pistons
Crank Shaft
Connecting Rods
Compressor shaft seal
Water Jacket
Manifold
Specifications: Ammonia Compressors
BHP and Capacity Ratings:
Ammonia Compressors

PROJECT PROFILES

Plant Economics of Potato Cold Storing of 8,500 Mt. and 3,000 Mt. Ice Slabs
Plant Economics of Cold Storing of 1,000 Mt.
Plant Economics of Cold Storing of 100 Mt. Frozen Vegetables
Plant Economics of Cold Storing of 10,000 Mt. of Fruits & Vegetables
Plant Economics of Cold Storing of 1,000 Mt. of Vegetables & Fruits
Plant Economics of Cold Storing of 600 Mt. of Frozen Vegetables
REFRIGERATED COLD STORAGE EQUIPMENTS AND ALLIED EQUIPMENTS
SUPPLIERS

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