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Green Campus:

Towards Sustainable Campus And

Presented by:
Associate Prof. Dr. Sumiani Yusoff
Dean, Sustainability Science Research Cluster, University of Malaya

For Konvensyen Kelestarian Kampus Hijau on 25 May 2017, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Global Scenario of Campus Greening

03 Green Campus:
UM Living Lab
04 Story of UM Zero Waste
Way Forward
Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Social Criteria: Economic Criteria
Socially desirable (equitable) Economically sustainable
Psychologically nurturing Technologically feasible
Culturally acceptable Operationally viable

Environmental Criteria
Environmentally robust
Generationally sensitive
Capable of continuous learning
Definition Source: Our Common Future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development also known as
the Brundtland Report), United Nations, 1987.
Graphic Source: Johann Dro and translated by User:Pro_bug_catcher, March 2006/ Translated January 2007 and
Accessed October 21, 2010, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sustainable_development.svg#file
Green/Sustainable Campus in promoting
Sustainable Development
What is a green/sustainable campus?

A green campus is a place where environmentally responsible

practice and education go hand in hand and where environmentally
responsible tenets are borne out by example.

It demonstrates its commitment to ecological sustainability through



Example of Green Campus Strategy

Sustainability-Oriented University

Green Campus Action Plan


Set forth a Green Campus Establish a Green Campus

Mission and a Statement of organizational structure and a
Principles team that is representative of
the student body

Develop a strategic plan that includes

policy and curriculum reforms that
reflect your stated green campus
Green Campus Action Plan


Assess daily operations in Determine and document

terms of pollution prevention, short-term and long-term
waste stream management, economic benefits
and energy efficiency

Identify environmental
management systems that are
being used by progressive
Green Campus Action Plan


Initiate small and large scale Implement a Green

projects that reduce the Campus Environmental
carbon footprint of the Awareness campaign.

Establish partnerships with

state, and local
environmental agencies,
utilities, and the business
Roadmap to Green Campus
Celebrate success!
Report, promote, and

1. Implement campus-scale
2. Undertake project-scale

The process for establishing a

campus-wide commitment to
sustainability will vary. The
commitment may be in the form To ensure the green campus is meeting
of a sustainability plan, green it sustainability goals, the campus
building policy and/or climate community needs to be aware of its
action plan. roles and responsibilities in reaching
campus-wide objectives.
Source: US Green Building Council (2010)
Green Campus:An Integrated Framework
Sustainability-Oriented Education

Strengthen general education to broaden students

knowledge, and to integrate science, technology, and

Enhance students creativity through practice-based education,

inside and outside of campus, including internship and social

Educate students to shoulder social responsibility and to

culture value of sustainable development.

Sustainability-Oriented Research

Lectures, workshops, events &
presentations outside the classroom
addressing sustainability

Dedicated sustainability officers who

communicate, coordinate and catalyze
green campus efforts.

Programs in offices, residence halls, and

classroom that encourage resource
conservation and sustainable living

Student organizations focusing on the

environment, climate change, renewable
energy, sustainable development and
sustainable living;
Infrastructure General Criteria of Green Campus (1)

The campus setting and infrastructure information will give the basic information of the university policy towards
Setting &

green environment. This indicator also shows whether the campus deserves to be called Green Campus. The aim
is to trigger the participating university to provide more space for greenery and in safeguarding environment,
as well as developing sustainable energy.

The universitys attention to the use of energy and climate change issues takes the highest weighting in this
ranking. In our questionnaire we define several indicators for this particular area of concern, i.e. energy

Energy &
efficient appliances usage, renewable energy usage policy, total electricity use, energy conservation program,
green building, climate change adaptation and mitigation program, greenhouse gas emission reductions policy.
With this indicator, universities are expected to increase the effort in energy efficiency on their buildings and to
take more about nature and energy resources.

Waste treatment and recycling activities are major factors in creating a sustainable environment. The activities
of university staff and students in campus will produce a lot of waste, therefore some programs and waste

treatments should be among the concern of the university, i.e. recycling program, toxic waste recycling, organic
waste treatment, inorganic waste treatment, sewerage disposal, policy to reduce the use of paper and plastic
in campus.

Source: UI GreenMetric Criteria and Indicators (2017)

General Criteria of Green Campus (2)

Water use in campus is another important indicator. The aim is that universities can decrease

water usage, increase conservation program, and protect the habitat. Water conservation
program, piped water use are among the criteria.

Transportation system plays an important role on the carbon emission and pollutant level in university.
Transportation policy to limit the number of motor vehicles in campus, the use of campus bus and bicycle will
encourage a healthier environment. The pedestrian policy will encourage students and staff to walk around
campus, and avoid using private vehicle. The use of environmentally friendly public transportation will decrease
carbon footprint around campus.

This criteria is based on the thought that university has an important role in creating the new
generation concern with sustainability issues.

Source: UI GreenMetric Criteria and Indicators (2017)

Malaysian Institute Higher Learnings Impact to the
Greening of Campus. Why is it Important?

20 495 33
Public universities Private universities / Polytechnics

Toxic chemicals used Chemicals depleting the Transportation to Universities and

in laboratories, ozone layer, causing and from campus colleges also
fertilisers, increased human, animal, can lead to generate vast
insecticides, and and plant exposure to congestion, noise, amounts of
pesticides are ultraviolet radiation, are and air quality radioactive, solid
abundant on common in cooling and problems for local and hazardous
campuses. refrigeration systems, communities wastes.
automobiles, libraries, and
fire extinguishers.

Pollution/GHG Emission
The Need for Walk the Talk
1. Universities have a critical role
to play in addressing the
sustainable development agenda
and solving complex problems,
not only through the discovery of
technological solutions, but also
through the education of future
environmental leaders.

2. Therefore, there is an urgent

need in the country to train future
environmental leaders who will
work to ensure sustainable

Three Building Blocks of Environmental Leaders

Source: https://edu.env.go.jp/asia/en/about/vision.html
Green Campus: National University of
NUS announced its Kent Ridge campus as a living
laboratory for smart sustainable solutions

Collaboration between industry, government agencies

and research institutions: Agency for Science,
Technology and Research (A*STAR) and Singapore-MIT
Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART).

Areas currently being looked into include transportation,

energy, water and the built environment.

Example projects:
NUS School of Design and Environment serves as the
demo site for testing practical application of multi-
functional photovoltaic panels.

Experimental green roofs and walls testing of various

plants for their insulating properties against heat gain
within built structures

Source: http://www.eng.nus.edu.sg/ero/news/index.php?id=579
Green Campus: Duke University
The Duke University campus offers many living laboratories for diverse educational experiences in
sustainabilitythat have utilized the campus and university departments as clients for sustainability

A few project examples include:

Home Depot Smart Home Duke Campus Farm Duke Forest The Forest SWAMP Duke Carbon Offsets
Students living in the Courses in law, marketing hosts up to 50 research Outdoor Initiative To meet its goal
home use and develop and food issues have used projects at a time, with classroom and of climate neutrality by
smart technology, courses the farm as a research topics like the effects of field laboratory 2024, Duke University will
are offered on sustainable client, students can propose elevated carbon dioxide for wetland need to offset
living topics such as Smart projects in their particular (CO2) levels on forest restoration approximately 185,000
Home Technology areas of interest ecosystems tons of CO2 equavalents
Development and per year. Thus, the Duke
Sustainable Structures Carbon Offsets Initiative
was established in 2009.

Source: http://sustainability.duke.edu/academics/livinglab.html
Eco-campus Initiatives in UM
Different approaches towards a greener campus

Student-led and
Research informed UM Living Lab

Our eco-campus We practice what we We encourage our

initiatives are researched as part of our students to take part
informed by commitment towards and lead eco-campus
numerous high quality translational research initiatives through
green researches agenda. It transcends the various student
which help us to traditional research mode bodies, units, or
understand and whereby not only networking to
subsequently solve academicians and students enhance their skills.
real world problems. involve in the Living Labs,
but also our top
management and other
relevant stakeholders.
About UM Living Lab
UM Living Lab Grant Programme (UM Living Lab) is a strategic partnership between the
office of Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research & Innovation) and Deputy Vice-Chancellor

The philosophy behind the Living Lab idea is to convert university campuses to Living
Labs which is a combined lab/household system, analysing existing
productservicesystems as well as technical and socioeconomic influences focused on
the social needs of people, aiming at the development of integrated technical and social
innovations and simultaneously promoting the conditions of sustainable development
(highest resource efficiency, highest user orientation, etc.).

Practically, UM Living Lab serves as a knowledge/action research-platform for JPPHB as

the process owner (in waste management, water management and greening & biodiversity)
to gradually improve the sustainability of their operations. In this approach, UM
researchers will join hands with JPPHB staff and other relevant stakeholders in UM to
systematically improve UMs performance in these areas, according to specific targets or
Key Performance Indicators.

This approach is more focused, systematic collaborative, and trans-disciplinary in nature.


Environmental Impact Academics Students Experience Culture Change University Operations

Optimisation of Provides a real Provides Embeds Enhance links

resources and and relevant opportunity for sustainability into between research /
reduces the examples or case students to take the fabric of the academics to
Universitys studies to enhance part in improving University estate
carbon footprint learning or UMs sustainability management or
teaching Allows new JPPHB
Serves as a experience Enable students to approach of doing
platform for UM to learn through local research to be
act in a more Provides platform and real examples tested
sustainable for the researchers of sustainability
manner to engage with projects Improving a cross-
Universitys border
administration and cooperation within
contribute in the and outside UM
development of
UM especially in
sustainability area
UM as A Living Lab
to provide sustainable solutions to the campus

From laboratory research To real life solutions

Categorisation of research projects according to

8 Core Pillars of UM Eco-Campus Blueprint In line with UI
GreenMetric &
Development Goals
Landscape Waste Water Energy Transportation Green Educational management Change Management,
management and management governance management system procurement Environment & climate participation, & (SDGs)
biodiversity management change communication
UM Eco-Campus Blueprint
UM Living Labs Sites
Our campus as a testbed for integrated waste, water, biodiversity, energy, and sustainable transportation research

UM Cancer Farm: A
Lifestyle Lab

Pusat Pengajian Luar Glame


RCE Frasers Hill, Pahang

Ageing Home Baitul

Maab, Pahang
Living Labs in UM
Theme 1: Waste Management
1. Zero Waste Campaign

2. Construction Waste Recycling Center for Sustainable Drainage Construction

3. UM Zero Food Waste Campaign

4. Agro-hero: Promoting Green Practices to Communities for Sustainable


5. Safe Disposal of Unused Medications - Working towards a Green Pharmacy in

the University of Malaya Medical Centre
Living Labs in UM
Theme 2: Energy Management
1. Optimising Energy Cost With Evolution Computing Based Building Energy
Management System

2. Smart Management of Electrical Appliances and Energy Saving using

Internet of Things

3. Smart Modular Electrical Energy Monitoring and Management System

4. Energy Conservation Culture in University of Malaya Campus

5. Smart-E (Smart Energy Monitoring & Opitimization for Pre-existing Campus


6. Zero Carbon Building Assessment for UM Chancellory Building and Other UM

Office Buildings

7. Carbon Abatement Module for University of Malaya Eco-campus: Addressing

Urban Heat Island and Climate Change Impact
Living Labs in UM
Theme 3: Biodiversity 1. The RIMBA Project
and Landscape
2. The Design and Investigation of A Novel Ecological Air Cleaning and
Management Cooling System Using the Concept of A Living Green Wall

3. A Virtual Reality Application on Plants in University of Malaya

4. Essence of Green Roofs/Walls: UM Campus as an Experimental and

Computational Living Lab towards Enhancing the Outdoor Thermal
Comfort Conditions
Living Labs in UM
Theme 4: Water Governance
1. Water Warriors
2. University of Malaya Ecological and Hydrological Data Warehouse Prototype System

Theme 5: Sustainable Transportation Management

1. Sustainable Transport System in University of Malaya Campus: Study on Improve
the Feeder Bus Service and Promote Non-motorised Transport Mode in Campus

2. Real-time and Automated Traffic Data Inventory and Monitoring System (TDIM)

3. Working towards A Sustainable Means of Campus Transportation

Living Labs in UM
Theme 6: Good Health and Well-being
1. Homes for Active Ageing
2. The UM Cancer Farm: A Lifestyle Lab

Theme 7: Partnership for the SDGs

1. Enhancing the Visibility of UM Regional Center of Expertise (RCE) Central Semenanjung through
Partnership with Bukit Frasers Community and Authority

Theme 8: Waste / Water / Energy Management

1. Transforming the Role of Surau APIUM for Campus Sustainability Through 'Imarah Green Project
UM Living Labs Achievements for 2016
Training / demo / seminar: 63 sessions
1 Capacity Building Total Human capital development: 59
i. 5 PhD, 3 Master Student, 32 Undergraduate students, 19 Temporary RAs
Innovation / Technology /
2 43 ITK transfer activities
Knowledge Transfer

3 Community Engagement 21 engagements

27 local; 1 on-going MoU

4 Networking & Linkages 3 international; International Lake Environment Committee, Shiibata Senior High School, Tyndall
Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of Manchester
Total articles: 23
i. 6 published (ISI/SCOPUS), 6 submitted, 11 in progress
5 Publications
Total manuscript: 5
Total book: 4 published, 2 in progress
Book chapter: 14 submitted; 8 in progress
Guidelines: 6 completed, 4 in progress
Copyright: 2 submitted
Policy paper / standards /
6 Prototype: 6 completed; Green Wall, Modular Energy System, IoT-based Energy Monitoring,
Bus-tracking Apps, Pervious Concrete, Traffic Data Inventory and
Monitoring System
GHG emission reduction /
7 4,750,000 kg CO2 eq / RM 461,611.95
indirect money savings
Awards: 11 (from 2014 till 2016). Listed below are recent achievements for 2016.
i. Gold Award at Invention, Innovation & Design Exposition 2016 to LL019-16SUS (AP
Dr. Chong Wen Tong)
8 Others ii. Bronze Award at Invention, Innovation & Design Exposition 2016 to LL013-16SUS
(Dr. Mohammad Hossein Anisi)
iii. Endorsement by Future Earth and the Stockholm Resilience Center as a Sustainable
Development Goal (SDG) Lab to LL002-15SUS (Dr. Zeeda Fatimah Mohamad)
Zero Waste Campaign Objectives





3. To create awareness and inculcate best practice of waste separation at source

among the campus communities.

4. To form strategic partnership with various stakeholders to develop integrated

waste management system.
Zero Waste Campaign
Overview of ZWC in 2016
1.) Collaboration program with Maybank International
Dept for Maybank CSR Day on 20 Aug. 2016
UM Zero Waste Campaign: Year 2016 2.) Collaboration with Food Aid Foundation on
composting of food waste from food surplus

3.) Potential collaboration with FAM (Forum Air

Malaysia) on food minimization policy formulation
1.) Food waste disposer contribution to UM ZWC
center for trial and research in food waste size 4.) UM -UEM meeting and discusssion on potential
reduction prior to feeding to Cowtec AD research and consultacy collaboration related to ZWC

2.) Intelligent recycle center project to promote

recycling among community in UM campus in
collaboration with Coindex Sdn Bhd Interview by Harian Metro on 14 March 2016
Interview by Oriental Daily (newspaper) on 28 March 2016
Interview by TheMalayMail on 20 March 2016
Media appearance (interview) by Astro Awani about issue of
polystyrene packaging with AP. Dr. Sumiani Yusoff on 6th Jan. 2017
Media appearance (interview) by Astro Awani about issue of
biodegradable plastic packaging with AP. Dr. Sumiani Yusoff on
1. Sumiani Yusoff. (2016) Lecture
26th Jan. 2017
presented on Theory of composting,
Media appearance on TV1 on SWCorp food waste composting
SWCorp, 23 March 2016.
launching event at Fraser Hill on 1st Nov. 2016
2. Sumiani Yusoff (2016). UM Zero
Waste Campaign: Integrated waste
management model development in
UM campus, proceeding on 22 April
2016 in conjunction with UM#111
Earth Day
3. Sumiani Yusoff. (2016). Keynote
lecture about Environmental WAQF:
From Theories to Practices, Faculty of
Economic and Administration UM, 24
May 2016.
4. Sumiani Yusoff (2016) Toward
sustainable development and
promoting integrated waste
managment, training program (TCTP)
by INPUMA for Sudan officials
5. Sumiani Yusoff. (2016) Dont Waste It,
Just Taste It Awareness lecture and Article /proceeding:
capacity building, Mayabank
International Corporate Responsibility
Day, Maybank Tower, 20 August 2016.

1.) Seminar and demonstration on composting

Proposed policy project at UM ZWC center to RCOMM and
- Implementation of food waste segregation DBKL LA21
practice with introduction of clause related to food 2.) Training and capacity building program on
waste segregation in the contract agreement Takakura composting to community at
between UM and caf operators Sunway SPK Damansara
3.) Training and capacity building program on
Proposed guideline (in collaboration with JPPHB Takakura composting to community at Eco
and OSH UM) Melawati
- Food waste segregation and collection in UM 4.) Training on Takakura composting to
campus Keepable cancer club
Zero Waste Campaign: Data 1
Zero Waste Campaign: Data 2
Recent Media Appearances of ZWC
Latest green feature: Intelligent Recycle Centre (IRC)

Launching Date: 19 April 2017 in conjunction with

h Symposium on Sustainable Development 2017 and International Earth Day
Way Forward

1. A universitys successful sustainability plan can have a positive impact on the local

2. A successful green campus plan demonstrates a commitment to reducing air and water
pollution, improving energy and water efficiency, promoting recycling, and reducing CO2

3. It also helps to stimulate the economy through local purchasing

programs and green planning and development, providing an
opportunity for the campus to serve as a responsible citizen and
creating an avenue for collaboration between the institution,
community and region.

4. Institutions of higher learnings in Malaysia should share lessons

learned and seek ways to extend the benefits of their green campus
to the greater community.
For your kind attention