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. .

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2014
004
32.973.26-018.2
12

. .
12 . .: -, 2014.
240 .: . ( )
ISBN 978-5-9775-3314-0

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28.02.14.
70 1001/16. . . . . 19,35.
1500 .
"-", 191036, -, ., 20.
""
199034, -, 9 , 12/28

ISBN 978-5-9775-3314-0 . ., 2014


, "-", 2014

.................................................................................................................. 5
1. ARP-spoofing,

"" .......................................................................................................... 7
2. ................................................................ 19
3. - enable Cisco ........ 29
4. MAC- ....................................................................... 41
5. WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- ................................................ 53
6. Wi-Fi .................................................................................... 73
7. IP- ............................................................... 83
8. .................... 101
9. ........................................... 125
10. ? ....................................................... 149
11. ..................................... 163
12. ............................................................................................... 175
12.1. . ......................................... 175
12.2. .............................................. 179
12.3. ,
............................................................................................................. 186
12.4. .......................................................................................... 192
12.5. , ....... 201
12.6. "" .............................. 208
12.7. VPN .......................................................................................... 210
12.8.
..................................................................................... 212
12.9. , ........................................... 215

......................................................................................................... 221
. Wi-Fi-
TP-LINK.......................................... 223
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(University of Indianapolis, http://
is.uindy.edu/policies/password.php):

University of Indianapolis Password PolicyIntroduction


Passwords are an important part of computer security. They are the first and sometimes
last line of defense against would be criminals. A poorly chosen password or mishandled
password can result in a temporary denial of computer services, identity theft, theft of
university services and even financial loss. Appropriate password security is necessary
to protect the University's academic interactions, business and research.
8 1

This policy describes the requirements necessary for creating and maintaining password
security on all UIndy Accounts.

Policy Statement
All network devices and accounts must be secured with appropriate username and
passwords. Whenever possible, systems will use UIndy Accounts stored in a central
directory. All UIndy Accounts, including those used by faculty, staff, students, contractors
and partners of the University, must be properly secured using the methods described in
the following sections of this document.

Creating a Strong Password


The University of Indianapolis requires strong passwords on all UIndy Accounts. The
University defines strong passwords as passwords that will take a computer at least
6 months to try all possible combinations of the letters, numbers and special characters
contained in your password. The following are characteristics of a strong password:
 contains lower case and upper case letters (a-z and A-Z)
 contains numbers as well as letters
 contains special characters such as: !@#$%^&*()_+|~-=\`{}[]:";'<>?,./)
 is at least eight characters in length
 is not a word in any dictionary, English or other
 is not based on any bit of personal information: pet names, birth date, street names,
etc
 is not based on anything to do with the University of Indianapolis, UIndy, Hounds, etc

Password Change Frequency


The University of Indianapolis requires all passwords to be changed every six months.
This reduces the likelihood of the password being discovered and reduces the length of
time a compromised account can be unknowingly used for criminal activity.

Password Storage
Choose passwords that are easy to remember so that it is not necessary to write it on
any piece of paper. A password that is written on a sticky note attached to the bottom of
the keyboard is as good as no password at all.

Password Confidentiality
Never tell another person your password. Your password should be kept completely con-
fidential. Supervisors, coworkers, friends and family should never know your password.
Likewise, it is inappropriate to ask another user for their password. If a person demands
your password, refer the person to this document and/or contact the Office of the Chief
Information Officer.
ARP-spoofing 9

Periodic Scans
University of Indianapolis Information Systems will periodically employ password crack-
ing techniques to determine the effectiveness of this password policy. Any passwords
found to be weak during these scans will be immediately changed and the user notified.

Encryption
All University computer systems will store passwords in an encrypted form. As such, the
Information Systems Help Desk cannot see or retrieve a password, only assist users in
changing to a new password.

Compromised Accounts
If you suspect that a UIndy account has been compromised, report it to the Information
Systems Help Desk immediately. Accounts that have been compromised will immediate-
ly have their password changed to prevent further losses.

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ARP-spoofing 11

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. 1.2

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Sniffer | Hosts, IP- MAC- -
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. 1.3

. 1.4
ARP-spoofing 13

. 1.5

. 1.6
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. 1.7

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ARP-spoofing 15

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(192.168.0.100), (192.168.0.171).
25

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. 3.2
32 3

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$1$VRu4$/Nw/GRY9WrNOfF40JbthA1
Cain & Abel,
Brute-Force Attack, . . (. 3.4).

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36 3

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root, -
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. 3.9

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38 3

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Wireshark (192.168.0.100)
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password (. 3.12 3.13).

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password
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74-EA-3A-E4-5A-C2
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50 4

. 4.10

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69-2-56.
MAC-,
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MAC- -60-76-
69-2-56 5322556250.
-60-76-69-2-56 -
(. ), ,
WPA2-PSK.
MAC- -60-76-69-2-56
E0-B9-A5-2F-A8-75
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MACChange (. 4.11).
ipconfig,
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. 4.13
5

WPA2-PSK
Wi-Fi-
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WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 55

. 5.1

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TEST (. 5.3).
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(. 5.6).
56 5

. 5.2
WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 57

. 5.3

. 5.4
58 5

. 5.5

. 5.6
WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 59

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(smac)
(dmac). , ,
"smac=74:EA:3A:E4:5A:C2 or
dmac=74:EA:3A:E4:5A:C2" (. 5.7).

. 5.7

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(. 5.10).
60 5

. 5.8

. 5.9
WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 61

. 5.10

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tcpdump... .
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( tcpdump) -
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Security Auditor. , ,
TCPDUMP (. 5.11).
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SSID=TEST (. 5.12).
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62 5

. 5.11

. 5.12
WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 63

. 5.13

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64 5

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WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 65

. 5.15

. 5.16
66 5

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WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 67

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. 5.20

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. 5.22

. 5.23
WPA2-PSK Wi-Fi- 71

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http://hashcat.net/oclhashcat-plus/ -
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Performance
 PC1: Windows 7, 64 bit
 Catalyst 13.8beta1
 1x AMD hd7970
 stock core clock

 PC2: Windows 7, 64 bit


 ForceWare 325.15
 1x NVidia gtx580
 stock core clock

 PC3: Ubuntu 12.04.1, 64 bit


 Catalyst 13.8beta1
 1x AMD hd6990
 stock core clock

 PC4: Ubuntu 12.04.2, 64 bit


 ForceWare 319.37
 1x NVidia gtx560Ti
 stock core clock

Hash Type PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4

NTLM 7487M c/s 2489M c/s 10935M c/s 1772M c/s

MD5 5144M c/s 1802M c/s 6974M c/s 1363M c/s

SHA1 2030M c/s 785M c/s 3139M c/s 535M c/s


72 5

()
Hash Type PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4

SHA256 1003M c/s 350M c/s 1247M c/s 232M c/s

SHA512 75M c/s 117M c/s 214M c/s 71M c/s

LM 1276M c/s 465M c/s 1004M c/s 242M c/s

phpass $P$ 2071k c/s 789k c/s 2771k c/s 511k c/s

descrypt 63371k c/s 37137k c/s 79100k c/s 18332k c/s

md5crypt $1$ 3445k c/s 1044k c/s 4425k c/s 648k c/s

Bcrypt $2a$ 3788 c/s 1583 c/s 3861 c/s 626 c/s

sha512crypt $6$ 12545 c/s 15153 c/s 34192 c/s 6726 c/s

Password Safe
495k c/s 158k c/s 648k c/s 106k c/s
(SHA-256)

IKE-PSK (MD5) 297M c/s 99M c/s 335M c/s 59M c/s

Oracle (DES) 371M c/s 142M c/s 265M c/s 68M c/s

DCC (MD4) 3803M c/s 1181M c/s 5377M c/s 851M c/s

Joomla (MD5) 4609M c/s 1659M c/s 6253M c/s 1172M c/s

MSSQL (SHA1) 1677M c/s 639M c/s 2659M c/s 503M c/s

WPA/WPA2
133k c/s 45k c/s 181k c/s 33k c/s
(PBKDF2)

,
.
6

Wi-Fi

: Wi-Fi .
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Wireless Security Auditor , .
74 6

, -
UNIX.

Wi-Fi- Linux BackTrack.
DVD-,
, " " .
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GNOME. KDE. -
: 32-, 64- . .
.

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: root@root:~#. ,
startx, -
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startx ,
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root toor.
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GNOME, BackTrack (. 6.1).
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Windows, UNIX-
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,
. , ,
TEATR. ,
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Computer GNOME,
Device. , TEATR -
GNOME. TEATR
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/media/TEATR (. 6.2).
Wi-Fi 75

. 6.1

. 6.2
76 6

, /media/TEATR -
. , ,
, mount .
. Applications -
Accessories | Terminal.
:
root@root:~#

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iwconfig

Wi-Fi- , ,
. 6.3.

. 6.3

, Wi-Fi-,
wlan0.
"", -
wlan0:
airmon-ng start wlan0

. 6.4.
iwconfig, ,
(. 6.5).
Wi-Fi 77

. 6.4

. 6.5
78 6

Wi-Fi- mon0.
:
airodump-ng mon0

airodump-ng . 6.6.

. 6.6

, -
-. ESSID "t-r-e", MAC-
F0:7D:68:81:A4:F8.
.
Applications Accessories |
Terminal. cd /media/TEATR (. 6.7).

. 6.7

/media/TEATR, :
airodump-ng --bssid F0:7D:68:81:A4:F8 -w namefile mon0

. 6.8.
( ),
<Ctrl>+<C>
.
Wi-Fi 79

. 6.8

namefile.cap TEATR, . . airodump-


ng , .
BackTrack Windows, -
-.

Elcomsoft Wireless Security Auditor.
,
, UNIX.
,
Elcomsoft Wireless Security Auditor,
,
.
, -
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. -
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V-ListmakeR Passwordz ABC 0123456789,
count 8-8 ( ),
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Generate, ,
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1 . , , .
80 6

. 6.9

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84 7

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Explorer (MS IE).
, (. 7.2).

. 7.2

(. . 7.2), -
- , -
IP- -, ,
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(. 7.3).
IP- 85

. 7.3

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HTTP-, , -
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( ) . , ,
FTP- , ,
, (. 7.4).
IP-! -
, " "! -
(. 7.5).
, ! -
SuperSocks5Cap.
, SuperSocks5Cap -
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MS Internet Explorer.
,
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Socks4, Socks5, HTTPS .
(. 7.6).
86 7

. 7.4

. 7.5
IP- 87

. 7.6

, -
IP-,
(. 7.7).
, -
( Test This Proxy) . 7.8.
88 7

. 7.7

, , -
, . , -
SuperSocks5Cap! :
- , !!!
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SuperSocks5Cap. ( -
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Explorer (. 7.9).
, "-"
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, -,
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,
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IP- 89

. 7.8

. 7.9
90 7

. 7.10

, -
-
Tor (The Onion Router)!
" ". ,
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Firefox Portable -
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Firefox Portable
IP- (. 7.11).
IP- 91

. 7.11

- (https://check.torproject.org/?lang=ru) -
(. 7.12).

. 7.12

Tor (. 7.13).
IP-
.
, (. 7.14).
92 7

. 7.13

. 7.14
IP- 93

NAT-
( , ) -
.
Tor ,
.
.
, (. 7.15).
( )
.
. 7.16
.

. 7.15
94 7

. 7.16

, Tor :
# This file was generated by Tor; if you edit it, comments will not be
preserved
# The old torrc file was renamed to torrc.orig.1 or similar, and Tor will
ignore it

AvoidDiskWrites 1
ControlPort 9151
DataDirectory "D:/Install/NET_TOOLS/\322\316\320 -
\340\355\356\355\350\354\355\356\361\362\374\342 \361\345\362\350/Tor
Browser/Data/Tor"
DirReqStatistics 0
GeoIPFile .\Data\Tor\geoip
IP- 95

Log notice stdout


SocksListenAddress 127.0.0.1
SocksPort 9150

ControlPort SocksPort.
-
Tor Firefox Portable.
. 7.17 , Tor.

. 7.17

-
Tor, , -
, - "",
Firefox Portable (. 7.18).
, Tor
9151, SOCKS 5 9150.
,
() Flash-
(. 7.19).
96 7

. 7.18

. 7.19
IP- 97

Flash- ,
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.
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IP- 99

. 7.21
100 7
8



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.
TrueCrypt (http://www.truecrypt.org)
. , , -
Create Volume,
( ), -
(. 8.1).
, Create an encrypted
file container ( -) . 8.2.
( ) (. 8.3).
- (. 8.4).
D: Test, -
security_volume (. 8.5).
, ,
AES, - SHA-512 (. 8.6).
. 2
(. 8.7).
.
(. 8.8).
102 8

. 8.1

. 8.2
103

. 8.3

. 8.4
104 8

. 8.5

. 8.6
105

. 8.7

. 8.8
106 8

. 8.9

, (
) . 8.9.
NTFS, -
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. 8.10

(. 8.11).

(. 8.12).
, (. 8.13).
, .
! , -
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( "P")
107

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- ( Select
File) . 8.14.

. 8.11

. 8.12
108 8

. 8.13

. 8.14
109

. 8.15

(. 8.15).
,
(. 8.16).

. 8.16

,
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, .
110 8

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( Dismount).
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Disk . .
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id=3702 Windows Virtual PC . -
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Windows (. 8.23).
Windows Virtual PC
(. 8.24).
116 8

. 8.22

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117

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Windows XP ( Windows XP ,
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Windows XP Mode.
120 8

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retrograd (. 8.32).

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1
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123

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( user.dic) RetrOgrad
(. 8.33).

. 8.33

,
ARPR (Advanced RAR Password Recovery) ElcomSoft Co. Ltd
(http://www.elcomsoft.ru), (. 8.34).
(. 8.35).

. 8.34
124 8

. 8.35

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. 9.2


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. 9.3

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(. 9.4).
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, -
(. 9.6).
, , -
(Radmin Viewer) . 9.7.
128 9

. 9.4

. 9.5
129

. 9.6

. 9.7
130 9

Radmin , ,
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.
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:
1.
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.
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131

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,
(. 9.8).

. 9.8

: -
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regedit ( ),
(. 9.9).
-
.
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, - .
, ,
(ipconfig), :
ipconfig >> info_ip.txt

. ! ,
,
132 9

. 9.9

, NAT (Network Address


Translation ).
, tracert (-
) - , :
tracert yandex.ru >> info_ip.txt

:
mail.ru [217.69.139.199]
30:
1 <1 <1 <1 192.168.0.1
2 1 ms 1 ms 1 ms 42-151-20-1.provider.info [42.151.20.1]
3 <1 <1 <1 10.100.10.41
4 <1 <1 <1 10.100.1.17
5 13 ms <1 <1 10.100.1.9
6 1 ms 1 ms 3 ms 10.100.102.46
7 1 ms 1 ms 2 ms 95-181-0-77. provider.info [95.181.0.77]
8 1 ms <1 1 ms kmo01.transtelecom.net [188.43.7.30]
133

9 45 ms 45 ms 45 ms msk05.transtelecom.net [188.43.1.74]
10 45 ms 54 ms 45 ms Mail-gw.transtelecom.net [188.43.1.73]
11 45 ms 45 ms 45 ms ms.mail.ru [217.69.139.199]
.

,
( , , 192.168.0.1 192.168.1.1),
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253 ... ,
.
-
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4899, . . 9.4),
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.
, -
, "10-: " (10-Strike
Software) . 9.10.
-
Ultra Port Scanner (DANUSOFT). -
192.168.0.7 , -
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: ,
! !
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, Ultra Port Scanner. -
, ,
IP- (192.168.0.1
192.168.0.254).
, , IP- - , -

. , , blat (http://www.blat.net/).
134 9

. 9.10

. 9.11
135

250 . :
http://white55.narod.ru/smtp.html.
, , -
FTP-. Windows
FTP-:
ftp n s:____ftp- -A IP-_

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get (
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. 9.12
136 9

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( A, Ftp-
) . 9.13.

. 9.13

:
! .
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, (Outpost Firewall).
-
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, . ,
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137

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IP- -
, -
: IP- ( , , -
) . 9.14.

. 9.14

whois- -
:
239.255.255.250 ip: 239.255.255.250
IP- (IP Whois)

OrgName: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority


OrgID: IANA
Address: 4676 Admiralty Way, Suite 330
City: Marina del Rey
StateProv: CA
PostalCode: 90292-6695
Country: US
138 9

NetRange: 224.0.0.0 239.255.255.255


CIDR: 224.0.0.0/4
NetName: MCAST-NET
NetHandle: NET-224-0-0-0-1
Parent:
NetType: IANA Special Use
NameServer: FLAG.EP.NET
NameServer: STRUL.STUPI.SE
NameServer: NS.ISI.EDU
NameServer: NIC.NEAR.NET
Comment: This block is reserved for special purposes.
Comment: Please see RFC 3171 for additional information.
Comment:
RegDate: 1991-05-22
Updated: 2002-09-16

OrgAbuseHandle: IANA-IP-ARIN
OrgAbuseName: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Number
OrgAbusePhone: +1-310-301-5820
OrgAbuseEmail: abuse@iana.org

OrgTechHandle: IANA-IP-ARIN
OrgTechName: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Number
OrgTechPhone: +1-310-301-5820
OrgTechEmail: abuse@iana.org

# ARIN WHOIS database, last updated 2008-11-03 19:10


# Enter ? for additional hints on searching ARIN's WHOIS database.


SSDP (Simple Service Discovery Protocol).
SSDP .
Universal plug-and-play. SSDP
-
. UPnP-
.
" ", , , -
SSDP-. , -
, , .
, , , SSDP -
(. 9.15).
139

. 9.15

,
:
1. ( | | regedit).
2. :
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\DirectPlayNATHelp\
DPNHUPnP.
3. :
Value name: UPnPMode
Data type: REG_DWORD
Value data: 2

, ( -
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.
140 9

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text.txt ( :
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text.txt (. . "!").
sfx- %SystemRoot%\system32\
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141

. 9.16

. 9.17
142 9

. 9.18

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. 9.20

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600 ) . 9.21.
( )
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, .
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svchost.exe,
svchost...
144 9

. 9.21

-
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Elite Keylogger. . ,
, ,
.
:
http://www.widestep-keyloggers.com/elite-keylogger-ru
( ) Elite Keylgger -
(. 9.23).
145

. 9.22

. 9.23
146 9

: - e-mail
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Elite Keylogger - (. 9.25 9.26).

. 9.24
147

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148 9
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,
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Windows net share (. 10.1).
E:\ C:\Users
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152 10

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.
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: C:\Windows\System32\Config\System, -
.
6. 12345678 (
).
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8. setup.
9. (. 10.7).

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Windows flag ( -
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