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Thirty-First Army (Japan)

The Japanese 31st Army ( 31 Dai-sanjy-ichi gun) 3 List of commanders


was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World
War II.
3.1 Commanding ocer

3.2 Chief of Sta


1 History
4 References
The Japanese 31st Army was formed on February 18,
1944 under the Imperial General Headquarters as a gar-
Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of
rison force to contest landings by Allied forces in the
the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random
Japanese South Seas Mandate island-by-island, and to
House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X.
inict such losses in a war of attrition that it would de-
ter an American invasion of the Japanese home islands. Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-
The South Seas Mandate was divided into three sections 45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN
(Northern Mariana Islands, southern Mariana Islands, 1-84176-354-3.
and Truk). The 80,000 man Japanese 31st Army was ini-
tially headquartered on Truk. Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Or-
der of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Com-
After Operation Hailstone, the Japanese garrison on Truk
pany. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
was isolated as American forces continued their advance
towards Japan by invading other Pacic islands. Cut o, Marston, Daniel (2005). The Pacic War Compan-
the Japanese forces on Truk and other central Pacic is- ion: From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Osprey Pub-
lands ran low on food and faced starvation before Japan lishing. ISBN 1-84176-882-0.
surrendered in August 1945. (Stewart, 1986)
Denfeld, D. Colt (1997). Hold the Marianas: The
The garrisons in the Marianas were largely annihilated at Japanese Defense of the Mariana Islands. White
the Battle of Saipan and Battle of Guam. Mane Pub. ISBN 1-57249-014-4.

Goldberg, Harold J. (2007). D-day in the Pacic:


2 Structure The Battle of Saipan. Indiana University Press.
ISBN 0-253-34869-2.
Thirty-First Army Jones, Don (1986). Oba, The Last Samurai. Pre-
sidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-245-X.
Southern Marianas Force

29th Infantry Division 5 External links


48th Independent Infantry Brigade
Wendel, Marcus. Axis History Factbook.
Northern Marianas Force Japanese Thirty First Army.
43rd Infantry Division
47th Independent Infantry Brigade

Truk Garrison Force

52nd Infantry Division


50th Independent Infantry Brigade
51st Independent Infantry Brigade
52nd Independent Infantry Brigade

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2 6 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

6 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses


6.1 Text
Thirty-First Army (Japan) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirty-First_Army_(Japan)?oldid=784275101 Contributors:
Kusunose, Klemen Kocjancic, Andrew Gray, MChew, Jaraalbe, Welsh, SmackBot, Nihonjoe, Vina-iwbot~enwiki, Nick Number, Coyets,
Trurle, EmausBot, Helpful Pixie Bot, SyriaWarLato and Anonymous: 1

6.2 Images
File:Japanese_Prisoners_of_War_at_Guam_-_15_August_1945.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/
d8/Japanese_Prisoners_of_War_at_Guam_-_15_August_1945.jpg License: Public domain Contributors: ? Original artist: ?

6.3 Content license


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