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SLOVO, sv. 62 (2012), 63-99, Zagreb 2012. UDK 003.349.1(470.

24)10/11
930.271(470.24)10/11

22
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10-01-00101 - XIXVII
.
63

Book Slovo_62.indb 63 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

(3)
XIXII .2

1.
22
.3 aa , -
120, ,
10451050 .
,
: 21
(1103 ) 22
(11191130 ).
( 16 17)
. . 1902 (
1902), ( 15, 10, 19 20) . . 1969
( 1969), ( 22) . . 1990-
( 1991, 1992), a ( 11,
1315 21) . . 20102011
( 2010; ; 2011).

69, 12 18.
115 2122 de visu,
1618 . .
. . , 19 20
. . . . .
( 111 1315)
( 21)
. . . . , 12

2
. .
, . . , . . , . . , . . ,
. . , . . , . . , . . , . . -
, . . .
3
, -
. ,
, . 2010: 98, 101102.
64

Book Slovo_62.indb 64 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. . . . ,
22 . .
. . .
. .
: ,
, ;
, -
. -
.

. 1. 1
Fig. 1. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 1

1
: , , ,
, 47 , 57
.
: XI .
: 1,3 , 5,8 .
: .
:
[] ]
: [] .
: 1. (, ) 1969: 200, 1; 1.1.
(, ) 1978: 2526, 202 (. 1), 1.
: ! !.
: 10451109. 1108 1109
( .
; 2011: 3738).
65

Book Slovo_62.indb 65 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

: ,
.

. 2. 23
Fig. 2. Photograph and line drawing of inscriptions no. 23

2
: , , , -
, 88 , 44
.
: XI .
: 0,8 , 2,9 .
: (, , )

.
:

: .
: 1. (, ) 1969: 201, 2; 1.1.
(, ) 1978: 26, 203 (. 2), 2.
: !.
: 10451109.

3
: , , ,
, 92 , 46
.

66

Book Slovo_62.indb 66 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

: XI .
: 1,4 , 3,2 .
:

: .
: 1. (, ) 1969: 201202, 3; 1.1.
(, ) 1978: 26, 203 (. 2), 3.
: !.
: 10451109.

. 3. 45
Fig. 3. Photograph and line drawing of inscriptions no. 45

4
: , , ,
, 73 , 64
.
: XI .
: 1,7 , 3,2 .
:

67

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

1
2 (---)[][]
3 ()
: | (---)[][]|().
: 1. (, ) 1969: 202, 4; 1.1.
(, ) 1978: 26, 204 (. 3), 4.
: .
: 10451109.
: . .
: [][]|[] (: [][]|[o]x).
, .

5
: , , ,
, 74 , 67
.
: XI .
: 0,8 , 1,8 .
:

: .
: 1. (, ) 1969: 202203, 5; 1.1.
(, ) 1978: 27, 204 (. 3), 5.
: 10451109.
: . . ,
, , ,
.

68

Book Slovo_62.indb 68 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 4. 6
Fig. 4. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 6

6
: , , ,
, 80 , 59
.
: XI .
: 3,2 , 4,8 .
:
1 []()[]
2 []-(---)
: []()[] | []-(---).
: (?) .
: 10451109.
:
.
.

69

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 5. 7
Fig. 5. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 7

7
: , ,
, , 27 , 22
.
: XI .
: 2,3 , 6,5 .
: -
. , ,
.
:
()
[]--
: (|)[]--.
: 10451109.
: , , r
. [] , , .
, . ,
,
.

70

Book Slovo_62.indb 70 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 6. 89
Fig. 6. Photograph and line drawing of inscriptions no. 89

8
: , , ,
, , 71 XIX
, 14 .
: XI .
: 1,8 , 8,3 .
:

: .
71

Book Slovo_62.indb 71 9.2.2013 13:03:22


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

: .
: 10451109.
: , , ,
,
. ., ,
1110- ,
. . 2005: 8889.

9
: , , ,
, , 69 XIX
, 15 .
: XI .
: 4,4 , 14,7 .
:
r ()[]
: ()[].
: .
: 10451109.
: -
: 1) :
; 2) -
()[] - -
- (; 2004: 776).

72

Book Slovo_62.indb 72 9.2.2013 13:03:23


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 7. 10
Fig. 7. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 10

10
: , ,
, , 118 , 140 .
: XI .
: 4,6 , 23,2 .
:
1 [] r [ ]
2 ()][ ]()
: [] [ ] | ()[ ]().
: 1. (, ) 1969: 203205, 6; 1.1.
() 1974: 2021; 1.2. (, )
1978: 2728, 204 (. 4), 6.
: , , [ ]!.
: 1050- 1140- .
: 50- .
. .
.

73

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 8. 11
Fig. 8. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 11

11
: , ,
, , (
), , 20 , 130 .
: XI .
: 1,2 , 4,1 .
:

: .
: 1. (, ) ; 2011: 4950
( 10).
: .
: 1045 XII .
: ( )
12. ,
.
/ ( ) , ,
.
, , -
, , .
-- . ;
2011: 4950.
74

Book Slovo_62.indb 74 9.2.2013 13:03:23


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 9. 12
Fig. 9. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 12

12
: , ,
, , (
), , 34 , 110 .
: XI .
: 1,8 , 4 .
: ; -
.
:
1 ()
2
: () | .
: .
: 1045 XII .
: 11,
. , ,
(

/ ). :
75

Book Slovo_62.indb 75 9.2.2013 13:03:23


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. ,
/ Dobrowo
/ Dobrovo (c. 1867: 74),
, , (c.
2004: 204, 5.4).

. 10. 13
Fig. 10. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 13

13
: , , ,
, , 80 , 145
.
: XI .
: 10,6 , 8 .
: .
:
1 ()
2 ()
3 []()
: () | ( ) | []().
: (, ) 2010: 99.
: , []!.
: 1045.
76

Book Slovo_62.indb 76 9.2.2013 13:03:23


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

: 14.
2012 . . .

. 11. 14
Fig. 11. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 14

14
: , , ,
, , 85 , 128
.
: XI .
: 2,5 , 5,5 .
:

: .
: (, ) 2010: 9899.
: , .
: 1045.
: 13.
.

77

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 12. 15
Fig. 12. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 15

15
: , , ,
( ), -
, 137 .
: XI .
: 1,8 , 8,2 .
: , -
.
:
[]
: [].
: (, ) 2010: 99100.
: 1045.
:
1314. [] .
, , 8, 11
20, *.
. (

XI XII )4
/ (,
1004 XII ;
, 2011: 910).

4
. <>. XIII
.
78

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 13. 16
Fig. 13. Inscription no. 16 photograph of a plaster cast and line drawing

16
: XI .
: .
:
1 ]]
2
3
: | |.
: 1. () 1902: 34, . I: 4, XLI; 1.1. JAGI
1903: 32; 1.2. VAJS 1938: 186187; 1.3. () 1969:
205207; 1.3.1. () 1978: 2829, 205 (. 6), 8;
1.4. 2010: 98.
: , 10451109.
: [] .
: . , .
.
, , . -, -
- XIII (, III:
173174); .-. ; ; ; (
)
( 2006: 276; 1986: 561; 1959:
69, 70, 85). -,
- -: , ,

79

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

*, *, , Miodziad.5 -,
* (. ,
), , ,
((?) *) ((?)
*). -
.

. 14. 17
Fig. 14. Inscription no. 17 photograph of a plaster cast and line drawing

17
: XI .
: .
:
1
2 []-[]
: |[]-[].
: 1. () 1902: 34, . II: 8, XLII; 1.1.
VAJS 1938: 186; 1.2. () 1969: 205206; 1.2.1.
() 1978: 28, 205 (. 5), 7; 1.3.
2010: 97.
: (?).
: , 10451109.
:

5
, ( 1867: 81), ( 2005: 89
90), ( 1908: 66546655, . 124 ., 125 . (.
338, 342)), , (-
2005: 55). . 1903: 197198, 597598.
80

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. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. ;
. ,
. ,
<> ( ) .
, 10-
111- .

. 15. 18
Fig. 15. Inscription no. 18 photograph of plaster cast and line drawing

18
: , . .
( 1902: . VII: 35).
: XI .
: .
:
()(--)
: ()(--).
: , 10451109.
:
( 134 . . ). , .
, , ,
.

81

Book Slovo_62.indb 81 9.2.2013 13:03:24


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 16. 19
Fig. 16. Inscription no. 19 copy of a tracing

19
: . . , -
. . ( 1969: 208, . 7; 1978:
206, . 7).
: , -
. . . ,
.
: 3,4 , 11,8 ( -
. . ).
:
1 [][] []()
2 (--)[]--[]--()
: [][] []()|(--)[]--[c]--().
: 1. () 1969: 207208, 1; 1.1. ()
1978: 2930, 206 (. 7), 9.
: (?).
: 1045 .
: , , ,
.
[] ,
, , . ,
, []().
[][] [][] .
, , , ,

82

Book Slovo_62.indb 82 9.2.2013 13:03:24


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. , Psucin
.
(.
XVXVI : 1903: 302),
(. 240
XII )
--.6
, , [] [c]
[] [c] (, [c][]()).

. 17. 20
Fig. 17. Inscription no. 20 copy of a tracing

20
: . . , -
. . ( 1969: 209 . 8, 1978:
206 . 8).
: (?).
:
][]
: [].
: 1. () 1969: 208209, 2; 1.1. ()
1978: 30, 206 (. 8), 10.
: .
: 1045 .
: -
, . .
. ( -
6
. 1986: 149 .
83

Book Slovo_62.indb 83 9.2.2013 13:03:24


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

Vj-) ,
XII .

. 18. 21
Fig. 18. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 21

21
: , -
-, -
, 20060/1263.
: . .
.7 , ,
,
XII
. XII . . 19661970
ax, . . 2000 (c. 1990: 3032;
2004: 412413).
:
(, ).8

7
20060 -
1985
. . 2004: 407428.
8
. . .
84

Book Slovo_62.indb 84 9.2.2013 13:03:24


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

: 5,5 , : 4,8 , :
1,21,7 .
: 2,6 , 3,8 . 0,71 .
:
1 ()
2 ()
: () | ().
: (, ) 2010: 9697.
: , ! .
: 11031342.
:
* []() | ( N), * []() | (
N).9

. 19. 22
Fig. 19. Photograph and line drawing of inscription no. 22

22
: , , -
, , , 24 , 120
.
: XII .
: 1,9 , 5,9 .
:
()[][]
: ()[][]
9
-
[] , [] ,
.
85

Book Slovo_62.indb 85 9.2.2013 13:03:25


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

: 1. 1990: 54; 2.
1991: 76, 9; 3. () 1992: 52, 3.
: 1119.10
: , , .
,
. . , ,
. . . : (: )

.

2. .
-
.
-, -
: 19 ( , ,
1618) -
11081109 , 10
1144 , , 11 12,

XI XII .
-, -
, 1130
. 23 25 20

, 1030- 1050- ,
XII .

10
, , -
,
. . ( 1992: 53),
, , . -
XII . -
, . . ( 2000)
XII (
).
86

Book Slovo_62.indb 86 9.2.2013 13:03:25


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)


.
-
, , -
,
( , -
. . ).

5 8 12 13 15 16 18 21 20 22

1.
Table 1. Letter


a , ,
, ( 1911: 182; FUI 1982: 9).

4 5 10 12 13 16 18 21

2.
Table 2. Letter

8 10 20

3.
Table 3. Letter

.
XI XXI (FUI 1982: 9).

87

Book Slovo_62.indb 87 9.2.2013 13:03:25


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

9-1 9-2 13 14 17 21 15

4.
Table 4. Letter

5 8 12 16-1 16-2 16-3 22

5.
Table 5. Letter

(
22).

17 7

6.
Table 6. Letter

, 7, ,
, r .

7.
Table 7. Letter

88

Book Slovo_62.indb 88 9.2.2013 13:03:25


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

1-1 1-2 4 10 11 15 17 21

8.
Table 8. Letter

( ),
, (FUI
1982: 11).

2 3 8

9.
Table 9. Letter

9-1 9-2 9-3 10 13-1 13-2 13-3 14

10.
Table 10. Letter

. ,
( )
( 1911: 190).

4 16-1 16-2 17

11.
Table 11. Letter

89

Book Slovo_62.indb 89 9.2.2013 13:03:26


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

4 10-1 10-2 12 9

12.
Table 12. Letter

1 7 10-1 10-2

13.
Table 13. Letter

15 6 17

14.
Table 14. Letter

, 15
,
(c. FUI 1982: 12).

4 9 10 12 13 14 16-1 16-2 21 15 20 22

15.
Table 15. Letter

1 2 3 6-1 6-2 9 10 12 14 21 19-1 19-2

16.
Table 16. Letter

90

Book Slovo_62.indb 90 9.2.2013 13:03:26


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

4-1 9-1 9-2 11 13 16-1 16-2 17 21

17.
Table 17. Letter

1-1 1-2 2-1 2-2 3-1 3-2 9 11 12 22 13 19-1 19-2 19-3

18.
Table 18. Letter

c
(FUI 1982: 12).

11 16-1 16-2 19-1 19-2

19.
Table 19. Letter

,
( 2008: 96).

4 10 19

20.
Table 20. Letter

,
XIXII (FUI 1982: 1213; 2008:
114).

91

Book Slovo_62.indb 91 9.2.2013 13:03:26


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

15 17

21.
Table 21. Letter

4 8 9 11 12-1 12-2 16-1 16-2 16-3 6-1 6-2 15 19

22.
Table 22. Letters and

- (,
,
) ( 2008: 9697)
(. FUI 1982: 13).

1 10 16-1 16-2 20

23. ]
Table 23. Letter ]

] /
, ,
(. FUI 1982: 1314).

9 10

24. r
Table 24. Letter r

92

Book Slovo_62.indb 92 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

, -
, -
, XXII .
XI ,
XII , X .
, -

XII .

3.
XIXII

:
-
,
:
(1) r ] / -
(
): *m (. ] 1 r
10) - -ta: ]]
( 16) ][] [] ( 20);11
(2) -j- -j- (
11);
(3) N
N : 9 12 ( ,
, 19).
, ,
.
:
(1a) : 8, 11, 15 , 20;
(1b1) N : 9 12;
(1b2) N + : 19 (?);
11
. Szczycita ( *itta), Mileta ( *Milta),
( *Milta) Mysleta ( *Myslta).
. . ( 2005: 112, 152, 187).
93

Book Slovo_62.indb 93 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

(1c) + : 4, 6, 16;
(2a) , N: 1314;
(2b) , , : 21;
(3a) !: 23;
(3b) , !: 1;
(4) : 5, 18;
(5) : 10 , , 17;
(6) : 7, 22.

2b, 3a, 3b 4. 4 ()

.
,
XI
XII
, , 23 %
. ,
, 11
( 23, 45, 89, 11
12, 1315) :
, ,
,
( ,
).

XI XII
, XI
.

. ,
.
1047 12 ,
, -
. -
12
. 1998: 275277.
94

Book Slovo_62.indb 94 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

,
: ,
, (, ,
).13


.

.14 , -
XII , : 20-
XIXII , ;15
XXI ;16 -
X (POPKONSTANTINOV; KRONSTEINER 1994: 7284);
- XII (FUI 1982: 334
335); - XII
(FUI 1982: 212).
, XI
XII cax epo
.

13
, , ,

(. 2008: 025026; 2009).
14
. 1966: 41, 52, . IX.2, X.2,
XVIIXVIII; 2010: 100 (. 49), 100101, 102; 2011: 72
73 ( 1460), 194 (. CIX).
- -
. . . . .
15
. FUI 1982; PAUN; AGAR 2004; UNI; PERKI 2009; UNI 2009.
16
. ; 1982; ; -
, 1985: 4656; POPKONSTANTINOV; KRONSTEINER 1994; -
2004, 2006, 2009; ; 2005.
95

Book Slovo_62.indb 95 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)


, . . 2005.
( ). :
. .
, . . 1966. : XIXIV .
. I. : .
, .; . . 2005. --
. B: .
, .
60- . ...
. , 2931 2003.
. 2: . . (. .) :
. , 150155.
, . .; A. A. . 2004. -
. B: , . .;
. . ; . . .
. XI XII . a-
eepp: , 774777.
, . .; . . . 2011. -
. III. .
2 (44), 3757.
, . . 1986. -
. B: , . .; . . .
( 19771983 .).
( 19511983 .).
oca: aa, 89219.
, . . 2000. -
. B: , . .; . . .
. ( 19901996 .).
-
. o X. oca: , 134429.
, . . 2004. . 2- ., oa-
oe 19952003 . oca: -
.
, . .; . . , . . . 2011.
2010 . . -
4, 319.
, . . 2010. (XI XVIII
.). II: . . : .
, . . 2008. i. :
j .

96

Book Slovo_62.indb 96 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

, .; . . 1982.
X . 2, 2737.
, . . 1969. .
1, 199210.
, . . 1978.
. XIXIV . oca: Haa.
, . .; . . , 1985.
. : .
, . 2009. . Wiener
slavistisches Jahrbuch 55, 191219.
, . . 2010. -
. I. . 2
(40), 91102.
, . 1867. i Ci c
. = Onomasticon Slavicum
seu Collectio Personalium Slavicorum Nominum. aeepp:
i . . . i.
, . . 1990. () . e: Haa.
, . 2004. ,
X . Palaeobulgarica =
XVIII, 4, 6975.
, . 2006. . B:
.
. 60- .
. (. .). :
.. , 99108.
, . 2009.

. 46,
341350.
, . 1990.
XIXV . Palaeobulgarica = -
XIV, 2, 5158.
, . . 1991. XXV :
. a-eepp: - -
.
, . . 1992. :
XIXV . a-eepp: .--
.
(XIXIV .) IVIII. 19882008.
oca: P .
, . . 2006.
. B: , . . .
97

Book Slovo_62.indb 97 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

. 2: . oca: , 266
290.
, . . 1998. XIXIV
. oca: .
, . . 1959.
. oca:
.
, . . 1903.
. .-eepp: i . . .
, . . 2008. . . . B:
, . . i. :
j , 014026.
, . 1986. . e
. . . . . (.). . 2-,
. . 1. oca: .
, . . 2004. . B: ,
. .; . . ; . . .
. XI XII .
a-eepp: , 407428.
, A. A. 1908. i . . 2: -
. . . (.). .-eepp: i
. . .
, . . 1902. i Grafti. .
19, III,
2646.
, . . 1911. . B: i
i. . . (pe.). . 3: .
eepp: i i , 51257.
UNI, M. 2009. Novo itanje hrvatskoga glagoljskoga konavoskoga natpisa iz
11. stoljea. Slovo 59, 123133.
UNI, M.; M. PERKI. 2009. Hrvatski glagoljski natpis upe dubrovake iz
11. stoljea. Slovo 59, 77122.
FUI, B. 1982. Glagoljski natpisi. Djela JAZU, knj. 57. Zagreb: JAZU.
JAGI, V. 1903. Analecta romana. Archiv fr slavische Philologie 25, 147.
PAUN, M.; M. AGAR. 2004. Slavonski glagoljski natpisi. Glagoljica i hrvatski
glagolizam: zbornik radova s meunarodnoga znanstvenog skupa povodom
100. obljetnice Staroslavenske akademije i 50. obljetnice Staroslavenskog
instituta (ZagrebKrk, 2.6. listopada 2002.). M.-A. Drrigl, M. Mihaljevi,
F. Veli (ur.). Zagreb: Staroslavenski institut Krk: Krka biskupija, 271
283.
POPKONSTANTINOV, K.; O. KRONSTEINER. 1994.
= Altbulgarische Inschriften. 1. : Die slawischen Sprachen 36.
98

Book Slovo_62.indb 98 9.2.2013 13:03:27


. . , 22 ... SLOVO 62 (2012)

VAJS, J. 1938. Hlaholice na Rusi. Novgorodsk sgraty. Byzantinoslavica:


Sbornk pro studium byzantsko-slovanskch vztah = Byzantinoslavica:
Recueil pour ltude des relations byzantine-slaves. V Praze, 19371938.
Ronk VII, 184188.

Summary
TWENTY TWO 11th 12th CENTURY OLD RUSSIAN
GLAGOLITIC GRAFFITI INSCRIPTIONS FROM NOVGOROD

The paper offers a publication and study of all Glagolitic grafti inscriptions
from Novgorod known today. There are 20 inscriptions from St. Sophia
Cathedral and two from the churches in the vicinity of the town the church
of the Annunciation at Gorodishche and St. Georges Cathedral of the
Yuriev Monastery. Only eleven inscriptions have been known to scholars
until recently.
The Novgorodian Glagolitic grafti contain some valuable anthroponymic
data: the unique names Stri, Ddjata, *Nagoi, the typical Novgorodian
names Vojata and Zavid, an interesting variant of the name Grigorii
Grigorija.
According to the stratigraphic and paleographic data the whole
Novgorodian Glagolitic corpus is dated no earlier than the mid-eleventh
century and no later than the mid-twelfth. The linguistic evidence shows that
all inscriptions were written by the East Slavs.
The widespread use of the Glagolitic script in Novgorod speaks about the
citys role as one of the main centers of the Glagolitic writing between the
second half of the 11th and the rst half of the 12th century.
Key words: Novgorod, Novgorod St. Sophia Cathedral, 11th12th centu-
ries, Old Russian, paleography, epigraphy, grafti, Glagolitic script

Izvorni znanstveni lanak Primljen: 12. 7. 2012.


Autor: Prihvaen: 25. 10. 2012.

ec poce 32-A
, Pca eepa

99

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Book Slovo_62.indb 100 9.2.2013 13:03:27