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IT34063

1.5A STEP-DOWN/STEP-UP/INVERTING DC-DC CONVERTER


General Description Features

The IT34063 is a monolithic switching regulator Operation from 3.0V to 36V Input
control circuit containing the primary functions Low Standby Current
required for DC-DC converters. This device consists Current Limiting
of internal temperature compensated reference, voltage
Output Switch Current to 1.5A
comparator, controlled duty cycle oscillator with active
Output Voltage Adjustable
current limit circuit, driver and high current output
switch. This device was specifically designed to be Operation Frequency up to 100KHz
used in Step-Down, Step-Up and Voltage-Inverting Precision 2% Reference
applications with a minimum number of external com-
ponents. Applications
The IT34063 is available in 2 packages: SOIC-8 and Battery Chargers
DIP-8.
NICs/ Switches/ Hubs
ADSL Modems
Negative Voltage Power Supplies

SOIC-8 DIP-8

Figure 1. Package Types of IT34063

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IT34063

Pin Configuration Functional Block Diagram

Driver 8 1 Switch
Collector Collector
B
S Q
A
P/M Package
R
(DIP-8/SOIC-8)

Switch Driver 7 2
Switch
IPK Sense Emitter
Collector 1 8 Collector
Ipk
IPK
Switch
Emitter 2 7 IPK Sense OSC
CT

Timing
3 6 VCC
Capacitor 3 Timing
VCC 6
GND 4 5 Comparator Capacitor
Inverting Input 1.25V
+ Reference
Regulator
-
Top View
Comparator
Inverting 5 4 GND
Figure 2. Pin Configuration of IT34063
Input

Figure 3. Functional Block Diagram of IT34063

Pin Description
Pin Number Pin Name Function
1 Switch Collector Internal switch transistor collector
2 Switch Emitter Internal switch transistor emitter
3 Timing Capacitor Timing Capacitor to control the switching frequency
4 GND Ground pin for all internal circuits
5 Comparator Inverting Input Inverting input pin for internal comparator
6 VCC Voltage supply
7 IPK Sense Peak Current Sense Input by monitoring the voltage drop across an
external I sense resistor to limit the peak current through the switch
8 Driver Collector Voltage driver collector

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IT34063

Ordering Information

Package Temperature Range Part Number Marking ID Packing Type


SOIC-8 -40 to 85oC IT34063AM IT34063AM Tube/Tap
e/Reel
DIP-8 IT34063AP IT34063AP Tube

Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1)


Parameter Symbol Value Unit
Power Supply Voltage VCC 40 V
Comparator Input Voltage Range VIR -0.3 to 40 V
Switch Collector Voltage VC(switch) 40 V
Switch Emitter Voltage (Vpin1=40V) VE(switch) 40 V
Switch Collector to Emitter Voltage VCE(switch) 40 V
Driver Collector Voltage VC(driver) 40 V
Driver Collector Current (Note 2.) IC(driver) 100 mA
Switch Current I SW 1.5 A
Power Dissipation and Thermal Characteristics
Plastic Package,
Power Dissipation ( TA = 25 ) PD 1.25 W
Thermal Resistance RJ 100 /W
SOIC Package,
Power Dissipation ( TA= 25 ) PD 625 mW
Thermal Resistance RJA 160 /W

Operating Junction Temperature TJ 150


Storage Temperature Range TST -65 to 150
ESD (Human body model) 2000 V

Notes:
1.Stresses greater than those listed under "Absolute Maximum Ratings" may cause permanent damage to the device. These are
stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under "Rec-
ommended Operating Conditions" is not implied. Exposure to "Absolute Maximum Ratings" for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
2. Maximum package power dissipation limits must be observed.

Recommended Operating Conditions


Parameter Symbol Min Max Unit
Supply Voltage VCC 3 36 V
Ambient Temperature TA -40 85 oC

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IT34063

Electrical Characteristics
(VCC = 5.0 V, TA = -40 to 85oC, unless otherwise specified.)

Parameter Symbol Conditions Min Typ Max Unit


OSCILLATOR
Frequency f OSC VPin 5 = 0 V, CT = 1.0 nF 24 35 42 KHz
TA = 25oC
Charge Current I CHG VCC = 5.0 V to 36 V, TA = 25oC 24 36 42 A
Discharge Current I DISCHG VCC = 5.0 V to 36 V, TA = 25 Co
140 210 260 A
Discharge to Charge Current IDISCHG/ICHG Pin 7 to V , T = 25oC 5.2 6.5 7.5
CC A
Ratio

Current Limit Sense Voltage VIPK(sense) ICHG = IDISCHG, TA = 25oC 250 300 350 mV
OUTPUT SWITCH (Note 3.)
Saturation Voltage, VCE(sat) ISW = 1.0 A, 1.0 1.3 V
Dalington Connection Pins 1, 8 connected
Saturation Voltage (Note 4.) VCE(sat) ISW = 1.0 A, RPin 8 = 82 to 0.45 0.7 V
VCC, Forced = 20
DC Current Gain h FE ISW = 1.0 A, VCE = 5.0 V, 50 75
TA = 25oC
Collector Off-State Current I C(off) VCE = 36 V 0.01 100 A
COMPARATOR
TA = 25oC 1.225 1.275
Threshold Voltage VTH 1.250 V
TA = -40 to 85oC 1.21 1.29
Threshold Voltage Line REGLINE VCC = 3.0 V to 36 V 1.4 5 mV
Regulation
Input Bias Current IIB VIN = 0 V -20 -400 nA
TOTAL DEVICE
Supply Current ICC VCC = 5.0 V to 36 V, CT = 1.0 nF, 4 mA
Pin 7 = VCC, VPin 5 > VTH,
Pin 2 = GND, other pins open

Notes:
3. Low duty cycle pulse technique are used during test to maintain junction temperature as close to ambient tem-
perature as possible.
4. If the output switch is driven into hard saturation (non-Darlington configuration) at low switch currents (
300mA) and high driver currents ( 30mA), it may take up to 2.0us for it to come out of saturation. This con-
dition will shorten the off time at frequencies 30KHz, and is magnified at high temperatures. This condition does
not occur with a Darlington configuration, since the output switch cannot saturate. If a non-Darlington configura-
tion is used, the following output drive condition is recommended:

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IT34063

Electrical Characteristics (Continued)

IC output
Forced of output switch: 10
ICdriver - 7.0mA*
* The 100 resistor in the emitter of the driver device requires about 7.0 mA before the output switch conducts.

Typical Performance Characteristics

100
ton-off. Output Switch On-Off Time (us)

ton
Vcc=0.5V
Vosc. Oscillator Voltage (V)

Pin7=Vcc
Pin5=GND
O toff
TA=25 C
10

VCC=0.5V Pins1,5,8 = open


Pin7 =VCC CT=1.0nF
Pin2=GND TA=25oC
0.01 0.1 1 10
CT. Oscillator Tinming Capacitor (nF) Time. 10s/DIV

Figure 4. Output Switch On-Off Time vs. Figure 5. Timing Capacitor Waveform
Oscillator Timing Capacitor

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IT34063

Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued)

1.4

1.6
1.2

1.0 Darlington Connection

Saturation Voltage (V)


1.5
Saturation Voltage (V)

0.8

1.4
0.6 Forced =20

0.4
1.3
Vcc=5.0V Vcc=5.0V
Pins 1,7,8=Vcc 0.2 Pin7=Vcc
Pins 3,5=GND Pin 2,3,5=GND
1.2 O O
TA=25 C 0.0 TA=25 C

-0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6
Emitter current (A) Collector Current (A)

Figure 6. Emitter Follower Configuration Output Figure 7. Common Emitter Configuration Output Switch
Saturation Voltage vs. Emitter current Saturation Voltage vs. Collector Current

300 3.5
Current Limit Sense Voltage (mV)

290 3.0
Icc. Supply Current (mA)

280 2.5

270 2.0

260 CT=1.0nF
1.5
Pin7=Vcc
Pin2=GND
250 1.0

240 0.5
-60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
O
Temperature ( C) Vcc. Supply Voltage (V)

Figure 8. Current Limit Sense Voltage vs. Temperature Figure 9. Standard Supply current vs. Supply Voltage

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IT34063A

Typical Applications

L1 150H

R3 180
8 1

B
S Q
A

7 2

Ipk
IPK
Rsc D1
0.22 CT 1N5819
OSC

Vin 12V
6 3

+ CT
C1 1500
1.25V
100F + pF
Reference
Regulator
-

5 4

L2 1.0
U1 IT34063

Vout Vout
28V/175mA
R1 47k + +
R2 C2 C3
330 F Optional 100 F
2.2k
Filter

Figure 10. Step-Up Converter (Note 5)

Note 5: This is a typical step-up converter configuration. In the steady state, if the resistor divider voltage at pin
5 is greater than the voltage in the non-inverting input, which is 1.25V determined by the internal reference, the
output of the comparator will go low. At the next swithching period, the output switch will not conduct and the
output voltage will eventually drop below its nominal voltage until the divider voltage at pin 5 is lower than 1.25V.
Then the output of the comparator will go high, the output switch will be allowed to conduct. Since Vpin5 = VOUT
* R2/(R1+R2) = 1.25(V), the output voltage can be decided by VOUT = 1.25 * (R1+R2)/R2 (V).

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IT34063

Typical Applications (Continued)

8 1

B
S Q
A
R

7 2

Ipk
IPK
Rsc D1
0.33 CT 1N5819
OSC
L1
220 H
Vin 25V
6 3

+
C1 CT
1.25V
100F + 470 pF
Reference
Regulator
-

5 4

U1 IT34063 L2 1.0 H

Vout
Vout
5V/500mA
R1 3.6k + +
C2 C3
R2 Optional
470 F 100 F
1.2k Filter

Figure 11. Step-Down converter (Note 6)

Note 6: This is a typical step-down converter configuration. The working process in the steady state is similar to
step-up converter, Vpin5 = VOUT * R2/(R1+R2) = 1.25 (V), the output voltage can be decided by VOUT = 1.25 *
(R1+R2)/R2 (V).

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IT34063

Typical Applications (Continued)

8 1

B
S Q
A
R

7 2

Ipk
IPK L1
Rsc
CT 88
0.24 OSC

Vin 6 3
4.5-6V
+
C1 1.25V CT
+
100 F Reference 1500pF D1
Regulator 1N5819
-

5 4

U1 IT34063
L2 1.0

Vout Vout
-12V/100mA
R1 953 C3
C2 100 F
R2 + Optional
+
1000 F
8.2k Filter

Figure 12. Voltage Inverting Converter (Note 7)

Note 7: This is a typical inverting converter configuration. The working process in the steady state is similar to
step-up converter, the difference in this situation is that the voltage at the non-inverting pin of the comparator is
equal to 1.25V+VOUT , then Vpin5 = VOUT * R2/(R1+R2) = 1.25V+VOUT , so the output voltage can be decided
by VOUT = -1.25 * (R1+R2)/R1 (V).

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IT34063

Mechanical Dimensions

SOIC-8 Unit: mm

1.550.20 0.32

0.220.03
4.90.10
7
8
0.700.025

8
0.20.10

7 D
6.000.20

D
20:1

0.8 0.20

4
4
1.00
3.900.10
0.90

R0.15

R0.15
3
2
0.420.09

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IT34063

Mechanical Dimensions (continued)

DIP-8 Unit: mm

9.20.10 7.620.25
5
6 6

0.7
1.460.31

3.300.30
4
4

30.150.05

0.254
2.54 0.280.07
0.457
10.0MAX

0.13MIN
6.600.50

R0.75

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