You are on page 1of 4

Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations - Memorize

Translational x = xo+ vot + V= Vo+ at


motion 1/2at2|(V)2= (Vo)2+ 2ax

Frictional force fmax= k< salways

Uniform circular Fc= mac= mv2/r ac= v2/r


motion*

Momentum, I = F t = M M = mv
Impulse*

Work, Power W = F d cos P = W/t

Energy ET= Ek+ Ep E = mc2


(conservation)

Spring Force, F = -kx W = kx2/2


Work

Continuity (uids) A v = const. Av = const.

Current and I = Q/t R = l/A


Resistance

Resistors (series, Req= R1+ R2. . . 1/ Req= 1/


par.) R1+ 1/ R2

Capacitors in Ser. 1/ Ceq= 1/ C1+ 1/ C2+ 1/ C3. . . Ceq= C1+


and Par. C2. .

Sound dB = 10 log10(I/I0) beats =

Kirchoff's Laws i = 0 at a junction V = 0 in a


loop

Thermodynamics Q = mc T (MCAT !) Q = mL

Torque forces L1= F1 r1(CCW + ve) L2= F2


r2(CW - ve)

Torque force at Fx= 0 and Fy= 0 L = 0


EQ

Refraction ( sin 1)/(sin 2) = v1/v2= n = c/v


n2/n1= 1/2

*Not technically in the new MCAT Physics syllabus but since these are simple concepts that have been the source of traditional MCAT
questions, we do not believe that they should be discarded from your preparation.
Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations - Memorize As Pairs

F = ma F = qE Similar Form

F = KG( m1m2/ r2) F = k ( q1q2/ r2)

V = IR P = IV Paired Use

vav= d / t aav= v / t (avg vel, acc)

v=f E = hf (f = 1/T)

Ek= 1/2 mv2 Ep= mgh (kin, pot E)

= F/A = gh (pressure )

SG = substance / water = 1 g/cm3= (Spec Grav)


103kg/m3

= mass / volume Fb= Vg = mg (buoyant F)

1/ i + 1/ o = 1/ f = 2/r = M = magnication = - Optics


Power i/o

G = H - TS Gibbs Free Energy G = -RTln


Keq

Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations - Know How to Use - Do Not


Memorize

+ gh + 1/2 v2= Bernouilli's Equation Fluids in


constant Motion

f0= fs(V V0)/( V Vs Doppler Effect: when d is


) decreasing use + V0and - Vs

V = Ed for a parallel d = the distance between the


plate capacitor plates

dF = dq v(B sin ) = I Laplace's Law RH rule


dl(B sin )

Potential Energy ( PE ) Work in Electricity W = 1/2


= W = 1/2 QV CV2
Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations - Atomic Nucleus & Electronic
Structure
1. Alpha () particle =2He4(helium nucleus);
2. Beta () particle =-1e0(an electron);
3. A positron =+1e0(same mass as an electron but opposite charge);
4. Gamma () ray = no mass, no charge, just electromagnetic energy;
5. m / t = rate of decay where m = change in mass, t = change in time.
6. If the number of half-lifes n are known we can calculate the percentage of a pure radioactive sample left after
undergoing decay since the fraction remaining = (1/2)n.
7. Nelectrons= 2 n2, where Nelectronsdesignates the number of electrons in shell n.
8. The state of each electron is determined by the four quantum numbers:
Principal quantum number = n
Determines the number of shells
Possible values are: 1 (K), 2 (L), 3 (M), etc...
Angular momentum quantum number = l
Determines the subshell
Possible values are: 0 (s), 1 (p), 2 (d), 3 (f), n-1, etc...
Magnetic momentum quantum number = ml
Determines the orbital
Possible values are: l , ... , 0
Spin quantum number = ms
Determines the direction of rotation of the electron
Possible values are: 1/2

Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations - Trigonometry - The Basics

sin = opp/hyp
cos = adj/hyp
tan =opp/adj

= sin-1x
arcsec = sec-1
r2= x2+ y2

Angle may be given in radians (R) where 1 revolution = 2R= 360


Estimate square root 3 as 1.7 and root 2 as 1.4
Cross-sectional area of a tube = area of a circle = r2where can be estimated as 3.14 and r is the radius of the
circle; circumference = 2r

Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations - Units to Memorize


Both work and energy are measured in joules where 1joule (J)= 1N 1m. {Imperial units: thefoot-pound,
CGS units: thedyne-centimeterorerg}
The SI unit for power is thewatt(W) which equals onejoule per second(J/s) =volts amperes.
Current is measured inamperes=coulombs/sec.The units of resistance are ohms, symbolized by (omega),
where 1 ohm = 1 volt/ampere.
The SI unit for pressure is the pascal (1 Pa = 1 N/m2). Other units are: 1.00 atm = 1.01 105Pa = 1.01 bar =
760 mmHg = 760 torr.
The SI unit for the magnetic induction vectorBis the tesla where 1 T = 1 N/(A)(m) = 104gauss.

Do you have any comments you would like to share regarding our Gold Standard MCAT Physics Equations Sheet?